Questions related to Brownian motion, a continuous stochastic process denoted by $W_t$, $t\geq 0$, with independent increments, such that $W(t)-W(s)$ is normally distributed, with $0$ mean and variance $t-s$.

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2answers
2k views

Integral of Brownian motion is Gaussian?

Let $(W_t)$ be a standard Brownian motion, so that $W_t \sim N(0,t)$. I'm trying to show that the random variable defined by $Z_t = \int_0^t W_s \ ds$ is a Gaussian random variable, but have not ...
4
votes
3answers
536 views

Wiener Process $dB^2=dt$

Why is $dB^2=dt$? Every online source I've come across lists this as an exercise or just states it, but why isn't this ever explicitly proved? I know that $dB=\sqrt{dt}Z$, but I don't know what ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Showing that Brownian motion is bounded with non-zero probability

How do you show, that for every bound $\epsilon$, there is a non-zero probability that the motion is bounded on a finite interval. i.e. $$\mathbb{P} (\sup_{t\in[0,1]} |B(t)| < \epsilon) > 0$$ I ...
9
votes
2answers
558 views

Joint moments of Brownian motion

My approach to this SE question uses the following joint moments of Brownian motion. For $n=1,2$ they are obvious and well-known, the others are not terribly hard to work out. Is there a reference ...
7
votes
1answer
141 views

Must $n$ independent Wiener processes be simultaneously positive at some time?

Consider $n$ independent one-dimensional Wiener processes $(W_i)_{1\leqslant i\leqslant n}$. Is there with probability $1$ some time $t\in[0,1]$ such that $W_i(t)>0$ for every $1\leqslant ...
5
votes
2answers
576 views

Dominated convergence problems with Wald's identity for the Brownian Motion

In the course of proving Wald's second identity $E(B^2_T)=E(T)$, where $(B_t)_{t\geq0}$ is the Brownian motion and $T$ is a stopping time with $E(T)<\infty$, I got stuck with the following problem. ...
2
votes
2answers
253 views

First hitting time for a brownian motion with a exponential boundary

Let $B_t$ be the standard Brownian Motion. Is the distribution/density of the first hitting time of $B_t$ for an exponential decaying boundary known? Trying to be more formal, if ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

conditional expectation of brownian motion

Let $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion in $\mathbb{R}^d$. It is intuitive that, for fixed $s<t<u$ $$\mathbb{E}[B_t\mid \sigma(B_s,B_u)]=B_s+\frac{t-s}{u-s}(B_u-B_s).$$ However, I ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

martingale and stochastic Integral

Let ${W_t}$ be 1 dimension Brownian motion and $X_t:=\exp(t/2)\cos W_t$ $t\in[0,T]$. Show that $X_t$ is martingale. I understood $df(t,W_t)=-\exp(t/2)\sin xdW_t$ , but I don't know why it become ...
1
vote
1answer
342 views

Sum of 2 Brownian motions

Let's say, that $B_t$, $t\geq0$ is standard Brownian motion (Wiener process). Let's define process $$X_t=B_t+B_{t^2}\text{, }t\geq0$$ I need to find its variance, covariance, find out if it's ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

What is the intuitive meaning of $K_1, K_2, K_3$ in regards to the conditional density formula derivation in Brownian motion.

In my text, there is a passage that says: "Suppose we require the conditional distribution of $X(s)$ given that $X(t) = B$, where $s < t$. The conditional density is: $$ \begin{align*} f_{s\mid ...
6
votes
1answer
292 views

Definition of the Brownian motion

The way I understood the definition of a Brownian motion $B_t$ in $\mathbb R$ is that it consists of two parts: We first define the finite-dimensional distributions $$ ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

The Laplace transform of the first hitting time of Brownian motion

Let $B_t$ be the standard Brownian motion process, $a > 0$, and let $H_a = \inf \{ t : B_t > a \}$ be a stopping time. I want to show that the Laplace transform of $H_a$ is ...
9
votes
1answer
928 views

Quadratic variation of Brownian motion and almost-sure convergence

Say that $W(t)$ is a Brownian motion. The quadratic variation $[W,W](t)$ is defined in terms of a partition $\Pi = \{0 = t_0 < t_1 < \cdots < t_n = t\}$ by $$ \begin{split} [W,W](t) &= ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

$\int_0^tB_s^2\ dB_s$ - Gaussian Process and independent increments?

