For questions about characters (homomorphisms from a group into the multiplicative group of a field).

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2
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1answer
51 views

Dirichlet character modulo p

How can I prove that if $\chi$ is a non-principal character modulo $p$ prime, then $\chi (-1) = \overline{\chi} (-1)= \pm 1$ and $\sum_{x=1}^p \chi (x) e^{2\pi i x}=0$? For the first question, I just ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Can this matrix be said to consist of Dirichlet characters?

When: $j=1$ the following formula: $$T(n,k)=\prod\limits_{m=1}_{m \mid n}^{\text{n}} \left(\exp ^{-\mu \left(\frac{n}{m}\right)}\left(\Lambda \left(\frac{n}{m}\right)\right) \chi _{\exp ^{-\mu ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Representation is reducible

Suppose $V$ is a representation of a finite group $G$ over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and suppose dim$V=3$ and $\wedge ^2V$ is reducible. Then $V$ is reducible. I was trying to do it by ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Conductor of Dirichlet character divides every quasiperiod

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character which has quasiperiods $d_1, d_2$. I.e., if $(n(n + kd_i), q) = 1$ then $\chi(n + d_i) = \chi(n)$ for any $k \in \mathbb{Z}$. Supposedly we can then show that ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Largest ideal of a local field on which a character is trivial

Let $K$ be a nondiscrete locally compact field. Then fixing a character $\chi$ on $K$, any character on $K$ can be written as $t \mapsto \chi(xt)$ for some $x \in K$. For $E \leq K$ a closed ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

What is the name, meaning and function of the circle(s) in this composition of functions?

This is the S-DES encryption algorithm. I don't recognize this character. Sidebar: How can I write this in LaTeX/MathJax?
2
votes
0answers
21 views

What is the basic concept behind extending a character?

I'm trying to do my homework (the overall problem is about $A$ a finite abelian group and showing $A \cong A^\vee \cong A^{\vee\vee}$, but you can ignore that), and I think I have a fundamental lack ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Characters of a finite group

Recently, I have been studying about Character Theory of Finite Groups, mostly from "Groups and Representations" by J. Alperin & R. Bell. In the aforementioned textbook, the characters of a finite ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Summation of Legendre symbol

Let $\chi_{2,q}$ be the real Dirichlet character modulo a prime $q>2$, which is not the principal one (the so-called Legendre symbol). Is it true that $$ \sum_{n=0}^{+\infty} ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Summation of non-principal real Dirichlet character

Let $q > 3$ be a prime and $$ S_q := \sum_{k=1}^{q-1} \chi_{2,q} (k) \, k, $$ where $\chi_{2,q}$ is the real Dirichlet character modulo $q$ which is not the principal one. I have to prove that ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Expressing a sum involving a nontrivial character as a Jacobi sum

Let $\chi$ be a multiplicative non trivial character of $F_p$ and $\rho$ be a character of order 2. Show that $\sum\chi(1-t^2)=J(\chi,\rho).$ [Hint: Evaluate $J(\chi,\rho)$ using the relation ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Sum of an irreducible character over all $G$

Let $\phi: G\to GL_n(\mathbb C)$ be an irreducible representation of a finite group $G$. Let $\chi: G\to \mathbb C$ be the character of $G$. Prove that: $$\displaystyle \sum_{g\in G}{\chi(g)}=0 $$ I ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Is the Transpose of a Representation an Equivalent Representation?

Suppose we are working over $\mathbf{Z}[G]$ where $G$ is finite. Suppose further we have two representations $\rho$ and $\rho^\prime$ such that $\rho^\prime=(\rho)^T$. Can we say that these two ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Consider $\mathbf{Z}G$, $G$ finite. If the characters of two $\mathbf{Z}G$-modules are equal, does it follow that the modules are isomorphic?

So I have recently started to delve into integral representation theory and I was wondering if a particularly useful theorem survives the transition to integral rep theory. Basically, suppose we have ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

Characters of a Group: two definitions

If $G$ is an abelian group, the characters associated to the rapresentations of $G$ over $\textrm{GL}_1(\mathbb C)=\mathbb C^\ast$ are simply the group homomorphisms: $$\chi:G\longrightarrow\mathbb ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Bounds for the norm of certain additive character sums

Let $q$ be a power of a prime, let $\alpha$ be a primitive element in the finite field with $q$ elements and let $\chi$ be the canonical additive character of the field. Recently I became interested ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Character Theory Exercise

I am having trouble with the following exercise in character theory: If $\chi, \psi, \zeta$ are irreducible characters of a finite group then $\langle \chi\psi, \zeta \rangle \leq \zeta(1)$. I can ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Decomposing direct product of irreps

I know characters of two 2-dimentional irreps (U and V) of a group with 6 conjugate classes. The characters are: $\begin{pmatrix} 2&-1&-1&2&0&0\end{pmatrix}$ and $\begin{pmatrix} ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Characters of a unipotent group.

