For basic questions about limits, derivatives, integrals, and applications, mainly of one-variable functions.

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3 views

Determine the sum of the following series.

Determine the sum of the following series. infinity sigma n=1 ((-3)^n-1)/n^5
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2 views

Let f(x)=e^2x. The line L is the tangent to the curve of f at (1,e^2). Find the equation of L in the form y=ax+b.

please help ! calculus ! really need to do this for my final exam. HELP its tomorrow
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13 views

Partial derivatives - Chain rule

Let $f(x, y, z)=e^{xz}\tan (yz)$ and $x=g(s, t)$, $y=h(s, t)$, $z=k(s, t)$. We set $m(s, t)=f(g(s, t), h(s, t), k(s, t))$. Find a formula for $m_{st}$ using the chain rule and verify that the result ...
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2answers
24 views

Find the maximum and minimum of the function $f$

Find the maximum and minimum of $f(x, y)=xy-y+x-1$ at the set $x^2+y^2\leq 2$. I have done the following: Since the region $x^2+y^2\leq 2$ is closed, $f$ has a maximum and a minimum, which is ...
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4answers
26 views

Use the definition of a limit to prove that the limit is equal to zero?

All I can think of to start is to state that: $$|n-∞| < \delta \Rightarrow |(c/n^2)-0| < \epsilon$$ But I don't know where to go from there
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2answers
20 views

In complex variables, why is |z-1| < 5 an open disk centered at +1, where the boundary is a circle of radius 5?

How can I justify this basic concept? Use the definition of the modulus? Write z = $e^{i\theta}$? ...and why is |z+1| < 5 ...centered at -1 and not +1? Thanks, Edit: it is always the basic ...
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1answer
27 views

Solve the system of differential equations

I plan on adding more into later just a bit stuck, researching it at the moment. Solve the system of differential equations $$\begin{bmatrix} x'\\y' \end{bmatrix} - \begin{bmatrix} -11&15\\ ...
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3answers
57 views

prove that $\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+}\frac{1}{x} \int_0^x\sin(\frac{\pi}{t})dt =0$

I want to show that \begin{equation*} \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+}\frac{1}{x} \int_0^x\sin(\frac{\pi}{t})dt =0. \end{equation*} Any idea?
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4answers
59 views

Does there exist a bijection [on hold]

Does there exist a bijection from (0,1) to $\Bbb{R}$? How to prove there is or not?
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1answer
41 views

How to integrate a function with a nested absolute value: $|x^2 - 2|x||$?

I need help with this problem, $$\int_0^4|x^2 - 2|x||dx$$ what should I do with $2|x|$ ?
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0answers
25 views

How to evalute: $\int_0^1 \frac{e^{-ax}}{ax} -\frac{e^{-abx}}{1- e^{-ax}}((1-x)\cos (\pi x) + \frac{3}{\pi} \sin(\pi x)) dx$ and $a, b >0$

How to evalute: $$\int_0^1 \left[ \frac{e^{-ax}}{ax} -\frac{e^{-abx}}{1- e^{-ax}}\left((1-x)\cos (\pi x) + \frac{3}{\pi} \sin(\pi x)\right) \right] dx$$ and $a, b >0$
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0answers
17 views

To check whether a function is concave or convex or neither.

Let $\pi$ be a vector such that all its elements sum to 1. i.e, $\sum_1^n \pi(i) = 1$ where $\pi(i)$ denotes the i$^{th}$ component and $n$ is the length of the vector. Let $D$ be a diagonal matrix ...
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2answers
24 views

Second order differential equations where rhs $= 6e^2\cos(3x)$

Solve the differrential equation $$y'' - 4y' + 13y' = 6e^{2x}\cos(3x)$$ where $y(0)=3$ and $y'(0)=-8$ I think we start like... For the homogenous case $$\lambda^2 -4\lambda + 13 = 0 $$ ...
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2answers
57 views

Limits and Trigonometry

Consider an function $f$ , defined as : $$f^k (\theta) =\sum_{r=1}^n \left( \frac{\tan \left( \frac {\theta}{2^r} \right) }{2^r} \right)^k +\frac 1 3 \sum _{r=1}^n \left( \frac { \tan \left( ...
3
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3answers
81 views

evaluate the sum $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\sum_{k=n}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(n^2+n-1)(k^2+k-1)}$

I'm trying to evaluate this sum $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\sum_{k=n}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(n^2+n-1)(k^2+k-1)}$$ I have no idea how to deal with it. With one sum I can, with partial-fraction decomposition, ...
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1answer
16 views

Differential of the greatest integer function

So I know that the derivative of the greatest integer function is zero. That is if $f(x) = [x]$ then $df/dx = 0$. Then, a friend asked me for the differential , $df$ of $f(x)$. My answer was zero. He ...
-1
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1answer
16 views

continuous functions and limit existance

Let, $C\in \mathbb R$ and let $f(x)= Cx^2+1$ if $x \geq 2$ , $f(x)= 10-x$ if $x<2$ for what value of $C$ is $f(x)$ a continuous function.
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0answers
16 views

