Questions related to Brownian motion, a continuous stochastic process denoted by $W_t$, $t\geq 0$, with independent increments, such that $W(t)-W(s)$ is normally distributed, with $0$ mean and variance $t-s$.

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96 views

Why is a brownian motion conditioned to stay positive a Bessel-3

I am told this result long ago but I still don't know how to prove it. Is it because that this conditioning can be turned into a Girsanov probability change? Or is there any simpler ways to see it?
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108 views

Geometric Brownian motion - Volatility Interpretation

A Geometric Brownian motion satisfying the SDE $dS_t = rS_t dt+\sigma S_t dW_t$ has the analytic solution $$S_t = S_0\exp\left\{\left(r-\frac{\sigma^2}{2}\right)t\right\}\exp\{\sigma W_t\}$$ Recently ...
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55 views

Local time of fractional Brownian motion

For BM, there is a downcrossing representation of the local time at 0. Namely, $L_t(0)=\lim_2 (b_i-a_i)D(a_i,b_i,t)$, where $D$ is the number of downcrossing between level $b_i$ and $a_i$. I am ...
2
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219 views

Brownian motion conditional probability

If $B$ is the standard brownian motion and $a,b >0$ I want to show, using the reflection principle $$\mathbb{P}\left(B_t\geq a-b | \inf_{s\leq t} B_s \geq -b\right) = \frac{\mathbb P(|B_t+x|\leq ...
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253 views

Is the absolute value of Brownian motion a super martingale?Is it a sub martingale? Is it a Markov process?

I've just started to study random processes and I'm trying to solve the following problem: Let $W(t)$ be a Brownian motion with filtration $F(t)$ generated by $ W(t)$ (i.e., $F(t)=\sigma \left( ...
2
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170 views

Almost sure non differentiability of Brownian Motion

Problem: Let $t>0$, show that the standard Brownian motion is almost surely not differentiable a $t$ Now, through a Borel Cantelli argument I proved that, almost surely $$\limsup_{\epsilon ...
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508 views

Running maximum for Geometric Brownian Motion

Can anyone provide the expression and source for the running maximum $M_t$ for geometric Brownian motion $X_t$ as a function of the initial value $X_0$, drift $\mu$ and diffusion $\sigma$? $X_t$ ...
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109 views

Verifying a standard Brownian Motion?

Let $\{X_t, t\ge 0\}$ be a standard Brownian motion process. For a fixed positive number s and all $t\ge 0$, we define $Y_t = X_{t+s} - X_s$. Is $\{Y_t, t\ge0\}$ a standard Brownian motion? Attempt: ...
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51 views

Can anyone explain me this proof about a Brownian Motion?

Prove that the process $W_t=(1+t)U_{t/(1+t)}$ on $[0,\infty)$ is a Brownian motion. $\text{(b)}$ Clearly $Y_0=U_0=0$, and inherits continuity of sample paths from $U_t$ (and hence from $W_t$). ...
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902 views

Integrating deterministic function with respect to Brownian motion

I have looked everywhere for a satisfactory answer to this, including Shreve's textbooks, but I can't find one. If I want to integrate a some deterministic function f(t) with respect to brownian ...
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68 views

first hitting time probability for a Brownian motion with variable diffusion

I am looking for the first hitting time probability of the following Brownian motion: $dX=\mu X dt+ \sigma (X) X dW$ assuming $X(0)=X_0$ and $\sigma(X)= \sigma_1$ if $X>X_1$ and ...
2
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53 views

Exercise in brownian motion

Consider a system of n particles moving in three dimensional space under the action of an external force with $C^1$ potential V and coupled to a heat bath causing an external random effect. Then we ...
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125 views

Quadratic variation process of $G$–Brownian motion

I would like to prove the inequality $$\hat{\mathbb{E}}\left[\left(\int^T_0 \eta_t d \langle B \rangle_t \right)^2\right] \leq C \hat{\mathbb{E}}\left[ \int^T_0 \eta^2_t dt \right],$$ where $\langle B ...
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87 views

Negative moments of a functional of Wiener process

At the moment I am reading D. Nualart's The Malliavin Calculus and Related Topics. The problem I am trying to solve is the following: Show that the random variable $\int_0^1 s^2\arctan W_s\, ds$ ...
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148 views

Independence of Brownian motion-related stopping times

Let $(B_t,\mathcal{F}_t)_{t \geq 0}$ a Brownian motion on a probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{A},\mathbb{P})$. For $a \in \mathbb{R}$ define a stopping time $\tau_a$ by $$\tau_a := \tau(a) := ...
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140 views

Independence of Brownian Motion with respect to a stopping time

Let $B_t$ be a brownian motion, $B_0=0$, and $\gamma \in \mathbb{R}$. Now, let's build the following stopping time: \begin{equation} T = \inf \{ t \geq 0 : |B_t + \gamma t| = 1 \}. \end{equation} If ...
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99 views

