# Tagged Questions

For basic questions about limits, derivatives, integrals, and applications, mainly of one-variable functions.

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### Generalization of Liouville's theorem

As proposed in this answer, I wonder if the answer to following question is known. Let $E = E_0$ be the set of elementary functions. For each $i > 0$, inductively define $E_i$ to be the closure ...
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### ${\mathfrak{I}} \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \frac{x^2}{x^2+\log ^2(-2\cos x)} \:\mathrm{d}x$ and $\int_{0}^{\pi/2} \frac{\log \cos x}{x^2}\:\mathrm{d}x$

I have found the following new result connecting two rational log-cosine integrals. Proposition. \begin{align} \displaystyle & {\mathfrak{I}} \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \frac{x^2}{x^2+\log ^2(-2\cos ...
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### prove uniqueness from orthogonality relation

The problem: we have two functions $f(x), g(x)\in C^{1}[-\pi, \pi]$, and we know that \begin{align} \int_{-\pi}^{\pi} \int_{-\pi}^{\pi} \cos\left(ky\right) \sin\left(k\left\lvert y-z\right\rvert\...
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### How to evaluate the integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^{a-1}}{1+bx^a} e^{-x} dx$

How to evaluate this integral? $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x^{a-1}}{1+bx^a} e^{-x} dx$$ I think it will use a gamma function or a exponential integral. I really need an ...
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### An Additional Rule for Calculus

Background The rules for differentiating elementary functions (arithmetic, exponential, trigonometric, etc.) together with the chain rule for differentiating compositions of functions are often ...
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### Juantheron-like integral

While seeing this post, the following integral is just struck me $$\int_0^\infty \frac{dx}{(1+x^2)(1+\tan x)}\tag1$$ I have tried like what user @OlivierOloa did in ...
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### Help with the following summation when $x^{37}=1,x\neq 1$

I want to find the following summation $\text{Let }x^{37} = 1 \text{ and } x \neq 1,$ $\\ \text{Find the summation of }$ \frac{1}{(1+x+x^2+x^3)^3}+\frac{2}{(1+x^2+x^4+x^6)^3}+...+\frac{36}{(1+x^{...
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### Fourier transform of integral related to zeta function

In this MO question here, I asked about the Fourier transform of the zeta function. The second answer lists the following as a representation for $\zeta(s)$, with $E(x)$ as the floor function: \begin{...
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### How do people pick $\delta$ so fast in $\epsilon-\delta$ proofs

For example, in a proof that shows $f(x) = \sqrt(x)$ is uniformly continuous on the positive real line, the proof goes like: Let $\epsilon > 0$ be given, and $\delta = \epsilon^2$.... Or to ...
### How should I calculate the $n$th derivative of this expression?
What would be the $n$th derivative of $f (x) = x ^ x$ I have reached the fifth derivative, very long indeed but I see no pattern that will help me find a general expression. 1 D \$y=x^x / ln ...