Questions related with (base 2) representation of numbers and their unique properties arising out of number representation.

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1answer
11 views

How to convert from floating point binary to decimal in half precision(16 bits)?

I'm trying to convert a 16 bit precision binary number to decimal format however I am completely failing to do so. The binary I'm trying to convert is $0101011101010000$ My current method is: ...
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2answers
12 views

Possible distinct binary tree structures at depth d

I'm trying to figure out a recursive formula for the number of possible distinct binary trees at any depth d. I haven't been able to find any sort of sources on this. basically, at depth 0, the only ...
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0answers
21 views

TI-89 calculator help two’s complement binary code

Can anyone help me or show me an example of how to convert the decimal 43.125 to a two’s complement binary code using the TI-89. I know the where they are listed 2nd, Math, Base. But I only receive ...
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2answers
787 views

binary representation of a fraction in two's complement

Could any one please explain what is a 16-bit two's-complement representation of -0.375 and the steps to calculate it? Also, what happens if I convert it back to decimal? Thanks
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0answers
24 views

Computing binary NOT, AND, OR operator problems [on hold]

I have these four problems, which deal with the NOT AND and OR binary operators. What I am confused about is how to compute "nested" forms of these, where you are comparing operators to other ...
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0answers
17 views

Binary to Decimal Floating Point Number

I seem to be having difficulties trying to figure this out: I have a Binary 0101011101010000 and I'm trying to compute the decimal floating point number, in the IEEE-754 format Can somebody help? ...
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1answer
69 views

Grade School Multiplication Algorithm for Binary Numbers explanation

I under stand the shifting but not why it will always give the right answer? For Example: ...
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1answer
27 views

Converting from Octal to Decimal.

I have the value $(3738)_8$ and I want to convert it to decimal. The answer i believe is $$(3 \times 8^3) + (7 \times 8^2)+ (3 \times 8^1) + (8 \times 8^0) = 2016$$. My question is that on some ...
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0answers
37 views

Generating function from a set of binary strings

So this question is in my textbook and there's no solution, so I'm seeing if I can get a confirmation? Q: Let $S$ be the set of all binary strings of length 4, where for each string $a\in S$, the ...
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1answer
162 views

$N$ perfect logicians wearing hats

I once came across the following riddle: (assume $N$ to be extremely large) There are $N$ perfect logicians arranged in a vertical row. They are allowed to strategize before the game, during the ...
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0answers
39 views

Has anyone established an upper bound for the least integer $k$ such that infinitely many primes have at most $k$ ones in their binary representation?

Has anyone established an upper bound for the least integer $k$ such that infinitely many primes have at most $k$ ones in their binary representation? $2$ is the only prime with $1$ one, the Fermat ...
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3answers
67 views

Defining a bijection with binary strings

Let $n\in\mathbb N$. Then a binary string of length $n$ has the form $a_1a_2...a_n$ such that each $a_i$ is either 0 or 1. Define $E_n$ to be the set of all binary strings of length $n$ with even ...
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1answer
39 views

Understanding binary combinatorial problem

It has been quite some time since I've done permutations and combinations, and I'm attempting to remember the proper way to go about solving this issue (not a homework assignment, more of a thought ...
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1answer
61 views

Using XOR operation repeatedly

There are $n$ binary digits, from $A_0$ to $A_{n-1}$. Each operation consists of the following 2 steps: Each digit is replaced by the XOR addition of itself with the next digit. ...
2
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2answers
38 views

Mathematical Relations in Computing - Unary

I have this question that's bugging my mind: "Discuss by giving suitable examples the role of mathematical relations (Unary, binary and ternary) in computing." I'm sure it's a very simple question, ...
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0answers
18 views

Binary Overflow Detection

I am trying to solve several problems, which are binary and encoded using the 2's complement system. One problem has stuck out to me: 0111 + 0001 Both are positive, with 0111 being 1+2+4 or 7, and ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Find number between $A$ and $B$ with maximum set bits?

