Questions related to Brownian motion, a continuous stochastic process denoted by $W_t$, $t\geq 0$, with independent increments, such that $W(t)-W(s)$ is normally distributed, with $0$ mean and variance $t-s$.

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424 views

Brownian Bridge Representation

Let $B_t$ be a Wiener Process, then $U_t=B_t-tB_1,~0\le t \le 1$ is a Brownian bridge. Show that $X_t=(1+t)U_{{t}/({1+t})}$ is a Wiener Process. I'm not quite sure how to start this off. Any help ...
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131 views

maximum of a brownian motion and its integral

Let $W_{t}$ be a brownian motion and $$ W^{*}_{t} = \max_{s<t} W_{s} $$ Then can you please explain why we have this: $$ (W^{*}_{t} - W_{t})dW^{*}_{t} = 0 $$
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424 views

Solutions to stochastic differential equations

I'm in a bit of trouble with my homework and was wondering if anyone could help me find the solutions to these two stochastic differential equations. Would really appreciate it! Thanks in advance! :) ...
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331 views

Brownian motion introduction

I didn't get any answers to my previous question; so I am trying a different tack. I am familiar with a first course in probability theory using measure theory, to the extent of proving the Central ...
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1answer
691 views

Brownian hitting time of a _very_ simple linear boundary

I realize that general results on the hitting times of a curve are practically nonexistant, but I am hoping that someone can string together a sequence of tricks to tell me what $$ \Pr\left( ...
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68 views

A variation of Lévy's characterization of Brownian motion

It is shown here, without using stochastic calculus, that if $W_t$ is a standard Brownian motion, then $$ f(W_t)-\frac{1}{2}\int_0^t f''(W_s)ds $$ is a martingale, where $f\in C^2$ and compactly ...
4
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112 views

Laws and Moments of two dimensional brownian motions

I am a bit rusty on this. So let us consider the following two dimensional standard Brownian motion issued from zero defined on the probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F},\mathbb{P})$ (note that, in ...
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238 views

Application of central limit theorem for triangular arrays

A (1-dim) Brownian motion $(B_t)_{t \geq 0}$ satisfies the following properties: (B0): $B_0=0$ a.s. (B1): $(B_t)_t$ has independent increments (B2): $(B_t)_t$ has stationary increments, ...
4
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204 views

Show that $M_t$ is a Standard Brownian Motion

Let $M=(M_t)_{t\geq0}$ with $$M_t=\int_0^{\log\sqrt{1+2t}}e^s\text{d}B_s$$ where $(B_t)_{t\geq0}$ is a Standard Brownian Motion. Show that $M$ is also a Standard Brownian Motion and compute ...
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2answers
306 views

Question about an exercise in Revuz/Yor

I'm solving exercise 2.28 in Revuz/Yor. I was able to prove 1). Unfortunately at 2) I got stuck. I have to show: Let $B$ be a d-dimensional Brownian motion and $A\in \mathcal{A}:=\cap_t ...
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103 views

Using Girsanov theorem to prove density of stopping time

Let $B$ be a standard Brownian motion and for $a>0$ and $b>0$, and set $$\sigma_{a,b} = \inf\{t\,:\, B_t + bt = a\}.$$ There are at least two ways to solve the following problem (the other one ...
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1answer
194 views

Solving a PDE with Feynman-Kac Formula

I'm trying to solve this PDE using Feynman-Kac formula Now i follow the regular steps Here is where I don't know how to proceed. How do I calculate this expectation?
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147 views

Brownian Motion and stochastic integration on the complete real line

I'm struggling to understand stochastic integration over intervals containing zero, i.e. integrals of the form $\int_{a}^{b} X_s \, d B_s$ where $-\infty \leq a < b \leq \infty$, $(X_t)_{t \in ...
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179 views

An exercise from Revuz, Yor; equality in distribution of 2 integrals.

Here is the exercise I have been struggling to solve. It is taken from this book by Revuz and Yor: link. Here is the full text of the problem ( Exercise 3.32, chapter 4). Exercise (3.32). Let $B$ and ...
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64 views

2-D exponential functional brownian motion

I'm looking for the distribution of $X = \int_0^T e^{-W_t} dt \int_0^T e^{W_t}dt$ and $Y = \frac{\int_0^T e^{-W_t} dt}{ \int_0^T e^{W_t}dt}$ (where $W_t$ is a standard brownian motion) On most ...
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611 views

Running maximum for Geometric Brownian Motion

Can anyone provide the expression and source for the running maximum $M_t$ for geometric Brownian motion $X_t$ as a function of the initial value $X_0$, drift $\mu$ and diffusion $\sigma$? $X_t$ ...
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190 views

Time scaling of Brownian motion

Let $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion and $A_t$ be an increasing continuous process adapted to the filtration generated by the Brownian Motion and $A_0 = 0$. I am trying to prove ...
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329 views

Stochastic integrals and new probability measures

Let $B$ be a standard Brownian motion on $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P, ({\mathcal{F}_t})_{t\ge0})$, where the filtration is the one generated by $B$. Fix a time interval $[0,T]$. Define the process $X$ as ...
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160 views

Using a laplace type expansion to get bounds on an integral arising in the study of Brownian motion

Let $ 0 < r < 1$, fix $x > 1$ and consider the integral $$ I_{r}(x) = \int_{1}^{\infty} \exp\left( - \frac{x^2}{2y^{2r}} - \frac{y^2}{2}\right) \frac{dy}{y^r}.$$ In the investigation of ...
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399 views

Independent increments?

