For basic questions about limits, derivatives, integrals, and applications, mainly of one-variable functions.

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0
votes
3answers
44 views

Confused about transcendental numbers

I'm little confused about the type of numbers that had been known, for example, consider a polynomial equation with rational and irrational coefficients of a degree p-prime number that is greater than ...
4
votes
3answers
36 views

Tangent of a Straight Line

I just got back a math test in my EF Calc class, and I disagree with my teacher on this one problem. We are using derivatives to determine equations of lines tangent to a given equation. The equation ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

What is the $\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty }(1+\frac{1}{n})^{n^n}$

What is the $$\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty }(1+\frac{1}{n})^{n^n}$$ I know that the $\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty }(1+\frac{1}{n})^{n}=e$, so I wanted to find the limit by the same way by taking $\log$ ...
-1
votes
4answers
71 views

Evaluate $\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(1+\frac 4x\right)^{\frac x8}$

Evaluate $\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(1+\frac 4x\right)^{\frac x8}$ I think the end result is $1^\infty$, so the answer is undefined?
2
votes
4answers
117 views

How to evaluate this indefinite integration $\int \frac{\tan^4 \theta d \theta}{1-\tan^2 \theta}$?

I have to solve this indefinite integration $$\int \frac{\tan^4 \theta d \theta}{1-\tan^2 \theta}$$ I tried it as follows $$I=\int\frac{(\sec^2 \theta-1)\tan^2 \theta d \theta}{1-\tan^2 ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Find the plot of y=1+cost, x=sin^2t.

I'm trying to find the plot for the following : $$y=1+\cos t, x=\sin^2t$$ I'm trying to get ride off variable $t$. This is what I done for some reason is incorrect : ...
-2
votes
0answers
57 views

Can anyone integrate this?

Question is self explanatory. This is the one I couldn't do. Any ideas would be very helpful: Calculate $\displaystyle\iint_{D}(2x-1)e^{x^2+y}\,dx\,dy$ where $D = \{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \ | \ x+y ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

The infinite series $\sum_i a_i \prod_{j=0}^{i - 1}(1 - a_j)$ has sum equal to $1$

Suppose we have an infinite sequence of constants $\{ a_i \}_{i=0}^{\infty}$, where $0 < a_i < 1$ for every $i$, and we define $b_i \equiv a_i \prod_{j=0}^{i - 1}(1 - a_j)$. How do we prove ...
6
votes
2answers
110 views

Feynman technique of integration for $\int^\infty_0 \exp\left(\frac{-x^2}{y^2}-y^2\right) dx$

I've been learning a technique that Feynman describes in some of his books to integrate. The source can be found here: ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How to solve this integral: $\int \frac{\sqrt{-x^2 - x + 2}}{x^2}dx$?

Question is self explanatory. I have an exam and our professor gave us questions. This is the one I couldn't do. Any ideas would be very helpful: $$\int \frac{\sqrt{-x^2 - x + 2}}{x^2}dx$$
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Evaluate $\lim_{n\to\infty}\int_0^{\infty}\cos^n(x)dx$ [on hold]

How can I solve that $\lim_{n\to\infty}\int_0^{\infty}\cos^n(x)dx$?
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Find the mass flow rate, given a surface, density and velocity field

I have a confusion, I hope you can help me (I'd like that if you will respond, please read all my post). They ask me to find the mass flow rate passing through a surface, where the velocity field is ...
-4
votes
2answers
42 views

Calculate $\int_{0}^{1} \frac{x^3}{\sqrt{1+x^4}}dx$ [on hold]

Help with this integral, please! $$\int_{0}^{1} \frac{x^3}{\sqrt{1+x^4}}dx$$
6
votes
0answers
84 views

The bathroom integral!

A couple of days ago I came across the following integral: $$\int_{0.02}^{0.08} \frac{e^{\cos^2x}+\ln(1+x)}{10^{x^3}\arctan(\sqrt{x})}\,{\rm d}x$$ The funny thing is, I found this integral written in ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Integrating $\sin^3(x)/(2+\cos(x))$

I could use some help solving the following integral: $$\int \frac{\sin^3(x)}{2+\cos(x)} dx$$ So far I tried using the equality: $$\sin^3(x) = \frac{3}{4} \sin(x) - \frac{1}{4}\sin(3x)$$ which ...
2
votes
3answers
37 views

limit of sin function as it approches $\pi$

In my assignment I have to find the Classification of discontinuities of the following function: $$f(x)=\frac{\sin^2(x)}{x|x(\pi-x)|}$$ I wanted to look what happens with the value $x=\pi$ because ...
-3
votes
1answer
29 views

