For questions about characters (homomorphisms from a group into the multiplicative group of a field).

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Degrees of irreducible complex characters of alternating groups

What is sum of degrees of the irreducible complex characters of the alternating groups? The background of this question is to calculate the diminsion of a maximal torus of the associated Lie algebra ...
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58 views

a finite group of order $360$ never has an irreducible character of degree $15$

The following problem is an exercise in character theory: "Prove that a finite group of order $360$ never has an irreducible character of degree $15$." Could you help me for it?
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18 views

Additive character : For any field or for a finite field?

We can define an additive character for any field, can't we? The reason why i'm asking this question is that when i google "additive character", all definitions i have seen are for a finite field. If ...
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74 views

Every irreducible character of $G$ is an irreducible character of $H$?

Let $H$ be a proper subgroup of $G$ such that for all $\chi\in Irr(G)$, $\chi_H\in Irr(H)$. That is, the restriction of every irreducible character of $G$ to $H$ is an irreducible character of $H$. ...
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1answer
32 views

Characters and a bound

Assume $\chi\neq\chi_{0}^q$ and $\chi$ is a character modulo $q$. At the lecture the following result was introduced: $\vert \sum_{n\leq x} \chi(n) \vert \leq \varphi(q) -1$ I'm not very happy about ...
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37 views

on the characters of the normal subgroup and its quotient

I read character theory recently and thought about the following proposition, but I do not know is this true or false: Let $G $ be a finite group such that two distinct primes $ p $ and $ q $ ...
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67 views

A group of order $2^67$

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $2^6\times 7$. Also $G$ has at least $5$ irreducible characters of degree $7$. I want to prove that with this condition there exists no character of even degree in ...
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1answer
78 views

Character Table Dihedral group of $D_6$

I'm having real troubles with finding the character table of the dihedral group $D_6$ of order 12: $D_6 = \langle a,b |a^6 = 1 , b^2 = 1, aba = b \rangle$. I've already found the conjugacy classes: ...
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1answer
59 views

Character theory question. [closed]

Let $\chi$ be a nontrivial irreducible character of finite group $G$, and $G$ has odd order. Then, $\chi$ isn't equal to $\bar \chi$.
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1answer
33 views

Probability of a sequence of characters within a random sequence of characters

I've been trying to work out a formula for the probability of a specified sequence of upper-case English characters of length $n$ appearing in a random sequence of upper-case English characters of ...
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1answer
20 views

How to find all Dirichlet characters

I want to know all the Dirichlet characters modulo $m$. I know that the number of such characters are $\phi(m)$. But how do find each and every character. for small moduli I could do it using some ...
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1answer
42 views

Bounds for general character sums over finite fields

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field with $q$ elements, let $\chi$ be the canonical additive character of $\mathbb{F}_q$, let $\psi$ be a non-trivial multiplicative character of $\mathbb{F}_q$, and ...
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1answer
26 views

Product involving Dirichlet characters $\prod_{i=1}^{\phi(m)}(1 - \frac{\chi_i(p)}{p^s}) =(1 - \frac{1}{p^{fs}})^{\frac{\phi(m)}{f}}$

While working with divisors in cyclotomic extensions of $\mathbb{Q},$ I came across this identity: Given a prime $p$ and an integer $m$ such that $(p,m) =1$, let $f$ be the smallest such the $p^f ...
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1answer
37 views

character of irreducible representations of odd-ordered groups

I want to prove that if $G$ is a group and the order of $G$ is odd, and $\chi$ is a real-valued irreducible character of $G$, then $\chi$ must be the trivial representation, $\chi = \epsilon$. So ...
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2answers
91 views

exponential function, lie group homomorphism

Let $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{C}^*$ be a continuous map satisfying for all $x, y \in \mathbb{R}$: $f(x + y) = f(x)f(y)$. $f(x) = 1$ for all $t = 2\pi n, n \in \mathbb{Z}$. Show that there exists ...
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1answer
63 views

An irreducible character of degree prime affords a faithful representation.

