For basic questions about limits, derivatives, integrals, and applications, mainly of one-variable functions.

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-2
votes
2answers
41 views

What the limit? [on hold]

How do the calculus this limit, using L'hospital? $$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \frac{x-\sin x}{x^2}$$ And how do from calculus this limit? $$\frac{\ln(x^2 + 2x)}{\ln x} \text{ as } x \rightarrow 0+ ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Let $m \geq 1$ be an integer. Evaluate $\int_R \frac{\sin t}{t}J_m(t)\,dt$

Let $m \geq 1$ be an integer. Evaluate $\int_R \frac{\sin(t)}{t}J_m(t)\,dt$ We know that $\hat{\chi_{S^{n-1}}}(rx)=(2\pi)^\frac{n}{2}\frac{J_\frac{n-2}{2}(r|x|)}{(r|x|)^\frac{n-2}{2}} \iff ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Evaluation of $\int\frac{\sqrt{\cos 2x}}{\sin x}dx$

Evaluation of $$\displaystyle \int\frac{\sqrt{\cos 2x}}{\sin x}dx$$ $\bf{My\; Try::}$ Let $\displaystyle I = \int\frac{\sqrt{\cos 2x}}{\sin x}dx = \int\frac{\cos 2x}{\sin^2 x\sqrt{\cos 2x}}\sin xdx ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Calculating work [on hold]

How much work is required to lift a $1000\mathrm{kg}$ satellite from the surface of the earth to an altitude of $2\times10^6$ meters? The gravitational force is $F=\frac{GMm}{r^2}$, where $M$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Finding radius of convergence using root test

Find the radius of convergence of the following power series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{2^n + 1}{n} x^n.$$ Using the ratio test, I have found that the radius of convergence is $R = \frac{1}{2}$. I ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Help with math steps, chain rule.

I'm trying to to understand the math steps to go from Eqn. (1) to Eqn. (2). $$\tag{1} q(x,t)=\frac{-V_t(1+\delta f(c,g))}{P(x,t)}\cdot \left(\frac{dP_o}{dt}\right)$$ $$\tag{2} \frac{-V_t ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How do you solve the second part of the question where i am required to derive Simpson’s integration rule?

When $v(x) = A + Bx + Cx(x − 1)$ show that $$\int_0^2v(x)dx= 2A + 2B + \frac23.$$ By choosing A,B and C so that $y = v(x)$ fits a given curve $y = g(x)$ at $x = 0$, $x = 1$ and $x = 2$ derive ...
1
vote
3answers
55 views

For What Values Of $x$ Is $f$ Continuous

For what values of $x\in\mathbb{R}$ is $f$ continuous? $f(x) = \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} 0 & \text{if}\, x \in \Bbb Q\\ 1 & \text{if}\, x \notin \Bbb Q \end{array} ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

What function to use to get geometric mean in trapezoidal rule?

When deriving a trapezoidal rule an integral of $f(x)$ is switched to integral of new function $g(x)$ approximating the first one $$\int_a^b {f(x)dx}\approx \int_a^b {g(x)dx}$$ where $g(x)$ is a ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

How can I evaluate this indefinite integral? $\int\frac{dx}{1+x^8}$

How do I find $\displaystyle\int\dfrac{dx}{1+x^8}$? My friend asked me to find $\displaystyle\int\dfrac{dx}{1+x^{2n}}$ for a positive integer $n$. But looking up I am getting pretty noisy answer for ...
4
votes
1answer
35 views

Existence of improper integral

Prove that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{(\arctan x)^2}{x^2} dx$$ converges. This is my attempt: The above integral is equal to $$\int_{1}^{\infty} \frac{(\arctan x)^2}{x^2} dx + \int_{0}^{1} ...
3
votes
5answers
153 views

if $\frac{1}{(1-x^4)(1-x^3)(1-x^2)}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}x^n$,find $a_{n}$

