# Tagged Questions

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### Donsker for randomly stopped processes

A question regarding Donsker's invariance principle. Donsker states that if $X_1, X_2, ...$ are independent and identically distributed with mean $0$ and variance $\sigma^2$ and if $S_t^n$ is the ...
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### Diffusion processes

I am trying to work out a problem to which I have not found similar solutions on the website. Perhaps you can help me out. Let $X = (X_t)_{t\geq0}$ be a non-negative diffusion process which solves ...
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### Local time of fractional Brownian motion

For BM, there is a downcrossing representation of the local time at 0. Namely, $L_t(0)=\lim_2 (b_i-a_i)D(a_i,b_i,t)$, where $D$ is the number of downcrossing between level $b_i$ and $a_i$. I am ...
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### $4^{Brownian(t)}$ martingale proof

Let $B(t)$ a Brownian motion. I like to prove that $4^{B(t)}$ = martingale I rewrote the expression into an exponential form (like $\exp(\ln(4) B)$), but then I don't know how to proceed.
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### Estimating the maximum of a Brownian motion over the unit interval

Let $\left(B_t\right)_{t \in \left[0,\infty\right)}$ be a standard Brownian motion over the probability space $\left(\Omega, \mathcal{A}, P\right)$. For each $x \in \left(0, \infty\right)$, give an ...
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### First hitting time in the one-dimensional case by solving a boundary value problem

If have a question about section 3.1 in the paper Kramers' law: Validity, derivations and generalisations by Nils Berglund. (See http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.5799 page 7 - 9) On page 8 it says, that ...
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### What is the importance of the infinitesimal generator of Brownian motion?

I have read that the infinitesimal generator of Brownian motion is $\frac{1}{2}\small\triangle$. Unfortunately, I have no background in semigroup theory, and the expositions of semigroup theory I have ...
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### A Brownian motion $B$ that is discontinuous at an independent, uniformly distributed random variable $U(0,1)$

Suppose that $\left\{B\left(t\right): t \geq 0\right\}$ is a Brownian motion and $U$ is an independent random variable, which is uniformly distributed on $\left[0,1\right]$. Then the process ...
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### Strong approximation of a brownian motion path by a polygonal path

Consider an SBM $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$. Now we can obtain a polygonal path on $[0,n]$ by joining the integral points $B_0, B_1, \ldots, B_n$ with segments and call this path $B^{n}_t$. Now I want to bound ...
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### Proof that finite-dimensional Wiener process distributions are Gaussian

I have to prove that finite-dimensional Wiener process distributions are Gaussian and calculate them. How should I start? I know the definition and properties of Wiener process.
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### Fake Brownian Motion

Does there exist a martingale which has Marginal distributions same as Brownian Motion marginals but the process itself not being Brownian motion? Any references are highly appreciated. Thanks.
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### Time scaling of Brownian motion

Let $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion and $A_t$ be an increasing continuous process adapted to the filtration generated by the Brownian Motion and $A_0 = 0$. I am trying to prove ...
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### The limit supremum of a function involving Brownian motion

I would like, for some $\delta>0$ and a Brownian motion $B$, to calculate $\displaystyle\limsup_{t\to\infty}\left(\exp\left( (1+\delta)t\right)\cdot\exp\left(-B_t-\frac{t}{2}\right)\right)$ ...
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### Exercise 3.3.25 of Karatzas and Shreve

This is the Exercise 3.25 of Karatzas and Shreve on page 163 Whith $W=\{W_t, \mathcal F_t; 0\leq t<\infty\}$ a standard, one-dimensional Brownian motion and $X$ a measurable, adapted process ...
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### I want to show $E(B(t)-B(s))^4=3(t-s)^2$

Let $B(t)$ and $B(s)$ are brownian-motion I want to show $$E(B(t)-B(s))^4=3(t-s)^2$$ thanks for help.
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### Problem 3.2.28 of Karatzas and Shreve

