0
votes
1answer
20 views

Is there an example that shows that the optional stopping theorem fails for finite (unbounded) stopping times?

Is there a martingale $M=(M_t)_{t\geq 0}$ and finite stopping times $S,T$ with $S \leq T$ a.s. such that $\mathrm{E}(|M_T|)<\infty$, but $M_S \neq \mathrm{E}(M_T|\mathcal{F}_S)$ a.s.? I found a ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

martingale and stochastic Integral

Let ${W_t}$ be 1 dimension Brownian motion and $X_t:=\exp(t/2)\cos W_t$ $t\in[0,T]$. Show that $X_t$ is martingale. I understood $df(t,W_t)=-\exp(t/2)\sin xdW_t$ , but I don't know why it become ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Showing that a certain stochastic process does not have normal distributed increments

Edit: Question Resolved. See below. As a part of my bachelor thesis, I have to work through a paper about fake Brownian motion by Oleszkiewicz. In this paper he defines a stochastic process. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Finding a pre-visible process

Question: Let $W_t$ be a standard brownian motion under P with filtration $\mathscr F_t$. Let: $$ M_t=\mathbb E[W_T^2|\mathscr F_t] $$ Show that $M$ is a P martingale. This is simple enough using ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Lookback option with floating strike: boundary condition

I am trying to make sense of one of the boundary conditions of a look-back option with floating strike. Some notation first: let $v(t,x,y)$ denote the price at time $t$ of the option under the ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Uniformly integrable martingale

I have the following martingale. $M_n=\exp\left(aB_n-\frac{1}{2}a^2n\right)$ for $n\geq0$ and $a\neq0$, $B_n$ is a BM. I have to show that for $a>0$, $M_n\rightarrow0$ in probability. Is $M_n$ ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Expectation of $e^{-4B_\tau}$, where $\tau$ is an extended stopping time

This is an specific example so with a bit of luck I can get some general methodology from your answers. I have this stopping time: $$ \tau = \inf\{t \geq 0; B_t < t-2 \} $$ This is a clear ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

Submartingale example: proof

I am trying to prove if the process $M_t = e^{W_t^2-t}$ is a submartingale ($W_t$ is the Wiener Process). The proof becomes a bit difficult, to the point where I am unsure how to move forward. Let ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Computing expectation of

I am reading a paper and got stuck on this simple equation: $$\mathbb{E}_t[e^{-cS_T}]$$ where $dS_t=\sigma W_t$ with $W_t$ standard 1 dimensional Brownian motion, $S_t=s$ and c some constant. I ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Find the distribution of the maximum of a Wiener Process with negative drift

So.. what I have now is Let $M=max\{W_t; 0\leq t <\infty\}$ since $W_0=0$, $M\geq 0$ with probability 1. So, $P(M>x)=P(T_x<\infty)$ where $T_x$ is the stopping time, so we now use the ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

$4^{Brownian(t)}$ martingale proof

Let $B(t)$ a Brownian motion. I like to prove that $4^{B(t)}$ = martingale I rewrote the expression into an exponential form (like $\exp(\ln(4) B)$), but then I don't know how to proceed.
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Is the absolute value of Brownian motion a super martingale?Is it a sub martingale? Is it a Markov process?

I've just started to study random processes and I'm trying to solve the following problem: Let $W(t)$ be a Brownian motion with filtration $F(t)$ generated by $ W(t)$ (i.e., $F(t)=\sigma \left( ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Find a parameter for which a process is martingale

Find $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$ for which $$2W_t^3+\beta tW_t$$ is a martingale, where $W_t$ is standard Wiener process. My attempt: $$E(2W_t^3+\beta tW_t|F_s)=2E(W_t^3|F_s)+\beta ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

An application of the Dambis-Dubins-Schwarz theorem. Is my argument correct?

I attended a lecture today, in which the professor went through an example with a lot of tedious calculations to show something which I'd think would follow directly from the Dambis-Dubins-Schwarz ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Show that a process is no semimartingale

_Hello everyone! I got a little question about how to show that the process $X_t:=|B_t|^{\frac{1}{3}}$ is NOT a semimartingale. So far I tried to apply Ito. Since if $X_t$ was a semimartingale so is ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Fake Brownian Motion

Does there exist a martingale which has Marginal distributions same as Brownian Motion marginals but the process itself not being Brownian motion? Any references are highly appreciated. Thanks.
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Time scaling of Brownian motion

Let $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion and $A_t$ be an increasing continuous process adapted to the filtration generated by the Brownian Motion and $A_0 = 0$. I am trying to prove ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Application of Optional Sampling Theorem

Lets assume that Brownian Motion starts from some point $x$ for which $a<x<b$ holds. Let $\tau=\inf\{t:B_t\not\in [a,b]\}$ be a stopping time. Now I want to prove that for $\theta>0$ ,an ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Quadratic Brownian Motion

If $B(t)$ is standard Brownian Motion then can we say that $B^2(t) -t $ is a martingale?? Given the following theorem: If $$ \max_{1<k<n} (t_k-t_{k-1}) \to 0$$ as $n \to \infty$ then ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Upper bounds on the sum in a Martingale process

My question is related the hitting time of not a random walk, but a more general martingale process. Suppose we start with an arbitrary $x_0=x$ with $0\leq x\leq 1$. We compute $x_{t+1}$ from $x_t$ ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Basic Martingale question

We know the following is a martingale, and is commonly used to represent Ito's Integral. If $W$ is a brownian motion. $ \int_0^T W(u) dW(u) = \frac{1}{2} W^2 (t) - \frac{1}{2}t, \ for \ \ T \ge t \ge ...
1
vote
1answer
393 views