Let $$\dfrac{1}{(1-x^4)(1-x^3)(1-x^2)}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}x^n$$ Find the closed form $$a_{n}$$ since $$(1-x^4)(1-x^3)(1-x^2)=(1-x)^3(1+x+x^2+x^3)(1+x+x^2)(1+x)$$ so ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Expand trigonometric expression

I am supposed to expand this expression $${\frac {\sin \left( x \right) b \left( 4\,b\cos \left( x \right) + \sqrt {16\,{b}^{2}+1}+5 \right) }{4\,b\cos \left( x \right) +\sqrt {16 \,{b}^{2}+1}+1}} $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

$|\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-t^{2}} e^{-(t/\lambda -x)^{2}} e^{-2\pi i w\cdot t}| dt \leq G(x,w), G\in L^{1} ? $

Put $\lambda >0,$ and we define, $$F_{\lambda}(x, w)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-t^{2}} e^{-(t/\lambda -x)^{2}} e^{-2\pi i w\cdot t} dt;(x,w) \in \mathbb R^{2}$$ we note that, $F_{\lambda} \in ...
1
vote
3answers
54 views

Proving a limit exists - solving for epsilon with absolute values

I have the equation that I want to prove the limit goes to 1: $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac {(n+8)(n+1)}{n(n-10)} = 1$$ Using definition of limit, I get this equation: $$ \left | \frac ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Does a function that is twice weakly differentiable have a version that is classically differentiable?

I have been wondering about the idea of functions that are weakly differentiable. My intuition tells me that the weak derivative allows one to differentiate functions that either have a removable ...
0
votes
3answers
56 views

Find $\frac{dG}{dx}$ of $G(x)=\int_0^{x^2}\frac{dt}{t^2+4}.$ [on hold]

Define $$G(x)=\int_0^{x^2}\frac{dt}{t^2+4}.$$ What is $\displaystyle\frac{dG}{dx}$? How do I approach this question? What are the steps? What is the solution?
1
vote
0answers
19 views

an inequality derived from conformal automorphisms of unit disk

Let $f$ be a holomorphic function on $D(0,1)$ such that $|f(z)|<1$ for all $z\in D(0,1)$. I have obtained $$ \frac{|f(0)|-|z|}{1+|f(0)||z|}\leq |f(z)|\leq \frac{|f(0)|+|z|}{1-|f(0)||z|}. $$ Is it ...
0
votes
3answers
55 views

How to solve for $x$ for $\frac{1}2 x^{-1/2}- \frac14x^{-3/4}$

This is a derivative and I am trying to find the max and min. Right now I am trying to solve for x. $$\frac{1}2 x^{-1/2}- \frac14x^{-3/4}$$ $$\frac{1}{2 x^{1/2}}- \frac1{4x^{3/4}}$$ $$\frac{1}{2 ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Use a double integral in polar coordinates to find the area

So the area is just an intersection of two circles Converting the two circles to polar coordinates, I get: $r(r-2\sin\theta)=0$, and $r(r-2\cos\theta)=0$ Ummm so $r =0$ and r = $2\sin\theta$ ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Existence of a function with certain integral properties

Does there exist a non-negative Borel-measurable function $g:\mathbb [1,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ such that \begin{align*} \int_1^{\infty}g(y)^2\,\mathrm dy<&\,\infty,\\ ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Determining the best way to compute a double integral

The question is: When graphed, this is what it looks like: I thought that the best way to do it would be with respect to y first, then x. The bounds: x/sqrt3 < y < sqrt(4-x^2) 1 < x ...
0
votes
3answers
19 views

Definite integral fractional exponent in the denominator

I have come across this question and I cannot understand the step highlighted. I would have expected that the fractional exponents of the terms in the numerator would have a negative value after ...
0
votes
3answers
48 views

How to find the values of m and b?