The questions are simple: Does the process $ X(t) = \int_0^t B(s)ds$ have independent increments? What about $X(t) = \int_{t-r}^{t}B(s)ds$? Here $B$ denotes the standard Brownian motion. ...
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129 views

Brownian motion: Show $\lim \sum W_{i} (W_{i+1}-W_{i})=\frac12 W^2_t-\frac12 t$ in probability.

Let $\{t_i\}_{i=1}^n$ be a partition of $[0,t]$ and $W$ a standard Brownian motion. Write $W_i$ for $W_{t_i}$. Show $$ \lim \sum W_{i} (W_{i+1}-W_i)=\frac12 W^2_t-\frac12 t $$ where the limit is in ...
3
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1answer
113 views

Show the limsup of $B_t/\sqrt{t}$ when $t\to\infty$ is positive

I am trying to prove the following statement about the standard Brownian Motion: $\varlimsup_{t\rightarrow\infty} \frac{B_t}{\sqrt{t}}>0$. I know that it is trivial to prove the above statement by ...
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158 views

That Brownian Motion's increments are gaussian is “not surprising”?

In section 1 of chapter 1 of Continuous Martingales and Brownian Motion, the authors claim that the fact that the increments of of Brownian motion are gaussian random variables "is not ...
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163 views

Mean and variance of this random variable

How can we compute the mean and variance of $e^{W_tW_s} $ where $(W_t)_{t \geq 0} $ is a Brownian motion? If we want to compute $ \mathbb{E}(W_tW_s) $, the usual thing to do is to assume that $ s ...
3
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1answer
639 views

Solving SDE: $dX(t) = udt + \sigma X(t)dB(t)$

Solve the SDE: $dX(t) = udt + \sigma X(t)dB(t)$ Provided Question The SDE is $dX(t) = udt + \sigma X(t)dB(t)$. Find $X(t)$, where $X(t)$ is some stochastic process and $B(t)$ is a Wiener process. ...
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2answers
31 views

Show that $\mathbb{E}[X_t]=X_0e^{-ct}$ if $X_t=X_0e^{-ct}+\sigma e^{-ct}\int_0^te^{cs}dW_s$, $X_0\in\mathbb{R}$

so I know the result is trivially correct, but I am being asked to prove it. I tried using a theorem, but it seems rather contradictory. Thanks in advance! Question: Show that ...
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1answer
28 views

Solving the Geometric Brownian Motion on a general interval.

I know that the Geometric Brownian Motion, with the expression $dX_t = v X_t dt + \sigma X_t dW_t$ has the next solution $$X_t = X_0 e^{\sigma W_t+ (v-\frac{\sigma ^2}{2})t}$$ on the interval $[0,T]$. ...
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849 views

Proving the reflection principle of Brownian motion

The reflection principle of Brownian motion states that Brownian motion reflected at some stopping time $\tau$ is still a Brownian motion. The proof found in Mörters & Peres (as well as in ...
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1answer
56 views

two r.v sharing the same law

I have a question: Let $X=B^{+}$ or $X=|B|$ where $B$ is the standard Brownian motion. Set $$J_p=\sup_{t\geq 0}(X_t-t^{\frac{p}{2}})$$ where $p>1$ and $q$ its conjugate ...
3
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1answer
200 views

Probability for brownian motion

How can I prove it? For $b>a>0$, show that $$ \operatorname{Pr}\left({\sup_{t\geqslant 0}\left(\frac{b+X(t)}{1+t}\right)\geqslant a}\right)=e^{-2a(a-b)} $$ where $X(t)$ is a Brownian ...
3
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1answer
507 views

$\mathcal{F_t}$-martingales with Itô's formula?

I need a little help with a problem. I am given some stochastic processes and supposed to show that they are $\mathcal{F_t}-$martingales. The first one is this, and they all look similar: ...
3
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1answer
270 views

a question about Wiener process

I don't quite understand a property of the Wiener process. Such process has the property that $W(t) - W(s) \sim \mathcal{N}(0, t-s)$ where $t > s > 0$. What I don't understand is this. As the ...
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1answer
27 views

Evaluate $\mathbb{E}\left(\left[W\left(\frac{k}{n}\right)-W(t)\right]^2\right)$ for all $t\in\left(\frac{k}{n},\frac{k+1}{n}\right]$

I am trying to do a past exam paper to practice, but I don't know if I have answered this question properly... I would really appreciate it if someone could double check it. Thanks a lot! QUESTION: ...
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22 views

Notation in stochastic integrals

There are some notation I don't understand: Given $W_t$, $n$-dimensional Brownian motion, and a smooth function $u:R^n\to R$ my book asserts: $$E^x\left[u(W_0)\right]=u(x)$$ What is the notation ...
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1answer
66 views