Function of brownian motion is a martingale

Let $B_t,t\geq 0$ a brownian motion and $u(t,x)$ a function satisfying the following PDE $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}+\frac{1}{2}\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}=0.$$ Then we prove that ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Show that $M$ is a martingale

Let $B$ be typical Brownian motion with $\mu >0$ and $x \in \mathbb{R}$. $X(t):=x+B(t)+\mu t$, for each $t\geqslant 0$, Brownian motion with velocity $\mu$ that starts at $x$. For $r \in ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Using a Brownian martingale to compute the second moment of a hitting time

Prove $ W_t=B_t^4 -6B_t^2t+3t^2$ is a martingale, and compute $E(T^2)$ where $T=\inf(t\ge0,B_t=-a, B_t=b)$ if $a=b$. Ok, if $0\lt t\lt s$, $W_t$ is a martingale if $E(W_s|[B_r]_{r\le t})=W_t$ So ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Backward martingale property of quadratic variation

Let $\pi_n$ denotes a refining sequence of partitions of a finite closed interval (refining means $\pi_n\subset\pi_{n+1}).$ And we denote $\pi_n B = \sum_{t_i\in \pi_n}(B_{t_{i+1}}-B_{t_i})^2$, where ...
1
vote
1answer
485 views

Checking for Martingales on Stochastic processes

I am confused about how to check whether a process is Martingale. I know, I have to check for clear drift but a bit confused about to approach this problems. I need to apply Ito's first i think. For ...
1
vote
1answer
295 views

d-dimensional Brownian motion and martingales

I was solving questions from the Martingales chapter in "Stochastic Processes" by Richard Bass. There was a question regarding d- dimensional Brownian motions(BM): Let $(W_t^1,...,W_t^d)$ be a d ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

How to show that $X_t = \frac{1}{\left| B_t -x\right|}\mathbb{1}_{\left\{ B_t \neq x\right\}}$ (“inverse brownian”) is a martingale?

Consider $$X_t = \frac{1}{\left| B_t -x\right|}\mathbb{1}_{\left\{ B_t \neq x\right\}}$$ where $ \left(B_{t }\right)_{t \geq 0}$ is a $ \mathcal F_t$- brownian motion in $\mathbb R ^3$, null at ...
-3
votes
1answer
713 views

How to prove the martingale?

How to prove that the integral $\int_{0}^{+\infty}\upsilon e^{-ru}S_{u}dW_{u}^{Q}$ is a martingale under Q where $S_{t}$ is a martingale under Q and $\mathbb{E}^{Q}[\int_{0}^{+\infty}|\upsilon ...
1
vote
1answer
548 views

How do you show this is a martingale?

How do you show the following process is a martingale? My notes say it is a martingale by I can't work it out. $$ E[e^{\sigma B(t) - \frac{\sigma ^2 t}{2}} | \mathscr{F}(s)] $$ I tried to multiply ...
3
votes
2answers
484 views

Show that this process is a martingale

Let $B_t$ be a Brownian motion and $M_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$. Show that: $$(M_t-B_t)^4-6t(M_t-B_t)^2+3t^2$$ is a martingale for $t\geq0$.
2
votes
2answers
258 views

Martingale representation theorem

Trying to figure out how to solve problems on the 'form': Find a real number $z$ and a square integrable, adapted process $\psi(s,w)$ such that $$G(w) = z + \int \psi(s,w)\,dB_s(w)$$ for som ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Optional sampling exercise

I came across the following exercise in Stochastic Calculus: Let $B=(B_t)_{t\geq0}$ be a standard Brownian motion. Let also $M$ be the following process: $M_t=B^4_t-6t(B^2_t-\dfrac{t}{3})$ for ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

Wiener martingale

Is $\frac{W^{2}(t)}{t}$ a martingale w.r.t. the usual filtration? $t>0$ and $W(t)$ is the Wiener process. What I have so far: Define $Z(t)=\frac{W^2(t)}{t}$. By Ito we get ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Certain transformation of Brownian motion is a submartingale

I have a question about a proof in Protter. Let $B$ Brownian motion and $u$ a harmonic (subharmonic) function. Then $u(B)$ is a local martingale (submartingale). I was able to show the case of local ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Questions and Solutions in Brownian Motion and Stochastic Calculus?

I am currently studying Brownian Motion and Stochastic Calculus. I believe the best way to understand any subject well is to do as many questions as possible. Unfortunately, I haven't been able to ...
3
votes
1answer
395 views

$\mathcal{F_t}$-martingales with Itô's formula?

I need a little help with a problem. I am given some stochastic processes and supposed to show that they are $\mathcal{F_t}-$martingales. The first one is this, and they all look similar: ...
0
votes
1answer
326 views

$d$-Dimensional Brownian Motion Martingales

Let $d > 1$ and let $W_t$ denote a standard $d$-dimensional Brownian motion starting at $x\neq 0$. Let $M_t = \log|W_t|$ for $d = 2$, and $M_t= |W_t|^{2-d}$ for $d > 2$. Show that $M_t$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
478 views

Convergence of the exponential martingale

How can we show that this martingale $$ e^{aW_{t} - \frac{1}{2}a^2t}$$ converges to $0$ as $ t \rightarrow \infty$ using law of iterated logarithm, for $a \neq 0$.
12
votes
3answers
2k views

The Laplace transform of the first hitting time of Brownian motion

Let $B_t$ be the standard Brownian motion process, $a > 0$, and let $H_a = \inf \{ t : B_t > a \}$ be a stopping time. I want to show that the Laplace transform of $H_a$ is ...