For questions about matrices which are defined block wise, like $\pmatrix{A&B\\ C&D}$ where $A,B,C$ and $D$ are themselves matrices. Use this tag with (matrices), and often with (linear-algebra).

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1answer
25 views

Transpose of higher dimension matrices

We all know transpose of 2D matrix A Old $A_{ij}$ will be replaced by $A_{ji}$ in the transpose matrix and vice versa Question If A is 3D matrices of $3\times 3 \times 8$ then what is old ...
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30 views

Same eigenvalue spectrum with different matrices

There are two matrices $D$ and $T$ which provides eigenvalue spectrum (dispersion relation) according to $$ E(K) = \operatorname{eig}(D + T \exp(iK) + T' \exp(-iK)) $$ $$ K = 0:dK:\pi $$ Where K is a ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Is this symmetric, block-diagonal matrix positive semi-definite?

I have a matrix of the following form, where $a,b,c>0$ \begin{align*} A = \left[ \begin{array}{cccccc} aM_{12}^2 & aM_{12}M_{13} & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ aM_{13}M_{12} ...
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0answers
16 views

Diagonalization of sparse block matrix

I have a real symmetric matrix, \begin{equation} \left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & M & M' \\ M ^T & 0 & 0 \\ M ^{ \prime T} & 0 & 0 \end{array} \right) \end{equation} ...
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2answers
146 views

Block matrix determinant

I have encountered an statement several times while proving determinant of a block matrix. $$\det\pmatrix{A&0\\0&D}\; = \det(A)det(D)$$ where $A$ is $k\times k$ and $D$ is $n\times n$ ...
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2answers
42 views

Estimate eigenvectors of symmetric matrix with almost vanishing diagonal

Is there a way to approximate the eigenvectors of a symmetric matrix with almost vanishing diagonal elements, i.e. with the block matrix form, \begin{equation} M=\left( \begin{array}{cc} ...
1
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1answer
72 views

Finding eigenvalues of a block matrix

I have a block matrix of size $2N \times 2N$ of the form $$B = \begin{bmatrix} A_N & C_N \\ C_N & A_N \end{bmatrix}$$ where $A_N$ and $C_N$ are both $N \times N$ matrices. Specifically, $$A_N ...
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0answers
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Is there a name for the following type of block matrices?

Is there a name for the following type of block matrices? A matrix $A$ is [insert name here] if it can be decomposed into non-zero non-scalar submatrices such that each sub-matrix $B$, with $B$ ...
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57 views
+50

Block diagonalizing two matrices simultaneously

There are two matrices $A$ and $B$ which can not be diagonalized simultaneously. Is it possible to block diagonalize them? What if the matrices have an special pattern? Physics of the problem is ...
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0answers
53 views

show that the determinants are equal

Prove that the determinants are equal $$ \begin{vmatrix} a^2 & bc & ac+c^2 \\ a^2+ab & b^2 & ac \\ ab & b^2+bc & c^2 \\ \end{vmatrix}= ...
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0answers
12 views

Expanding a product of matrices with tensor product and transpose

I'm trying to expand the following product of $\pm1$ matrices $H_1, H_2, K_1, K_2$: $(\frac12 (H_1+H_2)\otimes K_1^T+\frac12 (H_1-H_2)\otimes K_2^T)(\frac12 (H_1+H_2)\otimes K_1^T+\frac12 ...
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1answer
39 views

most general form of $X - A = X^{-1}B (X^{-1}BX^{-1}+ C)^{-1}$ that has a real solution $X = f(A,B,C)$?

What is the most general form of the cubic matrix equation $X - A = X^{-1}B (X^{-1}BX^{-1}+ C)^{-1}$ that has a real solution of the form $X = f(A,B,C)$, where $A,B$ and $C$ are positive definite ...
0
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1answer
13 views

Computing a centralizer in an orthogonal group

Consider a skew-symmetric $(4n+2) \times (4n+2)$ block-diagonal real matrix $A$ in normal form: $$A = \begin{bmatrix} \Lambda_1 & 0 & \cdots & 0\\ 0& \Lambda_2 & \cdots & 0\\ ...
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0answers
9 views

Solving Toeplitz plus Diagonal System, how should I make use of the structure?

