Questions related to Brownian motion, a continuous stochastic process denoted by $W_t$, $t\geq 0$, with independent increments, such that $W(t)-W(s)$ is normally distributed, with $0$ mean and variance $t-s$.

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Integrating the difference of brownian motion

I'm reading the solutions to an exercise where it is stated that $$\int_t^T\Big(W(u) - W(t)\Big)du = \int_t^T (T-u)dW(u).$$ But can someone enlighten me to what theorem/rule can be used to show this? ...
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87 views

Tail of hitting times for Brownian motion on the circle

For $y\in \mathbb R/\mathbb Z$ and $\varphi\in C([0,\infty);\mathbb R/\mathbb Z)$ let $T_{y}(\varphi) \ := \ \inf\{t>0: \varphi_t = y \} \ \ \ $ (first time the path $\varphi$ hits $y$) ...
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78 views

Brownian Motion with Optional Stopping Theorem (OST)

Let $(B_t)_{t \geq 0}$ be a standard Brownian Motion and let $T:=\inf\{t \geq 0: B_t=at-b\}$ for some positive constant $a,b>0$. Calculate $\mathbb{E}[T]$. How do i begin it?
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71 views

Invariance of Brownian motion under orthogonal transformations

Let $\left(B_t\right)_{t \in [0,\infty)}$ be an $n$-dimensional Brownian motion with start at $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, and let $A$ be an orthogonal $n \times n$ real matrix. I'm trying to show that $AB$ ...
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25 views

Hitting time for a planar diffusion

Let $A$ be an open subset of $\Bbb R^2$, and let us consider a diffusion $\mathrm dX_t = f(X_t)\mathrm dt + g(X_t)\mathrm dW_t$ where $f$ and $g$ are globally Lipschitz continuous maps. Suppose I am ...
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20 views

Show that $ \text{ess-sup}_\Omega g (x+ B_T) = \sup_{y \in \mathbb R ^d }g(y)$

Show that $$ \text{ess-sup}_\Omega g (x+ B_T) = \sup_{y \in \mathbb R ^d }g(y)$$ where $B$ is a d-dimentional brownian motion , $x \in \mathbb R ^d $ and g a Lipschitz bounded function of $\mathbb R ...
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61 views

Expectation of the infimum of a GBM

does somebody know a reference, where I can find the value of the expectation of the running infimum of a geometric Brownian motion, namely: Given a filtered probability space ...
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64 views

The probability of a Brownian motion's tail event is unaffected by the starting point

Consider the measurable space $\left(\mathbf{C}\left[0,\infty\right), \mathcal{B}\left(\mathbf{C}\left[0,\infty\right)\right)\right)$ and the stochastic process $\left(X_t\right)_{t \in ...
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65 views

Diffusion processes

I am trying to work out a problem to which I have not found similar solutions on the website. Perhaps you can help me out. Let $X = (X_t)_{t\geq0}$ be a non-negative diffusion process which solves ...
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64 views

Expectation of Integrals of Brownian Motion

Hello I am not a native english speaker so please let me know if something does not make sense. I am interested in computing the following: $$E\int_0^T(B_s(\omega,t))^4dt$$ Or at least showing it is ...
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42 views

A few questions about Stochastic Processes and Numerical Methods

I am having a few problems understanding the Ornstein Uhlenbeck solutions, on wikipedia under solution (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornstein%E2%80%93Uhlenbeck_process) it described using variation of ...
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45 views

Simple Brownian Motion Proof

I've been given the following question and solution: Let $W_t$ be a standard Brownian Motion w.r.t. ($\mathbf{P},\mathcal{F}_t)$. Prove that \begin{align} E[|W_t|] < \infty, \forall \text{ } t ...
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41 views

Local time of fractional Brownian motion

For BM, there is a downcrossing representation of the local time at 0. Namely, $L_t(0)=\lim_2 (b_i-a_i)D(a_i,b_i,t)$, where $D$ is the number of downcrossing between level $b_i$ and $a_i$. I am ...
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58 views

$4^{Brownian(t)}$ martingale proof

Let $B(t)$ a Brownian motion. I like to prove that $4^{B(t)}$ = martingale I rewrote the expression into an exponential form (like $\exp(\ln(4) B)$), but then I don't know how to proceed.
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109 views

Estimating the maximum of a Brownian motion over the unit interval

Let $\left(B_t\right)_{t \in \left[0,\infty\right)}$ be a standard Brownian motion over the probability space $\left(\Omega, \mathcal{A}, P\right)$. For each $x \in \left(0, \infty\right)$, give an ...
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1answer
56 views

First hitting time in the one-dimensional case by solving a boundary value problem

If have a question about section 3.1 in the paper Kramers' law: Validity, derivations and generalisations by Nils Berglund. (See http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.5799 page 7 - 9) On page 8 it says, that ...
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297 views

What is the importance of the infinitesimal generator of Brownian motion?