A problem with regard to Wiener process

Let $W$ be a Wiener process and $U_x$ is the amount of time spent below $x$ during time interval $(0,1)$. Hence $U_x=\int\limits_0^1I_{\{W(t)<x\}}dt$. My question is: what is the probability ...
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160 views

Integral representation of fractional Brownian motion

Let $H\in$ $]0,1[$. A fractional Brownian motion $\left(B_H(t)\right)_{t\geq 0}$ can be represented as $${1\over C(H)}\int_\mathbb{R}\left((t-s)_+^{H-{1\over2}}-(-s)_+^{H-{1\over2}}\right)dB(s)$$ ...
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217 views

Correlated diffusion processes and covariance matrix

I'm really noob in maths topics so I hope you will excuse me if I use terms which aren't correct. I would like to simulate $n$ dimensional diffusion processes with $n$ noises. Each process has its ...
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46 views

prove that two r.v.s share the same law

I have a question in my homework about Brownian motion. Does someone have a idea about the following question? Let $X=B^+$ or $|B|$ where $B$ is a standard BM, $p>1$ be a real number and $q$ its ...
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115 views

Ruin probability

Let $X_t$ be a solution of the stochastic differential equation $$ dX_t= -\frac{c-1}{2 X_t}dt+ dB_t, \, \qquad X_0=x_0$$ where $c$ is a real constant and $B_t$ is a Brownian motion. Can you give me ...
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258 views

Defining Brownian motion through Kolmogorov's extension theorem

In section 2.2. of Oksendal's book on Stochasic differential equations, he defines Brownian motion by specifying a family of probability measures $\nu_{t_1, \ldots, t_k}(F_1, \ldots, F_k)$ that ...
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6 views

Derive Laplace Equation through Random Walk

I am looking for the solution of this problem: Consider a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $u(x,y)$ be the probability of exiting $\Omega$ starting at $p=(x,y)$, assuming that the ...
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22 views

Convergence in distribution of BM started in (x,y) to BM started in (0,0)

Let $B$ be a Brownian motion in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ . Let $\mathbb{P}_{(x,y)}$ denote a probability measure under which $B$ is started at $(x,y)$ . Is it true in general that, for measurable set ...
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26 views

Two-parameters Wiener process

Two-parameters Wiener process $W(r, u), r \in [0, 1], u \in [0,1]$ is a stochastic process with a covariate kernel $\mathbb{E}\left[W(r_1, u_1) W(r_2, u_2)\right] = \min(r_1, r_2) \min(u_1, u_2)$. ...
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14 views

Functions of Brownian Motion and Time

Sorry, this will be a little long. I'm currently working on a problem where I basically have an SDE logistic equation: $$dX_t = diag(x_1,\cdots, x_n)[b+Ax-\lambda \eta(t)] dt + diag(x_1,\cdots, ...
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30 views

covariance of two correlated integrated brownian motions

Assume we have two integrated Brownian Motions $\int_0^tf(t)dW_t$ and $\int_0^tg(t)dY_t$ where the $d$-dimensional Brownian Motions $W$ and $Y$ are correlated according to the positive semi-definite ...
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30 views

Mgf of first passage time of brownian motion

Define the $\tau_x=inf\{t:W_t = x\}$, where $W_t$ is a brownian motion. I know the distribution of $\tau_x$ is $$f_{\tau_x}(t)=\frac{|x|}{\sqrt{2\pi}}t^{-1.5}e^{\frac{-x^2}{2t}}$$, which is an ...
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17 views

Simulation of Brownian Motion on Borel Spaces

I am studying stochastic calculus on my own, and currently stuck to the following issue. Say my probability space is $(\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb P)$. Now when my $\Omega$ has sequences of finite ...
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30 views

What is the distribution of $\sup\limits_{t\geq 0}( B_t-xt)$

I would like to find the distribution of $\sup\limits_{t\geq 0}( B_t-xt)$, where $(B_t)_{t \geq 0}$ is a Wiener process and $x > 0$. I don't know how to begin. Any help is appreciated.
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31 views

Why does Brownian motion have finite $L^2$ norm?

The title might be a bit misleading. Sorry for that but here is the question. For predictable processes $X$, the $L^2$ norm over the set $[0,T]\times\Omega$ under the Doleans measure $\mu_M$, $M$ ...
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33 views

Is {Yt} a Brownian motion?

Suppose {B(t)} and {B˜(t)} are two independent standard Brownian motions and ρ is a constant, −1 < ρ < 1. The process Y(t) = ρB(t) + sqrt(1- ρ^2)*B˜(t) is distributed as a normal random variable ...
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18 views

Proving a process is a P Brownian Motion

Let $X_t = tW_{\frac{1}{t}} \forall t>0$ and $X_0 = 0$. I am trying to show that this process is a brownian motion under some measure P. I have shown that it is continuous and that it is ...
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75 views

Multiple absorbing boundaries

I am interested in the relation between absorbing boundaries and the trajectories of particles (evolving according to a Brownian motion). The probability to hit a boundary at a given time can be ...
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0answers
15 views

