For basic questions about limits, derivatives, integrals, and applications, mainly of one-variable functions.

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1answer
8 views

show that if f is continuous function, then exist a sequence of polynomials which is uniformly convergent to f at any compact subspace of R

I'm given that $S$ is a compact subspace of $\mathbb{R}$. I need to show that if $f$ is continuous function ($f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$), then exist a sequence of polynomials which converges ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Does $\displaystyle\lim_{x \to 1}x\ln(x - 1)$ exist? WolframAlpha says yes

The solution to one exercise says that $$\lim_{x \to 1}x\ln(x - 1) = -\infty$$ How can this be, if $\operatorname{dom} \ln(x - 1) = (1, +\infty)$? Only the limit from the right exists, but the other ...
8
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3answers
118 views

How to solve the differential equation $(2x^3y)\:\text{dy}+(1-y^2)(x^2y^2+y^2-1)\:\text{dx}=0$?

Solve $$(2x^3y)\:\text{dy}+(1-y^2)(x^2y^2+y^2-1)\:\text{dx}=0$$ I tried the substitution $y^2=t$ ; $2y\:\text{dy}=\text{dt}$ to get $$(x^3)\:\text{dt}+(1-t)[(x^2+1)t-1]\:\text{dx}=0$$ ...
-3
votes
0answers
34 views

perfect competition [on hold]

A (perfectly) competitive firm has total cost given by $$TC(Q) = 5,000,000 + 5Q +\frac{Q^2}{10,000}$$ Regarding its fixed cost of \$5 million, \$4 million can be avoided if the firm produces $0$, but ...
1
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3answers
46 views

Greatest value of $f(x)= (x+1)^{1/3}-(x-1)^{1/3}$ on $(0,1)$

Greatest value of $f(x)= (x+1)^{1/3}-(x-1)^{1/3}$ on $(0,1)$ Please guide me to solve this problem. I have differentiated it with respect to $x$ and make equal to zero, but couldn't get any point.
4
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2answers
85 views

How to integrate a fraction of the type $\frac{1}{(ax+b)^c(dx+e)^f}$?

I'm working on obtaining chemical reactions' speed, and this is one of the problems I met with. $$ \int \frac{1}{(ax+b)^c(dx+e)^f}dx $$ Can this equation could be solved? If possible, please show ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Is this enough to demonstrate divergence of an improper integral?

The integral in question is $$\int_0^\infty (f(x)-a)^2dx$$ Where f(x) is some continuous function and a is some constant. When we expand the integrand,we end up with an $a^2$ term. We can then ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Optimization, minimizing volume of an open top box given the volume

The question is: An Anacleto box is a square open box: the bottom is a square, the four sides are equal rectangles, and there isn’t anything on the top. The box should have a volume of 1000 ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

The equality case of the Schwartz inequality

Question: The fact that $a^2 \geq 0$ $ \forall a \in \mathbb{R}$; elementary as it may seem, is nevertheless the fundamental idea upon which most important inequalities are ultimately based. The ...
2
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2answers
46 views

Calculus of Variations. Lagrangian Hamiltonian Mechanics Mathpages.

Over at http://www.mathpages.com/home/kmath523/kmath523.htm is an article about Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Mechanics with a derivation of the Euler-Lagrange equations of motion. Mid-way through is ...
0
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3answers
34 views

How do I find this distance?

Find the minimum and maximum distances between the ellipse $x^2+xy+2y^2 = 1$ and the origin. This is what I've attempted so far: Maximize $x^2+y^2+z^2$ with respect to $x^2+xy+2y^2 = 1$. Using ...
5
votes
7answers
307 views

If $x$ and $y$ are not both $0$ then $ x^2 +xy +y^2> 0$

Can't quite finish this proof: Prove that if $x$ and $y$ are not both $0$ then $ x^2 +xy +y^2> 0$ $ x^2 +xy +y^2 +xy -xy> 0$ $ (x +y)^2 -xy> 0$ Without loss of generality define $x\geq ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Using Lagrange multipliers to find the extrema of $f(x,y) = e^{2xy}$ subject to $x^2+y^2 = 16$

Find the maximum and minimum values of $f = e^{2xy}$ with respect to $x^2+y^2 = 16$. Using Lagrange multipliers, $\nabla f = \lambda\nabla g$. Therefore, the constraints are the following: ...
1
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3answers
47 views

Evaluate $\int {x+3\over x^2+6x+10}dx$ [on hold]

$$\int {x+3\over x^2+6x+10}dx$$ Could anyone help me with this substitution problem?
1
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2answers
18 views

Intervals and Signs

In the first and second derivative tests, I find whether the derivative is positive or negative by picking a random number within that open interval. The number I pick is arbitrary; however, what ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Minimizing a function in Mathematica

Edit: I simplified the function using $\textbf{Simplify[...]}$ How can I minimize this function of $x$, where $l$ is a positive constant? $$\frac{1}{2} \sqrt{\frac{x}{l}+\frac{l}{x}+4 x^2-2}$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Proof of Max (x,y)

