For questions about functions $f$ defined on an interval $[a,b]$ such that there exists a constant $M>0$, such that if $a=x_0

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2answers
38 views

Need guidance on a problem about oscillation from Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds

I've been stuck on this particular problem for a while now: Let $f: [a,b] \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $ be an increasing function. If $x_1, ... ,x_n \in [a,b]$ are distinct, show that $\sum\limits_{i=1}^n ...
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2answers
33 views

Find limits of value/derivatives defining a polynomial at 2 points to bound it in between

The following properties define the polynomial $p(x)$ uniquely: $\text{deg}(p(x))=7\\p(-1)=y_1,\ p'(-1)=d_{1,1},\ p''(-1)=d_{2,1},\ p'''(-1)=d_{3,1}\\ p(1)=y_2,\ \ \ \ p'(1)=d_{1,2},\ \ \ \ ...
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2answers
42 views

About tight rational bounds

Suppose we have rational functions $f$, $g$, and $h$ defined for all natural numbers $n$ such that $f \leq g \leq h$ for all $n \in \mathbb{N}$. How can we prove that there is no rational functions ...
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1answer
52 views

Definition of total variation

According to wikipedia, the total variation of the real-valued function $f$, defined on an interval $[a,b]\subset \mathbb{R}$, is the quantity $$V_b^a=\sup_{P\in\mathcal{P}}\sum_{i=0}^{n_P-1}\left | ...
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1answer
205 views

Fourier transform of derivative for the bounded function

I was going through the derivation of Wigner distribution properties, and encountered a certain step in the proof I could not justify. Namely, the step requires the following equality to be true: ...
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1answer
29 views

Does bounded variation and continuous means total variation continuous

$F$ is of bounded variation and continuous. Is it true that total variation is continuous ? In case, $F$ is absolutely continuous it is trivial to see. But for the above case how to proceed ?
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1answer
40 views

One inequality involving Total variation function

If $F$ is of bounded variation in $[a,b]$, then I need to prove that $$ \int_{a}^{b}|F'(x)| dx \leq T_F(a,b)$$ If $F'$ were Riemann integrable then it was easy to prove (in fact we can prove ...
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1answer
25 views

A question related to bounded variation

Let $f\in C^{BV}([0,1])$ (i.e. continuous and has bounded variation). Let the intervals $I$ and $T$ satisfy the following: $I\subset T\subset [0,1]$ and for sufficient small $\delta>0$, ...
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1answer
20 views

Definition of Bounded Variation Function with vectorial arguments

I try to found a definition of a function $$f(x)\colon\mathbb R^m\to \mathbb R^n$$ that use the norm. Is the formula below correct? $$TV=\sup\sum_{i=1}^k \|f(x_i)-f(x_{i-1})\|.$$ with k any finite ...
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1answer
34 views

On functions that are bounded by other certain functions

I am trying to address a specific, but also rather abstract, problem, which briefly can be stated as follows: Let $f$, $g$ be real-valued functions defined for all column vectors in $\Re^n$, i.e., ...
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1answer
53 views

Conditions for $o(|u|^{-1})$ decay of the Fourier transform of a bounded variation function

As the question suggests I am looking for a (not very restrictive) condition on a function of bounded variation so that its Fourier transform is $o(|u|^{-1})$ as $|u| \to \infty$. Let me elaborate on ...
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1answer
62 views

exponential upper bound on sum of exponentials

For what value of $c_3$ can I guarantee that $(a+b)\exp(-c_3\theta)>a\exp(-c_1\theta)+b\exp(-c_2\theta)$ where $a,b,c_i>0$
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0answers
904 views

Integral of the derivative of a function of bounded variation

Let $f\colon [a,b] \to \mathbb R$ be of bounded variation. Must it be the case that $|\int_a ^b f' (x) |\leq |TV(f)|$, where $TV(f)$ is the total variation of $f$ over $[a,b]$? If so, how can one ...
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0answers
37 views

Understanding the duals of $L^{\infty}(K)$ and $C(K)$ and weak-* compactness

Let $(K\subset \mathbb{R}^n,\mathcal{B}(K),\lambda)$ be a measure space, where $\lambda$ is the Lebesgue measure and $K$ is compact. According to Wikipedia (with adapted notation), The dual ...
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0answers
74 views

Discontinuous local martingales with finite variations

I would like to know if a discontinuous local martingale with paths of finite variations almost surely is a martingale. I feel that it should be the case but can't find a straightforward argument. As ...
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0answers
62 views

Arzela Ascoli variation theorem

I am trying to prove the following variation of the Arzel-Ascoli theorem: Let $(f_n)n$ be a sequence of differentiable functions on $[a,b]$ whose derivatives are uniformly bounded and there is an ...
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0answers
147 views

Functions of bounded variation and continuity

Suppose that $f:[a, b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is a function of bounded variation. Define $g:[a, b] \to \mathbb{R}$ by $g(x) = V_a^x f$. Show that $f$ is continuous at $x \in [a, b]$ iff $g$ is continuous at ...
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0answers
445 views

Show that $f$ is of Bounded Variation by $f'$' being integrable.