For $(B_t)_{t\ge0}$ a standard Brownian motion (Wiener process) define the stochastic process $X_t:=\int_0^tB_s^2\ dB_s$. I am currently trying to assess if $(X_t)_{t\ge0}$ is a Gaussian process and ...
8
votes
2answers
220 views

A planar Brownian motion has area zero

I'm looking for proofs of Paul Lévy's theorem that a planar Brownian motion has Lebesgue measure $0$. I know of only two proofs: one is in Lévy's original paper (Théorème 12, p. 532) and the other is ...
2
votes
1answer
822 views

Distribution of Brownian motion

How would I go about finding the distribution of $B(u) + B(u+v)$ where $u+v > u$? I know that both $B(u)$ and $B(u+v)$ are normal random variables. The sum of two normal random variables is also ...
8
votes
2answers
517 views

Sobolev meets Wiener

Even though the Wiener process (Brownian motion) is continuous, it has no derivative at any point. Does it at least have weak derivatives?
6
votes
0answers
310 views

Hölder Continuity of Fractional Brownian Motion

I would like to prove the following theorem: Let $H\in (0,1)$. The fractional Brownian motion $B_H$ admits a version whose sample paths are $a.s.$ Hölder continuous of order strict less than $H$. ...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

Using a laplace type expansion to get bounds on an integral arising in the study of Brownian motion

Let $ 0 < r < 1$, fix $x > 1$ and consider the integral $$ I_{r}(x) = \int_{1}^{\infty} \exp\left( - \frac{x^2}{2y^{2r}} - \frac{y^2}{2}\right) \frac{dy}{y^r}.$$ In the investigation of ...
4
votes
1answer
568 views

Brownian hitting time of a _very_ simple linear boundary

I realize that general results on the hitting times of a curve are practically nonexistant, but I am hoping that someone can string together a sequence of tricks to tell me what $$ \Pr\left( ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

beginner's question about Brownian motion

I have just started learning about stochastic processes and I am confused with the notion of Brownian motion. The text defines (linear) Brownian motion under measure $\mathbb{P}$ as $B=(B_t; t\geq 0)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Is the graph of a Brownian motion over an interval measurable?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}_1 := \{1, 2, \dots\}$ and let $B:\Omega \times [0, \infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be a standard, $n$-dimensional Brownian motion over the probability space $(\Omega, ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

How to show that $X_t = \frac{1}{\left| B_t -x\right|}\mathbb{1}_{\left\{ B_t \neq x\right\}}$ (“inverse brownian”) is a martingale?

Consider $$X_t = \frac{1}{\left| B_t -x\right|}\mathbb{1}_{\left\{ B_t \neq x\right\}}$$ where $ \left(B_{t }\right)_{t \geq 0}$ is a $ \mathcal F_t$- brownian motion in $\mathbb R ^3$, null at ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Brownian Motion with Optional Stopping Theorem (OST)

Let $(B_t)_{t \geq 0}$ be a standard Brownian Motion and let $T:=\inf\{t \geq 0: B_t=at-b\}$ for some positive constant $a,b>0$. Calculate $\mathbb{E}[T]$. How do i begin it?
1
vote
2answers
58 views

$4^{Brownian(t)}$ martingale proof

Let $B(t)$ a Brownian motion. I like to prove that $4^{B(t)}$ = martingale I rewrote the expression into an exponential form (like $\exp(\ln(4) B)$), but then I don't know how to proceed.
7
votes
1answer
499 views

Ito's Lemma and Brownian Motion

Show by using Ito's Lemma, for $k \geq 2$ the following result hold. $$E[W(t)^k] = \frac{1}{2} k(k-1)\int_0^t E[W(s)^{k-2}]ds$$ where $W(t) = N(0,t)$ is standard Brownian motion. I think ...
6
votes
2answers
333 views

Confidence band for Brownian Motion with uniformly distributed hitting position

Let $(B_t)$ denote the standard Brownian motion on the interval $[0,1]$. For a given confidence level $\alpha \in (0,1)$ a confidence band on $[0,1]$ is any function $u$ with the property that $$ ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Time scaling of Brownian motion

Let $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion and $A_t$ be an increasing continuous process adapted to the filtration generated by the Brownian Motion and $A_0 = 0$. I am trying to prove ...
4
votes
1answer
878 views

Expectation value of a product of an Ito integral and a function of a Brownian motion

this problem has come up in my research and is confusing me immensely, any light you can shed would be deeply appreciated. Let $B(t)$ denote a standard Brownian motion (Wiener process), such that the ...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

Is the condition “sample paths are continuous” an appropriate part of the “characterization” of the Wiener process?

Wikipedia has separate articles on "Brownian motion" and "Wiener process" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brownian_motion and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiener_process ). I am not an expert, but that ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Applying Ergodic Theorem on fractional Brownian motion

For a fractional Brownian motion $B_H$ consider the sequence for $p>0$ $$Y_{n,p}={1\over n}\sum\limits_{i=1}^n \left|B_H(i)-B_H(i-1)\right|^p.$$ By the Ergodic Theorem it is ...
3
votes
1answer
537 views

Partial Derivative of an Integral

If $f(t)$ is a deterministic function of $t$ and $B_{n}$ is a brownian motion and: $Z =\int^t_0 f(s)dB(s)$ How does one take the partial derivatives wrt to $t$ and $B_n$ on an integral like this? I ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Brownian Bridge as a Gaussian Process

