For questions about characters (homomorphisms from a group into the multiplicative group of a field).

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2
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0answers
23 views

Eisenstein series of weight $2$ for $\Gamma_0(N)$ : where am I wrong?

Let $A_{N,2}$ be the set of triples $(\psi,\varphi,t)$ such that $\psi$ and $\varphi$ are primitive Dirichlet characters modulo $u$ and $v$ with $(\psi\varphi)(-1)=1$, and $t$ is an integer such ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Show that $Z(θ^G)≤H$

Suppose $H ≤ G$ and $θ \in Char(H)$. Show that $Z(θ^G)≤H$. ($Z$ is the centre and $θ^G$ is the character induced by $G$)
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1answer
33 views

Compute the character $Ind_{H}^G \mathbb{I}$ by computing the character of $\mathbb{C}[G/H]$

Let $G=S_3$ and $H=\langle (12) \rangle < G$. Compute the character $Ind_{H}^G \mathbb{I}$ by computing the character of $\mathbb{C}[G/H]$. I have computed the character using the induction ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Proof of the Frobenius Schur indicator

I am trying to prove the Frobenius-Schur indicator for $\chi$ irreducible character. \begin{equation} i_{\chi} = \begin{cases} 0, & \text{if $\chi$ is not real valued} \\ \pm1, & ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Gauss sum of character $\psi \neq 1$

I am trying to solve Let $1 \neq \psi$ be a charachter of $\mathbb{F}_p$ and define $$G(\psi) = \sum_{x\in \mathbb{F}_p} \psi(x^2) $$ Proof that $|G(\psi)|^2 = p$. What I tried so far: ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Understanding restriction in $S_3$

Let $G=S_3$. \begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline & e & (123) & (12) \\ \hline \chi_0 & 1 &1 & 1\\ \hline \chi_1 & 1 & 1 & -1 \\ \hline \chi_2 & 2 & -1 & 0 \\ ...
1
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2answers
48 views

2nd half of proof of $\dim V^G=\frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g \in G}\chi(g) $

Lemma. Let $\rho: G \rightarrow GL(V)$ be a representation, character $\chi$. Then $$\dim V^G=\frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g \in G}\chi(g) $$ Proof. RHS: $$\frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g \in G}tr ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Use of dot product in calculating characters

$G=C_3$. \begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline & e & g & g^2 \\ \hline \chi_0 & 1 &1 & 1\\ \hline \chi_1 & 1 & \zeta & \zeta^2 \\ \hline \chi_2 & 1 & \zeta^2 & ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Can two different characters of $S_n$ have the same _multiset_ of values?

As I was going through various representation-theory posts in the site, I stumbled upon this one: Characters of the symmetric group corresponding to partitions into two parts. Now, that question ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

How to prove that a certain set is a coset of a subgroup of a group of characters mod $m$?

I have the following question: Let $m>1$ be a positive integer and $G:=G(m):={(\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z})}^{*}$. Let $p\in\mathbb{P}$ with the property $p\nmid m$. Let $\widehat{G}:=\text{Char}(G)$ ...
1
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1answer
84 views

Question concerning the Dirichlet density of a subset of the set of primes

I have the following question: I am reading Serre's book "A Course in Arithmetic" (see http://www.math.purdue.edu/~lipman/MA598/Serre-Course%20in%20Arithmetic.pdf). On page 75, it is stated that the ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Show that $ (φ^G )_K = (φ_{H∩K})^K $ with Mackey's theorem

Suppose H,K ≤ G e θ $ ϵ $ Char(H). Show that Z(θ)≤H. Suppose H,K ≤ G and HK = G. Se $ φ $ ϵ Char(H) show that $ (φ^G )_K = (φ_{H∩K})^K $. For the proof I have to use the Mackey's theorem. How do I ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Characters of Linear Algebraic Groups

Reading about the semi-invariants of quivers, I see a fact which is frequently referred to in the literature, and is assumed to be trivial. However, I don't see that very easily. So, I was wondering ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Product of chracter

From Isaac's character theory book; $3.12$ Let $x\in Irr(G)$ and $g,h\in G$. Show that $$\chi(g)\chi(h)=\dfrac{\chi(1)}{|G|}\sum_{z\in G}\chi(gh^z)$$ I had thought that it was related to $3.9)$; ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Sum of characters modulo k

I want to find $\sum_{n \leq x} \chi(n) $, where $\chi$ is a non-principal character modulo $k$. I am trying to find $\sum_{n \leq x} \chi (n) n$ using Abel's summation formula, where the series $a_n ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Isomorphism between an group and its double dual

I wanted to prove that for an abelian group $G$ , $\phi : G \rightarrow \hat{\hat{G}}$ is an isomorphism where $\hat{G}$ is a set of all irreducible characters of $G$ for $x \in G$, ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

How much we know about the Group from its Complex character table?

