# Tagged Questions

For basic questions about limits, derivatives, integrals, and applications, mainly of one-variable functions.

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### A strange integral having to do with the sophomore's dream:

I recently noticed that this really weird equation actually carries a closed form! $$\int_0^1 \left(\frac{x^x}{(1-x)^{1-x}}-\frac{(1-x)^{1-x}}{x^x}\right)\text{d}x=0$$ I honestly do not know how to ...
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### Prove $\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\frac{dx}{1+\sin^2{(\tan{x})}}=\frac{\pi}{2\sqrt{2}}\bigl(\frac{e^2+3-2\sqrt{2}}{e^2-3+2\sqrt{2}}\bigr)$

Prove the following integral $$I=\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\dfrac{dx}{1+\sin^2{(\tan{x})}}=\dfrac{\pi}{2\sqrt{2}}\left(\dfrac{e^2+3-2\sqrt{2}}{e^2-3+2\sqrt{2}}\right)$$ This integral result was ...
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### Convergence/Divergence of infinite series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(\sin(n)+2)^n}{n3^n}$

$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(\sin(n)+2)^n}{n3^n}$$ Does it converge or diverge? Can we have a rigorous proof that is not probabilistic? For reference, this question is supposedly a mix of real ...
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### Prove that $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \large\frac{k}{\text{e}^{2\pi k}-1}=\frac{1}{24}-\frac{1}{8\pi}$

Prove that $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{k}{\text{e}^{2\pi k}-1}=\frac{1}{24}-\frac{1}{8\pi}$$
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### Why does $\int_0^1 \lceil { x\sin({1 \over x})} \rceil \,dx = 1 - \frac{\log(4)}{2\pi}$?

One time I was bored and played around a bit with integrals and wolfram alpha and tested the following integral: http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=integral_0%5E1+ceil%28x*sin%281%2Fx%29%29 Note: ...
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### Why does the derivative of sine only work for radians?

I'm still struggling to understand why the derivative of sine only works for radians. I had always thought that radians and degrees were both arbitrary units of measurement, and just now I'm ...
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### What are the practical applications of the Taylor Series?

I started learning about the Taylor Series in my calculus class, and although I understand the material well enough, I'm not really sure what actual applications there are for the series. Question: ...
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### $\sqrt{c+\sqrt{c+\sqrt{c+\cdots}}}$, or the limit of the sequence $x_{n+1} = \sqrt{c+x_n}$
(Fitzpatrick Advanced Calculus 2e, Sec. 2.4 #12) For $c \gt 0$, consider the quadratic equation $x^2 - x - c = 0, x > 0$. Define the sequence $\{x_n\}$ recursively by fixing $|x_1| \lt c$ and ...
Suppose $f(x)$ that is infinitely differentiable in $[a,b]$. For every $c\in[a,b]$ the series $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty \cfrac{f^{(n)}(c)}{n!}(x-c)^n$ is a polynomial. Is true that $f(x)$ is a ...