Questions related to Brownian motion, a continuous stochastic process denoted by $W_t$, $t\geq 0$, with independent increments, such that $W(t)-W(s)$ is normally distributed, with $0$ mean and variance $t-s$.

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Question on Standard Brownian Motion [on hold]

What is the following probability $P [ W(2) >0 \ \text{and}\ \ W(1) <0]$?
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22 views

Doob-Kolmogorov Inequality

Denote by $(X(t),t\ge 0)$ a standard Brownian motion, i.e random variables with the following properties: $X(0)=0$. With probability 1, the function $t\mapsto X(t)$ is continuous on $[0,\infty)$. ...
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1answer
339 views

Distribution of Brownian Bridge

PROBLEM $U_t = B_t - tB_1$, $B_t$ is a Brownian motion on $[0,1]$. What is a Brownian Bridge and give the twodimensional distributions of the vector $(U_s, U_t)$. I think that a Brownian ...
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1answer
28 views

Why is Brownian Motion B_t distributed as N(0,t)?

Almost all textbooks define a Brownian Motion ($B_t$)using three / four points: $B_0 = 0$; it has stationary independent increments; for every $t>0$, $B_t$ has a normal $N(0,t)$ distribution; it ...
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1answer
17 views

Exponential of Brownian motion with negative drift

I am reading a text on Brownian motion and don't understand the following: Let $X_t = \exp \{ W_t - \frac{t}{2} \}$, where $W$ is a standard Brownian motion on $\mathbb{R}$. Let $T_n = \inf \{ t \geq ...
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10 views

Drift of Brownian motion conditioned on Hitting Time

Suppose we have a Brownian motion started from height b>0, with constant negative drift $\lambda$. We can 'calculate' the drift in the following seemingly ridiculous way. We condition on the first ...
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13 views

Showing Brownian motion is measuable

How can I prove Brownian motion is measurable with respect to the corresponding product sigma algebra? I am struggling to extend the measurability from holding for rational times to all times using ...
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19 views

How can I solve $E[B^4_t B^3_t]$?

How can I solve the following expected value: $$ E[B^4_t B^3_t] $$ where $ B_t $ is a standard Brownian Motion.
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1answer
1k views

Quadratic variation of Brownian motion and almost-sure convergence

Say that $W(t)$ is a Brownian motion. The quadratic variation $[W,W](t)$ is defined in terms of a partition $\Pi = \{0 = t_0 < t_1 < \cdots < t_n = t\}$ by $$ \begin{split} [W,W](t) &= ...
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1answer
31 views

Prove that the following process is a Geometric Brownian motion for every constant

Having some trouble understanding this problem: Given the dynamics of the geometric brownian motion $X_t$ where $(B_t)_{t\in\mathbf{R}_{+}}$ $$ dX_t = X_tdt+X_t dB_t,$$ $$X_0=1$$ for which value of ...
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1answer
31 views

How to compute $E[W_t^4]$, with $W_t$ being a standard Wiener process

I want to compute the fourth moment of a standard Wiener process: $E[W_t^4]$. My solution is not equal to the one in my textbook but I don't understand where I am wrong. I started by applying Ito's ...
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32 views

Brownian motion: first-hitting-time with double barrier [closed]

Let $(B_t)_t$ be a standard ($B_0=0$) Brownian motion , and $$ T_{a,b} = \inf\{t>0 : B_t \not\in(a,b)\} $$ where $a<0<b$. What is the expected first-passage time $\mathbf{E}[T_{a,b}]$?
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286 views

Question about an exercise in Revuz/Yor

I'm solving exercise 2.28 in Revuz/Yor. I was able to prove 1). Unfortunately at 2) I got stuck. I have to show: Let $B$ be a d-dimensional Brownian motion and $A\in \mathcal{A}:=\cap_t ...
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1answer
28 views
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24 views

Find the value of the real $\alpha$ for which exp($2B(t) - \alpha t$) is a martingale.

I tried to answer using the three conditions to be a martingale (measurability, integrability, and martingality), validating the integrability condition, which is $$ E |e^{2B(t) - \alpha t} | < ...
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0answers
30 views

Is $W^3(t)$ a martingale if $W(t)$ is a Brownian motion

Is $W^3(t)$ a martingale if $W(t)$ is a Brownian motion? The answer seems like no to me. Using Ito's lemma I can write $$W^3(t)=\frac{3}{2}W^2(t)+\int_0^t3W(u)dW(u)$$ The second piece on the LHS is an ...
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1answer
51 views

Path properties of Brownian Motion: relation between its maximum and hitting time

Let $B(t)$ be a Brownian motion. $$T_a=\inf\{t>0,B(t)=a\}$$ $$M(t)=\max_{0\le s\le t} B(s)$$ There is a statement in Durrett's textbook (3rd last line in page 318, 4th edition): ...
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19 views

Deterministic integrals involving a Brownian motion [duplicate]

I am trying to work out the following two integrals involving a standard Brownian motion started at $W_0 = 0$. The first expression is bewildering me a bit, since it seems like somehow the Itô ...
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3answers
528 views