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and suppose that complex character table of $G$ is given.It is well known that from character table we cannot determine the Group uniquely (For example $Q_8$ and $D_8$ ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Groups and Characters exercise hint

I am trying to make my way through Grove's Groups and Characters but am having some trouble with the following seemingly benign exercise: If a group $G$ has a normal $p$-complement $K$ show that ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Proving that $\pi_{X \times Y} \simeq \pi_X \otimes \pi_Y$

If $X$ and $Y$ are $G$-sets and $X \times Y$ is a G-set by $g \cdot (x,y)=(g \cdot x , g \cdot y)$. \pi is the corresponding permutation representation. Prove that $\pi_{X \times Y} \simeq \pi_X ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Abelian groups cannot have characters of degree 2

I was attempting the following exercise: Assume that $G$ is a simple group. Let $\chi$ be an irreducible character of degree $2$, and $g \in G$ be an element of order $2$. Prove that $\chi (G) ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Perfect subset of the group of characters of an additive dense subgroup of $\mathbb(R)$

Suppose that $\Gamma$ is a dense subgroup of the group of real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and let $G$ be the group of characters of $\Gamma$. The problem is to show that for any $a\in\Gamma$ the set ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Thm 5.19 (Brauer) in Isaacs Martin - Character Theory of Finite Groups

I would please like some help to understand the proof of thm 5.19 (Brauer) in Isaacs Martin - Character Theory of Finite Groups. It states: Let $\chi$ be a character of G with $[\chi,1_G]=0$. Let ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Prove that there exists an $m$th root of unity $λ ∈ C$ such that for all $g ∈ G$, $\chi(zg) =λ \chi(g)$

Suppose $\chi$ is an irreducible character of $G$. Suppose $z ∈ Z(G)$ and that $z$ has order $m$. Prove that there exists an $m$th root of unity $λ ∈ C$ such that for all $g ∈ G$, $\chi(zg) =λ ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Finding irreducible subrepresenations of modular representation in GAP

Recently, I have been fiddling with modular representations in GAP. First from what I can tell, GAP does not have a good way built in to find things like Brauer characters of a given non-solvable ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Complete the character table of group of order $21$

You are given the incomplete character table of a group $G$ with order $21$ which has $5$ conjugacy classes, $C_1,\dots,C_5$, which have sizes $1,7,7,3,3$. $$ \begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|c|} \hline & ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Finding the character table of $Q_8$

Assume $G$ is a finite group. I am trying to construct the character table of $Q_8$, which is defined by $$Q_8=\{\pm 1,\pm i, \pm j,\pm k \}, \ i^2=j^2=k^2=-1, \ ij=k,jk=i,ki=j$$ By considering the ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

How to find the character of $\mathfrak{U}\left(\mathfrak{n}_{-}\right)$?

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a Kac-Moody algebra. Then $$ \mathfrak{n}_{-}=\oplus_{\alpha\in\varPhi_{+}}\mathfrak{g}_{-\alpha} $$ and for $\mathfrak{U}\left(\mathfrak{n}_{-}\right)$ the ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Subgroups of group of characters of a finite abelian group

Let G be a finite abelian group, H a subgroup of the group of characters of G. Is it true that H is the group of characters of some quotient group of G? Thanks for any help.
2
votes
1answer
16 views

prove that $N(x^m=a)=N(x^d=a)$.

Let $p>2$ be a prime, $m\in \mathbb N$, $d=$ GCD$(m,p-1)$. Let $N(x^n=a)$ denote the number of solutions to the equation $x^n=a$ in $\mathbb F_p$. prove that $N(x^m=a)=N(x^d=a)$. I am familiar with ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Non-trivial characters of $SU(2)$

Are there non-trivial characters (or quasi-characters) of the special unitary group $SU(2)$? I couldn't find a straightforward answer by googling.
2
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0answers
76 views

Degrees of irreducible complex characters of alternating groups

What is sum of degrees of the irreducible complex characters of the alternating groups? The background of this question is to calculate the diminsion of a maximal torus of the associated Lie algebra ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

a finite group of order $360$ never has an irreducible character of degree $15$

The following problem is an exercise in character theory: "Prove that a finite group of order $360$ never has an irreducible character of degree $15$." Could you help me for it?
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1answer
21 views

Additive character : For any field or for a finite field?

