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4
votes
0answers
79 views

Bounds for multi-dimensional Kloosterman Sums

I'm looking for a general bound (in terms of $p$) for the Kloosterman sum, working in $\mathbb{F}_{p}$, $$\sum\limits_{x_{1} \dots \ x_{n} = a} \psi(x_{1} + \dots + x_{n})$$ for $\psi$ a nontrivial ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

If $\chi\in\operatorname{Irr}(G)$, $N\unlhd G$, and $\langle\chi_{N},1_{N}\rangle\ne 0$, then $N\subset \operatorname{Ker}(\chi)$.

Let $N \unlhd G$ and $\chi \in \operatorname{Irr}(G)$. Suppose that $\langle\chi_{N},1_{N}\rangle\ne 0$. Show that $N\subset \operatorname{Ker}(\chi)$. Hint: Use that, for any character ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Irreducible characters form orthonormal basis of set of class functions

I am reading Serre's book (Linear Representations of Finite Groups). Theorem 6 in chapter 2 says that the irreducible characters $\chi_1,\dotsc,\chi_h$ of a finite group $G$ form an orthonormal basis ...
3
votes
2answers
36 views

Representations of $SO_3(\mathbb{R})$ from $SU_2(\mathbb{C})$

Define $V_n$ as the linear space of all homogeneous polynomials of degree $n$ in two variables $x$ and $y$. Define also the representation $\rho_n$ of $SL_2(\Bbb{C})$ on $V_n$ by: ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

$SU_2(\mathbb{C})$ and the characters

i can prove that the irreducible characters $\chi_n$ of $SU_2(\mathbb{C})$ are equal to: $$\chi_n(e^{i\phi})=\frac{\sin((n+1)\phi)}{\sin(\phi)}$$ If i want to give the dimension of the representation ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Standard representation of $O_h$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$

I want to give the standard representation of the complete octaedergroup $O_h$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$. To which group is $O_h$ isomorphic, and how to obtain a standard representation of the group? What ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Is the quadratic character, unique multiplicative character over $\mathbb Z_{p^n}$, for odd $p$?

Let $p$ be odd and $\mathbb Z_{p^n}$ denote the ring of integers modulo $p^n$. Let the quadratic character, $\eta$, be the function defined on $\mathbb Z_{p^n}^*$ (multiplicative group of $\mathbb ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Martin Isaacs's exercise 3.7 (character theory of finite groups)

I would need some help with this exercise: Let $\chi\in{Irr(G)}$ be faithful, and suppose $\chi(1)=p^a$ for some prime p. Let $P\in{Syl_{p}(G)}$, and suppose that $C_{G}(P)\nsubseteq{P}$. Show that ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Martin Isaacs's exercise 3.6 (character theory of finite groups)

I'm trying to solve this exercise, can anyone help me? Let $G$ be a p-group, and suppose $\chi\in{Irr(G)}$. Show that $\chi(1)^2$ divides $|G:Z(\chi)|$ Thanks a lot.
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Martin Isaacs's exercise 3.5 (character theory of finite groups)

I need some help with this exercise: Suppose $A\subseteq{G}$ is abelian, and $|G:A|$ is a prime power. Show that $G'\lt{G}$ Thank you very much in advance.
11
votes
5answers
307 views

Applications of Character Theory

Some of the applications of character theory are the proofs of Burnside $p^aq^b$ theorem, , Frobenius theorem and factorization of the group determinant (the problem which led Frobenius to character ...
4
votes
3answers
367 views

Extending a homomorphism $f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$ to $g:G\to \Bbb T$, where $G$ is abelian and $\mathbb{T}$ is the circle group.

Suppose $G$ is an abelian group and $a\in G$ and $$f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$$ is a homomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to a homomorphism on $G$: $$g:G\to \Bbb T$$ ? $\Bbb T$ is the circle ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

characters of a $C^*$-algebra

I have read that a state $\rho$ on a unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ is a character (i.e. multiplicative) if and only if, for all unitary $u\in A$, $|\rho(u)| = 1$. Is there an easy proof, or can someone ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Some questions about representation theory in the modular case

I'm working on a paper which uses representation theory in order to compute some characters and deduce arithmetical statements about certain field extensions. Let $\Delta$ be a group of order prime ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Iwaniec Kowalski Notation

On page 532 of the book analytic number theory by Iwaniec and Kowalski, the following notation is used: $C^{~\infty}$ and $\tau(n,\chi)$. Could anyone tell me what these represent? (the former is ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