Given two integers $A,B$. Find number $N$ which has maximum number of set bits in its binary form and lies between $A$ and $B$ inclusive. Is there any approach for this question. Also if there are ...
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2answers
36 views

Converting Decimal to Hexadecimal

MathExchange, I am trying to learn more about computers, and one thing I have opted to teach myself is decimal to binary, and decimal to hex conversion. From the web, I have found tutorials on ...
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3answers
5k views

Binary Subtraction of Two Unsigned Integers

For unsigned integers $ X = 00110101 $ and $ Y = 10110101 $, determine the following values: $ X + Y = (\text{My answer is}) ~ 11101010 $. $ X - Y = ~ ??? $ $ Y - X = ~ ??? $
5
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1answer
583 views

Finding the binary representation of the $n$th Fibonacci term

Objective: To find the binary representation ( or no. of 1's in binary representation) of nth term in Fibonacci sequence where n is of the order 10^6. My current approach: Find nth term (in decimal) ...
2
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0answers
34 views

An expression for the number of n-bit binary strings with at most k ones (without summations)

Say we need to find an expression for the number of binary strings of length $n$, which have at most $k$ ones. My solution was to split the problem into $k+1$ cases, where the number of ones, ...
1
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2answers
29 views

Correlation between Binary and N-dimensional simplexes

I found an interesting correlation between binary numbers and $n$-dimensional simplexes and I'm trying to find where I can find more information on the subject. I noticed that binary representations ...
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2answers
28 views

How many numbers with given amount of ones in their binary form?

I was practicing for a programming competition and I got the following problem, which I was unable to solve: It is given a number N. Find the amount of x, y values, where x > N, y < N and the ...
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1answer
60 views

Recurrence relation for Binary String Question

I have a question which has been a little stumped. I'm pretty sure I know the answer, but don't know how to prove it to be true. Here it is: "Given an infinite length random binary string, what is ...
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4answers
981 views

Is Cantor's diagonal argument dependent on the base used?

Applying Cantor's diagonal argument to irrational numbers represented in binary, one and only one irrational number can be generated that is not on the list. Wikipedia image: But if you change ...
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2answers
430 views

Quick logarithm calculation

In coming up with an algorithm for finding log (10) base 2, these are my thoughts. I wanted to know if this makes sense and how could I truly make it more efficient. The requirements are strictly not ...
19
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3answers
1k views

What do bitwise operators look like in 3d?

The hypothetical relation is $z = \mathrm{xor}\left(x,y\right)$ where xor is any bitwise operator such as AND, OR, NAND, etc. I see that these operations may be defined for integers trivially using ...
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1answer
25 views

Binary Multiplication Counting Ones

Excuse my formatting. I have noticed the following but know no way to prove it. Given the multiplication $y=(2^n-1)\cdot m$, where n,m are positive integers and $m\leq(2^n-1)$. Prove that the count ...
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1answer
45 views

Are some infinite fractions in one counting system non-infinite in another?

I'm curious whether some infinite periodic fractions in one counting system (e.g. decimal - 10/3 = 3.33333...) turn out to be non-infinite in another system and vice - versa. Please excuse me if my ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Algorithm for Converting Non-balanced Base-n to Balanced Base-n (for odd n)

Let $n \in 2 \mathbb{N} - 1$. I was wondering what sort of algorithms there are for converting (non-balanced) base-n to balanced base-n, where "balanced" is as is described in this article: ...
4
votes
3answers
275 views

An odd question about induction.

Given $n$ $0$'s and $n$ $1$'s distributed in any manner whatsoever around a circle, show, using induction on $n$, that it is possible to start at some number and proceed clockwise around the circle to ...
4
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1answer
43 views

Least squares with matrix in $GF(2)$?

Here's an example of a problem I'm working on involving finding combination of bit vectors that yield a certain sum (in the $GF(2)$ sense): $ \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 0 & 0 ...
2
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1answer
19 views

float vector to binary integer vector transformation preserving dot product

Is there a transformation of a set of float vectors to a set of binary integer vectors that preserves the dot product. I found conformal transformations but I'm interested in large vectors (size 300) ...
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2answers
73 views

How to find Bitwise AND of all numbers for a given range?

