For questions about functions $f$ defined on an interval $[a,b]$ such that there exists a constant $M>0$, such that if $a=x_0

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13
votes
5answers
2k views

Question about Riemann integral and total variation

Let $g$ be Riemann integrable on $[a,b]$, $f(x)=\int_a^x g(t)dt $ for $x \in[a,b]$. Can I show that the total variation of $f$ is equal to $\int_a^b |g(x)| dx $?
13
votes
4answers
1k views

A continuous function on $[0,1]$ not of bounded variation

I'm looking for a continuous function $f$ defined on the compact interval $[0,1]$ which is not of bounded variation. I think such function might exist. Any idea? Of course the function $f$ such ...
10
votes
1answer
963 views

Two definitions of “Bounded Variation Function”

As far as I know, a function $f$ defined on an interval $[a, b]$ is said to be of bounded variation if $$\tag{1}V_a^b(f)=\sup\left\{\sum_{P} \lvert f(x_{j+1})-f(x_j)\rvert \ :\ P\ \text{partition of }...
9
votes
3answers
8k views

If a function $f(x)$ is Riemann integrable on $[a,b]$, is $f(x)$ bounded on $[a,b]$?

Most statements regarding Riemann integrals (at least the ones that I have encountered) begin with the statement "for $f(x)$ bounded on $[a,b]$." I am wondering if Riemann integrability implies ...
9
votes
1answer
206 views

If a derivative $f^\prime$ is of bounded variation then prove that $f^\prime$ is continuous.

I am having trouble with the following problem: Let $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb R$ be differentiable on $[a,b]$ and $f^\prime$ is of bounded variation on $[a,b]$. Prove that $f^\prime$ is continuous ...
8
votes
1answer
246 views

Question on Riemann sums

Question is : What I have read in Riemann sum definition is something like $$\sum_{i=1}^n f(y) .|x_i-x_{i-1}|$$ So, at first sight i am afraid this is not even related to Riemann integration of $f$...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Does differentiable function of bounded variation have bounded derivative?

I learned that $f$ is a function of bounded variation, when function $f$ is differentiable on $[a,b]$ and has bounded derivative $f'$. What I want to know is converse part. If $f$ is differentiable ...
6
votes
5answers
6k views

Bounded functions have bounded derivatives.

Can the graph of a bounded function ever have an unbounded derivative? I want to know if $f$ has bounded variation then its derivative is bounded. The converse is obvious. I think the answer is "yes". ...
6
votes
1answer
998 views

Functions of bounded variation as the dual of $C([a,b])$

I am trying to understand this proposition about the dual of $C([a,b])$. I would like some help with the following: (1) What does the integral with respect to a function of bounded variation mean? (...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

proving $f$ is absolutely continuous on $[0,1]$

I don't seem to find version of this problem in the site, but I am sure this is pretty standard type of question. $f$ be of bounded variation on $[0,1]$, and $f$ is absolutely continuous (AC) on $[\...
6
votes
1answer
334 views

Absolute continuity

$f$ is continuous and of bounded variation on $[0,1]$, $f$ is absolutely continuous on any $[c,1]$ with $c \in (0,1]$. Then $f$ is absolutely continuous on $[0,1]$. How to show this? Thanks.
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Prove the normed space of bounded variation functions is complete

Let $\Vert f \Vert = |f(0)| + \mathrm{Var}f$ for all $f \in BV([0,1])$; we are given that it is a norm. Show that $BV([0,1])$ is a complete normed space with this norm. I have shown that any Cauchy ...
6
votes
3answers
100 views

Necessary and sufficient condition for a curve to have infinite length

What is the necessary and sufficient condition for a curve to have infinite length in a compact interval? Say the curve is restricted to $[0, 1]$. I vaguely remember that it is related to the ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Is this equivalent to bounded variation?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open and bounded with smooth boundary. For $f \in L^1(\Omega)$, define $$ \|D_1 f\|_M(\Omega) =\inf\left\{\liminf_{k\to\infty}\int_\Omega |\nabla f_k|\,dx \mid ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

If a function $f$ is differentiable on $[a,b]$ and its derivative $f^\prime$ is integrable, must $f$ be of bounded variation?

I know there is a theorem saying if $f$ defined on $[a,b]$ is of bounded variation, then it is differentiable on $(a,b)$ a.e and $f'$ is integrable over $[a,b]$. I wonder whether the converse is true,...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the total variation function uniform continuous or continuous?

I have been doing some excercises on total variation when the following questions came up to my mind: (1) Let $f$ be continuous on the interval $[0,1]$ and be of bounded variation. Is it true that ...
5
votes
1answer
298 views

Unbounded variation but differentiable everywhere

A function with bounded variation is differentiable almost everywhere. There are also functions with unbounded variation that are differentiable almost everywhere (e.g. take $f:[0,1]\rightarrow\...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

questions regarding definition of bounded variation of several variables

$\int_\Omega u(x)\,\mathrm{div}\boldsymbol{\phi}(x)\mathrm{d}x = -\int_\Omega \langle\boldsymbol{\phi}, Du(x)\rangle \qquad \forall\boldsymbol{\phi}\in C_c^1(\Omega,\mathbb{R}^n)$ (http://en.wikipedia....
5
votes
1answer
261 views

Does the total variation of a function bound its numerical integration error, much like its first derivative?