How do I find the values of m and b when: a) the function is continuous in $x = \pi$ b) the function can be derivated in $x =\pi$ $$y=\begin{cases} \sin x & x<\pi \\ mx+b & x\ge ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Evaluate the limit $\lim \limits_{x \to \infty} \frac{1}{x(x+1)}$ [on hold]

How can I evaluate the limit $$\lim_{x \to \infty} \frac{1}{x(x+1)}$$
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Curve sketching from derivative to the original [on hold]

The graph of the derivative function f'(x) of a function f(x) is shown below. Determine: i) the intervals where f(x) is increasing; ii) the intervals where f(x) is decreasing; iii) the ...
3
votes
3answers
45 views

Finding Fourier transform of $\frac{x}{(x^2 + 4)^2}$

So I have this function $$ f(x) = \frac{x}{(x^2 + 4)^2} $$ and I have to find its Fourier transform. This is however much harder than what I have done before so I don't have a clue where to start. I ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Exactly How Does This Proof Mean That The Cosine Function Is Continuous

The question is: Prove that cosine is a continuous function. To give some context in what way this must be answered, this question is from a sub-chapter called Continuity from a chapter introducing ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Calculus - Curve Sketching

The graph of $f(x)$ has the following properties: i) $f(x)$ is increasing when $x < -1$ or $x > 1$; ii) $f(x)$ is decreasing on the interval $-1 < x < 1$; iii) $f(x)$ has a local ...
3
votes
2answers
35 views

Area of spherical cap with integrals

Given a sphere $S$ of fixed diameter $D$ (or radius $R=D/2$, it will be convenient to have both, I suppose), and a point $P$ on its surface, let's create a ball $B$ of variable radius $r$ with its ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Compute limit of a function

Compute: $$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} \frac{\arctan(e^x+\arctan x)-\arctan(e^{\sin x}+\arctan(\sin x))}{x^3}$$ WolframAlpha tells me it's 1/6. Any nice idea how to rewrite that expression? Thanks!
10
votes
0answers
89 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{1}\cdots\int_{0}^{1}\left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}\cdots x_{n}}\right\}^{2}\:\mathrm{d}x_{1}\cdots\mathrm{d}x_{n}$

Here is my source of inspiration for this question. I suggest to evaluate the following new one. $$ I_{n}:= \int_{0}^{1} \! \cdots \! \int_{0}^{1} \left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}x_{2} \cdots ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Derivative of terminal state w.r.t. the inital conditions.

Let $x\in R^n$ and consider the system $$ \dot{x}=f(t,x) \;\;\mbox{with}\;\; x(0)=x_0 $$ and suppose that we know it's exact or very accurate solution $x(t)$ for the time interval $[0,T]$. I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
37 views

Integration Trig Substitution

After making the correct trig substitution what does the integral of $\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{9-x^2}} dx$ reduce to without solving the equation? I reduced it down to the integral of ...
3
votes
2answers
25 views

Basic limit question to understand the methods

I have a very basic question about proving limits with the epsilon-delta method. So i want to prove $\lim _{x\to 0}\left(\frac{1}{1-2x}\right)\:=\:1$ . first, i write it like that: ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Evaluation of $ \int\frac{\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt{\sin x}+\sqrt{\cos x}}dx$ [duplicate]

Evaluation of $\displaystyle \int\frac{\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt{\sin x}+\sqrt{\cos x}}dx$ $\bf{My\; Try::}$ Given $\displaystyle \int\frac{\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt{\sin x}+\sqrt{\cos x}}dx = \int ...
1
vote
5answers
57 views

How to get the following limit into indeterminate form?

