For questions about matrices which are defined block wise, like $\pmatrix{A&B\\ C&D}$ where $A,B,C$ and $D$ are themselves matrices. Use this tag with (matrices), and often with (linear-algebra).

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Partition of a Matrix

In Linear Algebra, we have been taught that the partition of a matrix $A$ consists of matrices,or blocks. In other words, its elements are matrices. This same, partitioned matrix, however is said to ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Find signature of symmetric block matrix, given the diagonal blocks are positive / negative definite - Check my proof

This may be a basic question, but I'd like someone to double check it. We are given the matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix} A_1 & C \\ C^T & A_2\end{pmatrix}$ where $A_1$ is a $k$ by $k$ positive ...
6
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167 views

Matrix diagonalization theorems and counterexamples: reference-request.

I'm looking for exhaustive list of diagonalization theorems and counterexamples in linear algebra. In this question I understand the question of matrix diagonalization very broadly: suppose we have ...
5
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0answers
77 views

Is there a way to exploit the fact that the covariance matrix has a blocked structure to more easily compute the multivariate normal density?

I'm trying to minimize the (negative) multivariate normal log likelihood (dropping constants): $$ \log |\boldsymbol\Sigma|\,+(\mathbf{x}-\boldsymbol\mu)^{\rm ...
3
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0answers
235 views

What kind of matrix/tensor notation is this?

I'm hoping someone on here recognises this and has an answer, because I'm having serious memory issues. About a year ago, I came across the following way of representing tensors of rank $n$ in matrix ...
2
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38 views

Canonical Form of Nilpotent Matrices

Given the matrix $$\hat{S}=\begin{bmatrix} S & *& *&* \\ 0& S &* &* \\ 0& 0& S &* \\ 0&0&0&S\\ \end{bmatrix} $$ where $S$ is an $n \times n$ ...
2
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0answers
44 views

linear algebra formulation help

I asked this on mathoverflow as well and apologies for cross-posting. I am trying to compute this so-called bending energy matrix. The bending energy of a thin plate in 3D is given by: $$ BE = ...
2
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0answers
144 views

Properties about Matrices that can be proved by only using Block Multiplication of Matrices

I recently proved the property that product of two upper triangular matrices is an upper triangular matrices by using the block multiplication of matrices. The basic fact that was required to prove ...
2
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0answers
91 views

Determinant, number of non zero columns

Trying to build a reduction from the maximum coverage problem to my research problem, I'm facing this difficulty : Let $X$ be a $n \times m$ binary matrix (with $m > n$), can we define a square ...
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33 views

Computations for LDA: Eigendecomposition

While reading the book Elements of Statistical Learning p. 113, the author used eigendecomposition of the covariance matrix $\hat{\Sigma}_k =\mathbf{U}_k\mathbf{D}_k\mathbf{U}_k^T$ where ...
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0answers
81 views

Same eigenvalue spectrum with different matrices

There are two matrices $D$ and $T$ which provides eigenvalue spectrum (dispersion relation) according to $$ E(K) = \operatorname{eig}(D + T \exp(iK) + T' \exp(-iK)) $$ $$ K = 0:dK:\pi $$ Where K is a ...
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44 views

Is there a name for the following type of block matrices?

Is there a name for the following type of block matrices? A matrix $A$ is [insert name here] if it can be decomposed into non-zero non-scalar submatrices such that each sub-matrix $B$, with $B$ ...
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0answers
14 views

Expanding a product of matrices with tensor product and transpose

I'm trying to expand the following product of $\pm1$ matrices $H_1, H_2, K_1, K_2$: $(\frac12 (H_1+H_2)\otimes K_1^T+\frac12 (H_1-H_2)\otimes K_2^T)(\frac12 (H_1+H_2)\otimes K_1^T+\frac12 ...
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27 views

Block Diagonalization related to Direct Sum and Single Eigenvalue?

I'm just a beginner in Linear Algebra, and I've proved myself the following: A matrix $A^{n \times n}$ is block diagonalizable if and only if the base field $F^n$ can be divided into at least two ...
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0answers
27 views

A question about eigenvalues of a special block matrix

Thanks for anyone who views or answers this question! $N\times N$ matrix $L$ can be partitioned into $p\times p$ blocks, ...
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0answers
13 views

generalisation of Knonecker matrix product

In the Kronecker matrix product $C = A\otimes B$ we have that $C(i,j)=A(i,j)*B$ where the elements $A(i,j)$ are just numeric scalar values. What if the $A(i,j)$ are matrix operators which act on ...
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0answers
44 views

Separating the eigenvalues of a Hermitian matrix with a special block structure

I have a square matrix $J \in \mathbb{C}^{2n \times 2n}$ where, $J=\begin{pmatrix} A&B \\\bar{B} & A \end{pmatrix}$ $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and is ${\bf diagonal}$ $B \in ...
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68 views

Condition for a block matrix to be positive semi-definite

Let's say we have two positive semi-definite matrices $A$ and $B$ and a negative real $\lambda$. What would be the conditions for the matrix $M$, defined as follows, to be positive semi-definite too ? ...
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0answers
31 views

Can we find a reduced row-echelon form for these matrices?