Distribution of stochastic integral

Assume that $\mathrm{d}S = \sigma \, \mathrm{d}W$ with initial level $S(0)$ and where $\mathrm{d}W$ is usual Brownian motion. Now $$A(T) = \frac{1}{T} \int_0^T S(t) \, \mathrm{d}t.$$ ...
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0answers
31 views

Deriving mean and variance of a function of Gaussian process

Suppose $\mathbb{G}$ is a tight zero mean Gaussian process and $F$ is an absolutely continuous CDF $$Y=\int_a^b\frac{d\mathbb{G}}{1-F}-\int_a^b\frac{\mathbb{G} \, dF}{(1-F)^2}$$ I know that $Y$ is a ...
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1answer
753 views

Independent increments of Brownian Motion

Suppose we have the $(W_t)$ Brownian Motion and the filtration $F=(\mathcal{F}_t)$, where $\mathcal{F}_t:=\sigma(W_s;s\le t)$. I know that for any $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and $0\le ...
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0answers
44 views

Distribution of $(\sup_{0\leq s\leq t} W_s -W_t)$

I am interest in the law of the $(\sup_{0\leq s\leq t} W_s -W_t)$ where $W$ is a standard brownian motion. I know that $M_t:=\sup_{0\leq s\leq t} W_s \overset{\mathcal L}{=} |W_t |$ so its density ...
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Mistake in using Monotone convergence theorem

I am getting a contradictory result and can't find my mistake. I hope you can help. We have the following result by Spitzer (see (1) or Port) $\lim_{t\to ...
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2answers
77 views

$\mathbb{E}[B^4(t)]$ with $B$= brownian motion

Can anyone help me to find: $\mathbb{E}[B^4(t)]$ where $B$ is a brownian motion? I thought using this density function: $f_{B_t}(x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi t}} e^{-\frac{x^2}{2t}}$, but I don't know ...
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0answers
19 views

Intersection of two independent 1-d Brownian motions.

I am interested in the first intersection of two independent 1-d Brownian motions. More precisely, what is the joint distribution of the intersection point and intersection time? Any help is ...
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1answer
52 views

Martingale property of Brownian motion with resprect to a different filtration

Let $W$ be a Brownian motion on $(\Omega,\mathcal F,\mathbb P)$ and let $N$ be a Poisson process on the same probability space. Denote by $\mathbb F$ the filtration that is generated by $(W,N)$. Now ...
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1answer
34 views

Is square of Wiener process an orthogonal process?

I'm trying to prove: Let $t_1 < t_2 \leq t_3 < t_4$ and $(X)_t$ is the square of Wiener process. Then $E(X_{t_2} - X_{t_1})(X_{t_4}- X_{t_3}) \neq 0.$ Progress Maybe the fact $E(X_{t_2} - ...
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1answer
19 views

Malliavin Derivative

Motivation : We know that, if the randomness in the system is due to Brownian Motion then any contingent claim with mean zero can be written as Ito integral. (Of course, we need to have boundedness ...
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22 views

How to identify the future distribution of a stochastic variable from its SDE

I would like to know some common practice to identify the future distribution of a random variable modelled by an arbitrary SDE. Would you study it empirically (like generating Monte-Carlo ...
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2answers
34 views

Law of large numbers for Brownian Motion (Direct proof using L2-convergence)

In “Brownian Motion” by Schilling and Partzsc, they give a HINT to prove the Law of Large Numbers for Brownian Motion (not in their solutions, fyi) by (1) Noting that ...
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1answer
18 views

A question on integration wr.t to a local martingale

In a lemma in my graduate level course on financial mathematics uses the fact that integral of a progressive portfolio process(which is almost surely lower bounded i.e it is admissible) $\theta_t$ ...
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1answer
34 views

$L^{2}$ -limit of expression involving Brownian Motion

Let $(B_{t})_{t\geq0}$ be a Brownian Motion. I would like to prove that $\max_{n\leq s\leq n+1}\left|\frac{B_{s}-B_{n+1}}{n}\right|=\frac{1}{n}\max_{n\leq s\leq n+1}\left|B_{s}-B_{n+1}\right|$ ...
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14 views

Why is $l(t,x,\omega)=\lim_{\varepsilon\downarrow 0}\frac{1}{2\varepsilon}\int_{0}^t1_{[x-\varepsilon,x+\varepsilon]}(X_s(\omega))ds$

Currently I am reading the book "Brownian motion and stochastic flow systems" (Harrison) and in chapter 1 paragraph 3 he states the following deep theorem about Brownian motion: Theorem Let ...
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2answers
54 views

Brownian Motion and Continuity

Consider a Brownian Motion $(B_{t})_{t\geq0}$. In my lecure notes it says, without proof, that $\mathbb{P}\left(\sup_{t,s\leq N}\left\{ \left|B_{t}-B_{s}\right|:\left|t-s\right|<\delta\right\} ...
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15 views

