Questions related to Brownian motion, a continuous stochastic process denoted by $W_t$, $t\geq 0$, with independent increments, such that $W(t)-W(s)$ is normally distributed, with $0$ mean and variance $t-s$.

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123 views

Blumenthal zero-one law

How to prove $\limsup\limits_{n \to \infty} \frac{1}{\sqrt n}B(n) = +\infty$ using Blumenthal zero-one law, where B is a Brownian motion?
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1answer
85 views

differentiability of brownian motion

for a fixed $t \in [0, \infty)$, I have to show that $ \mathbb{P} (D^+W_t = + \infty$ and $D_+W_t = -\infty )$, where $D^+$ (and $D_+$) denotes the upper right-hand derivative (and respectively the ...
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1answer
72 views

Time-invariance and spatial-invariance of a stochastic process

Many stochastic processes have independent and stationary increments, i.e. let $(X_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be a stochastic process on a probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},\mathbb{P})$, then $X_t - X_s ...
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2answers
67 views

change of sign for brownian motion

for a fixed $\epsilon$ $> 0$, I want to show that almost surely (ie with probability 1), a standard brownian motion $W_t$ would change sign over [o,$\epsilon$ ]. I thought about defining a random ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Law of Large numbers using Brownian limit

Given a standard Brownian motion $\{B_t;0 \leq t < \infty \}$, we know that $\lim_{t \to \infty}\frac{B_t}{t} = 0$ a.s. I am interested to know if we can prove Strong Law of Large Numbers for any ...
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1answer
132 views

What is the probability a random walk hits x before it hits y?

This problem was motivated by my bitcoin trading and recalling some of my math education back in the day. I thought I'd ask people who know this much better than I... Suppose there is a continuous, ...
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1answer
63 views

Law of large numbers for Brownian Motion

Let $\{B_t: 0 \leq t < \infty\}$ be standard Brownian motion and let $T_n$ be an increasing sequence of finite stopping times converging to infinity a.s. Does the following property hold? ...
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1answer
108 views

I want to calculate $\int B(t)^2 dB(t)$ where $B(t)$ is Brownian motion

Let $B(t)$ be Brownian motion. I want to calculate $\int B(t)^2 dB(t)$. definition.A process $\{X(t),0\le t \le T \}$ is called a simple adapted process if there exist times ...
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2answers
76 views

Variance of sum of two ito integrals

I don't really understand how to solve the following problem: Var(X) where X = $\int_0^2 2t dW(t) + \int_4^6 W(t) dW(t)$ If I use $E [(A+B)^2] = E(A^2) + E(B^2) + 2E(AB)$ I get to the point where I ...
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1answer
40 views

I want to show $e^{-\alpha t}B(e^{2\alpha t})$ is a Gaussian process. [closed]

Let $B(t)$ be Brownian motion. Show that $e^{-\alpha t}B(e^{2\alpha t})$ is a Gaussian process. Find its mean and covariance functions. thanks .
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1answer
121 views

how to prove $\frac{B(t)+W(t)}{2}$ is a Brownian motion where $B(t)$ and $W(t)$ be two independent Brownian motions.

Let $B(t)$ and $W(t)$ be two independent Brownian motions. Show that $\frac{B(t)+W(t)}{2}$ is also a Brownian motion. Find correlation between $B(t)$ and $X(t)$. thanks for any help
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1answer
76 views

$\mathbb{E} \int_a^b W^3(t)\,dW(t)=?$

Is it true that $\mathbb{E} \int_a^b W^3(t)\,dW(t)=0$, for $a < b \in \mathbb{R}$ I know that for an adapted process $\Delta(t), t\geq 0$, the integral $\int_0^t \Delta(u)dW(u)$ is a ...
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1answer
39 views

Question on Black-Sholes Equation

Consider a call option having a strike price $K$ and exercise time $t$; let $r$ be the nominal rate, $\sigma$ volatility and $S_0$ the underlying asset at $t = 0$. How to show that $C(t, ...
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2answers
73 views

How to show that $\mathbb{E}(\int_0^T t\mathrm \, dW_t) = 0 $?

I just want to know why $\mathbb{E}\left(\int_0^T t \,\mathrm dW_t\right)=0$. I know it's got something to do with the Gaussian distribution but I don't really know what.
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0answers
44 views

Limit of stationary increment of Brownian Motion [closed]

Does the following limit $$\lim_{s \to \infty}(B_{t+s}-B_{s})$$ have the same distribution with $B_t$?
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0answers
146 views

Degradation Model in Matlab

I am trying (using MATLAB) to generate the following image from the Wu Tian Chen research article 'Condition-based Maintenance Optimization Using Neural Network-based Health Condition Prediction': ...
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2answers
53 views

Expectation Geometric Brownian Motion

Can someone help show me a simple way to show: $$\mathbb{E}(S_t)= S_0e^{\mu t}$$ for $$ S_t = S_0\exp\left( \left(\mu - \frac{\sigma^2}{2} \right)t + \sigma W_t\right) $$ from this page: ...
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1answer
121 views

Brownian Motion conditional distribution

Let $\{X(u),u\geq0\}$ be a standard Brownian motion. What is the conditional distribution of $X(t)$ given $\{X(t_{1}),\dots,X(t_{n})\}$, where $0<t_{1}<\cdots<t_{n}<t_{n+1}=t$? --So far, ...
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0answers
24 views

Brownian motion minimisation problem

Let $B_t$ be a Brownian motion, let $\sigma > 0$ be fixed and let $X_t$ be a process with fixed beginning value $x_0$ that satisfies $dXt = u_tdt + \sigma X_tdB_t.$ Solve ...
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0answers
49 views

Can anyone explain me this proof about a Brownian Motion?