Exercise 2.15 M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups

I'm beggining to study character theory, and i'm doing some problems from Isaacs' Character theory book. I would need some help with this one: (2.15): Let $\chi\in \operatorname{Irr}(G)$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Exercise 2.8 M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups

I'm a starter at character theory. I'm trying to do this exercise: (2.8) Let $\chi$ be a faithful character of a group $G$. Show that $H\subseteq G $ is abelian if and only if every irreducible ...
5
votes
1answer
219 views

Character theory exercises [closed]

I'm doing the exercises from chapter 2 of M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups, and I'm having problems with some of them. In particular, I would need help with these ones. Thank you very much ...
6
votes
0answers
86 views

Characters of the symmetric group corresponding to partitions into two parts

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ be a natural number and $\lambda=(a,b)\vdash n$ a partition of $n$ into two parts, i.e. $a\ge b$ and $a+b=n$. In this special case, is there a simple description of the character ...
3
votes
1answer
345 views

Character of a permutation representation

I am self-studying representation theory, and I would like to make sure my proofs are complete. Following Serre's notation, let $X$ be a finite set, and let $G$ be a group that acts on $X$. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Vantage point of character theory

I am not sure whether I can frame my question properly, or whether at this point my understandings permit me to comprehend the perspectives of the answers to come, but somehow I find it pretty amazing ...
15
votes
2answers
524 views

Formula for number of solutions to $x^4+y^4=1$, from Ireland and Rosen #8.18.

There is a sequence of three exercise in Ireland and Rosen's Introduction to Modern Number Theory, Chapter 8, page 106. I can do the first two, but can't finish the third. I can include the proofs to ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Irreducible Representations and Maschke's Theorem

$\mathscr L(V,W)^G = \mathscr L(V_1,W)^G \oplus...\oplus\mathscr L(V_k,W)^G$ and for each irreducible represtation of G on a space W, the number of $j\in (1,...,k)$ for which $V_j \cong W$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Proving $g(\chi\rho)^6=(-1)^{(p-1)/2}p(\overline{\chi(2)J(\chi,\rho)})^4$, from Ireland and Rosen.

Suppose $p\equiv 1\pmod{3}$, $\chi$ is a cubic character, and $\rho$ is the quadratic character on $F_p$. If $\chi\rho$ is a character of order $6$, why does the Guass sum ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Formula for evaluation of character on a transposition

Let $\lambda\vdash n$ be a partition of $n\in\mathbb N$ and $\chi=\chi_\lambda$ the corresponding irreducible character of the symmetric group $S_n$. Denote by $\lambda^t$ be the transpose of ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Are “FG-module characters” sometimes used, too?

I am only beginning my study of group representations and characters. So far I have already encountered the regular group algebra $FG$. Although in an FG-module the multiplication is only defined for ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Characters of subrepresentation

Given an algebra $A$ with finite dimensional representation $V$ with action $\rho$, I want to prove the following statement: If $W\subset V$ are finite dimensional representations of A, then ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Dirichlet Characters modulo $260$

I want to count the number of Dirichlet characters with given properties: Number of Dirichlet characters modulo $260$ Number of quadratic Dirichlet characters modulo $260$ Number of primitive ...
9
votes
1answer
241 views

Where does this elliptic curve come from?

In Zeta functions of an infinite family of K3 surfaces, Scott Alhgren, Ken Ono and David Penniston compute the zeta functions (given a good reduction restriction mentioned below) of the K3 surfaces ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Is there some relation between characters in representation theory and multiplicative characters?

A character of a group representation is obtained by taking trace of each matrix in this representation. The word character is often used in the sense that it is a homomorphism from a group to ...
6
votes
1answer
185 views

Some irreducible characters of the Symmetric group $S_n$

I want to have characters of some irreducible $S_n$-modules corresponding to certain partitions $\lambda$ of $n$, the computations using Frobenius formula get complicated and I am unable to find in ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Number of permutations given a sequence of 5 letters that are offset from 1-9

If I have a random sequence of letters "AOKNG", and I'd like to find how many permutations of this can be formed given a character offset from 1-9. So, offset the first character "A" 9 times would ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Gauss sum for primitive real Dirichlet character

If $\chi$ is a real non-trivial primitive character modulo $q\ge 1$, then how could one show that $$\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z/q\mathbb Z} \chi(n)e\left(\frac nq\right) = \sum_{n\in \mathbb Z/q\mathbb Z} ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Isomorphism of annihilator of a subgroup in the context of group characters

I am trying to learn about characters of finite abelian groups. A character is a homomorphism from a finite abelian group $G$ into the multiplicative group of complex numbers of absolute value 1. In ...
2
votes
1answer
373 views

Sum of squares of dimensions of irreducible characters.