When estimating the convergence of a Riemann sum to its integral, or equivalently the error in numerical integration, the commonly used bound is by upper bounding it's first derivative (see, for ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Bounded variation, difference of two increasing functions

Prove that if $f$ is of bounded variation in $[a,b]$, it is the difference of two positive, monotonic increasing functions; and the difference of two bounded monotonic increasing functions is a ...
4
votes
4answers
57 views

Function is bounded above [duplicate]

Is there a good way to show that $\frac{\sin(x)}{x}$ is bounded above by $1$? We can see visually that $\frac{\sin(x)}{x}$ is bounded above by $1$ because the tallest hump is at the origin and $\lim_{...
4
votes
2answers
820 views

a problem on functions of bounded variation

Which of the following statements are necessarily true ? a. Any continuous function on [$0, 1$] is of bounded variation. b. If $f : \mathbb{R} → \mathbb{R} $ is continuously differentiable, then its ...
4
votes
3answers
386 views

Total variation of (weakly) differentiable functions

the total variation of a function $u\in L^1(\Omega)$, $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, can be defined as $$ \sup \{ \int_\Omega u \; \mathrm{div} g \; dx:\; g \in C_c^1(\Omega,\mathbb{R}^n), \; \lvert ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

How to show that $BV[0,1]$ ( the space of all functions on $[0,1]$ of bounded variation ) is not complete under supremum norm?

How to show that $BV[0,1]$ ( the set of all functions of bounded variation ) is not complete under supremum norm , by explicitly constructing a Cauchy sequence which does not converge or by ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Find f ae-differentiable with $f´\in L^1(0,1)$ but not in $BV$…

Here is a natural question which I didn't find in Measure Theory books: Construct a continuous function $f(x)$ in $[0,1]$ with derivative at ae $x\in(0,1)$, and so that $f'(x)\in L^1(0,1)$, but such ...
4
votes
1answer
273 views

Bounded Variation $+$ Intermediate Value Theorem implies Continuous

Let $I=[a,b]$ with $a<b$ and let $u:I\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a function with bounded pointwise variation, i.e. $$Var_I u=\sup\{\sum_{i=1}^n|u(x_i)-u(x_{i-1})|\}<\infty$$ where the supremum is ...
4
votes
1answer
555 views

An upper bound for an integral.

I want to find an upper bound of the function $h(t)$ on $t \in [0, \infty [$ with $d >1$ which is defined by $$ h(t) := \int_0^t (1+t)^d (1+t-r)^{-d} (1+r)^{-d} dr$$ and I could easily prove that ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Total Variation and Integral

Let $f$ be a function of bounded variation on $[a, b]$ and $T_{a}^{b}(f)$ its total variation. We do not assume that $f$ is continuous. Show that $$\int_{a}^{b}|f'(t)|\, dt \leq T_{a}^{b}(f).$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
360 views

Total Variation and indefinite integrals

Suppose $f$ is Lebesgue integrable on $[a,b]$ and $F(x) = \int^x_a f(t) dt$, $x \in [a,b]$. Show that $F$ has bounded variation, and the total variation $T^b_a(F)$ satisfies $$ T^b_a(F) = \int^b_a |f(...
4
votes
1answer
273 views

Weak derivatives

How can I prove that $|\nabla u|=|\nabla|u||$ when $u$ is regular enough for example Lipschitz or $W^{1,1}_{loc}$. Other question is about the pointwise derivative when $f:[0,1]\to R$ is BV is that ...
4
votes
1answer
363 views

Bounded variation implies Borel measurable

Suppose that $f\colon[a, b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is a function of bounded variation. Show that $f$ is Borel measurable. I was wondering if I could get a hint.
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Total variation of a Fourier series

Let $f(x) = f(x+2\pi)$ be a bounded real function given by the Fourier series of the form $$ f(x) = \sum_{k=1}^N a_k \sin(kx + \phi_k). $$ What is the total variation $V(f)$ of this function over one ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Integral of the derivative of a function of bounded variation

Let $f\colon [a,b] \to \mathbb R$ be of bounded variation. Must it be the case that $|\int_a ^b f' (x) |\leq |TV(f)|$, where $TV(f)$ is the total variation of $f$ over $[a,b]$? If so, how can one ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

$\| f \|_{BV} = | f(a) | + V_{a}^{b} f$ defines a norm in the space $BV[a,b]$

I'm learning about functions of bounded variations and need to verify my work for this problem: Show that $\| f \|_{BV} = | f(a) | + V_{a}^{b} f$ defines a norm in the space $BV[a,b]$. My ...
4
votes
1answer
466 views