Prove that the process $W_t=(1+t)U_{t/(1+t)}$ on $[0,\infty)$ is a Brownian motion. $\text{(b)}$ Clearly $Y_0=U_0=0$, and inherits continuity of sample paths from $U_t$ (and hence from $W_t$). ...
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1answer
201 views

Distribution of Brownian Bridge

PROBLEM $U_t = B_t - tB_1$, $B_t$ is a Brownian motion on $[0,1]$. What is a Brownian Bridge and give the twodimensional distributions of the vector $(U_s, U_t)$. I think that a Brownian ...
3
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1answer
203 views

Proof on Brownian Bridge

PROBLEM Let $U_t$ be a Brownian bridge on $[0,1]$ and let $Z$ be a standard normal random variable independent of $U_t$. $(a)$ Prove that the process $W_t = U_t + tZ$ is a brownian motion. $(b)$ ...
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1answer
152 views

Probability Brownian Motion - dependence

Does anyone know how to calculate $P(Z(3)>Z(2), Z(2)>0)$ if $Z(3)$ and $Z(2)$ are on the same sample path, i.e. not independent? I found a solution for the case $P(Z(2)<0, Z(1)<0)$ in ...
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1answer
138 views

Application of Optional Sampling Theorem

Lets assume that Brownian Motion starts from some point $x$ for which $a<x<b$ holds. Let $\tau=\inf\{t:B_t\not\in [a,b]\}$ be a stopping time. Now I want to prove that for $\theta>0$ ,an ...
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1answer
138 views

Two people are looking for each other. Is it faster for both to actively search, or for one to search while the other stays still?

Choose among two actors randomly and place the chosen actor at the origin. Place the other actor in the unit circle uniformly at random. Both actors move at the same speed. Both actors are said to ...
2
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3answers
258 views

Distribution of stochastic integral

Assume that $\mathrm{d}S = \sigma \, \mathrm{d}W$ with initial level $S(0)$ and where $\mathrm{d}W$ is usual Brownian motion. Now $A(T) = \frac{1}{T} \int_0^T S(t) \, \mathrm{d}t$ . What is the ...
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2answers
72 views

how to prove $\int_{0}^{a}B(t)dt\sim N(0,\frac{a^3}{3})$

Let $B(t)$ is Brownian Motion. I want to prove the integral $\int_{0}^{a}B(t)dt$ has normal distribution , $N(0,\frac{a^3}{3})$. means $\int_{0}^{a}B(t)dt\sim N(0,\frac{a^3}{3})$
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1answer
114 views

Proving continuity of Brownian paths

Maybe I'll make myself do a routine exercise by posting it here and then later posting my own solution after someone else posts one. Or maybe not. Maybe it's not as routine as I think it might be. ...
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1answer
87 views

Quadratic Brownian Motion

If $B(t)$ is standard Brownian Motion then can we say that $B^2(t) -t $ is a martingale?? Given the following theorem: If $$ \max_{1<k<n} (t_k-t_{k-1}) \to 0$$ as $n \to \infty$ then ...
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0answers
29 views

Simulation of a Bidimensional Fractional Brownian motion

I would like to simulate and understand the simulation of a bidimensional fractional Brownian motion (I would like to try and use it to simulate terrain in a 3d game I am developing), but I cannot ...
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2answers
130 views

Brownian motion is almost surely not differentiable everywhere

Could anyone point out the difference between the statement of the following theorems: 1) For any $t\ge0$, Brownian motion is almost surely not differentiable at t. 2) Almost surely, the sample ...
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1answer
75 views

Brownian motion and stochastic integration

How do I compute the following expectation? W(T) is a standard brownian motion (i.e.) W(T)~N(0,T) $E\left[ W(T)\int _{ 0 }^{ T }{ sdW(s) } \right] $ I know that Brownian motion of disjoint time ...
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2answers
48 views

$E[W_{t/3}W_{t/2} \mid \mathcal{F}_{t/5}]$ where W is a Brownian Motion and $\mathcal{F}$ is the natural filtration?