Let $\def\C{\mathbb{C}}T = (\C^*)^n$. A character of $T$ is defined to be a homomorphism from $T$ to $\C^*$. The characters of $T$ is of the form $f(t_1,\ldots,t_n)=t_1^{a_1}\cdots t_n^{a_n}$ for some ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Discontinuous characters on locally compact abelian groups

I'm doing some reading out of Rudin's Fourier Analysis on Groups and Folland's Abstract Harmonic Analysis for research. Particularly I am on characters and dual groups and I've noticed that neither ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Easy way to get real irreducible characters (reps) from complex irreducible characters?

For plenty of groups, the real irreducible characters/representations aren't the same as the complex irreducible representations. I really enjoy James Montaldi's summary of real representations, for ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

How to tell whether a representation of a group is faithful or unfaithful?

From just the character table and the basis functions of the irreducible representations, how do I know whether a representation is faithful or unfaithful? For the 1-D representation it is trivial to ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Show that 2 representations are not equivalent and find all the irreducible representations of G.

Show that 2 representations are not equivalent and find all the irreducible representations of $G$. The group $G=T_{16}$ has order 16 and presentation given by $G=\langle a,b : a^8=b^2=1, ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

What are the Pontryagin duals of additive and multiplicative group of complex number?

What are the Pontryagin duals of additive and multiplicative group of complex number? So basically what are all characters of $(\mathbb{C},+$) and $(\mathbb{C^*},.)$?
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0answers
82 views

Understanding the irreducible representations of $D_3$

By the dimensionality theorem, $$\sum_i d_i^2 = |G|,$$ where $d_i$ is the dimension of the $i$th irreducible representation, we can infer that the dihedral group $D_3$ has two one dimensional irreps ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Example of projective rep being used in Clifford theory

I'm trying to understand the use of projective representations in Clifford theory, and I'd like a small example where projective representations really help, and the ingredients are actually ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Nilpotent groups are monomial

I'm trying to show that a nilpotent group $G$ is monomial; i.e., that every irreducible representation $\rho$ of $G$ satisfies $\rho = \text{Ind}_H^G(\tau)$ for some $H \leq G$, $\tau$ a one ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

A class function $f$ is a character if and only if $(f,\chi_{q_i})_G $ is a non-negative integer, for all irreducible characters $\chi_{q_i}$

I'm currently revising representation theory and I'm a bit stuck trying to prove the converse of the above statement. $(\Rightarrow)$ is straight forward because if $f$ is the character of a ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Sum of irreducible character values in a row of the character table

If $\chi$ is a nontrivial irreducible character of $G$ (a finite group), define $S_{\chi}:= \sum_{x \in G} \chi(x)$. In terms of conjugacy classes $\mathcal{C}$, this is $\sum_{\mathcal{C}} ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Isaacs exercise 10.1 (Character Theory of Finite groups)

I need help on this problem. (10.1) Let $H \le G$, $\theta \in \operatorname{Irr}(H)$ and $\chi \in \operatorname{Irr} (G)$. Suppose $F \subseteq \mathbb{C}$. (a) If $\chi_H = \theta$, show that ...
2
votes
2answers
374 views

Why does the tensor product of an irreducible representation with the sign representation yield another irreducible representation?

I was writing this question, and I came up with an answer, so I thought I would answer it myself: In considering representations of $S_n$, among others, we have the "sign representation", that is the ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Proof of convergence of $L'\left(1,\chi\right)$

can someone give me a good reference for a clear proof of the convergence of $L'\left(1,\chi\right)$, $\chi$ real-valued, non-principal Dirichlet character? Thanks in advance.
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Explanation for a theorem pertaining on Dirichlet character sums

A very well known theorem pertaining on Dirichlet characters sums states that if $\chi$ is a Dirichlet character modulo $k$, defining $$ A\left(n\right)=\sum_{d\mid n}\chi\left(d\right) $$ Then ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Characters of a faithful irreducible Module for an element in the centre

Basically here is my questions. We have a character $\chi$ which is faithful and irreducible of a group $G$. we have an element $g$ which i needs to show belongs to the centre $Z(G)$, i.e. $gh=hg$ for ...
6
votes
1answer
489 views

How to show a representation is irreducible?