Existence of local time of Brownian motion

Suppose we define the local time $L_0(t, \omega)$ of the standard Brownian motion $B(s, \omega): [0,t] \times \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ by $$ L_0(t, \omega) = \lim_{\epsilon \rightarrow 0} ...
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1answer
16 views

Covariance of Wiener Processes on the same Brownian Motion

I am trying to solve $Cov(Tw_T,\int^{T}_{0}tdw_t)=\mathbb{E}[Tw_T\times\int^{T}_{0}tdw_t]$, my attempt is as below: \begin{split} \mathbb{E}[Tw_T\times\int^{T}_{0}tdw_t] & ...
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1answer
346 views

Stochastic integral inequality

Let $W_t$ be a Brownian motion with $m$ independent components on $(\Omega,F,P)$. Let $G(\omega,t)=[g_{ij}(\omega,t)]_{1\leq i\leq n,1\leq j\leq m}$ in $V^{n\times m}[S,T]$ such that ...
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1answer
48 views

Continuous in probability of hitting times

Let $(B_t)$ be a standard Brownian motion. How can we show that the process $$ \tau_t := \inf \{ s \geq 0 : B_s >t \}$$ satisfies continuity in probability? $$\bigg( \text{i.e. } \quad \lim_{h ...
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0answers
24 views

Strong markov property in two dimensional Brownian motion

I don't understand the following claim from my book: Let $(B_t)$ be a standard Brownian motion. Let $u:\Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function, where $\Omega$ is a domain and $B(x, ...
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1answer
46 views

Equality relating $L^2$ convergence and martingales

I am baffled with this question: Let $(B_t)$ be a standard Brownian motion. For any $n \in \mathbb{N}$, let $(f_n)$ be a sequence of functions defined by $$ f_n(x) = \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} ...
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36 views

Independence of increments of some processes

I am stuck on this question: Let $(B_t)$ be a standard Brownian motion. Define $$ (\tau_1)_t := \inf \{s \geq 0 : B_s = t \} ; \quad (\tau_2)_t := \inf \{s \geq 0 : B_s > t \}. $$ Any ideas how ...
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37 views

Is this stochastic differential equation wrong?

The following is an old exam question I think might be misstated. Consider the SDE $$dX(u)=(a(u)+b(u)X(u))\,du+(\gamma(u)+\sigma(u)X(u))\,dW(u)$$ where $W(u)$ is a brownian motion relative to ...
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2answers
73 views

For every $\epsilon>0$, the probability of $W_t>(1+\epsilon)\sqrt{t\log(t)}$ tends to $0$ as $t\to\infty$

Can anybody give a hint to show for all $\epsilon>0$ $$\lim_{t \to \infty} P \left( \frac{W_t}{\sqrt{t\log(t)}}>1+\epsilon \right) = 0$$ with $W_t$ Brownian Motion? (Or W(t), a Brownian motion ...
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1answer
30 views

Expectation of a function of Brownian motion at a stopping time

I do not understand the following claim from my book: Let $(B_t)$ be a Brownian motion on $\mathbb{R}^d$ starting at $x$. Let $\tau = \inf \{ t>0 : B_t \in \partial B( x, r) \}$. Also, let $u ...
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1answer
23 views

Hitting time of Brownian Motion on a line

Given a 3-dimensional Brownian motion $B_t$, we know that it is transient. But how can we show that if it starts outside a straight line, it will remain outside forever with probability $1$ ? Any ...
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27 views

Probability that Brownian motion hits both hemispheres

The problem is to find: $P_{x}(\{T_{B_{1}}<\infty\}\cap \{T_{B_{2}}<\infty\})$ where $B_{1},B_{2}$ are the two hemispheres of sphere S shown below. There are two possible paths for first ...
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1answer
75 views

What is the explicit obstruction to almost sure convergence in stochastic integrals?

Let $B(\omega,t)$ be a Brownian motion defined on some appropriately filtered probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}_{t},\mathbb{P})$, and let $f(\omega,t)$ be a stochastic process defined on $\Omega$ ...
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2answers
135 views

A simple characterization of the Brownian Motion

A well-known characterization of the Brownian Motion says that it is the only continuous process $X_t$ (defined on $[0,\infty)$) such that $P(X_0=0)=1$, $E[X_t^2]=t$, $E[X_t]=0$ for any $t\ge 0$ the ...
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1answer
34 views

Density of $\int_{0}^{t}W'(B_{s})ds$ where $W'$ is smooth and compactly supported.

Only hints please Density of $\int_{0}^{t}W'(B_{s})ds$, where $B_{s}$ is 1-d Brownian motion. The density of $Y_{s}:=W'(B_{s})$ is $g_{Y}(y)=p_{B_{s}}((W')^{-1}(y))|\frac{d(W')^{-1}(y)}{dy}|$. How ...
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1answer
96 views

Is this Stochastic integral a martingale ?

Let $(B_t)$ be a Brownian motion and set $X_t = \int_0^t B_t^2 dB_s$. Is $X_t$ martingale? My idea is to rewrite $X_t$ in terms of Ito's Formula $(f(x) = \frac{1}{3}x^3)$ $X_t = \int_0^t B_t^2 dB_s ...