For questions about functions $f$ defined on an interval $[a,b]$ such that there exists a constant $M>0$, such that if $a=x_0

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1answer
49 views

A way to find the total variation of a polynomial if the zeroes of the derivative are known.

I came across a question in Apostol's book which said to describe a method to find the total variation of a polynomial if the zeroes of the derivative of it is known ( points at which the derivative ...
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0answers
101 views

Every polynomial bounded on [a,b] is of bounded variation.

Question: Prove that every polynomial bounded on the compact interval [a,b] is of bounded variationMy proof: Let $f(x)$ be a bounded polynomial of n degree. Then $f '(x)$ is also a polynomial bounded ...
8
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1answer
192 views

Question on Riemann sums

Question is : What I have read in Riemann sum definition is something like $$\sum_{i=1}^n f(y) .|x_i-x_{i-1}|$$ So, at first sight i am afraid this is not even related to Riemann integration of ...
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1answer
2k views

understanding upper bound and lower bound in lattice [closed]

i am studying discrete math. have a topic lattices, i really cant understand how to find greatest lower bound and lowest upper bound. any help would be appreciated.
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1answer
73 views

Is this functional differentiable?

A functional $\Phi$ is differentiable if there exist $F$ and $R$ such that $\Phi(f+h)-\Phi(f)=F(f,h)+R(f,h)$, where $F$ depends linearly on $h$ and $R(f,h) = O(h^2)$. Define a functional $\Phi(f) = ...
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1answer
54 views

Conditions for $o(|u|^{-1})$ decay of the Fourier transform of a bounded variation function

As the question suggests I am looking for a (not very restrictive) condition on a function of bounded variation so that its Fourier transform is $o(|u|^{-1})$ as $|u| \to \infty$. Let me elaborate on ...
0
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1answer
63 views

exponential upper bound on sum of exponentials

For what value of $c_3$ can I guarantee that $(a+b)\exp(-c_3\theta)>a\exp(-c_1\theta)+b\exp(-c_2\theta)$ where $a,b,c_i>0$
2
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1answer
142 views

Integrating exponential of multiple exponentials

I have a integral term that looks similar to $\int_0^\infty\exp(-u-ae^{-c_1u}-be^{-c_2u})\,du$ where the constants $a,b,c_1,c_2>0$. For the case where $b=0$ I can use the answer from: Integrating ...
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0answers
86 views

How to show that the first derivative is bounded in a function

\begin{equation} y=\arccos\left( -\frac{1}{2\left(Dr^{\dfrac {|\sin(2x+\theta)|}{M\sin x\sqrt{A+2B\cos(2x+\theta)}}}+1\right)} \right) \nonumber \end{equation} How to show in above function the ...
0
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1answer
227 views

Integration of functions with bounded variation

I need to prove that if a function $f: [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ has bounded variation, than $f$ is integrable on $[a,b]$. This is what I have tried: Let $S(P)$ and $s(P)$ denote the upper and lower ...
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2answers
27 views

Greatest Lower Bounded Irrational?

If all elements of $S$ are irrational and bounded from below by $\sqrt 2$ then $\inf S$ must be irrational . I would say this statement is true since $S=\{ \sqrt 2, \sqrt 3, \sqrt 5,\ldots\}$ the ...
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1answer
187 views

is uniform convergent sequence leads to bounded function?

Suppose there is there is uniform convergent sequence $(f_n)$ on the set $A$, and each $f_n$ is bounded on $A$, i.e., there exist $M_n>0$ such that $|f_n(x)|\le M_n$ for all $x\in A$ Is it true ...
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1answer
60 views

Prove that $\log_2 n$ is not bounded polynomially from below, need 2nd step

i.e. that $\log_2 n\not\in\Theta(n^x)$ for any $x > 0$ i shall not use induction on $x$ ( as $x = 1$ base case etc) my guess is : i use the def. of big theta: $$ 0≤c_1·n^x \le \log_2 n \le c_2· ...
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4answers
121 views

Does extreme value theorem hold when continuous is replaced with bounded?

The extreme value theorem says that if the domain of a 'continuous' function is compact then both the max and min of the function lies in the domain set. My question is: can the 'continuity' be ...
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0answers
43 views

The Leibniz's rule for bounded variation functions

Let M be a Riemannian manifold, U is a bounded domain in M. If f,g are bounded variation function on U, then $$(fg)_{x_i}=f_{x_i} \cdot g +g_{x_i} \cdot f$$? How to prove? And for the mollified ...
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0answers
29 views

On function of bounded semi-variation

The following ideas were taken from the article of DUCHON, entitled "On Vector Measures and Distributions." Definition. Let $X$ be a locally convex space whose topology is generated by a family $P$ ...
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0answers
56 views

An Extended Definition of Function of Bounded Variation

I am trying to formulate a definition of function of bounded variation in the setting of locally convex spaces. This is what I've tried. Definition. Let $X$ be a locally convex space whose topology ...
2
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4answers
178 views

Stability theory: Every solution of the scalar equation: $\ddot{x}+\left [a+b(t) \right ]x=0$ is bounded in $\left [t_0, +\infty \right )$.