How can I find Bitwise AND of all numbers for a given range say from A to B, including both? I found a beautiful answer for finding XOR for such range. http://stackoverflow.com/a/10670524/2046703How ...
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2answers
34 views

Classification of numbers on the base of binary representation

The problem is the following. I would like to find a simple algorithm or principle of classification of numbers regarding their presentation in binary form. Let's consider an example. The numbers by ...
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1answer
38 views

Unfair coin probability (P) that results in 0.5% chance of getting x tails out of y tosses?

For an unfair coin toss that produces heads with probability P, what is the value of P that will result in 0.5% (i.e. 0.005) chance of getting exactly x tails out of y tosses? i.e. is there a general ...
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2answers
47 views

distribution probability question involving binary functions for certain n<2^10

For any positive integer n, let G(n) be the number of pairs of adjacent bits in the binary representation of n which are different. For example, G(10)=3 because the bits of $1010_2$ change at all ...
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0answers
76 views

Probability of getting a Column full rank binary matrix

Suppose I have a $m \times n$ ($m>>n$) zero matrix (all of the elements are $0$). I want to flip $k$ ($k \ge n$ and can be controlled by the user) elements of the matrix randomly. After this ...
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0answers
33 views

How to prove that all powers of two minus one have only 1's when in binary representation?

It just came to my mind that all powers of two, when represented in binary format, are composed of only 1's, not 0's. I can see some logic behind it, however I can't seem to come up with an actual ...
0
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1answer
29 views

XOR function over binary vectors

I didn't really know how to name this question, it has been bothering me for some time: You are given n binary vectors of dimension $d: x_1,\cdots,x_n$; $x_i = x_{i_1},\cdots,x_{i_d}$. You are also ...
0
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1answer
17 views

how binary quantile regression divides the dependent variable into quantiles

I am not very clear with binary quantile regression. As if it was ordinary quantile regression, it would divide the dependent variable's value by its ascending value into quantiles. But I cannot ...
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3answers
23 views

4-bit number to decimal number

Juts like the title says: a code to convert a 4-bit number into a decimal equivalent number without using any fucntion from octave's library. Not a clue! We consider the input a binary number ...
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6answers
63 views

What is 6.5 in binary? [duplicate]

I just stumbled across a problem I never actually thought about before: decimals in binary. Can someone explain how to do it? Thanks! Note: If possible, I'd like the answer in decimals not fractions, ...
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3answers
2k views

Convert the following hexadecimal representation of 2’s complement binary numbers to decimal numbers.

I need to convert the following hexadecimal representation of 2’s complement binary numbers to decimal numbers I am unsure if I am doing it correctly or am I missing a step? a. xF0 b. x7FF c. ...
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0answers
49 views

Is there a name for this constant? (0.0100011011…)

It's the simplest number I could think of that contains any finite binary code in its digits: $$\begin{align} c &= 0.0100011011000001010011100101110111...\\ &= ...
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3answers
83 views

Isn't this the most compact binary representation of all numbers?

Here is the transformation: $$\begin{align*} &1\to(0)\\ &2\to(1)\\ &3\to(10)\\ &4\to((1))\\ &5\to(100)\\ &6\to(11)\\ &7\to(1000)\\ &8\to((10))\\ &9\to((1)0)\\ ...
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0answers
18 views

Give the idempotent generators of the four binary QR codes C1 , C2 , C3 , C4 , of length 7.

I'm having trouble on some homework. This is the last problem and I can't figure it out. Can anyone help or point me in the right direction? Thanks! For each code Ci , 1 ≤ i ≤ 4, from part (a), give ...
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1answer
112 views

Proving properties of binary relations

Attempting to find answers to solve these questions. I've been looking all over the web for references since my textbooks aren't being helpful. Now, I'm still at the starting point. ...
0
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1answer
29 views

how to find the binary expansion of any number in the unit interval [0,1]

For each integer $n\geq 1$ and $x\in [0,1]$, define $f_n(x)=x_n$ where $x_n$ is the $n$th binary digit of x. If x is a number with two binary expansions, use the expansion that ends with infinitely ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Counting binary strings that have atmost k consecutive 0's

I know how to count how many binary strings with length n and having exactly k 0's are there but i am not able to find a way to count the number of binary strings that have exactly x 0's and y 1's and ...