Monotone increasing continuous function with $\int_a^b f' = f(b) - f(a)$ which is not absolutely continuous

If $f:[a, b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is continuous and real-valued, f' integrable on [a, b], and $\int_a^b f' = f(b) - f(a)$, must f be absolutely continuous? What if f is monotone increasing? For the first ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Bounded variation problem

Let $x=0.a_1a_2\dots$ be the decimal expansion of a number $x$, $0<x<1$. If two decimal expansions of $x$ exist, the one that ends with $0$’s is taken. For what values of $q > 1$ is the ...
3
votes
4answers
216 views

Stability theory: Every solution of the scalar equation: $\ddot{x}+\left [a+b(t) \right ]x=0$ is bounded in $\left [t_0, +\infty \right )$.

EDITED Prove that: If $a>0$ and $$\int_{t_0}^{\infty} |b(t_1)|\mathrm{d}t_1<+\infty$$ then every solution of the scalar equation: $$\ddot{x}+\left [a+b(t) \right ]x=0$$ is bounded in $\left [...
3
votes
3answers
139 views

The limit of a sequence of uniform bounded variation functions in $L_1$ is almost sure a bounded variation function

Let $\{f_n\} $be a sequence of functions on $[a,b] $ that $\sup V^b_a (f_n) \le C$, if $f_n \rightarrow f $ in $L_1$ ,Prove that $f $ equals to a bounded variation function almost every where. I ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Absolute continuity and sample paths of Brownian motion

An offhand remark in Morters and Peres' book on Brownian motion says that Brownian motion is a.s. absolutely continuous on compact intervals (see page 147, immediately preceding the statement of ...
3
votes
2answers
640 views

Exercise from Stein again - characterization of BV functions

I find this pretty hard and it would be awesome if someone could help me. The problem is the following (Problem 6/Chapter 3 from S&S's Real Analysis). Suppose $F$ is a bounded measurable ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

If $f$ is of bounded variation on $[a+\epsilon, b]$, does it imply $f$ is of bounded variation on $[a,b]$?

The problem goes like: Suppose that $f\in B[a,b]$. If $V^b_{a+\epsilon}f\leq M$ for all $\epsilon >0$, does it follow that f is of bounded variation on $[a,b]$? I think the answer is yes. Since $V^...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Calculating explicitly the total variation of $x^2 \sin\left(\frac{\pi}{2x}\right)$ on $[0,1]$.

I am attempting to calculate the total variation of the function $f$ on [0,1] defined as $$f(x) = \begin{cases} x^2 \sin\left(\frac{\pi}{2x}\right) \text{ if } x\neq 0 \\ 0 \qquad \qquad \text{ if } ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

If f is of bounded variation is f Riemann integrable?

I want to know if f is of bounded variation on [a,b] does it follow that f is Riemann integrable on [a,b]?
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Show $BV[a, b]$ is not dense in $B[a, b]$

Show that $BV[a, b]$ is not dense in $B[a, b]$ under the metric $||f||_\infty$. I was wondering if I could get a hint.
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Does differentiability imply having bounded variation on some subinterval?

Suppose that $f:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}$ is a differentiable function. Does it follow that $f$ has bounded variation on some subinterval $[c,d]\subset (a,b)$? Details and ideas Being differentiable ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

$f:[a,b]\to \mathbb R$ is continuous , has a finite number of local maxima and minima ; then how to prove that $f$ is bounded variation on $[a,b]$ ?

If $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb R$ is a continuous function having finite number of local maxima and minima ; then how to prove that $f$ is bounded variation on $[a,b]$ ?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

The Relation between Holder continuous, absolutely continuous, $W^{1,1}$, and $BV$ functions

I am trying to find out the relation between those spaces. Take $I\subset R$ on the real line. $I$ can be unbounded. Then I have: We first assume $I$ is bounded. If $u\in C^{0,\alpha}(I)$, for $0<\...
3
votes
4answers
229 views

$\{z\in C:|z| = |\operatorname{re}(z)| +|\operatorname{im}(z)|\}$ open or closed [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Proving that a complex set in open/closed/neither and bounded/not bounded I think $\{z\in C:|z| = |\operatorname{re}(z)| +|\operatorname{im}(z)|\}$ is closed. But I have no ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Show that $\,f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$, for $x \in [0,1]$, is of bounded variation

Let $\{a_n\} \subset \mathbb{R}$, be such that $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \lvert a_n\rvert < \infty$. Define $$f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n \quad \text{for } x \in [0,1]$$ Prove that $f$ is of bounded ...
3
votes
1answer
600 views

Bounded variation and $\int_a^b |F'(x)|dx=T_F([a,b])$ implies absolutely continuous

If $F$ is of bounded variation defined on $[a,b]$, and $F$ satisfies $$\int_{a}^b |F'(x)|dx=T_F([a,b])$$ where $T_F([a,b])$ is the total variation. How to prove that $F$ is absolutely continuous? ...