A measure for the “typicalness” of a Brownian path

Suppose I have a continuous function $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$, and I wish to measure somehow how similar it is, in some sense, to a Brownian motion $\{B(t)\mid t\in[0,1]\}$ (with $B(0)=0$). I was ...
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0answers
24 views

Application of Girsanov theorem

Let $f(t)$, $t \geq 0$ be a smooth function with $f(0) = 0$ and let $B(t)$, $t \geq 0$ be a brownian motion. Let $P$ and $Q$ be two measures on $C[0,1]$ corresponding to respectively, $B(t)$, $t \geq ...
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37 views

Deriving mean and variance of a function of Gaussian process

Suppose $\mathbb{G}$ is a tight zero mean Gaussian process and $F$ is an absolutely continuous CDF $$Y=\int_a^b\frac{d\mathbb{G}}{1-F}-\int_a^b\frac{\mathbb{G} \, dF}{(1-F)^2}$$ I know that $Y$ is a ...
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0answers
37 views

Independence of increments of some processes

I am stuck on this question: Let $(B_t)$ be a standard Brownian motion. Define $$ (\tau_1)_t := \inf \{s \geq 0 : B_s = t \} ; \quad (\tau_2)_t := \inf \{s \geq 0 : B_s > t \}. $$ Any ideas how ...
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0answers
46 views

Conditional expectation involving Brownian Bridge

I have no ideas on this problem: Let $(B_t, 0 \leq t \leq 1)$ be a standard Brownian motion in $1$ dimension. Let $Z^y_t = yt+ (B_t -tB_1)$. We call $\{Z^y_t\}_{0 \leq t \leq 1}$ a Brownian Bridge ...
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82 views

fractional Brownian motion is not a semimartingale. How to apply Ergodic theorem in the proof of this theorem?

Here is the proof of the theorem. I couldn't understand how to apply Ergodic theorem in this proof. Let $X=(X_t)_{t\geq0}$ be a fractional Brownian motion with self-similar parameter $H\in(0,1)$. We ...
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0answers
49 views

Optional Sampling Theorem Application

Let x, y > 0. Define the first passage time of a Brownian motion $W_t$ as $\tau_a$ = min{t $\ge$ 0: $W_t$ = a}. I need to show that $$E[e^{-u\tau_x}1_{\tau_x < \tau_{-y}}] = ...
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27 views

Level sets of a Wiener process

Assume we have a Wiener process $W$ starting at $W_0=0$. What can one tell about the Lebesgue measure of "level sets" $A_y = \{t>0; W_t=y\}, y \in \mathbb{R}$? I actually need to estimate these ...
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0answers
132 views

Expectation of Exponential of Stochastic Integral

Let $z$ be the standard Brownian motion, $\omega$ an element of the sample space. Is it true that $$ \mathbf E\bigg[\exp\Big(\int_0^t f(\omega,s)\,\mathrm dz(s)\Big)\bigg] = \mathbf ...
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59 views

What is the distribution of the area between a Brownian Bridge and the x-axis?

Lets say that we have a Standard Brownian Bridge ($\sigma=1$) with endpoints $(0,0),(1,0)$ Is there a way to derive the distribution of the area between a sample path of this bridge and the x-axis?? ...
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54 views

Cameron Martin Theorem

I am struggling with two versions of the Cameron Martin Theorem. 1) We define the measure spaces $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},P)$ and $(C[0,1],\mathcal{C},\mathbb{L}_0)$, where $\mathcal{C}:=\sigma(f\mapsto ...
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29 views

Probability that Brownian motion hits both hemispheres

The problem is to find: $P_{x}(\{T_{B_{1}}<\infty\}\cap \{T_{B_{2}}<\infty\})$ where $B_{1},B_{2}$ are the two hemispheres of sphere S shown below. There are two possible paths for first ...
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0answers
135 views

Expectation of absolute value of Brownian motion

I'm working on this problem that I can't seem to figure out. The problem involves a 1-dimensional Brownian motion, $B_t$, where the subscript denotes the time, and it asks me to show that the ...
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49 views

$E[e^{\lambda X_t}|\mathcal{F_s}]$, where $X_t=\int_0^t(W_s-\frac{s}{t}W_t )ds$

I was trying to compute $E[e^{\lambda X_t}|\mathcal{F_s}]$, where $X_t=\int_0^t(W_s-\frac{s}{t}W_t) ds$, $\mathcal{F}$ is associated to $W$. I tried the following. 1) Splitting the integral ...
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0answers
66 views

Hyperbolic vs Euclidean Brownian Motion

In this article, page 4 of the linked pdf file, Lalley and Sellke claim that a hyperbolic Brownian motion can be obtained by time-changing a 2-dimensional Euclidean Brownian motion, conditioned to ...
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32 views

Stopped supremum of the Brownian local time still $L^p$ bounded in space?

Let $B_t$ be a standard Brownian motion and $L_t^x$ its local time in $x$ at time $t$. For fixed $t$ and $p>1$, it holds that $$ \sup_{x \in \mathbb{R}} \operatorname{E} [ (L_t^x)^p ] < ...