The problem states that $ \max(x,y) = \dfrac { x+y+|y-x|} {2} $ where $x,y \in \mathbb{R}$ Part 1) Prove that this is true. Part 2) Derive a formula for $\max (x,y,z)$. 1) Intuitively i see this as ...
1
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2answers
26 views

Given a curve, such as $1/x$, how to find which tangent is closest to its OWN interception with the y-axis

As title mention, if I have a function such as $\dfrac{1}{x}, x>0$, how can I find which tangent of the curve is closest to its y-axis interception. Using pythagorean theorem, one sees that the ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Partial Integral of an ellipse

this is my first question on stack exchange so please bear with me. I am trying to generate a synthetic image of an ellipse in Matlab where each pixel is shaded according to how much of that pixel ...
0
votes
3answers
92 views

Evaluation of the integral $\int 3x \cos x^2 \, dx$

I want to solve this: $$\int 3x \cos x^2 \, dx$$ I get this answer: $$ \frac{\sin 2x}{2}+\frac{\cos 2x}{4}+C $$ but the answer should be: $$ \frac{3 \sin x^2}{2}+C $$ Am I doing anything wrong ...
1
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3answers
63 views

Want to ensure my proof is rigourous enough.

Question. Prove: $ 0 \leq x < y $ then $ x^n < y^n$ $ \forall n \in \mathbb{N} $ I'm particularly bad at proving obvious things but here it goes. ( please be super strict on analyzing my proof ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How to approach, substitution - definite integral

So I have this problem $${\int^{\pi/2}_0} {{\cos\theta \sin\theta}\over \sqrt{\cos^{2}\theta +8}}d\theta $$ and I'm not sure if this is the right direction to begin. If I have $u = \cos\theta$ ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Solution of given differential equation using Laplace Transforms.

I need solution of DE $$y'' + 2y' + 5y = 0$$with initial conditions $$y(0)= 1 \text{ and } y'(0)=0$$ I tried this but problem came when i started taking laplace inverse of F(s), so i need a complete ...
0
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2answers
39 views

How to PROVE there are only finite number of sub limit in this sequence that not converge

for example, let $A,B,C\:\in \mathbb{R}\:$ be some constants, and $$ a_n=\begin{cases} A, & n=3k-2,\ k\in \mathbb{N} \\ B, & n=3k-1,\ k\in \mathbb{N} \\ C, & n=3k,\ k\in \mathbb{N} ...
1
vote
4answers
72 views

Differentiating $ \left( 1 - \frac {1}{x} \right)^x $

I have a calculus question. How does one differentiate $\left(1-\frac{1}{x}\right)^x$, for x>1? It should be positive right?
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Evaluating $\int_0^{2} \frac{dx}{\sqrt[3]{2x^2-x^3}}$

How to calculate this integral? $$\int_0^{2} \frac{dx}{\sqrt[3]{2x^2-x^3}}$$ I suppose that it should be parted like this: $$\int_0^{1} \frac{dx}{\sqrt[3]{2x^2-x^3}} + \int_1^{2} ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Generating functions for $\log^3(1-x)$ of $\log^3(x)$

I am trying to find generating functions which will give me a power logarithm. I am trying to find generating sums in the form $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n\,x^n = -\frac{\log^2(1-x)}{1-x}$$ or ...
-1
votes
1answer
30 views

Finding a differentiable inverse of $f(x)=x/\cos x$

Let $$ f:\left(-\frac{\pi}{2},\frac{\pi}{2}\right) \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $$ be defined by $$ f(x) = \frac{x}{\cos x}. $$ We're supposed to show that $f$ has a differentiable inverse $$f^{(-1)}$$ ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Taylor expansion of the Error function

The error function $\operatorname{erf}(z)$ is defined by the integral $$ \operatorname{erf}(z)=\frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}} \int_0^z e^{-t^2}\,dt,\quad t\in\mathbb R$$ Find the Taylor expansion of ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Writing a proof of the convergence of a series defined recursively

Define the sequence $a_n$ recursively by $a_1=1$ and $$a_{n+1}=\frac13\left(a_n^2+\frac1n\right)$$ (a) Prove, by induction or otherwise, that $(a_n)$ is decreasing. (b) Prove that the series ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Finding the surface area of a sphere

Today I was going over some calculus that I had long forgotten, and I made the following mistake when trying to find the area of a sphere: I though it would be this: ...
0
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0answers
18 views

CDF of RVs taking infinite values

How can we define the CDF of a RV that takes positive infinite values with a tagged probability? Thanks in advance
0
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0answers
26 views

Prove of limit related to $|f(x)|$

Question: Prove that if $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to a} f(x) = L$ then there is a number $\delta > 0$ and a number $M$ such that $|f(x)|<M$ if $0 < |x - a|< \delta$. This means: For every ...
1
vote
3answers
99 views

How to compute the integral $\int^{\pi/2}_0\ln(1+\tan\theta)d\theta$? [duplicate]