For $\alpha$, $\beta$ > 0, define the function $f$ on $[0, 1]$ by $f(x) = x^{\alpha}\sin(1/x^{\beta})$ for $0 < x \leq 1$ and $f(x) = 0$ for $x=0$. Show that if $\alpha > \beta$, then $f$ is of ...
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0answers
164 views

Jordan decomposition measure and its distribution function

Let $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, and for $x \in \mathbb{R}$, let $T_f(x)=\sup \left\{\sum_{j=1}^N \left|f(x_j)-f(x_{j-1})\right|\right\}$, where the supremum is taken over all $N \in ...
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0answers
99 views

Showing uniqueness

I have a problem which asks to show that a function $f$ of bounded variation can be expressed uniquely except for addition of constants as the sum of an absolutely continuous function and a singular ...
2
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0answers
104 views

Perturbations of a function of bounded variation

Suppose $f,g:[0,1]\rightarrow[0,1]$, $g>0$, and $f/g$ is of bounded variation. If $f_n, f \in C^1[0,1]$ and $f_n \rightarrow f$ in $C^1$. Does it follow that $\exists N$ such that $f_n/g$ is of ...
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0answers
21 views

Evaluate the bound of the following complex integral

Let $q$ be a complex analytic function such that $\left|q\right|\neq0$ everywhere in the domain, except at the boundaries ($\left|q\right|\rightarrow0$ as $z\rightarrow\pm\infty$). Is it possible ...
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0answers
30 views

Question on Bounded Variation involving partitions

If $f\colon[a,b]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and $P=(a=x_0, x_1, ...,x_n=b)$ is any partition of $[a,b]$ let $v_f(P)$ be defined as $$v_f(P) = \sum_{k=1}^n |f(x_k) - f(x_{k-1})| $$ and the total variation ...
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0answers
36 views

Does the fundamental theorem of calculus hold for BV functions?

I am a bit confused and I hope you can help me in understanding a bit better these things. Let us start by considering one dimensional case. Let $f\colon \mathbb (a,b) \to \mathbb R$ be a function. ...
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0answers
98 views

Every polynomial bounded on [a,b] is of bounded variation.

Question: Prove that every polynomial bounded on the compact interval [a,b] is of bounded variationMy proof: Let $f(x)$ be a bounded polynomial of n degree. Then $f '(x)$ is also a polynomial bounded ...
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0answers
86 views

How to show that the first derivative is bounded in a function

\begin{equation} y=\arccos\left( -\frac{1}{2\left(Dr^{\dfrac {|\sin(2x+\theta)|}{M\sin x\sqrt{A+2B\cos(2x+\theta)}}}+1\right)} \right) \nonumber \end{equation} How to show in above function the ...
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0answers
19 views

Positive solutions for third order semipositone boundary value problems

please what is "semipositone" http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0893965909000500 thak you
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0answers
242 views

Solving $\int_{0}^{2\pi} \cos (x) \cos (z(x)) \, dx$ with a bounded version of $z(x)=a \cos (x)+b$

I am trying to solve the following equation: $$\int_{0}^{2 \pi } \cos (x) \cos z(x) \, dx \hspace{20 mm} (1)$$ where $z(x)$ is a bounded version of $z(x)=a \cos (x)+b$ that reads as: ...
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0answers
75 views

What is Mountain Pass theorem?

The title says it all, what is mountain pass theorem, how does it work is variational problems with doubly differential constraint?
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0answers
109 views

Non-periodic BV function

I want to know the definition of non-periodic bounded variation function. I know the definition for periodic function of bounded variation, which is, Let $f:[a,b]\to \mathcal c$ and ...
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0answers
34 views

Question about deformation

Why if $H\setminus X$ has no crititical point then $X$ is a deformation retract of $H$? $H$ is a Hilbert space $X$ is a subspace of $H$ ($X=\varphi^b=\lbrace x\in H, \varphi(x)\leq b\rbrace$ , ...
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0answers
27 views

Gaussian independent, Mean, expectation, variance

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two independent Gaussian variables with zero mean and variance $\sigma^2$. Define:$$Z = |X-Y|.$$(a) Show that $\operatorname{E}[Z]= 2 \sigma / \sqrt{\pi}$. (b) Show that ...
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0answers
28 views

How to represent?

You are a well-known hedge fund manager in Wall Street circles. One of your wealthy clients has $\$1$ million dollars to invest in XYZ stocks. Currently, XYZ stocks are trading at $\$2$ per share. You ...
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0answers
75 views

Upper bound for logarithmic integral

If i'm not mistaken $li(x)=O(x/logx)$ So we can write $li(x)≤ cx/logx$ . For x>1 tell me any c>0.5 ... I really need this...
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0answers
17 views

A question on a function of bounded semivariation(part 2)

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Hausdorff locally convex topological vector space and let $P(X)$ be a family of continuous seminorms on $X$ that generates the topology $\tau$. I got the following definition from ...
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0answers
43 views

The Leibniz's rule for bounded variation functions

Let M be a Riemannian manifold, U is a bounded domain in M. If f,g are bounded variation function on U, then $$(fg)_{x_i}=f_{x_i} \cdot g +g_{x_i} \cdot f$$? How to prove? And for the mollified ...
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0answers
28 views

On function of bounded semi-variation

The following ideas were taken from the article of DUCHON, entitled "On Vector Measures and Distributions." Definition. Let $X$ be a locally convex space whose topology is generated by a family $P$ ...
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0answers
55 views

An Extended Definition of Function of Bounded Variation

I am trying to formulate a definition of function of bounded variation in the setting of locally convex spaces. This is what I've tried. Definition. Let $X$ be a locally convex space whose topology ...
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0answers
26 views

Lemma 3.2 from “Positive solutions for third order semipositone boundary value problems”

How de prove this lemma please : Assume that: $w(t)$ is nondercreasing and $w(t)>0$ on $(q,1]$ , $\frac12<p<q<1$ hods . Let $z\in C^2[0,1]\cap C^3(0,1)$ satisfy $z'''(t)\geq 0$ 0n ...
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0answers
71 views

About regularity of the maximal operator of Hardy-Littlewood

What difficulties arise when you consider the centered maximal operator, such that you can't prove that it maps BV into BV? Does someone have some reference which that maps BV into BV? PS: The ...