Starting with a Vandermonde matrix: $$V = \begin{bmatrix} 1^1 & 1^2 & 1^3 & \dots & 1^n \\ 2^1 & 2^2 & 2^3 & \dots & 2^n \\ 3^1 & ...
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0answers
32 views

Understanding of a formula with matrix summation

We are a quite a few students at in the class struggling to compute this would anyone be able to help? Also note --> ' means transpose. Sorry for the misunderstanding, when I said that it is not ...
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0answers
266 views

Proof that if a matrix is invertible, its rank is maximum

I have to prove that if a square matrix $A \in \mathfrak{M}_n (\mathbb{K})$ is invertible, then $rg(A) = n$. The thing is I cannot use vector spaces, subspaces, etc... to prove this, only matrix ...
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0answers
62 views

Are all columns or rows in a block toeplitz convolution matrix linearly independent?

My question specifically relates to the case where the vector that the matrix blocks were formed from have lower orders than the dimensions of the sub matrices. Consider a vector (filter) $a[k]$ of ...
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0answers
34 views

DCT and split-radix algorithms

I am studying a paper which describes split-radix algorithms by making matrix factorizations, so that e.g. DCT 8x8 can be computed via 4 DCT4x4. I must apologize, but the question is related to an ...
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0answers
79 views

Finding correct equivalence matrix for all group representations

This question is linked to a previous one that I asked: Attempting to find a specific similarity (equivalence) matrix I have a group of 24 elements, with two generators. I need to find an ...
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170 views

Attempting to find a specific similarity (equivalence) matrix

Apologies if this has already been asked - I searched but couldn't find. My question is regarding matrix similarity (equivalence): I have a square matrix $A$ that is of permutation form and (square) ...
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45 views

Is there any simple way to write down permutations set-theoretically?

Let $\{J_{n_1}(\lambda_1),...,J_{n_m}(\lambda_m)\}$ and $\{J_{l_1}(\mu_1),...,J_{l_k}(\mu_k)\}$ be finite sequences of Jordan blocks with entries in a field $F$. Let $A\triangleq ...
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176 views

when block matrix is positive definite ,

can one tell me when the block matrix M=[A B,C D] is positive definite such as: 1-the four block A,B,C and D are symmetric diagonal positive definite matrices 2-M is asymmetric, so C is not the ...
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188 views

Square root of a squared block matrix

I’m trying to compute the square root of the following squared block matrix: \begin{equation} M=\begin{bmatrix} A &B\\ C &D\\ \end{bmatrix} \end{equation} (that is $M^{1/2}$) as function of ...
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0answers
117 views

How does adding extra row and column of ones affect a matrix's inverse?

I'm working on a homework problem, and I'm stuck. I guess my linear algebra still needs some work... I've arrived at $\mathbf{D}= \left[ \begin{matrix} \mathbf{C} & \mathbf{1}^T \\ \mathbf{1} ...
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0answers
85 views

Eigen value of a complex block matrix

I have a following block matrix M1 =([a11 a12;a21 a22] [b13;b23];[b13;b23]' d33) + ([c -cr]'*[c -cr] 0;0 I) now what i observe is that whether i use ...
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10 views

Issues with connecting the SVD and Eigenvalues for block matrix

In class, we have talked about the singular value decomposition and its connection to Eigenvalues. Specifically, for a matrix A, if the columns of a matrix contain linearly independent eigenvectors, ...
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0answers
9 views

Does the Schur complement Theorem establish in following cases?

Let $M$ be an $(n+m)\times(n+m)$ real non-symmetric positive semidefinite (PSD) matrix partitioned as \begin{eqnarray*} M=\left(% \begin{array}{cc} A~~B\\ C~~D\\ \end{array}% \right), ...
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0answers
20 views

Diagonalization of sparse block matrix

I have a real symmetric matrix, \begin{equation} \left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & M & M' \\ M ^T & 0 & 0 \\ M ^{ \prime T} & 0 & 0 \end{array} \right) \end{equation} ...
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0answers
55 views

show that the determinants are equal

Prove that the determinants are equal $$ \begin{vmatrix} a^2 & bc & ac+c^2 \\ a^2+ab & b^2 & ac \\ ab & b^2+bc & c^2 \\ \end{vmatrix}= ...
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0answers
13 views

Solving Toeplitz plus Diagonal System, how should I make use of the structure?