I am unsure how to go about finding this value. $\mathrm{E}[W(t/3)*W(t/2)|$ $\mathrm{F}(t/5)]$ I assume the trick invovles an additional conditional expectation, but I am not sure how to go about ...
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1answer
58 views

Strong Markov Property Brownian Motion Question

If $\tau$ is a stopping time and $\omega(t)$ is Brownian Motion then the Strong Markov Theorem states that $Z(t)=\omega(t+\tau) -\omega(\tau)$ conditioned on $\{\tau <\infty\}$ is distributed as ...
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2answers
252 views

Is the condition “sample paths are continuous” an appropriate part of the “characterization” of the Wiener process?

Wikipedia has separate articles on "Brownian motion" and "Wiener process" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brownian_motion and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiener_process ). I am not an expert, but that ...
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0answers
29 views

A brownian bridge evaluate at a particular random variable

I was wondering of someone could help with the following. I have a random variable given as $\lambda^{*}=\arg \max_{\lambda \in (0,1)} [B(\lambda)-\lambda B(1)]^{2}/\lambda(1-\lambda)$. I am now ...
3
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0answers
42 views

Upper bounds on the sum in a Martingale process

My question is related the hitting time of not a random walk, but a more general martingale process. Suppose we start with an arbitrary $x_0=x$ with $0\leq x\leq 1$. We compute $x_{t+1}$ from $x_t$ ...
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0answers
46 views

Ito's lemma and Backward evolution operator.

$\Phi$ is the backward evolution operator. $W=\theta+\phi+S$ $d\theta=\mu\theta dt+\sigma_1 dZ_1$ $d\phi=r\phi dt+\sigma_2 \phi dZ_2$ $dS=rSdt$ $dZ_1 dZ_2=\rho$ ...
3
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2answers
718 views

What is the definition of a sample path of Brownian motion?

My question has been asked before at beginner's question about Brownian motion . There was only one answer, which was not accepted. It was probably incorrect, because nothing was said about ...
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0answers
21 views

$W=\Phi+\theta+S$ where $\Phi, \theta, S$ are geometric brownian motions.

$W=\Phi+\theta+S$ where $\Phi, \theta, S$ are geometric brownian motions. $d\theta=\mu\theta dt+\sigma_1 dZ_1$ $d\Phi=r\Phi dt+\sigma_2 \Phi dZ_2$ $dS=rSdt$ For $t \le s \le T$, ...
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1answer
636 views

Correlation coefficient of Wiener process

First, I'm not majoring mathematics. I'm studying economics and during reading a thesis I can't understand the 'wiener process' well. I read some books about it and understand the main idea and ...
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0answers
27 views

Probability of winding number in 2D Brownian motion

Let $B_t$ be a 2D Brownian Motion with $B_0 = (1,0)$. Now, express $B_t$ in polars, that is, $B_t = (r(t), \theta(t))$. Let $\tau = \inf\{t > 0 : \theta(t) \geq 2 \pi \}$. What is $\mathbb{P}[\tau ...
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1answer
167 views

Probability of 2D Brownian motion passing through a particular point.

Let $B_t$ be a two-dimensional Brownian motion at time $t \in [0,\infty)$. Fix a point $p \in \mathbb{R}^2$. Is the probability that $B_t = p$ at some $t > 0$ equal to zero? If so, why?
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1answer
111 views

Integral of absolute value of Brownian motion

I know it is a really stupid question and it should be quite easy, but how can I show that $\int_0^{\infty}|B_t|\mathbb{d}t=\infty$ a.s. with $B_t$ being a standard brownian motion? I just don't get ...
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1answer
53 views

question on Brownian Motion stopping time and end state

I came across this equation in my lecture notes, which states: $P(T_a < t , W_t \ge a) = P(W_t \ge a)$ where $T_a = \min\{t \ge 0, W_t \ge a\}$. I'm really confused by this equation: as far as I ...
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2answers
399 views

Expected stopping time of brownian motion

I've been looking at this for some time now and still have no sensible solutions, can somebody help me out please. Say I define the stopping time of a Brownian motion as followed: $$\tau(a) = \min (t ...
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1answer
32 views

Finding a tail-probability with the momentgenerating function

I wonder if it is possible to estimate $\mathbb{P}(X<t)$ with the moment generating function? This question popped up when I tried to proof this estimate $\mathbb{P}(T_a<t)\leq ...
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0answers
37 views

Conditional covariance

Just a simple question when we have $v_{st} = \operatorname{cov}(B_s, B_t\mid Z)$, where $B_t$ is a brownian motion. I know that the answer is $\min(s, t) - E[B_s Z]E[B_t Z]/E[Z^2]$ but i don't know ...
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1answer
47 views

Brownian Motion hitting random point

I got a problem that seems to be quite standard and easy, but I have lots of problems with it. I do already know that $T_a:=\inf\{t\geq 0: B_t=a\}$ is a stopping time for any $a\in\mathbb{R}$ fixed, ...
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1answer
131 views

hitting time of Brownian motion

I'm desperately trying to prove that for a standard BM $B_t$ the stopping time $T:=\inf\{t\geq0: B_t\geq\sqrt{1+t}\}$ is a.s. finite, i.e. $\mathbb{P}[T<\infty]=1$. I actually tried to play around ...