Find the extremas of the fuction $f$

I have to find the extremas of $f(x, y)=3x+2y$ subject to $2x^2+3y^2 \leq 3$. Since the region $2x^2+3y^2 \leq 3$ is closed, $f$ has a maximum and a minimum, which is either at the boundary or at ...
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1answer
37 views

Theorem of Lagrange multipliers - Extremas of $f$

I have to find the extremas of $f(x, y, z)=x+y+z$ subject to $x^2-y^2=1$, $2x+z=1$. I have done the following: We will use the theorem of Lagrange multipliers. The constraints are ...
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1answer
12 views

Is the following property suffictient for second order differentialbility?

Let $U\subset R^n$ be an open set, and $f:U\to\mathbb R$ a $C^1$ function. Suppose that for any $x_0\in U$, there exists a $n$-variable-polynomial $T_{x_0}$ of degree at most $2$ such that, ...
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4answers
36 views

First order differential equation: did i solve this equation right

So i'm trying to solve: $$x^2\frac{dy}{dx} + 2xy = y^3$$ I'm given this differential equation, that Bernoulli equation: $$\frac{dy}{dx} + p(x)y = q(x)y^{n} $$ I think i've solved it and ...
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0answers
7 views

Optimal Space-Travel Departure Time (Issues deriving and solving complex expressions).

Problem This problem aims to determine the optimal time to depart for an intergalactic destination, taking into account the fact that in a number of years technology back on the planet you left may ...
3
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4answers
514 views

Prove that limit doesn’t exist anywhere?

I'm doing some practice problems and am having trouble answering these problems: Consider the following function $$f(x)=\begin{cases}1, & \text{if } x\in \Bbb Q\\ -1, & \text{if } x\in \Bbb ...
5
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2answers
60 views

A simple way to find $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}{\frac{1}{n^2}\sum_{k=1}^n{\sqrt{n^2-k^2}}}$

I was reading an exam paper used to identify gifted high-school students, and I encountered the following problem: $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}{\frac{1}{n^2}\sum_{k=1}^n{\sqrt{n^2-k^2}}}$$ Using ...
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0answers
17 views

continue on some strange summation formulas ..by william Gosper

could you show if is it true the following expressions? $$\sum _{z=1}^{\infty } \frac{(-1)^z \cos \left(\sqrt{\pi ^2 a^2+b z^2+c}\right)}{z^2}=\frac{b \sin \left(\sqrt{\pi ^2 a^2+c}\right)}{4 ...
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1answer
56 views

How to find $\frac{0}{0}$ limit without L'Hôpital's rule

I am having trouble solving this limit. I tried applying L'Hôpital's rule but I got $\frac{0}{0}$. $$\lim_{x\to0} {\frac{\frac{1}{1+x^3} + ...
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1answer
38 views

How to find bounds of this integral $\int_0^{10} \frac{x}{\sinh \frac{x}{2}}dx$

How to find bounds of this integral: $$\int_0^{10} \frac{x}{\sinh \frac{x}{2}}dx$$ I try but I get that integral not converges. Thank you.
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1answer
36 views

First order differential equation: how do I prove that $u$ satisfies the differential equation

So I'm given this differential equation, that Bernoulli equation: $$\frac{dy}{dx} + p(x)y = q(x)y^{n} $$ now it says: Show that if $y$ is the solution of the above Bernoulli differential ...
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2answers
20 views

Deriving energy equation (Kinetic)

A particle of mass $m$ moves on the $x$-axis under a force $$F(x)=-2x+2\epsilon x^2$$ Use newton's second law, $F=m\ddot x$ to derive the energy equation $$\frac{1}{2}m\dot x^2+V(x)=E_0$$ where ...
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1answer
35 views

Apply chain rule to $u = y^{1 - n}$ in order to find $\frac{du}{dx}$

Let $u = y^{1 - n}$. I know that, by using the chain rule: $$\frac{du}{dx} = \frac{du}{dy} \cdot \frac{dy}{dx}$$ Also, I know that $\frac{du}{dy} = (1 - n)y^{-n} = \frac{1 - n}{y^{n}}$ Now, for ...
4
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3answers
280 views

Decomposition into partial fractions to compute an integral

I'm having problems with: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{x^4+1}{x^6+1}dx$$ I was thinking: $\frac{x^4+1}{x^6+1}$ is an even function and the interval $(-\infty,\infty)$ is symmetric about 0, we ...
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0answers
36 views

Is $lim$ an operator? [duplicate]

In my calculus I lecture notes the prof said that $lim$ satisfies the properties of linearity as well as multiplicity. This looks like what an operator might do. Can we characterize $lim$ as an ...
3
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2answers
35 views

How to precisely define $C^\infty$ in $f(x) \in C^\infty$

In single variable calculus, a common way to denote a function that is continuous for all derivatives is to write $f(x) \in C^\infty$ i.e. $f(x) = \exp(x)$ Is there a more rigorous way to define ...
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0answers
31 views

How fast is the distance between two points changing.

