# Tagged Questions

This tag is for questions about cardinals and related topics such as cardinal arithmetics, regular cardinals and cofinality. Do not confuse with [large-cardinals] which is a technical concept about strong axioms of infinity.

5k views

### How do we know an $\aleph_1$ exists at all?

I have two questions, actually. The first is as the title says: how do we know there exists an infinite cardinal such that there exists no other cardinals between it and $\aleph_0$? (We would have ...
4k views

### Cartesian Product of Two Countable Sets is Countable

How can I prove that the Cartesian product of two countable sets is also countable?
2k views

### The cartesian product $\mathbb{N} \times \mathbb{N}$ is countable

I'm examining a proof I have read that claims to show that the Cartesian product $\mathbb{N} \times \mathbb{N}$ is countable, and as part of this proof, I am looking to show that the given map is ...
1k views

### Defining cardinality in the absence of choice

Under ZFC we can define cardinality $|A|$ for any set $A$ as $$|A|=\min\{\alpha\in \operatorname{Ord}: \exists\text{ bijection } A \to \alpha\}.$$ This is because the axiom of choice allows any ...
2k views

### For every infinite $S$, $|S|=|S\times S|$ implies the Axiom of choice

How to prove the following conclusion: [For any infinite set $S$,there exists a bijection $f:S\to S \times S$] implies the Axiom of choice. Can you give a proof without the theory of ordinal numbers....
9k views

### Cardinality of set of real continuous functions

The set of all $\mathbb{R\to R}$ continuous functions is $\mathfrak c$. How to show that? Is there any bijection between $\mathbb R^n$ and the set of continuous functions?
2k views

3k views

### An infinite subset of a countable set is countable

In my book, it proves that an infinite subset of a coutnable set is countable. But not all the details are filled in, and I've tried to fill in all the details below. Could someone tell me if what I ...
4k views

### Partition of N into infinite number of infinite disjoint sets? [duplicate]

Is it possible to have a countable infinite number of countable infinite sets such that no two sets share an element and their union is the positive integers?
4k views

### Overview of basic results on cardinal arithmetic

Are there some good overviews of basic formulas about addition, multiplication and exponentiation of cardinals (preferably available online)?
4k views

### Why is $\omega$ the smallest $\infty$?

I am comfortable with the different sizes of infinities and Cantor's "diagonal argument" to prove that the set of all subsets of an infinite set has cardinality strictly greater than the set itself. ...
4k views

### Why is the Continuum Hypothesis (not) true?

I'm making my way through Thomas W Hungerfords's seminal text "Abstract Algebra 2nd Edition w/ Sets, Logics and Categories" where he makes the statement that the Continuum Hypothesis (There does not ...
1k views

### Do $\omega^\omega=2^{\aleph_0}=\aleph_1$?

As we know, $2^{\aleph_0}$ is a cardinal number, so it is a limit ordinal number. However, it must not be $2^\omega$, since $2^\omega=\sup\{2^\alpha|\alpha<\omega\}=\omega=\aleph_0<2^{\aleph_0}$,...
930 views

### Problems about Countability related to Function Spaces

Suppose we have the following sets, and determine whether they are countably infinite or uncountable . The set of all functions from $\mathbb{N}$ to $\mathbb{N}$. The set of all non-increasing ...
814 views

### For any two sets $A,B$ , $|A|\leq|B|$ or $|B|\leq|A|$

Let $A,B$ be any two sets. I really think that the statement $|A|\leq|B|$ or $|B|\leq|A|$ is true. Formally: $$\forall A\forall B[\,|A|\leq|B| \lor\ |B|\leq|A|\,]$$ If this statement is true, ...
610 views

### There's non-Aleph transfinite cardinals without the axiom of choice?

I can't find anything on this anywhere. The book I'm largely using at the moment is based around ZFC, so it makes no mention of anything other than the Aleph numbers, but according to Wikipedia on the ...
2k views

### Cantor-Bernstein-like theorem: If $f\colon A\to B$ is injection and $g\colon A\to B$ is surjective, can we prove there is a bijection as well?

I've been trying to find this proof: If there exists $f \colon A\to B$ injective and $g \colon A \to B$ surjective, prove there exists $h \colon A \to B$ bijective. I thought of using ...
552 views

### How to formulate continuum hypothesis without the axiom of choice?

Please correct me if I'm wrong but here is what I understand from the theory of cardinal numbers : 1) The definition of $\aleph_1$ makes sense even without choice as $\aleph_1$ is an ordinal number (...
474 views

### What is $\aleph_0$ powered to $\aleph_0$?

By definition $\aleph_1 = 2 ^{\aleph_0}$. And since $2 < \aleph_0$, then $2^{\aleph_0} = {\aleph_1} \le \aleph_0 ^ {\aleph_0}$. However, I do not know what exactly $\aleph_0 ^ {\aleph_0}$ is or how ...
305 views

### Why the principle of counting does not match with our common sense

Principle of counting says that "the number of odd integers, which is the same as the number of even integers, is also the same as the number of integers overall." This does not match with my ...
2k views

2k views

### Cardinality of a set A is strictly less than the cardinality of the power set of A

I am trying to prove the following statement but have trouble comprehending/going forward with some parts! Here is the statement: If $A$ is any set, then $|A|$ $<$ $|P(A)|$ Here is what I ...
2k views

500 views

### Non-aleph infinite cardinals

I'm now confused with a concept of $\aleph$. 1.$\aleph$ is a cardinal number that is well-ordered in ZF.(Defined as an initial ordinal that is equipotent with). Does that mean $\aleph_x$ in ZF may ...
653 views

### Bijection between power sets of sets implies bijection between sets?

Is it true that if $X$ and $Y$ are sets and there is a bijection between $\mathcal{P}(X)$ and $\mathcal{P}(Y)$ then there is a bijection from $X$ to $Y$ ?. I believe this should be obvious, but I can'...
885 views

### How to prove cardinality equality ($\mathfrak c^\mathfrak c=2^\mathfrak c$)

How do I prove this cardinality equality:$\mathfrak c^\mathfrak c=2^\mathfrak c$ I have failed to prove this after lots of trail - but I am certain it's true How can I prove this?
4k views

### Cardinality of $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{R}^2$

I am working on this exercise for an introductory Real Analysis course: Show that |$\mathbb{R}$| = |$\mathbb{R}^2$|. I know that $\mathbb{R}$ is uncountable. I also know that two sets $A$ and $B$...
469 views

### How to divide aleph numbers

Recently, I was wondering how division of aleph numbers would work. First, I thought about how finite cardinality division would work. What I came up with was that the result of $A/B$ where $A$ and $B$...
535 views

### Which set is unwell-orderable?

In textbook it says that every well-orderable set is equipotent to an initial ordinal number. However, of course unwell-orderable cannot equipotent to any ordinal number, but is there any set is ...
Possible Duplicate: Proof that the irrational numbers are uncountable We previously proved that $\mathbb{Q}$, the set of rational numbers, is countable and $\mathbb{R}$, the set of real ...
One of my homework questions was to prove, from the axioms of ZF only, that a countable union of countable sets does not have cardinality $\aleph_2$. My solution shows that it does not have ...