EDITED Prove that: If $a>0$ and $$\int_{t_0}^{\infty} |b(t_1)|\mathrm{d}t_1<+\infty$$ then every solution of the scalar equation: $$\ddot{x}+\left [a+b(t) \right ]x=0$$ is bounded in $\left ...
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2answers
62 views

Examples of $f \in C^2[a,b]$ where the total variation of $f$ on $[a,x]$ is not in $C^2[a,b]$

Suppose $f:[a,b]\to\mathbb{R}$ is of bounded variation; define $V(x) = V[f;a,x]$ (the total variation of $f$ on $[a,x]$. I want to show that $V \in C^1[a,b]$. Since $f'$ is continuous, hence bounded ...
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1answer
197 views

Absolutely continuous functions and general absolute continuity

First, the definitions: $f$ is AC on $E$ if $$\forall \epsilon >0\ \exists \delta >0\ \forall \{[a_k,b_k]\}_{k=1}^N \mbox{ such that }a_k,b_k \in E,\ \Sigma(b_k - a_k) <\delta : \Sigma| ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Coercive problems

this is the complete problem and i have a problem that is : i dont understand step 2: step 1:"shows that $m>-\infty$ i dont understand how to prove it ? can someone help me please ? thank ...
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2answers
42 views

About tight rational bounds

Suppose we have rational functions $f$, $g$, and $h$ defined for all natural numbers $n$ such that $f \leq g \leq h$ for all $n \in \mathbb{N}$. How can we prove that there is no rational functions ...
2
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1answer
131 views

How to show that every bounded variation function on $[a,b]$ is differentiable a.e?

I'm struggling with this question for over a week now. I know the proposition is true, but haven't managed to prove it yet. any suggestions anyone? ($f$ is BV on $I$ if ...
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0answers
74 views

Discontinuous local martingales with finite variations

I would like to know if a discontinuous local martingale with paths of finite variations almost surely is a martingale. I feel that it should be the case but can't find a straightforward argument. As ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Total Variation and indefinite integrals

Suppose $f$ is Lebesgue integrable on $[a,b]$ and $F(x) = \int^x_a f(t) dt$, $x \in [a,b]$. Show that $F$ has bounded variation, and the total variation $T^b_a(F)$ satisfies $$ T^b_a(F) = \int^b_a ...
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1answer
45 views

Does the squared root $\sqrt{|\cdot|}$ belong to $BV((-1,1))$?

Does the squared root belong $\sqrt{|\cdot|}$ to $BV((-1,1))$? In an affirmative case, what is its derivative in the distributional sense, i.e., what is the Radon measure $\mu$ such that $\mu=Du$ ?
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1answer
104 views

About Regulated and Bounded Variations in Banach Spaces

In the following definitions, we assumed that $(X,\left\|\cdot\right\|)$ is a Banach space. Definition 1. $f:[a,b]\to X$ is of bounded variation on $[a,b]$ if ...
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1answer
31 views

Strict inequality in lower semicontinuity of BV functions

Does anybody know an example of a sequence $f_k \in BV(\mathbb{R^n}) \ $ where $n>1$ and $f \in L^{1}_{\operatorname{loc}}(\mathbb{R^n})$ such that $ f_k \rightarrow f \ $ in ...
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1answer
62 views

if $f_n\to f$ uniformly in $[a,b]$ then $f\in BV$

While preparing to test in calculus I found the question above: Let $f_n(x)\to f$ uniformlly on $[a,b]$. Prove or give counterexample: if $\forall n\in\mathbb N f_n(x)\in BV$ and $\exists M>0$ ...
2
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1answer
174 views

About functions of bounded variation

I got the following the following idea in one of the articles that I'm reading. It goes this way. Let $X$ be a Hausdorff topological vector space and let $\mathcal{D}$ be the family of all divisions ...
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3answers
711 views

Upper Bound of Logarithm

For $1\leq x < \infty$, we know $\ln x$ can be bounded as following: $\ln x \leq \frac{x-1}{\sqrt{x}}$. Then what is the upper bound of $\ln x$ for following condition? $2\leq x <\infty$
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1answer
262 views

Two questions on Lebesgue Decomposition of an increasing function?