How to compute stochastic integral: $\int_0^t d(B_s^2)$

Here, $B_t$ is Brownian motion at time $t$ What property is used to compute the integreal $\int_0^t d(B_s^2)$? Shouldn't there be some other variable attached with the differential $d$ ?
3
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1answer
121 views

How to compute $E[W_t^4]$, with $W_t$ being a standard Wiener process

I want to compute the fourth moment of a standard Wiener process: $E[W_t^4]$. My solution is not equal to the one in my textbook but I don't understand where I am wrong. I started by applying Ito's ...
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1answer
430 views

Hermite Polynomials and Brownian motion

I am asked to prove the following : Let $B_t$ be a standard brownian motion. The $n$th Hermite polynomial is $\displaystyle H_n(t,x)=\frac{(−t)^n}{n!} e^{x^2/(2t)} \frac{d^n}{dx^n}e^{-x^2/(2t)}$. ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Determine the distribution of $\int_0^t (W_s-\frac{s}{t}W_t) ds$, where $(W_s)_{s\geq 0}$ is a brownian motion

I have to find the distribution of $X_t:=\int_0^t (W_s-\frac{s}{t}W_t) ds$ where $(W_s)_{s\geq 0}$ is a brownian motion. I already showed the first integral $\int_0^t W_s ds$ is ...
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1answer
149 views

Strong Markov property of Brownian motion

I was able to understand Brownian Motion $\{B(t):t\geq0\}$ has Strong Markov Property i.e. For any stopping time $\tau$, $P(B(t+\tau)\leq y | \mathcal{F}_{\tau})=P(B(t+\tau)\leq y|B(\tau))$ a.s. , $y ...
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461 views

Is the condition “sample paths are continuous” an appropriate part of the “characterization” of the Wiener process?

Wikipedia has separate articles on "Brownian motion" and "Wiener process" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brownian_motion and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiener_process ). I am not an expert, but that ...
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89 views

Given the SDE: $dX_t=dB_t+b(X_t) dt$ with $(x,b(x)) \leq 0, \forall x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, prove that $E[|X_t|^2] \leq nt+E[|X_0|^2]$

I'm working on this problem: Given a solution $X_t$ to the SDE $$dX_t=dB_t+b(X_t) dt$$ where $B_t$ is an $n$-dimensional Brownian motion, and $b:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ a Lipschitz ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Are these 2 random variable independent???

Assume $\{B_t:t\ge0\}$ be a brownian motion process. Is $B_s-\frac{s}{t}B_t$ and $B_t$ independent given that ($s\le t$)
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60 views

$E \left\{ \left( \sum_{i=0}^{n-1} \left[ B_{c_i} \left( B_{t_{i+1}} - B_{t_i}\right)\right] \right)^2 \right\}$, where $c_i \in [t_i, t_{i+1}]$

Let $B$ be a standard Brownian motion and $\{t_i\}_{i=0}^n$ a partition of $[0,t]$. Define $c_i= (1-c)t_{i+1}+ct_i$, for some $c \in [0,1]$. Write $B_i$ for $B_{t_i}$ and $$ S_n=\sum_{i=0}^{n-1} ...
3
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1answer
1k views

To show that a given process is Gaussian

Suppose I have given a Brownian Motion $W$, this is a Gaussian process, and I define: $$B_s:=W_{t-s}-W_t$$ for $0\le s\le t$. Clearly this random variable has expectation zero. For the covariance ...
3
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1answer
290 views

Are hitting times of Brownian motion independent?

Suppose that $B_t$ is a standard Brownian motion. And $T_a$, $T_b$ are the hitting time whereas $a<0$, $b>0$. Then are these two random variables independent?
3
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1answer
43 views

Expectation of a product involving Brownian motion

I would need to verify if this solution is fine. Let $W_t$ be a Brownian motion and $\lambda > 0, \text{ } \lambda \in \mathbb{R}$. Calculate $\mathbb{E} \left[W_t e^{(\lambda W_t)}\right]$. ...
3
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1answer
28 views

Expected Value and Variance of a GBM Function

What is the the expected value of the process $Y = X^{3}$, where X satises the SDE $$ dXt = −X_tdt + σX_tdB_t $$ $(σ > 0)$ and $X_0 = 1$ I have two different answers: 1) I know that $X_t$ is a ...
3
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1answer
25 views

Density Function of Random Variable Related to Brownian Motion

Above is my question. I've done the first two parts, that's no problem. I'm stuck on finding the density of the rv $R = W_1 / M$. I have got as far as $$g(x,y) = \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Local maximum of brownian motions

Let $B=(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be the standard Brownian motion. I want to show that for every $t_0 \geq 0$ $\mathbb{P}$($B$ has a local maximum in $t_0$)=0. I've already shown that for every ...
3
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1answer
37 views

On random rotational fluctuations in $\mathbb{R}^n$

Imagine first a disk that is mostly stationary, except for random ("thermal" if you like) "rotational fluctuations" around its axis (which is fixed). Something a bit like what's shown in the figure ...