I learned that a Toeplitz system, $Ax = B$ where $A$ is Teoplitz, can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ time using Superfast method. or approximate $A$ similar to Approximation method. I am keep ...
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5answers
121 views

Positive semi-definite of a matrix composed of semi-definite blocks

Say a matrix A is positive semi-definite. Let B be a square matrix composed of replicas of A as sub-blocks, s.t. $$B=\begin{pmatrix} A & A \\ A & A \\ \end{pmatrix},$$ or $$\begin{pmatrix} A ...
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0answers
30 views

Computing characteristic polynomial of tridiagonal block matrices

I want to compute the characteristic polynomial of symmetric matrices of the form \begin{bmatrix} A & U & & & 0\\ U & B & V & &\\ & V& C& W &\\ ...
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2answers
19 views

Problem solving for linear algebra's matrix R

i found "U" but failed to find "R". What I did is add row3 to row2, then divide by pivots, which gave me my "R". i thought that;s how its done, why did i fail it. How is it done?
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0answers
19 views

Block Circulant matrix

Let \begin{align} A=\left(\begin{array}{cc} B & C \\ -C & B \end{array}\right), \end{align} where $B=\left(\begin{array}{ccc} \alpha^R & \beta^R & \gamma^R \\ \gamma^R &\alpha^R ...
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1answer
35 views

Find Eigenvalues of Circulant Matrices

$$ A=\begin{pmatrix} \alpha^R&\beta^R &\gamma^R&-\alpha^I&-\beta^I &-\gamma^I\\ \gamma^R&\alpha^R&\beta^R &-\gamma^I&-\alpha^I&-\beta^I \\ \beta^R ...
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1answer
14 views

Characteristic polynomial of triangular blocks matrix

Let A be a triangular blocks matrix (the blocks are: A1,...,Ak). Show that CA(t)=CA1(t)*...*CAk(t). Any help ? thanks ;) (edit: CA and CAj are the characteristic polynomials of the blocks)
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1answer
25 views

Block partitioned symmetric orthogonal matrix

Let $A\in\mathcal{M}_n(\mathbb{R}),\ n\in\mathbb{N}$ and $X\in\mathbb{R}^n$. For any $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}$, define $M(\lambda)=\left( \begin{array} {c|c}A & X\\ \hline\phantom{}^tX & \lambda ...
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1answer
20 views

The similarity of the block matrices

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a field,and let $A,B,C$ be matrices over $\mathbb{F}$ of respective sizes $n\times n , k\times k, $and $n\times k$. put $M=\begin{bmatrix} A&0 \\ 0&B ...
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1answer
40 views

Anyone worked with this particular orthogonal matrix

In my recent studies of quaternions, the following orthogonal matrix has come up. For example, it is related to the matrix representation of quaternion multiplication. Has anyone seen it come up in ...
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0answers
23 views

Block Diagonalization related to Direct Sum and Single Eigenvalue?

I'm just a beginner in Linear Algebra, and I've proved myself the following: A matrix $A^{n \times n}$ is block diagonalizable if and only if the base field $F^n$ can be divided into at least two ...
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3answers
76 views

Prove or disprove that trace of matrix $X$ is zero

I was trying to solve a question from a competitive exam paper. This is a part of that question. Let $I_n$ and $O_n$ be $n\times n$ identity and null matrices respectively.Let $S$ be $2n\times ...
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1answer
17 views

determinant of special structure block matrix

How do you compute the determinant of the block matrix: $$ M = \begin{bmatrix} A+B & A &A &A &... \\ A & A+B &A &A &... \\ A & A &A+B &A &... ...
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1answer
70 views

Does there exist $B$ for which $BB^T=I$?

My question is Does there exist a real matrix $B_{n\times m}$ with $m<n$ for which $BB^T=I_n$? Why do I need this? Suppose we are given a real matrix $Q_{m\times n}$ (again, with ...
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0answers
30 views

Canonical Form of Nilpotent Matrices

Given the matrix $$\hat{S}=\begin{bmatrix} S & *& *&* \\ 0& S &* &* \\ 0& 0& S &* \\ 0&0&0&S\\ \end{bmatrix} $$ where $S$ is an $n \times n$ ...
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0answers
21 views

Design feedback control law to make the whole matrix Hurwitz

Suppose $(A_1, B_1)$ and $(A_2, B_2)$ are both stabilizable. Then we know that we can find some $K_1$ and $K_2$ to make $A_1+B_1K_1$ and $A_2+B_2K_2$ Hurwitz, respectively. Now, for non-zero constant ...
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1answer
40 views

Solve Matrix: How many trips can be made?

We have the matrix: $$\mathbf{M}=\begin{bmatrix}0 & 1 & 1 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & 0\end{bmatrix}$$ The matrix ...
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1answer
30 views

Closed form of matrix $ (I-(1- α)P)^{-1}$

I am having difficulties in proving the closed form of matrix $(I-(1- α)P)^{-1}$ into the equation below. I got this equation from a research paper and i failed to understand how they got there. If ...
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4answers
114 views

Find the axis of rotation of a rotation matrix by $INSPECTION$ (NOT by solving $Kv=v$)

$$K=\ \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 & 1\\ -1 & 0 & 0\\ 0 & -1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}$$ Find the axis of rotation for the rotation matrix $K$ by INSPECTION. This is from my other thread ...
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1answer
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Find the Axis of rotation of rotation matrix $K$ after solving $(K-I)v=0$

$$K=\ \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 & 1\\ -1 & 0 & 0\\ 0 & -1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}$$ Find the axis of rotation for the rotation matrix $K$. This is from my previous thread click here ...
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2answers
62 views

Find the axis of rotation from the rotation matrix.