I have read that the infinitesimal generator of Brownian motion is $\frac{1}{2}\small\triangle$. Unfortunately, I have no background in semigroup theory, and the expositions of semigroup theory I have ...
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1answer
68 views

How does the natural filtration of a Brownian motion look like?

I am trying to understand how the natural filtration for a Brownian motion might look like. Definitions: I will start with the definitions for reference. The definition of a natural filtration is ...
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112 views

Conditional expectation brownian motion

Somebody has an idea on how to tackle this quantity $$\mathbb{E}_{W_T}\left[ \frac{\int_0^T e^{\alpha W_t} dt}{\int_0^T e^{-\alpha W_t} dt + \int_0^T e^{\alpha W_t} dt} \right]$$ For $\alpha \in ...
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66 views

$\mathbb{E}[B^4(t)]$ with $B$= brownian motion

Can anyone help me to find: $\mathbb{E}[B^4(t)]$ where $B$ is a brownian motion? I thought using this density function: $f_{B_t}(x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi t}} e^{-\frac{x^2}{2t}}$, but I don't know ...
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117 views

Brownian motion conditional probability

If $B$ is the standard brownian motion and $a,b >0$ I want to show, using the reflection principle $$\mathbb{P}\left(B_t\geq a-b | \inf_{s\leq t} B_s \geq -b\right) = \frac{\mathbb P(|B_t+x|\leq ...
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140 views

Computing cross variation of independent brownian motions

I am familiar with computing the quadratic variation of Brownian motion, but was confused when the text I'm working through introduced cross variation of independent Brownian motions. the notation is ...
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100 views

A Brownian motion $B$ that is discontinuous at an independent, uniformly distributed random variable $U(0,1)$

Suppose that $\left\{B\left(t\right): t \geq 0\right\}$ is a Brownian motion and $U$ is an independent random variable, which is uniformly distributed on $\left[0,1\right]$. Then the process ...
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81 views

Strong Markov property of Brownian motion

I was able to understand Brownian Motion $\{B(t):t\geq0\}$ has Strong Markov Property i.e. For any stopping time $\tau$, $P(B(t+\tau)\leq y | \mathcal{F}_{\tau})=P(B(t+\tau)\leq y|B(\tau))$ a.s. , $y ...
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147 views

Is the absolute value of Brownian motion a super martingale?Is it a sub martingale? Is it a Markov process?

I've just started to study random processes and I'm trying to solve the following problem: Let $W(t)$ be a Brownian motion with filtration $F(t)$ generated by $ W(t)$ (i.e., $F(t)=\sigma \left( ...
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1answer
54 views

Differentiability of paths of brownian motion

On a book I'm reading (Stochastic processes by Bass. R.F.) after he proves the law of iterated algorithm for a brownian motion $W$, namely that $$\limsup_{t\rightarrow \infty} ...
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53 views

two brownian motions in $ \mathbb{Z}^2 $

I was wondering what is the probability for 2 brownian walkers coming from 2 different initial positions to be at the same position at time t. I consider that at each step, each point can ...
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36 views

Expected Value of the minimum stock price where stock price is an exponential brownian process

Hi I am trying to figure out what would be the solution to the following equation: $\tilde{E}[S_{min}]$ where $S_{min}$ is the minimum stock price and the stock price is of the form ...
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1answer
29 views

Strong approximation of a brownian motion path by a polygonal path

Consider an SBM $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$. Now we can obtain a polygonal path on $[0,n]$ by joining the integral points $B_0, B_1, \ldots, B_n$ with segments and call this path $B^{n}_t$. Now I want to bound ...
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48 views

Proof that finite-dimensional Wiener process distributions are Gaussian

I have to prove that finite-dimensional Wiener process distributions are Gaussian and calculate them. How should I start? I know the definition and properties of Wiener process.
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51 views

Convergence in $L^2$ and proof of Brownian motion

Could anybody give me some hints on the following question? I was doing some exercises on Brownian motion and found this online: Let $\left \{ X_n \right \}_{n=1}^\infty$ be a sequence of ...
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95 views

Find a parameter for which a process is martingale

Find $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$ for which $$2W_t^3+\beta tW_t$$ is a martingale, where $W_t$ is standard Wiener process. My attempt: $$E(2W_t^3+\beta tW_t|F_s)=2E(W_t^3|F_s)+\beta ...
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2answers
60 views

