# Tagged Questions

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### Definite Integral theorem validity :- $\int_{0}^{L} \left( \int_{s}^{L}p(t)\ dt \right) \ ds =\int_{0}^{L} \ p(s) \ ds$?

Can we write $\int_{0}^{L} \left( \int_{s}^{L}p(t)\ dt \right) \ ds =\int_{0}^{L} \ p(s) \ ds\tag 1$ ? In other words, is this result valid? If so, could you help me to get the proof it NB :: ...
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### $\Delta \vec{v}=0$ implies $\nabla\cdot \vec{v}=\nabla\times \vec{v}=0$?

\begin{align} \Delta\overrightarrow{v}&=\nabla(\nabla\cdot\overrightarrow{v})-\nabla\times(\nabla\times\overrightarrow{v})\\ ...
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### Curve and Constant Curvature

I have initial position vector $p_0$, given curve-linear length $1$. It can be parameterized by $s\in[0,1]$. Assume we have the equation to generate the curve from given starting point and constant ...
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### How to construct a diffeomorphism with $p_k \mapsto q_k$?

How to prove the following property? I cannot do anything. Let $M$ be a connected paracompact smooth manifold of dimension $m\geq 2$. Let $(p_k), (q_k)_{k\in \mathbb{N}}$ be sequences on $M$ which ...
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### Calculus III: Find the points of the curve…

I have to find the points of the curve $$r\left( t \right) =\left( t,{ t }^{ 2 },{ t }^{ 3 } \right)$$ where the osculating plane passes through the point $\left( 2,-\frac { 1 }{ 3 } ,-6 \right)$.
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### Area of spherical cap with integrals

Given a sphere $S$ of fixed diameter $D$ (or radius $R=D/2$, it will be convenient to have both, I suppose), and a point $P$ on its surface, let's create a ball $B$ of variable radius $r$ with its ...
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### Derivative of terminal state w.r.t. the inital conditions.

Let $x\in R^n$ and consider the system $$\dot{x}=f(t,x) \;\;\mbox{with}\;\; x(0)=x_0$$ and suppose that we know it's exact or very accurate solution $x(t)$ for the time interval $[0,T]$. I'm ...
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### Numerical solution of first order ODE

I have an in-homogeneous ODE. $R'(x)-(C_1 +C_2 x) R(x) = R_1-C_1 R_0\, x \tag 1$. What I know is the constant matrix $R(0)$ as initial condition. Question:- how to find out R(1) by numerical ...
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### maximum area of a rectangle inscribed in a semi - circle with radius r.

A rectangle is inscribed in a semi circle with radius $r$ with one of its sides at the diameter of the semi circle. Find the dimensions of the rectangle so that its area is a maximum. My Try: ...
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### Frenet-Serret formula proof

Prove that $$\textbf{r}''' = [s'''-\kappa^2(s')^3]\textbf{ T } + [3\kappa s's''+\kappa'(s')^2]\textbf{ N }+\kappa \hspace{1mm}\tau (s')^3\textbf{B}.$$ What is $\tau$, I can't figure that part out. ...
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### Boundary under transformation of a closed curve from $R^2\to R^3$

Consider some mapping $\phi: R_{uv} \to S\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ where $R_{uv}\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and such that it is a simply connected region. We call the boundary of the surface (which we ...
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### Arc Length with Vector-Valued Functions, Part B

Consider the path of a particle in a conservative force field represented by the vector-valued function $$r(t)= \left(4(\sin t−t \cos t), 4( \sin t+t \sin t), \frac{3}{2} t^2 \right).$$ A) Find the ...
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### Any elementary derivation of the Pfaff integrability condition?

Suppose in $\mathbf{R}^N$ we have a one-form field, $\theta = \sum_{i=1}^N \theta_i d x_i$. The Pfaff integrability condition is $d \theta \wedge \theta = 0$. Is it possible to give an ...
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### About reparametrization of timelike curves in $\mathbb{L}^3$ (Lorentz-Minkowski space)

I think there is something wrong with the proof this text gives of Lemma $2.1.5$, in pages $19$ and $20$, for timelike curves. I used another function, and it seems to work. Either I'm wrong, or he ...
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