I am having a difficulty with the following question from my calculus unit. Bus station A is located 100km west of bus station B. At 12pm a bus leaves station A driving south at 70km/h and a bus ...
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1answer
23 views

Taylor Polynomial - intuition

How do adding higher derivatives of the function on the same point gives a better approximation?
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3answers
42 views

What is the volume and surface area of the 1-Sphere?

I am reading a post on here that mentioned something about the 1-sphere. I know that a 2-sphere is a circle, and 3-sphere is a volume, but what is this 1-sphere and how do you calculate the volume and ...
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2answers
72 views

Why are radians used in calculus. [duplicate]

Ok, please ignore my silliness. So, why do we use radians in calculus and why is it considered more scientific than degrees. And how did mathematicians know or prove that radians would work for all ...
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1answer
16 views

Shortest Path with Constraint

What is the length of the shortest path that goes from $(0,2)$ to $(12,1)$ that touches the $x$-axis? I tried using calculus to solve this problem (i.e.: distance is: $$ \sqrt{(x-0)^2 + (0-2)^2} + ...
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0answers
33 views

How to compute the unit outer normal at the point in a curve?

Given a smooth closed curve $f(x,y)=0$, How to compute the unit outer normal at each point $(x_{0},y_{0})$ in the curve?
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0answers
23 views

what would the equation of a torus be by making the circunference $(y-2)^2+ z^2 = 0$ and $x=0$ turn along the $z$ axis

What I understand of the question is that I have to, somehow, give the equation of the torus that results of spinning the circumference $$(y-2)^2 + z^2 = 0$$ and $$x=0$$ which as far as I know is just ...
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4answers
42 views

Big-O notation — is it mainly used to classify rate of growth or rate of decay to zero?

For example, $e^{x} = 1 + x + x^2/2 + O(x^3)$, and we interpret $O(x^3)$ as the remainder term that goes to zero like $x^3$. What's the primary usage of Big-O notation? (strictly in math classes, ...
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2answers
41 views

Determine if z is a function of x and y. $6x-4y+2z=10$

"Determine if z is a function of x and y. $6x-4y+2z=10$. Find the formula" All i did was equate for z $$z = 5-3x+2y$$ That is the formula. And It's pretty obvious that the answers are unique but i ...
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1answer
33 views

What can be said about $f''$ if the trapezoidal approximation is always an overestimate?

For any $a$ and $b$ the Trapezoidal approximation of the integral $\int_a^b f(x)\,dx$ is an overestimate. What can you conclude about the second derivative of $f$? I think it might mean that the ...
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2answers
48 views

How should I plan to study/prepare for Calculus One this summer (I know this has been asked before, but my situation is a bit unique)? [on hold]

I took Calculus 1 in the fall semester last year believing that I was going to ace it because of how good I was at math in high school (got an A in every math class up to and including PreCalculus ...
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4answers
70 views

Why do we need $\sup$ and $\inf$ when we have $\max$ and $\min$. [duplicate]

In my analysis text, it seems that $\max$ and $\min$ are replaced by $\sup$ and $\inf$ for 1D single variable function, why is this the case?
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2answers
57 views

Why is $f'(c) = \text{does not exist}$ a critical point?

In my lecture the prof wrote that when the derivative does not exist at a point it is also a critical point I can understand that $f'(c) = 0$ indicates that we have a flat place on our curve, so ...
2
votes
3answers
65 views

Real Methods to Evaluate $2 \int_{-1}^{1}x^2 \sqrt{1-x^2}dx$

I was recently contacted by a friend to find the values of the two following integrals by any means. $$ I=2\int_{-1}^{1}x^2 \sqrt{1-x^2}dx$$ $$ J=\int_{-1}^{1}(1-x^2) \sqrt{1-x^2}dx$$ The first ...
2
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3answers
46 views

Improper Integral: $\int_{-\infty}^\infty\frac{e^{-t}}{1+e^{-2t}}\ dt$

$$\int_{-\infty}^\infty\frac{e^{-t}}{1+e^{-2t}}\ dt$$ I have the antiderivative as $$-\arctan e^{-t}$$ but when I do it out, I end up getting $$-\frac\pi4 + 0 - \frac\pi2+\frac\pi4$$ However, I ...
0
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2answers
34 views

volumes solving for dx or dy

The only problem I have with this is knowing when you are solving for dx or dy. For example, this question which says find the volume of the solid created by rotating the region bounded by y = 2x-4, ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Why is the chain rule applied to derivatives of trigonometric functions?

I'm having trouble to understand why is the Chain rule applied to trigonometric functions, like: $$\frac{d}{dx}\cos 2x=[2x]'*[\cos 2x]'=-2 \sin 2x$$ Why isn't it like in other variable derivatives? ...