I come up with the question in doing Stein's Real analysis, Chap3. Ex. 24, which assert that any increasing function $f$ on $[a,b]$ can be decomposed as $$F=F_A+F_C+F_J,$$ with $F_A$ is absolutely ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Integration with respect to a non-decreasing function on $\mathbb{R}$

Let $\alpha(t)$ be a non-decreasing function on $\mathbb{B}$ and consider the integral $$ \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{-xt}d\alpha(t) $$ absolutely convergent in $I$. Does exist a measure ...
3
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1answer
326 views

Bounded variation and $\int_a^b |F'(x)|dx=T_F([a,b])$ implies absolutely continuous

If $F$ is of bounded variation defined on $[a,b]$, and $F$ satisfies $$\int_{a}^b |F'(x)|dx=T_F([a,b])$$ where $T_F([a,b])$ is the total variation. How to prove that $F$ is absolutely continuous? ...
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1answer
171 views

Which are functions of bounded variations?

Let $f, g : [0, 1] \to \mathbb{R}$ be defined as follows: $f(x) = x^2 \sin (1/x)$ if $x = 0$, $f(0)=0$ $g(x) = \sqrt{x} \sin (1/x)$ if $x = 0, g(0) = 0$. Which are functions of bounded ...
2
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1answer
117 views

Bounded Variation is Bounded

Let $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb{R}$ and let $D=\{x_o,x_1,...,x_n\}$ be a division of $[a,b]$. We say that $f$ is of bounded variation on $[a,b]$ if $\displaystyle \sup_{D\in \mathscr{D}} \sum_{i=1}^n ...
0
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1answer
67 views

A clarification about BV functions.

From definition, a locally integrable $ u \in BV(\Omega) $ if its distribution derivative is given by a signed Radon measure. That is there exists $ \mu $ such that for any $ \phi \in ...
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2answers
75 views

Prove that this function has finite variation

We know that $f$ has finite variation on $[a,b]$. Prove that $$g(x)= \begin{cases} 0, & x=a\\[8pt] \frac{1}{x-a} \int _{a} ^x f(t) \, dt , & x \in (a,b] \end{cases} $$ has finite variation. ...
0
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1answer
208 views

Integration of a $BV$ function with respect to a finite, signed Radon measure

Let $u,w\in BV(0,1)$ be given. Since we are in dimension 1 $u$ is continuous almost everywhere and has a representation $u^{l}$ and $u^{r}$ (left, right hand side continuous). Thus we can consider the ...
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1answer
406 views

Taking the derivative of an integral of a discontinuous function

When I took measure theory with Frank Jones' books years ago, I did every problem in the book because I loved its teaching style. There was one problem that took me 4-5 years to solve. It was problem ...
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0answers
26 views

Lemma 3.2 from “Positive solutions for third order semipositone boundary value problems”

How de prove this lemma please : Assume that: $w(t)$ is nondercreasing and $w(t)>0$ on $(q,1]$ , $\frac12<p<q<1$ hods . Let $z\in C^2[0,1]\cap C^3(0,1)$ satisfy $z'''(t)\geq 0$ 0n ...
3
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1answer
185 views

Bounded variation implies Borel measurable

Suppose that $f\colon[a, b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is a function of bounded variation. Show that $f$ is Borel measurable. I was wondering if I could get a hint.
4
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2answers
160 views

Find f ae-differentiable with $f´\in L^1(0,1)$ but not in $BV$…

Here is a natural question which I didn't find in Measure Theory books: Construct a continuous function $f(x)$ in $[0,1]$ with derivative at ae $x\in(0,1)$, and so that $f'(x)\in L^1(0,1)$, but such ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Is it true that $C_0^\ast[0,+\infty) = NBV_{loc}[0,+\infty)$

Any function from $BV_{\operatorname{loc}}[0,+\infty)$ defines a continuous linear functional on $C_0[0,+\infty)$. But is it true that any continuous linear functional on $C_0[0,+\infty)$ is given by ...
0
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1answer
132 views

Using Chernoff bound to analysis the Lazyselect algorithm

It's my homework of the course of randomized algorithm. In the textbook (Randomized Altorithm by Rajeev Motwani et.al.), the author analyzed this algorithm using Chebyshev bound, but are there any ...
0
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1answer
161 views

which condition says that $f$ is necessarily bounded variation

Which of the following condition below imply that the $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ is necessarily Bounded Variation? monotone; continuous and monotone; has derivative on $(0,1)$; bounded derivative on ...
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1answer
290 views

Uniform limit of continuous functions bounded variation

Prove or disprove that if $f:[a,b]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is the uniform limit of a sequence of continuous functions each of which is of bounded variation, then $f$ is of bounded variation on $[a,b].$
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1answer
105 views

Can I make a BV function right-continuous this way?

Math people: This question is related to how can you "fix" one of the definitions of a BV function of one variable? . Suppose $f \in BV([0,1])$. I really have two-three questions. The ...
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1answer
72 views

Proving Bounded variation is smallest linear space

Prove that $BV[a,b]$ is the smallest linear space containing all monotone functions on $[a,b].$
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0answers
19 views

Positive solutions for third order semipositone boundary value problems

please what is "semipositone" http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0893965909000500 thak you