This is a long question, but hopefully someone can give me a suggestion, as I've been hitting my head against the wall... Take a non-abelian group $P$, of order $p^3$, $p$ prime. We've already ...
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1answer
27 views

Character of the algebra $\mathbb{C}[G]$ as $G \times G $-module

Let $G$ be a finite group. We can define an action of $G\times G$ on the group algebra $\mathbb{C}[G]$ in the following way: If $x \in \mathbb{C}[G]$ then $(g,h)\cdot x=gxh^{-1}$. Now, what about ...
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1answer
45 views

Decompose the following representation of $A_5$ in irreducible representations

Denote the space of functions on the set of faces of the icosahedron by $V_f$, this is a 20-dimensional representation of $A_5$ which acts here on as the group of rotational symmetries. Here follows ...
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1answer
28 views

Dimension of subspace stabilized by group and principle character

Let $\phi: G \rightarrow GL(V)$ be a representation with character $\chi$. Let $W$ be the subspace $\{v \in V : \phi(g).v = v$ for all $g \in G \}$ of $V$. Prove that $\dim W = \langle \chi, ...
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1answer
37 views

Characters of Finite Abelian Groups

I am studying this proof in my algebra notes, and I would like some help regarding the requirements of the proof. The statement of the proof is: For each finite abelian group G and each h in G with ...
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41 views

Character of a Representation

Suppose that we have a representation $V$ of a group $G= SU(2)$ . Is it true that if $ \chi_V \cdot c \neq 0$ for some non-zero constant c, then the trivial representation must be one of the ...
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1answer
58 views

Why is the character group defined as $\mathsf{Hom}(G,\mathbb T)$, i.e why is the codomain specifically $\mathbb T$?

In the paper Category Theory Applied to Pontryagin Duality by Roeder, the character group of an lca group is defined as the topological (under the compact-open topology) abelian group of continuous ...
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1answer
35 views

Character Table of $C_6$

$$\begin{array}{rrrrrrrrrrr} & 1 & g & g^2 & g^3 & g^4 & g^5\\ \phi_0 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 \\ \phi_1 & 1 & \zeta_6^1 & & & ...
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Orthogonality Relations for Character Groups

I'm trying to understand a part of a proof of orthogonality relations for character groups and finite abelian groups, and I don't quite get this part from the below link: ...
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43 views

Character as sum with regular representation

Suppose $G$ is a group and $\chi$ is a character of $G$ with $\chi(g_1)=\chi(g_2)$ for all non-identity $g_1,g_2 \in G$, and let $\chi_{reg}$ denote the regular representation character. I read that ...
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1answer
27 views

Existence of Irreducible Character s.t. $\chi(g) \neq 0, \chi(1) \neq 0 \text{ mod } |C(g)|$ for Elements in Conjugacy Class of Prime Order

Given a finite group $G$, and a non-identity representative $g$ in a conjugacy class of prime order $p$, I'm trying to show that some nontrivial irreducible character of $G$ must have $\chi(g) \neq 0$ ...
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41 views

Dirichlet L series estimation

let $\chi$ be a non-principal character modulo $q$, $M\geq 1$. I have to prove that, if $\vert \sigma - 1 \vert \leq \frac{1}{\log M}$, then $\vert \sum_{n=1}^M \chi (n)n^{-s}\vert\leq 1+e\log M$ and ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Dirichlet character modulo p

How can I prove that if $\chi$ is a non-principal character modulo $p$ prime, then $\chi (-1) = \overline{\chi} (-1)= \pm 1$ and $\sum_{x=1}^p \chi (x) e^{2\pi i x}=0$? For the first question, I just ...
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11 views

Can this matrix be said to consist of Dirichlet characters?

When: $j=1$ the following formula: $$T(n,k)=\prod\limits_{m=1}_{m \mid n}^{\text{n}} \left(\exp ^{-\mu \left(\frac{n}{m}\right)}\left(\Lambda \left(\frac{n}{m}\right)\right) \chi _{\exp ^{-\mu ...
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1answer
49 views

Representation is reducible

Suppose $V$ is a representation of a finite group $G$ over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and suppose dim$V=3$ and $\wedge ^2V$ is reducible. Then $V$ is reducible. I was trying to do it by ...
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25 views

Conductor of Dirichlet character divides every quasiperiod

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character which has quasiperiods $d_1, d_2$. I.e., if $(n(n + kd_i), q) = 1$ then $\chi(n + d_i) = \chi(n)$ for any $k \in \mathbb{Z}$. Supposedly we can then show that ...
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40 views

The irreducible representation of $S_n$ of degree $n-1$ [duplicate]

So I understand it's not hard to show that the standard $(n-1)$-dimensional irreducible representation of $S_n$ is the only irreducible representation of $S_n$ of degree $n-1$ using characters/Young ...
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1answer
68 views

Largest ideal of a local field on which a character is trivial

Let $K$ be a nondiscrete locally compact field. Then fixing a character $\chi$ on $K$, any character on $K$ can be written as $t \mapsto \chi(xt)$ for some $x \in K$. For $E \leq K$ a closed ...
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2answers
23 views

What is the name, meaning and function of the circle(s) in this composition of functions?