Show that process satisfy given equation

I have to show that process (1) $$X_t=e^{-bt}X_0+\int_0^te^{-b(t-s)}\sigma dW_s$$ satisfies the following equation (2) $$dX_t=-bX_tdt+\sigma dW_t$$ My attempt: Multiply both sides of (1) by $e^{bt}$ ...
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66 views

brownian motion and stopping time

I have an exercise about Brownian motion which I don't understand completely. Let $(B_s)_{s\geq0}$ be a standard real Brownian motion. For $t > 0$, we define the random times $g_t ...
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Brownian Motion Probability calculation P[Z(s)<a, Z(t)<b]

Is there a closed form solution for $P[Z(s)<-a, Z(t)<-b]$ where $Z$ is a Brownian motion and $0<a<b$ are constants? In the post Probability Brownian Motion - dependence the user Did gave ...
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102 views

Almost sure non differentiability of Brownian Motion

Problem: Let $t>0$, show that the standard Brownian motion is almost surely not differentiable a $t$ Now, through a Borel Cantelli argument I proved that, almost surely $$\limsup_{\epsilon ...
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102 views

An application of the Dambis-Dubins-Schwarz theorem. Is my argument correct?

I attended a lecture today, in which the professor went through an example with a lot of tedious calculations to show something which I'd think would follow directly from the Dambis-Dubins-Schwarz ...
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73 views

Laws and Moments of two dimensional brownian motions

I am a bit rusty on this. So let us consider the following two dimensional standard Brownian motion issued from zero defined on the probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F},\mathbb{P})$ (note that, in ...
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2-D exponential functional brownian motion

I'm looking for the distribution of $X = \int_0^T e^{-W_t} dt \int_0^T e^{W_t}dt$ and $Y = \frac{\int_0^T e^{-W_t} dt}{ \int_0^T e^{W_t}dt}$ (where $W_t$ is a standard brownian motion) On most ...
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63 views

Geometric Brownian motion - Share Prices

The current share price quoted to 30 €. The volatility is 25% per annum. The drift of 5% per annum 1) How is the share price in 6 months probabilistic distributed? 2) The expected value ...
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Convolution of Brownian function with characteristic function

Given Brownian function defined on the interval $[0,1]$. Our aim is to filter this function, one may use the low band pass filter. The idea is to cut the high frequency of its Fourier transform by ...
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$E \left [B^2_s \left( \int^t_s B_u dB_u \right)^2 \right]$

I am trying to solve following expectation $E \left [B^2_s \left( \int^t_s B_u dB_u \right)^2 \right]$ with $0 \leq s \leq t \leq T$ and $B_t$ a 1-dim. Brownian motion. Further using $E \left[ . ...
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48 views

given SDE how to find martingale measure

I've been stuck with the question how to find a measure to make a discounted price a martingale. I cannot use Girsanov because I am only given the SDE for which an unique strong solution exists but ...
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Probability that the value at time T from one geometric Brownian motion process is greater than the value from another GBM

I am having a competition between $n$ people (starts at time $t$=0), each who accumulates points on a daily basis, which I assume is a geometric Brownian motion process with parameters $\mu_i$, ...
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101 views

Expectation of brownian motion at hitting time

Am i correct in my derivation? I want to calculate $\mathbb{E}B_{\tau_a}$. From the definition of the hitting time i get $B_{\tau_a}=a$, so $$\mathbb{E}B_{\tau_a}=\mathbb{E}a=a$$ I am new to the ...
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269 views

Running maximum for Geometric Brownian Motion

Can anyone provide the expression and source for the running maximum $M_t$ for geometric Brownian motion $X_t$ as a function of the initial value $X_0$, drift $\mu$ and diffusion $\sigma$? $X_t$ ...
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97 views

Quadratic covariation of Itô processes

I haven't found any similar question in the forum, so I trust some of you will find this thought-provoking (at the very least). Perhaps you can help me. Let's consider first the two following ...
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196 views

Brownian Bridge as a Gaussian Process

Let $B=\{B_t:t\geq 0\}$ be a standard Brownian motion. Define the Brownian brige $X=\{X_t:t\geq0\}$ as $$ X_t=B_t-tB_1\quad t\in[0,1] $$ Show that $X$ is (i) Gaussian and find its (ii) mean and (iii) ...
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1answer
83 views

Show that this is a stopping time

Show that $\sigma=\inf \{ t\ge 0 : |B_t|= \log t \}$ is a stopping time with respect to $(\mathcal F_t^B)_{t\ge0}$. I've been trying to put the set $\{\sigma\le t\}$ equal to a countable union and ...
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1answer
81 views

expectations of Brownian motions

Let $B_t$ be a standard Brownian motion started at zero, and let $M_t$ be a stochastic process defined by $M_t=3\int_0^{t^{1/9}} s^4dB_s$ Compute $E\left[1+\int_0^t(1+M_s)^4 dM_s\right]$. Compute ...