This is a problem from the book "Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences" Third Edition by author Mary L. Boas. on page 129, Example 5, just in case any of you are familiar with it. So I ...
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0answers
10 views

How to find the rules by which eig(A) = diagonal entries

Suppose A = [a b c;d e f;g h i] how to find a series of rules such that eig(A) = a, e, i such as h = 0 or f = 0? Is there any rule for this? (I know we can find this by principal submatrix, but I ...
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0answers
24 views

A question about eigenvalues of a special block matrix

Thanks for anyone who views or answers this question! $N\times N$ matrix $L$ can be partitioned into $p\times p$ blocks, ...
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0answers
13 views

generalisation of Knonecker matrix product

In the Kronecker matrix product $C = A\otimes B$ we have that $C(i,j)=A(i,j)*B$ where the elements $A(i,j)$ are just numeric scalar values. What if the $A(i,j)$ are matrix operators which act on ...
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2answers
47 views

Notation - Transpose of Block Matrices [Lay P121 Q2.4.12]

Definition of Transpose is $(A^T)_{ij} = A_{ji}$ $1.$ Why $\begin{bmatrix} M & N \end{bmatrix}^T = \begin{bmatrix} M^T \\ N^T \end{bmatrix}$, and NOT $\begin{bmatrix} M \\ N\end{bmatrix}$? ...
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1answer
34 views

Nonsingular block matrix

Let us consider a matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and the block partitioning $$ \mathbf{A} = \begin{pmatrix} \mathbf{A}_{11} & \mathbf{A}_{12} \\ \mathbf{A}_{21} & ...
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1answer
25 views

Solving Ax = b where A is composed of diagonal blocks

I would like to solve the equation $Ax=b$ where $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$ and $A$ is of the form: $$A= \begin{bmatrix} D_1 & D_2 &D_3 \\ D_2 & D_4 & D_5 \\ D_3 & D_5 & D_6 ...
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1answer
42 views

solving matrix equation by matrix rearranging

I have a matrix equation like following: $$p=KTm $$ where $$T: {4}\times{4} \text{ homogeneous transformation matrix}$$ $$K: {3}\times{4} \text{ matrix}$$ $$p: {3}\times{1} \text{ column ...
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0answers
41 views

Separating the eigenvalues of a Hermitian matrix with a special block structure

I have a square matrix $J \in \mathbb{C}^{2n \times 2n}$ where, $J=\begin{pmatrix} A&B \\\bar{B} & A \end{pmatrix}$ $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and is ${\bf diagonal}$ $B \in ...
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0answers
51 views

Condition for a block matrix to be positive semi-definite

Let's say we have two positive semi-definite matrices $A$ and $B$ and a negative real $\lambda$. What would be the conditions for the matrix $M$, defined as follows, to be positive semi-definite too ? ...
3
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1answer
161 views

Eigenvalues of a submatrix

A self-adjoint matrix $A$ in a complex linear space has real eigenvalues bounded between $0$ and $1$. If $A$ is projected onto an arbitrary two-dimensional subspace, what would be the bounds on the ...
3
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1answer
80 views

eigenvalues of sum of matrices: $A$+block matrix are strictly less than eigenvalues of $A$+identity

Let $A$ whose sum for rows is 0, can I prove that the $ \lambda_i \left ( \begin{bmatrix} I & 0\\ 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix} +A\right ) $ are strictly less than $\lambda_i \left ( \begin{bmatrix} I ...
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0answers
117 views

Block Diagonalisation of 4x4 Matrix

I'm attempting to find a 4x4 matrix, P, that will convert my matrices, $A = \begin{bmatrix}1&1&0&0\\0&-1&0&0\\0&0&-1&0\\0&0&0&-1\end{bmatrix}$ and, ...
2
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1answer
96 views

The Matrix Inversion Lemma: the General Case

I find it is hard to understand the application senario of the Matrix Inversion Lemma in non-special cases. Suppose I already computed $A^{-1}$ and want to find $\left(A+UCV \right)^{-1}$. The Matrix ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Extending a set of vectors to a basis by picking from a given basis

I have a linear independent set ${\cal K}=\{v_1,\dots,v_{k-d}\}\subset\mathbb{R}^k$. I'd like to find $\cal W=\{w_1,\dots,w_d\}$ such that $\cal K\cup W$ is a basis for $\mathbb{R}^k$. To do this, ...
6
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0answers
156 views

Matrix diagonalization theorems and counterexamples: reference-request.

I'm looking for exhaustive list of diagonalization theorems and counterexamples in linear algebra. In this question I understand the question of matrix diagonalization very broadly: suppose we have ...
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0answers
28 views

Block diagram structure function marks and minimal cut sets

I have following block diagram, How can I structure function marks and minimal cut sets? I would like it to be explained if possible so that I can understand it. Thanks.