I am struggling to get the following limit into its indeterminate form so that i can apply the l'Hopitals rule: $$\lim_{x\to 0^+}(\sin x)^x$$ A solution would be greatly appreciated, been struggling ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Why would $\forall x\log(x) = 0 \implies 2^\frac{1}{n} - 1 \leq \frac{\epsilon}{n}$ for large $n$

Why would $\forall x\log(x) = 0 \implies 2^\frac{1}{n} - 1 \leq \frac{\epsilon}{n}$ for large $n$? I'm reading a calculus text which used this in a reductio to prove the log function is nontrivial and ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Convergence of ${\large\int}_{-\infty}^\infty J_0(x)\,J_0(x+a)\,dx$

Consider $$I(a)={\int}_{-\infty}^\infty J_0(x)\,J_0(x+a)\,dx,$$ where $J_0(z)$ is the Bessel Function of the $1^{st}$ kind and $a>0$. Does this integral converge for any values of $a$? If so, is ...
5
votes
3answers
76 views

How is $ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\left(\psi(\alpha n)-\log(\alpha n)+\frac{1}{2\alpha n}\right)$ when $\alpha$ is great?

Let $\psi := \Gamma'/\Gamma$ denote the digamma function. Could you find, as $\alpha$ tends to $+\infty$, an equivalent term for the following series? $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \left( \psi (\alpha ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

Without Lebesgue

Everyone knows following problem. Let $f$ be positive function on $[0,1]$ and there exist $I = \int_{0}^{1}f(x)dx$. Prove that $I>0$. (recall that there are only two cases: $I=0$ or $I>0$. NOT ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

A problem on limits

Inspired from Limits: How to evaluate $\lim\limits_{x\rightarrow \infty}\sqrt[n]{x^{n}+a_{n-1}x^{n-1}+\cdots+a_{0}}-x$ What methods can be used to evaluate the limit: $$\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

coupled heat transfer equation

I want to try to solve a strong coupling problem, I have a variable $\zeta as$ : \begin{equation} \zeta(x,y,T)=\frac{\frac{R(x,y,T)}{\sqrt{2}}-F(T)}{F(T)-E(T)} \end{equation} Where F(T) and E(T) are ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

derivative after composition with linear map

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a polynomial function and let $T: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be an invertible linear map. If $\nabla f(P) \neq 0$ for all $P \in \mathbb{R}^3 - \{0\}$ does ...
2
votes
4answers
58 views

Determined or not?

the function $\dfrac {2x}{3x-\sqrt{x} }$ is not derterined for values of $x$ equale or samller than zero, though when I take the limit $ \lim_{x \to 0^+} \dfrac {2x}{3x-\sqrt{x} }$ the output is zero ...
5
votes
1answer
51 views

$xf''(x) , xf', f \in L^{2}$ is $f' \in L^{1}$?

I am stuck on the following problem. I have a function $f$ such that $f$ is bounded on $(0,1)$, $xf'(x)$ is bounded on $(0,1)$, $f \in L^{2}(0,1)$, $xf' \in L^{2}(0,1)$, and $xf'' \in L^{2}(0,1)$. ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Polynomial and its derivative have a common factor?

When is $gcd(p(x),p'(x))\ne 1$ where $p(x)$ is a polynomial? That is when does the derivative of a polynomial and the polynomial has a common factor? By when i mean some condition for the ...
0
votes
2answers
20 views

Global maximum and global minimum a combination of values

I have two variables $x$ and $y$. I can have them both in any combination of positive numbers that will add up to $1000$ and need to find the combination in which $z$ is at its minimum in the ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Evaluating $\int^b_a \frac{dx}{x}$ from the definition of the integral

I know that $$\int^b_a \frac{dx}{x}=\ln b-\ln a$$ I'm trying to evaluate this integral using the same method used in this answer: http://math.stackexchange.com/a/873507/42912 My attempt $\int^b_a ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How to show $f(x,y) \leq \theta f(x,y) + (1-\theta)f(x,y)$ for $\theta \in [0,1]$?

Let $\theta \in [0, 1]$. Let $f(x,y)$ be a function. Is there a way I could prove that $f(x,y) \leq \theta f(x,y) + (1-\theta)f(x,y)$? I have tried to start with $f(x,y) = 2f(x,y) - f(x,y)$ or ...