I have a professor who says that I should be able to show a representation is irreducible simply by looking at its trace (with other possible conditions), but after researching this for a while, I ...
5
votes
2answers
140 views

Reference Request: Characters of Finite General Linear Groups

I've been looking at J.A. Green's article The Characters of Finite General Linear Groups and it seems that Green in this article comes up with a way of calculating all irreducible characters of a ...
9
votes
1answer
170 views

$\chi(g)$ group character $\Rightarrow$ $\chi(g^m)$ group character

Let $G$ be a group of order $n$ and and $\gcd(m,n)=1$. Let $\chi:G\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be a class function and define $\chi^m\!: g\mapsto\chi(g^m)$. How can one show that $\chi^m$ is a character iff ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

A question about Character Degrees of G/N

Let $G$ be a finite group such that $p_1p_2\mid |G|$, where $p_1$ and $p_2$ are two primes. We know that there exists an irreducible character $\chi\in Irr(G)$ such that $p_1p_2\mid \chi(1)$. We know ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

Character Table of the Monster

Does anyone have a link to a website having the character table of the Griess Monster in characteristic $0$?
0
votes
1answer
98 views

$\Psi_g(A)=\Phi(g)A^t\Phi(g)$; express $\chi_\Psi$ through $\chi_\Phi$

Let $\Phi$ be a matrix n-dimensional representation of the group G. We construct a representation $\Psi$ of $G$ on the space of square matrices of order n, such that ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Suzuki exceptional characters with $\epsilon = -1$

I have a question about Suzuki's theory of exceptional characters of finite groups. If you are familiar with this theory, then I'm just asking: can we always choose $\epsilon=1$? If not, here is a ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

show that the following three statements are equivalent

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible complex representation of the group $S_n$ and $\Phi'(\sigma)=\Phi(\sigma) \operatorname{sgn}(\sigma).$ $(\sigma \in S_n).$ Prove that 1) $\Phi'$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Prove that $\forall g \in G$ $ \exists$ an irreducible non-trivial character $\chi$ of the group $G$ such that $\chi(g)\neq 0$

Let $G$ be a non-trivial finite group. Prove that $\forall g \in G$ $ \exists$ an irreducible non-trivial character $\chi$ of the group $G$ such that $\chi(g)\neq 0$ This is my attempt so ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

The average value of irreducible character of a non-trivial finite group

Let $G$ be a non-trivial finite group. Let $\chi$ be an irreducible character of the group $G$. Find $$\frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g \in G} {\chi( g)}$$ I try. But I think that I am wrong. ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Irreducibility of complex 2-dimensional character of the group $ S_3 $

Let $\chi$ be 2-dimensional complex character of the group $ S_3 $. Prove that $\chi$ is irreducible character iff $\chi((123))=-1$. There is hint in my book: " Use the Maschke's theorem and ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

if $g^k=e$ then $\chi(g)=\sum_j^n \zeta_k$

Let $G$ be a group. Let $g \in G$ and $g^k=e.$ Let $\chi$ be an $n$-dimensional character of the group $G.$ Let $\zeta_k$ be $k$-th root of unity. Prove that $\chi(g)$ is equal to sum of a ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Reading a Character Table in Magma

These are the outputs of two character tables from Magma. The first is for $A_5$. The second is for $GL_3(2)$. What is the significance of the '$+$' and '$0$' symbols? I can produce more tables if ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

If $\chi(a)=1$ for all $\chi\in\hat G$ then $a=0$.

Let $G$ be finite abelian group and $\hat G$ be its character group. I need hint proving that if $a\in G$ and $\chi(a)=1$ for all $\chi\in\hat G$ then $a=0$ (the identity element). I can prove it ...
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vote
0answers
84 views

Is there any Relationship between Eigenvectors and Characters?

I noticed a strong similarity in the proofs of the linear independence of characters (homomorphisms from a given group $G$ to units of $\mathbb C$) and of eigenvectors with different eigenvalues). ...
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0answers
137 views

Possible small mistakes in Springer's *Linear Algebraic Groups*

In the 2nd edition of Springer's Linear Algebraic Groups, the proof of 16.2.2(i) (p. 271) begins with the assertion that the reductive group G is quasi-split over F iff the restriction map of ...