For anyone familiar with Artin's Algebra book, I just worked through the proof of the following theorem, which can be seen here: (5.9) Theorem Let $G$ be a group of order $N$, let ...
0
votes
1answer
319 views

Character table of $U_{16}$.

Find the character table of $U_{16}$. Could you give me a hint or a start? Thank you.
6
votes
1answer
231 views

How does Pontryagin duality fit into the general cohomology theory framework?

Pontryagin duality implies the isomorphic relation of the function space $C(G)$ on a locally compact group $G$ to the function space on it's dual group $\hat G \overset{\sim}{=}\text{Hom}(G,T)$, ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

Generalizing Artin's theorem on independence of characters

Artin's theorem says that for any field $K$ and any (semi) group $G$, the set of homomorphisms from $G$ into the multiplicative group $K^*$ is linearly independent over $K$. Can this theorem be ...
5
votes
2answers
83 views

Character of $\text{Hom}_{\mathbb{C}}(\mathbb{C}G,\mathbb{C})$

I've been given the following two questions, and for both I'm really unsure what to do (I'm a beginner with the theory of characters). Let $G$ be a finite group, $\mathbb{C}G$ its group algebra over ...
11
votes
0answers
345 views

Character theory of $2$-Frobenius groups.

Edit Summary: I've posted this on MO and received a partial answer there. Can anybody help me expand on this? Definition. Let $G$ be a finite group and $F_1=\text{Fit}\,G$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Proving that a Dirichlet character $\chi$ must be the Kronecker symbol $\chi_D = \left ( \frac{D}{\cdot} \right )$

I'm stuck trying to prove that a particular Dirichlet Character $\chi$ must be the Kronecker symbol $\chi_D = \left ( \frac{D}{\cdot}\right )$. The context is the following. Let $d$ be a square-free ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

On a sum taken over all irreducible characters: is $\sum\limits_{i=1}^t\chi_{V_i}(g)^2$ nonzero for all $g\in G$?

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $\mathbb{k}$ an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Denote the irreducible representations of $G$ over $\mathbb{k}$ by $V_1,\ldots, V_t$. Is it ...
2
votes
1answer
442 views

What is a rational character?

Let $G$ be the group of $F$-points of a connected, reductive group over a $p$-adic field $F$. The unramified character of $G$ are $\chi\circ\psi$ where $\chi$ is an unramified character of ...
3
votes
3answers
130 views

Character of $S_3$

I am trying to learn about the characters of a group but I think I am missing something. Consider $S_3$. This has three elements which fix one thing, two elements which fix nothing and one element ...
6
votes
1answer
515 views

What is the relationship between Mackey's theorem in character theory and Mackey's theorem in transfer theory?

Here are the statements of the two theorems. The first statement I took from a paper I have been reading, but I believe can also be found in Isaacs' Character Theory of Finite Groups as an exercise. ...
8
votes
2answers
337 views

What is an irrreducible character of a finite group?

Let $S_n$ be the group of permutations of $\{1, 2, \ldots, n\}$. A “character” for $S_n$ is a function $\chi\colon S_n \to \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$ with $\chi(ab) = \chi(a)\chi(b)$ for all $a, b ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Characters of affine algebraic groups and the determinant

Let $G$ be an affine algebraic group (i.e. a $k$-variety which is also a group and the group multiplication and inversion are morphisms of varieties). A character of $G$ is a morphism of algebraic ...
4
votes
0answers
420 views

Weyl Character formula applied to Sp$(4,\mathbb{C})\cap$ U$(4)$.

I posted a question a short while ago on this but got no response. I have worked on this more and so now have a more specific question. To start with we work with the $\mathbb{Q}$ version of ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Subspace spanned by powers of a faithful character

The following well known theorem can be found in many books on character theory: Let $\chi$ be a faithful character of a finite group $G$ and suppose that $\chi(g)$ takes on exactly $m$ different ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Weyl character formula and finding the trace.

Let $v$ be a positive integer. I have a representation $\rho_v$ of $USp(4) = \{g\in M_2(\mathbb{H})\,|\,g^{T}\bar{g}\}$, where $\mathbb{H}$ is Hamiltons quaternions. The representation $\rho_v$ has ...