A problem of the limit of a serie [on hold]

I need a step-by-step solution to the following problem. Sorry, I have nothing done because I don't know how to approach the problem. Calculate the following limit: Thanks!
-4
votes
1answer
28 views

Extreme values of a function … [on hold]

We have already known two facts about extreme values of a one-variable function. 1.Suppose a one-variable function has only one extreme value on a closed interval and it is a local maximum, we can ...
-5
votes
0answers
58 views

A not very easy problem… [on hold]

I leave a challenge, a derivative problem. Determine $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $$ \arctan^2 (2x) - \alpha x \sin x = \mathcal{O}(x^4), \text{ as } x\to 0 $$
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Derivative of a complex conjugate

I anticipate that this is a stupid question, but suppose $c \in C$. What is $\frac{\partial c^{*}}{\partial c}$? I've been trying and failing for about an hour to figure it out from the definition of ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Find the number of points of where this function isn't differentiable.

I want to find the number of points of where this function isn't differentiable: $$f(x) = \max\{4,1+x²,x²-1\} $$ I tried drawing a graph but it didn't help.
0
votes
1answer
17 views

find the Classification of discontinuities of a function

In my assignment I have to find the Classification of discontinuities of the following function: $$f(x)=\frac{\sin^2(x)}{x|x(\pi-x)|}$$ I wanted to start with the value $x=0$ because the function ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Understanding Line Integrals via a simple illustration

I am approaching line integrals for the first time. To understand how they work and, most importantly, how they could be used, I tried to come up with simple examples. One such example is to use ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Convergence of a double integral

Is the integral $$\int_1^\infty\int_{e^{-x}}^1\frac{\sin y}{x^2y}dy dx$$ convergent or divergent?
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Show that if the set A is bounded then the set Bϵ(A) is bounded.

Let $A$ be a nonempty closed subset of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. For $\epsilon>0$, $B_{\epsilon}(A)= \left \{ x\in \mathbb{R}: d(x,A)<\epsilon) \right \}$. a) Show that if the set $A$ is bounded then ...
2
votes
3answers
38 views

A not so hard basic calculus problem? But it appears to be very lengthy

Find the coordinates of the two points on the curve $y=4-x^2$ whose tangents pass through the point $(-1,7)$. My work: Let the two points be $(a,b)$ and $(c,d)$. And $\frac{dy}{dx}=-2x$, so the ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

partial derivative of a sum 1

This is part of a much bigger question I am working on, but I dont understand how I would differentiate a finite sum of the form: $$\frac{\partial}{\partial \phi} \sum_{t=2}^{T} (y_t - \phi ...
2
votes
2answers
35 views

Computing the value of a series by telescoping cancellations vs. infinite limit of partial sums

$$\sum_{m=5}^\infty \frac{3}{m^2+3m+2}$$ Given this problem my first approach was to take the limit of partial sums. To my surprise this didn't work. Many expletives later I realized it was a ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Taylor Expansion Derivation

I have a (perhaps silly) question, but I am reviewing Taylor series approximation and looking at this slide. In the third panel, $f(a+h)$ is isolated but I am confused why $O(h^{2})$ does not have a ...
1
vote
3answers
85 views

Differentiation under the integral sign: Where is my mistake?

So I'm trying to find $\int_0^\infty \sin(x^2)\,dx$ by the method of differentiation under the integral sign. The idea is to use differentiation with respect to t on A(t) -- defined below -- and then ...
-2
votes
1answer
39 views

The limit goes to infinity and the integral goes to infinity [on hold]

I need help on the following limit and integral $$\lim _{ n\rightarrow \infty }{ \int _{ 0 }^{ \infty }{ \cos { { x }^{ n } } dx } } $$
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Critical point - relative minimum

Checking the function $f:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}, (x, y) \rightarrow (y-3x^2)(y-x^2)$ we can take an idea for the difficulty of finding conditions that ensure that a critical point is a ...
2
votes
5answers
99 views

Determine whether $f(x)$ is increasing or decreasing

Let $f(x) = -x + (x^3/3!) + \sin(x)$ How do I determine if $f(x)$ is increasing or decreasing? I have already found the derivative of this function which is: $f'(x) = -1 + (x^2/2) + \cos(x)$ And I ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Finding $\int\frac{\sqrt{1-t^2}}{1+t^2}dt$

I wanted to find $\int\frac{\sqrt{1-t^2}}{1+t^2}dt$, so I substituted $t=\sin\theta$ and got $\int\frac{\cos^2\theta}{1+\sin^2\theta}d\theta$; but I'm not sure what the best way to proceed from here ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Help Regarding The Taylor Series Remainder Proof Understanding

I'm reading Mathematics: It's Content, Methods, and Meanings and I am in a chapter about Taylor Series. It made sense until I came across the remainder part of the theorem. In order to prove the ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

is $dx$ greater than $\frac{dx}{2}$?