I learned that a Toeplitz system, $Ax = B$ where $A$ is Teoplitz, can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ time using Superfast method. or approximate $A$ similar to Approximation method. I am keep ...
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0answers
38 views

Computing characteristic polynomial of tridiagonal block matrices

I want to compute the characteristic polynomial of symmetric matrices of the form \begin{bmatrix} A & U & & & 0\\ U & B & V & &\\ & V& C& W &\\ ...
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0answers
19 views

Block Circulant matrix

Let \begin{align} A=\left(\begin{array}{cc} B & C \\ -C & B \end{array}\right), \end{align} where $B=\left(\begin{array}{ccc} \alpha^R & \beta^R & \gamma^R \\ \gamma^R &\alpha^R ...
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0answers
23 views

Design feedback control law to make the whole matrix Hurwitz

Suppose $(A_1, B_1)$ and $(A_2, B_2)$ are both stabilizable. Then we know that we can find some $K_1$ and $K_2$ to make $A_1+B_1K_1$ and $A_2+B_2K_2$ Hurwitz, respectively. Now, for non-zero constant ...
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0answers
12 views

How to find the rules by which eig(A) = diagonal entries

Suppose A = [a b c;d e f;g h i] how to find a series of rules such that eig(A) = a, e, i such as h = 0 or f = 0? Is there any rule for this? (I know we can find this by principal submatrix, but I ...
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0answers
132 views

Block Diagonalisation of 4x4 Matrix

I'm attempting to find a 4x4 matrix, P, that will convert my matrices, $A = \begin{bmatrix}1&1&0&0\\0&-1&0&0\\0&0&-1&0\\0&0&0&-1\end{bmatrix}$ and, ...
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0answers
33 views

Block diagram structure function marks and minimal cut sets

I have following block diagram, How can I structure function marks and minimal cut sets? I would like it to be explained if possible so that I can understand it. Thanks.
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101 views

Block Circulant Matrix Inverse

I have a nearly block-tridiagonal "block circulant" matrix of the form $$G=\left(\begin{array}{ccccccc} B & C & & & & & A\\ A & B & C\\ & A & B & C\\ ...
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34 views

Can we reduce this matrix to the identity, which contains binomial elements?

We are given a function: $$f(a,b,m) = \binom{n}{b}\binom{n-b}{a}\binom{n-a-b}{m-a}$$ We can suppose we have the following $(n/2)^2 \times (n+1)$ matrix (form), that we wish to find the value for the ...
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0answers
13 views

Can we prove that this tabular algorithm works correctly?

Finding an answer to the following question is very important, because it will help prove an algorithm works correctly. It is also extremely hard to explain, so I'm hoping that someone will help me ...
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0answers
35 views

Find out the smallest disk like ($|z-1| < r$ ) in the complex plane containing the eigenvalues of the given matrix

Consider the given matrix $$\left[\begin{matrix}1& -2& 3& -2 \\1& 1& 0& 3\\-1& 1& 1& -1\\0& -3& 1& 1&\end{matrix}\right]$$ Find out the smallest ...
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57 views

Finding basis of null space for block matrix

I am trying to determine the full-rank basis $Z \in \mathbb R^{(n+m) \times }?$ for the null space of the matrix $$M= \left( \begin{array}{yy} -A & B \\ x & y \end{array} \right)$$ with ...
0
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0answers
117 views

Row & Column Removal and Rank Reduction

I have a problem involving a n x n square, real matrix $K$ which is initially full rank and is not positive definite. In each iteration of my program, I have to remove a row and the corresponding ...
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51 views

Can we perform this operation on block matrices?

We have a block matrix: $$ \left[\begin{array}{c|c|c} A & 0 & 0 \\ \hline 0 & B & 0 \\ \hline 0 & 0 & C \end{array}\right] $$ Here $A$, $B$ and $C$ are all permutation ...
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0answers
84 views

Need to show summation is positive definite

I want the following square matrix to be positive definite (or have no eigenvalues equal to zero, or have a nonzero determinant) for all $N$ \begin{equation*} X = \sum\limits_{k=0}^N ...
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200 views

Eigen values of sum of two matrices

I have a following block matrix \begin{align*} M_1 &= M_a + M_b\\\ M_a &= \begin{pmatrix} a_{11} & 0 &b_{13}\\\ 0 & a_{22}& b_{23}\\\ b_{13}^T & b_{23}^T & d_{33} ...