It's the Problem 2.28 of Karatzas and Shreve on Page 147: Let $M=W$ be standard Brownian motion and $X\in\mathcal{p}$. We define for $0\leq s<t<\infty$ \zeta_t^s(X)\triangleq\int_s^t X_u ...
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### Distribution of Difference of Independent Random Variables

Usually in the development of the theory of Brownian motion, one makes the assumption that $X_t$ (the coordinate functions on $(\mathbb{R}^*)^{[0,\infty)}$). have normal distributions with mean $0$ ...
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### Law of Large numbers using Brownian limit

Given a standard Brownian motion $\{B_t;0 \leq t < \infty \}$, we know that $\lim_{t \to \infty}\frac{B_t}{t} = 0$ a.s. I am interested to know if we can prove Strong Law of Large Numbers for any ...
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### Law of large numbers for Brownian Motion

Let $\{B_t: 0 \leq t < \infty\}$ be standard Brownian motion and let $T_n$ be an increasing sequence of finite stopping times converging to infinity a.s. Does the following property hold? ...
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### $\mathbb{E} \int_a^b W^3(t)\,dW(t)=?$

Is it true that $\mathbb{E} \int_a^b W^3(t)\,dW(t)=0$, for $a < b \in \mathbb{R}$ I know that for an adapted process $\Delta(t), t\geq 0$, the integral $\int_0^t \Delta(u)dW(u)$ is a ...
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### Application of Optional Sampling Theorem

Lets assume that Brownian Motion starts from some point $x$ for which $a<x<b$ holds. Let $\tau=\inf\{t:B_t\not\in [a,b]\}$ be a stopping time. Now I want to prove that for $\theta>0$ ,an ...
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### how to prove $\int_{0}^{a}B(t)dt\sim N(0,\frac{a^3}{3})$

Let $B(t)$ is Brownian Motion. I want to prove the integral $\int_{0}^{a}B(t)dt$ has normal distribution , $N(0,\frac{a^3}{3})$. means $\int_{0}^{a}B(t)dt\sim N(0,\frac{a^3}{3})$
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### $E[W_{t/3}W_{t/2} \mid \mathcal{F}_{t/5}]$ where W is a Brownian Motion and $\mathcal{F}$ is the natural filtration?

I am unsure how to go about finding this value. $\mathrm{E}[W(t/3)*W(t/2)|$ $\mathrm{F}(t/5)]$ I assume the trick invovles an additional conditional expectation, but I am not sure how to go about ...
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### Strong Markov Property Brownian Motion Question

If $\tau$ is a stopping time and $\omega(t)$ is Brownian Motion then the Strong Markov Theorem states that $Z(t)=\omega(t+\tau) -\omega(\tau)$ conditioned on $\{\tau <\infty\}$ is distributed as ...
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### Upper bounds on the sum in a Martingale process

My question is related the hitting time of not a random walk, but a more general martingale process. Suppose we start with an arbitrary $x_0=x$ with $0\leq x\leq 1$. We compute $x_{t+1}$ from $x_t$ ...
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### Conditional covariance

Just a simple question when we have $v_{st} = \operatorname{cov}(B_s, B_t\mid Z)$, where $B_t$ is a brownian motion. I know that the answer is $\min(s, t) - E[B_s Z]E[B_t Z]/E[Z^2]$ but i don't know ...
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### Brownian Motion hitting random point

I got a problem that seems to be quite standard and easy, but I have lots of problems with it. I do already know that $T_a:=\inf\{t\geq 0: B_t=a\}$ is a stopping time for any $a\in\mathbb{R}$ fixed, ...
I'm desperately trying to prove that for a standard BM $B_t$ the stopping time $T:=\inf\{t\geq0: B_t\geq\sqrt{1+t}\}$ is a.s. finite, i.e. $\mathbb{P}[T<\infty]=1$. I actually tried to play around ...
Today we proofed the (simple) Markov property for the Brownian motion. But I really don't get a crucial step in the proof. The theorem states in particular that for $s\geq0$ fixed, the process ...