Let $B=\{B_t:t\geq 0\}$ be a standard Brownian motion. Define the Brownian brige $X=\{X_t:t\geq0\}$ as $$ X_t=B_t-tB_1\quad t\in[0,1] $$ Show that $X$ is (i) Gaussian and find its (ii) mean and (iii) ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

differentiability of brownian motion

for a fixed $t \in [0, \infty)$, I have to show that $ \mathbb{P} (D^+W_t = + \infty$ and $D_+W_t = -\infty )$, where $D^+$ (and $D_+$) denotes the upper right-hand derivative (and respectively the ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Two Questions about Brownian Motion

How do you show $B_T\in\mathcal{F}_T$ for T is a stopping time? Note the filtration is generated by the Brownian motion (and not necessarily completed, in particular, ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Independence of Brownian motion-related stopping times

Let $(B_t,\mathcal{F}_t)_{t \geq 0}$ a Brownian motion on a probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{A},\mathbb{P})$. For $a \in \mathbb{R}$ define a stopping time $\tau_a$ by $$\tau_a := \tau(a) := ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Relation between $\text{d}M_t$ and $\text{d}B_t$ when $M_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$

Let $B_t$ be a standard Wiener motion. What can we say about $\text{d}M_t$ and $\text{d}B_t$ when $M_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$? Is there a relation?
2
votes
2answers
365 views

Expectation regarding Brownian Motion

This is a formula regarding getting expectation under the topic of Brownian Motion. \begin{align} E[W(s)W(t)] &= E[W(s)(W(t) - W(s)) + W(s)^2] \\ &= E[W (s)]E[W (t) - W (s)] + E[W(s)^2] \\ ...
2
votes
1answer
376 views

Expectation of exponential martingale and indicator function.

Let $W$ be a Wiener process, $r,\sigma \in \mathbb{R}_+$ and $S(T) = S(t)e^{(r-\frac12 \sigma^2)(T-t) + \sigma(W(T)-W(t))}$. I want to evaluate $$A:=E[e^{- \frac12 \sigma^2 (T-t) - ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

$E[e^{\lambda X_t}|\mathcal{F_s}]$, where $X_t=\int_0^t(W_s-\frac{s}{t}W_t )ds$

I was trying to compute $E[e^{\lambda X_t}|\mathcal{F_s}]$, where $X_t=\int_0^t(W_s-\frac{s}{t}W_t) ds$, $\mathcal{F}$ is associated to $W$. I tried the following. 1) Splitting the integral ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Mean and Variance of Gaussian Process

Let $B = (B_t : t \geq 0)$ be a standard Brownian Motion. Fix $0 \leq s \leq t$. How can I prove that, conditionally on $\{B_s = x, B_t = z\}$, the intermediate value $$B_{\frac{t+s}{2}}$$ has ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Expectation and variance of correlated exponential brownian motions

What is the expectation and variance of correlated exponential Brownian motions for the random variable $F$, where $A$ is real constant, $\sigma$ is a real constant and $\rho$ is the correlation. $$F ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Show that a process is no semimartingale

_Hello everyone! I got a little question about how to show that the process $X_t:=|B_t|^{\frac{1}{3}}$ is NOT a semimartingale. So far I tried to apply Ito. Since if $X_t$ was a semimartingale so is ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Conditional expectation with three random variables

We have $N_1, N_2, N_3$ normally distributed random variables with $µ_i =E[N_i]$, $σ_{ij}=Cov(N_i,N_j)$. We also have $\tilde{µ}_i=E[N_i|N_2 = x] $, $\tilde{σ}_{ij}=Cov(N_i,N_j|N_2 = x)$ and $v^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Let $W$ be a Wiener process and $X(t):=W^{2}(t)$ for $t\geq 0.$ Calculate $\operatorname{Cov}(X(s), X(t))$.

Let $W$ be a Wiener process. If $X(t):=W^2(t)$ for $t\geq 0$, calculate $\operatorname{Cov}(X(s),X(t))$
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Local Maximum of Brownian motion.

Given two positive rational number $a,b$. How to show that almost surely Brownian motion attains a local maximum at some time in $(a,b)$?
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vote
0answers
412 views

Show that this semimartingale is a local martingale

Let $B_t$ be a standard Wiener motion, $I_t=\int_0^t|B_s|^2\!\text{ds}\ $and $S_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$. Let also $F:\mathbb{R}^2_+\times\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}_+\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ a ...
1
vote
1answer
410 views

Brownian motion question

Let $B(t)$ denote the standard Brownian motion and let $X(t)$ denote a Brownian motion with $X(0)=0$, drift $0$ and variance $9$. Find the distribution of $aB(s)+bB(t)$, where $a,b,s,t$ are real ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

convergence to standard brownian motion

Could you help me with the following: I have that $$T(x):=\frac{X(nx)-E[X(nx)]}{\sqrt{n}} \xrightarrow{d} N(0, \frac{x^k}{k})$$ for each fixed $x>0$, where we also have that $\frac{X(nx)}{t}$ is ...