This is the S-DES encryption algorithm. I don't recognize this character. Sidebar: How can I write this in LaTeX/MathJax?
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What is the basic concept behind extending a character?

I'm trying to do my homework (the overall problem is about $A$ a finite abelian group and showing $A \cong A^\vee \cong A^{\vee\vee}$, but you can ignore that), and I think I have a fundamental lack ...
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62 views

Characters of a finite group

Recently, I have been studying about Character Theory of Finite Groups, mostly from "Groups and Representations" by J. Alperin & R. Bell. In the aforementioned textbook, the characters of a finite ...
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34 views

Summation of Legendre symbol

Let $\chi_{2,q}$ be the real Dirichlet character modulo a prime $q>2$, which is not the principal one (the so-called Legendre symbol). Is it true that $$ \sum_{n=0}^{+\infty} ...
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2answers
33 views

Summation of non-principal real Dirichlet character

Let $q > 3$ be a prime and $$ S_q := \sum_{k=1}^{q-1} \chi_{2,q} (k) \, k, $$ where $\chi_{2,q}$ is the real Dirichlet character modulo $q$ which is not the principal one. I have to prove that ...
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1answer
54 views

Expressing a sum involving a nontrivial character as a Jacobi sum

Let $\chi$ be a multiplicative non trivial character of $F_p$ and $\rho$ be a character of order 2. Show that $\sum\chi(1-t^2)=J(\chi,\rho).$ [Hint: Evaluate $J(\chi,\rho)$ using the relation ...
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1answer
54 views

Sum of an irreducible character over all $G$

Let $\phi: G\to GL_n(\mathbb C)$ be an irreducible representation of a finite group $G$. Let $\chi: G\to \mathbb C$ be the character of $G$. Prove that: $$\displaystyle \sum_{g\in G}{\chi(g)}=0 $$ I ...
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26 views

Is the Transpose of a Representation an Equivalent Representation?

Suppose we are working over $\mathbf{Z}[G]$ where $G$ is finite. Suppose further we have two representations $\rho$ and $\rho^\prime$ such that $\rho^\prime=(\rho)^T$. Can we say that these two ...
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2answers
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Consider $\mathbf{Z}G$, $G$ finite. If the characters of two $\mathbf{Z}G$-modules are equal, does it follow that the modules are isomorphic?

So I have recently started to delve into integral representation theory and I was wondering if a particularly useful theorem survives the transition to integral rep theory. Basically, suppose we have ...
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Characters of a Group: two definitions

If $G$ is an abelian group, the characters associated to the rapresentations of $G$ over $\textrm{GL}_1(\mathbb C)=\mathbb C^\ast$ are simply the group homomorphisms: $$\chi:G\longrightarrow\mathbb ...
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58 views

Bounds for the norm of certain additive character sums

Let $q$ be a power of a prime, let $\alpha$ be a primitive element in the finite field with $q$ elements and let $\chi$ be the canonical additive character of the field. Recently I became interested ...
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1answer
55 views

Character Theory Exercise

I am having trouble with the following exercise in character theory: If $\chi, \psi, \zeta$ are irreducible characters of a finite group then $\langle \chi\psi, \zeta \rangle \leq \zeta(1)$. I can ...
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1answer
72 views

Decomposing direct product of irreps

I know characters of two 2-dimentional irreps (U and V) of a group with 6 conjugate classes. The characters are: $\begin{pmatrix} 2&-1&-1&2&0&0\end{pmatrix}$ and $\begin{pmatrix} ...
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1answer
26 views

Characters of a unipotent group.

Let $\def\C{\mathbb{C}}T = (\C^*)^n$. A character of $T$ is defined to be a homomorphism from $T$ to $\C^*$. The characters of $T$ is of the form $f(t_1,\ldots,t_n)=t_1^{a_1}\cdots t_n^{a_n}$ for some ...
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1answer
25 views

Discontinuous characters on locally compact abelian groups

I'm doing some reading out of Rudin's Fourier Analysis on Groups and Folland's Abstract Harmonic Analysis for research. Particularly I am on characters and dual groups and I've noticed that neither ...
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2answers
74 views

Easy way to get real irreducible characters (reps) from complex irreducible characters?

For plenty of groups, the real irreducible characters/representations aren't the same as the complex irreducible representations. I really enjoy James Montaldi's summary of real representations, for ...
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1answer
65 views

How to tell whether a representation of a group is faithful or unfaithful?

From just the character table and the basis functions of the irreducible representations, how do I know whether a representation is faithful or unfaithful? For the 1-D representation it is trivial to ...