I wanted to ask if $dx$ is greater than $\frac{dx}{2}$? i will make conclusions i am sure they are wrong : a) if yes then why in integration we do not use smaller than $dx$ like its half ? b) if ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How can we continue to get the critical points?

A service requires the dimensions of a rectangle box are such that the length plus twice the width plus twice the height do not exceed $274cm$ ($l+2w+2h \leq 274$). What is the maximum volume of the ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Please check my demonstration of de l'hopital's rule

I have demostrate the de l'hopital theorem but in some steps I'm not 100% sure; The theorem I demostrate is for: $\lim_{x\rightarrow a+} \frac{f'(x)}{g'(x)}=L \implies\lim_{x\rightarrow a+} ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

$f(x,y)=x^3+3xy^2-2y^3$. Find all unit vectors, if any, such that $f_u(0,1)=\frac{6}{5}$

I think that I understand what the question wants me to do: $f(x,y)=x^3+3xy^2-2y^3$. Find all unit vectors, if any, such that $f_u(0,1)=\frac{6}{5}$ I worked out the partial derivatives: ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Proving that $f$ is differentiable at $0$

Let's consider the following function: $$f(x,y)=\begin{cases} (x^2+y^2)\sin\left(\dfrac{1}{x^2+y^2}\right) & \text{if }x^2+y^2\not=0 \\{}\\ 0 & \text{if }x=y=0 \end{cases}$$ I know that ...
5
votes
4answers
38 views

Derivative of $f(x) = \frac{\cos{(x^2 - 1)}}{2x}$

Find the derivative of the function $$f(x) = \frac{\cos{(x^2 - 1)}}{2x}$$ This is my step-by-step solution: $$f'(x) = \frac{-\sin{(x^2 - 1)}2x - 2\cos{(x^2 -1)}}{4x^2} = \frac{2x\sin{(1 - x^2)} - ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

How to find the integral with $\sqrt [ 3 ]{ x } +\sqrt [ 4 ]{ x } $ in the denominator?

How to evaluate $$\int { \frac { 1 }{ \sqrt [ 3 ]{ x } +\sqrt [ 4 ]{ x } } } +\frac { \log { (1+\sqrt [ 6 ]{ x } ) } }{ \sqrt [ 3 ]{ x } +\sqrt { x } } dx$$ I'm not being able to make the right ...
-5
votes
0answers
31 views

calculus question ? please help [on hold]

A cell phone plan costs \$35 per month plus \$1.25 per minute for long distance calling. Find $c(x)$. if this was your plan and your long distance calls totaled 10 minutes this month, how much would ...
4
votes
4answers
60 views

Show that if $f$ is continuous at $a$ and $f(a)≠0$ then $f$ is nonzero in an open ball around $a$.

Here is the question I'm dealing with: Let $U$ be an open set of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, $f:U\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{n}$ a function and $a\in U$ a given point. Show that if $f$ is continuous at $a$ and ...
0
votes
4answers
41 views

Which function do we want to minimize?

A ray of light travels from the point $A$ to the point $B$ across the border between two materials. At the first material the speed is $v_1$ and at the second it is $v_2$. Show that the journey is ...
1
vote
3answers
46 views

Explicit form of this series expansion?

I am considering the following series expansion: $$f(k):=\sum_{n\geq 1} e^{-k n^2}$$ with $k>0$ a fixed parameter. Is there a possibility to either find a closed form expression for $f(k)$? Or at ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Two versions of the Inverse Function Theorem.

I first learned about the Inverse Function Theorem for $C^1$ functions in Rudin's Principles of Mathematical Analysis in the following form. Inverse Function Theorem ($C^1$ version): Suppose $E$ ...
-2
votes
0answers
20 views

Solid of revolution on the line x=2. [on hold]

I'm stuck on this. An area bounded by $y=x^2$ and the line $y=4$, rotated around the line $x=2$. I need the volume of the solid generated. Many thanks in advance.
-5
votes
1answer
37 views

$\int x(x+8)^8 dx$ , what is the value of that integral [on hold]

$\int x(x+8)^8 dx$ , what is the value of that integral ?
5
votes
4answers
104 views

Finding $\int\frac{1}{x^{11}+4x^6}dx$

I wanted to find out if there is an easy way to evaluate $\displaystyle\int\frac{1}{x^{11}+4x^6}dx$. I substituted $u=x^5$ and then used partial fractions, but maybe there is a simpler way to find ...