How to compute the integral $\int^{\pi/2}_0\ln(1+\tan\theta)d\theta$. If we let $t=\tan\theta$, then the integral becomes to ...
9
votes
3answers
127 views

Proving $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x}{(x^2+1)(e^{2\pi x}+1)} dx=1-\frac{\gamma}{2}-\ln2$

Nowadays I encounter an integral which is difficult for me to evaluate it. Please help me to evaluate it. Thank you. $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x}{(x^2+1)(e^{2\pi x}+1)} ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Partial Fraction Decomposition of Exponential Generating Functions

I want to see if it is possible to write $$ \left(\frac{x}{e^x-1}\right) \left(\frac{x^2/2! }{e^x-1-x}\right) \left(\frac{x^3/3!}{e^x-1-x-x^2/2}\right)$$ as a linear combination of the factors ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

Show that $trv=\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{\det(I+tv)-1}{t}$ for any n by n matrix

Prove that for any n by n real matrix $v\in {\mathbb R}^{n\times n}$, $trv=\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{\det(I+tv)-1}{t}$, where $t\in\mathbb R$, $I$ is the identity matirx, and $trv$ denotes the trace of ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Spline approximation for $g(t) = \frac{t e^{-t}}{(x+t^2)^2}$

Is there any nice way to do a spline approximation for $$ g(t) = \frac{t e^{-t}}{(x+t^2)^2}\,, $$ where $x$ is some constant? I tried finding nice interpolation points, however this proved very ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

convergence of the series to inf or not

let $a_n = \dfrac{e^{-(1/2) \times a^2 \times\log(n) }}{a\sqrt{2\pi \log(n)}} $, $a$ is a constant, and the question is if $S_n = \sum a_n$ converge to a finite number. I wonder if I should ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Does alternating test show divergence?

My book states the alternating tests' convergence requirements. However, my book doesnt point out, if $a_n$ fails one of the convergence requirements, is it true that is diverges? Such as the limit ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

how to add supremums

I need to prove that $$\sup(S)+\sup(T)=\sup(S+T)$$ I don't understand what $\sup(S+T)$ means, can you show me examples for groups $S$ and $T$ so this equation works. Thanks
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Are these two option valuation formulas equivalent? Why?

I have been reading a finance paper that claims that the following function, which is a value for a financial derivative (1): $$V(s,t)=E_{Q} \left[\zeta\big(S(T)\big)e^{-\int_t^T r_F(\nu) ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Integral $\int_{1}^{2011} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{2012 - x} + \sqrt{x}}dx$

Evaluate: $$\int_{1}^{2011} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{2012 - x} + \sqrt{x}}dx$$ Using real methods only. I am not sure what to do. I tried finding a power series, which was too ugly. I just need some ...
1
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0answers
19 views

derivative of t distribution cdf wrt degrees of freedom

Given the cdf of a t distribution as follows: $T_\nu(x)=\frac{1}{2} + x\Gamma(\frac{\nu+1}{2}) + \frac{_2F_1 ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Does $\int_0^\infty |f'(x)| dx < \infty$ conclude $\lim_{x\to \infty} f(x)<\infty $

$f:[0,\infty) \to \mathbb R $ is $C^1$ and $$\int_0^\infty |f'(x)| dx < \infty$$ then can we prove that $\lim_{x\to \infty} f(x)$ exists and $$\lim_{x\to \infty} f(x)<\infty $$ My attempt: ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Area of the region inside $r = 1 - \cos(\theta)$ and also inside $r = \cos(\theta)$

Pretty simple polar integration question that I've been having trouble with... The question says it all. I identified the limits of integration by setting $1 - \cos(\theta) = \cos(\theta)$ so that ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Integrate $dx/(4x^2-1)^{3/2}$

I have trouble using trig sub. After I get that x = 2x+1, should I substitute back into the original problem's $4x^2$ with $(4(2x+1)^2)$?
0
votes
3answers
41 views

How to differentiate the function $f(x) = [ \frac{a+x}{b+x}]^{a+b+2x}$?

It has been given that, $$f(x) = \Big[ \frac{a+x}{b+x}\Big]^{a+b+2x}$$ How to prove , $$f'(0) = 2\ln \frac{a}{b}+ \frac{b^2-a^2}{ab}\Big[\frac{a}{b}\Big]^{a+b}$$ Do I have to take the logarithm of ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Calculating an integral with sine, cosine

I've recently calculated the Fourier transform of $\dfrac{\sin \pi ax}{\pi x}$. Now I'm trying to calculate $$\int _{\mathbb{R}} \frac{\sin ^2 \pi ax}{\pi ^2 x^3} \cos \pi bx\;\mathrm dx$$ The ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

How to evaluate $\int \cot^2(x) \;\mathrm dx$?

How do you find the antiderivative of $\cot^2x$? My steps to find it First $$ \csc^2 x = \cot^2 x+ 1 $$ because of Pythagorean Identities, so $$ \cot^2 x= \csc^2 x-1$$ so $$ \int \cot^2 x\, ...