We can define an additive character for any field, can't we? The reason why i'm asking this question is that when i google "additive character", all definitions i have seen are for a finite field. If ...
4
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0answers
82 views

Every irreducible character of $G$ is an irreducible character of $H$?

Let $H$ be a proper subgroup of $G$ such that for all $\chi\in Irr(G)$, $\chi_H\in Irr(H)$. That is, the restriction of every irreducible character of $G$ to $H$ is an irreducible character of $H$. ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Characters and a bound

Assume $\chi\neq\chi_{0}^q$ and $\chi$ is a character modulo $q$. At the lecture the following result was introduced: $\vert \sum_{n\leq x} \chi(n) \vert \leq \varphi(q) -1$ I'm not very happy about ...
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0answers
41 views

on the characters of the normal subgroup and its quotient

I read character theory recently and thought about the following proposition, but I do not know is this true or false: Let $G $ be a finite group such that two distinct primes $ p $ and $ q $ ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

A group of order $2^67$

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $2^6\times 7$. Also $G$ has at least $5$ irreducible characters of degree $7$. I want to prove that with this condition there exists no character of even degree in ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Character Table Dihedral group of $D_6$

I'm having real troubles with finding the character table of the dihedral group $D_6$ of order 12: $D_6 = \langle a,b |a^6 = 1 , b^2 = 1, aba = b \rangle$. I've already found the conjugacy classes: ...
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1answer
69 views

Character theory question. [closed]

Let $\chi$ be a nontrivial irreducible character of finite group $G$, and $G$ has odd order. Then, $\chi$ isn't equal to $\bar \chi$.
2
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1answer
42 views

Probability of a sequence of characters within a random sequence of characters

I've been trying to work out a formula for the probability of a specified sequence of upper-case English characters of length $n$ appearing in a random sequence of upper-case English characters of ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How to find all Dirichlet characters

I want to know all the Dirichlet characters modulo $m$. I know that the number of such characters are $\phi(m)$. But how do find each and every character. for small moduli I could do it using some ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Bounds for general character sums over finite fields

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field with $q$ elements, let $\chi$ be the canonical additive character of $\mathbb{F}_q$, let $\psi$ be a non-trivial multiplicative character of $\mathbb{F}_q$, and ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Product involving Dirichlet characters $\prod_{i=1}^{\phi(m)}(1 - \frac{\chi_i(p)}{p^s}) =(1 - \frac{1}{p^{fs}})^{\frac{\phi(m)}{f}}$

While working with divisors in cyclotomic extensions of $\mathbb{Q},$ I came across this identity: Given a prime $p$ and an integer $m$ such that $(p,m) =1$, let $f$ be the smallest such the $p^f ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

character of irreducible representations of odd-ordered groups

I want to prove that if $G$ is a group and the order of $G$ is odd, and $\chi$ is a real-valued irreducible character of $G$, then $\chi$ must be the trivial representation, $\chi = \epsilon$. So ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

exponential function, lie group homomorphism

Let $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{C}^*$ be a continuous map satisfying for all $x, y \in \mathbb{R}$: $f(x + y) = f(x)f(y)$. $f(x) = 1$ for all $t = 2\pi n, n \in \mathbb{Z}$. Show that there exists ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

An irreducible character of degree prime affords a faithful representation.

This is a long question, but hopefully someone can give me a suggestion, as I've been hitting my head against the wall... Take a non-abelian group $P$, of order $p^3$, $p$ prime. We've already ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Character of the algebra $\mathbb{C}[G]$ as $G \times G $-module

Let $G$ be a finite group. We can define an action of $G\times G$ on the group algebra $\mathbb{C}[G]$ in the following way: If $x \in \mathbb{C}[G]$ then $(g,h)\cdot x=gxh^{-1}$. Now, what about ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Decompose the following representation of $A_5$ in irreducible representations

Denote the space of functions on the set of faces of the icosahedron by $V_f$, this is a 20-dimensional representation of $A_5$ which acts here on as the group of rotational symmetries. Here follows ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Dimension of subspace stabilized by group and principle character

Let $\phi: G \rightarrow GL(V)$ be a representation with character $\chi$. Let $W$ be the subspace $\{v \in V : \phi(g).v = v$ for all $g \in G \}$ of $V$. Prove that $\dim W = \langle \chi, ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Characters of Finite Abelian Groups

I am studying this proof in my algebra notes, and I would like some help regarding the requirements of the proof. The statement of the proof is: For each finite abelian group G and each h in G with ...