# Tagged Questions

For questions about matrices which are defined block wise, like $\pmatrix{A&B\\ C&D}$ where $A,B,C$ and $D$ are themselves matrices. Use this tag with (matrices), and often with (linear-algebra).

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### Block diagonalizing a real matrix

I need to prove that for every real linear operator $T:\mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$, there exists an orthonormal basis of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that the corresponding matrix is block ...
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### Eigenvalue of anti triangular block matrix (skew matrix?)

I have an real anti-triangular matrix $M=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} A & B \\ I & 0 \\ \end{array} \right]$ where I is an identity matrix. $A$, $B$, $I$, $0$ are all square real ...
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### when block matrix is positive definite ,

can one tell me when the block matrix M=[A B,C D] is positive definite such as: 1-the four block A,B,C and D are symmetric diagonal positive definite matrices 2-M is asymmetric, so C is not the ...
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### represent the matrix into rank 2

Given an $n\times 1$ vector $x$ and an $n\times 1$ vector $y$. The $n\times n$ matrix $xy^T$ is a rank one matrix. Now let $M=xy^T+yx^T$, how do we represent the matrix $M$ as a rank 2 form $M=AB^T$, ...
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### decomposing PSD block matrix into two PSD block matrices

Given $Q = \left( \begin{array}{ccc} A + B & C \\ C^T & D\end{array} \right)$, where we know that $Q, A, B, D$ are all positive semi-definite, square, but not necessarily equally sized ...
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### Block diagonalization of a symmetric square boolean matrix

I have a symmetric square matrix with elements from $\{0,1\}$. How can I block diagonalize it only swapping lines and columns or detect it's not possible?
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### Prove that the rank of a block diagonal matrix equals the sum of the ranks of the matrices that are the main diagonal blocks.

\begin{equation*} X= \begin{pmatrix} A& 0 \newline 0& B \end{pmatrix} \end{equation*} If A and B are some matrices and 0 is a zero matrix, prove that $\ rank(X)=\ rank(A)+\ rank(B)$. Also, if ...
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### Index of nilpotency jordan block

If $T$ is an endomorphism, there exists a basis, according to which $T$ will be a block-diagonal matrix. Because if $V$ is the domain of $T$, $V$ will be the direct sum of the generalized eigenspaces, ...
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### Is always possible to find a generalized eigenvector for the Jordan basis M?

$A$ is a defective matrix, meaning that there are fewer linearly independent eigenvectors than eigenvalues; the algebraic multiplicity of $\lambda_1$ is $v_i = 2$ while the geometric multiplicity is ...
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### Quadratic equation with matricial coefficients

If I have a equation in the form $${\lambda ^2}{I_N} + \lambda {M_1} + {M_2} = {0_N}$$ where ${I_N}$ is the identity matrix of order $N$, $M_1$ and $M_2$ are matrices of ($N\times N$) order and ...
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### Eigenvalues of Block matrices with known eigenvalues

Let's have the following $(n+1) \times (n+1)$ matrix with block elements $\mathbf{Y} = \begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{A} & - \mathbf{w} \\ - \mathbf{w}^{T} & b \end{bmatrix}$ where $\mathbf{A}$ is ...
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### Sorting Matrix to Block structure

I have a symmetric matrix and I want it to be as block-like as possible. I don't have a clear definition. I want the smallest number of groups of non zero elements or maybe the most non-zero elements ...
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### What kind of matrix/tensor notation is this?

I'm hoping someone on here recognises this and has an answer, because I'm having serious memory issues. About a year ago, I came across the following way of representing tensors of rank $n$ in matrix ...
Let $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n,n}$. Now $C = \begin{pmatrix} A & iB \\ -iB & A \end{pmatrix}$ and $D = \begin{pmatrix} A & B \\ -B & A \end{pmatrix}$. Show that $\det(C) \in \mathbb{R}$ ...