Questions related with (base 2) representation of numbers and their unique properties arising out of number representation.

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1answer
58 views

What makes a floating point number finite?

We started studying about the binary floating point system, and talked mainly about the limitations when trying to represent fractions on computer systems, and how mostly what we get when manipulating ...
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3answers
58 views

How to borrow from zeroes in binary subtraction (no complements)b?

I know you can use complements to subtract, but I want to subtract these two binary numbers without that. I am unsure of how to borrow numbers from zero, check it out: 1000000 -101100 How do I ...
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1answer
25 views

Partioning Mystery

Who has the wisdom to answer the following: 9 distinct marbles distrubted into 4 distinct bags with each bag receiving at least 1 marble,how many ways can this be done? Thankyou for contributing! ...
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1answer
41 views

What's the proper way to subtract a negative number with two's complement?

Title says all. Is it just ordinary addition? Because that seems like it's too simple.
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0answers
49 views

Biased form with hidden bit

A computer stores a number of 16 bits word using floating-point arrangement. Given that the first bit is reserved for the sign and followed by 6 bits for the exponent using biased form. The remaining ...
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1answer
143 views

Time efficiency of brute force algorithm as a function of number of bits?

This is homework help so advising how to solve such a problem is appreciated. The question reads as follows: What is the time efficiency of the brute-force algorithm for computing $a^n$ as a ...
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1answer
70 views

Data Representation Question

A computer stores a number of $16$ bits word using floating-point arrangement. Given that the first bit is reserved for the sign and followed by $6$ bits for the exponent using biased form. The ...
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2answers
151 views

Binary Code Decimal (BCD)

I need help with the following question, my try is at the bottom: Question : Using Binary Code Decimal 8-4-2-1 representation, calculate 6789 + 7156 - 365 My Answer : 1101010000101 + 1101111110100 = ...
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1answer
62 views

Base change system

the people in aldeeran planet use a base six system. a]show how the aldeeran people represent each of the following: i) 291.5 (base 10) ii) 1010111 (base 2) iii) 71.6 (base 8) iv) 10A.4 (base 16) ...
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1answer
166 views

The maximum number of digits in binary multiplication

Given 2 binary numbers of n digits. (n can be from 1 to something large) What is the maximum number of digits of their product? I think it's 1 in 1-digit*1-digit, and 2n otherwise. But I want some ...
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0answers
89 views

conversion of number from base 10 to base 16

I have trouble finding an example of a conversion of a number from base 10 to base 16, where there is a loss of significant digits when using the Euclidean algorithm due to division by large numbers, ...
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2answers
4k views

Modulo 2 binary division (XOR not subtracting) method

I have attached an image showing a Modulo 2 binary division. I can roughly understand the working below which is using XOR calculation but I am not sure how the answer (in red) is being computed ...
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1answer
65 views

Find a decomposition and then an equation for the generating function for the class of rooted trees where each node has 0, 1, or 2 children.

Find a decomposition and then an equation for the generating function for the class of rooted trees where each node has 0, 1, or 2 children. how do you approach this problem?
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2answers
236 views

How do I calculate the binary form of a polynomial?

The 4 bytes used in CDROM sectors is just a usual 32 bit CRC. It uses the polynomial P(x) = (x^16 + x^15 + x^2 + 1).(x^16 + x^2 + x + 1) which expands to ...
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1answer
22 views

Continuous and binary variable question

For $y_1$ and $y_2$ as continuous variables how can this statement be reformed in binary and continuous variables with linear constraints Either $|y_1 - y_2| = 2$ or $|y_1 - y_2| = 4$
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1answer
81 views

How convert 1/2 to binary?

How convert 1/2 to binary? isn't it 0.1111 $1/2$ result $0$ $(1/2)*2=1$ result $0.1$ $2*2>1$ result $0.11 $ etc.
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1answer
81 views

Combinations or Permutations of bits

I am a computer science major and was explaining to someone how a computer uses bits to represent numbers. If you have 1 bit, you can have 0 or 1. With 2 bits, you can have 00, 01, 10, 11, or 0, 1, ...
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2answers
83 views

Mathematically get $n$th bit from integer

Most programming languages have functions for getting bits but I need to do it on a calculator so I need to understand how to do it mathematically. Basically I need a formula for getting the $n$th bit ...
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1answer
688 views

Formula for binary sequences of length m with no n consecutive 1s?

Formula for binary sequences of length $m$ with no $n$ consecutive $1$s? I know The number of binary strings of length $m$ without consecutive $1$s is the Fibonacci number $F_{m+2}$. But how about ...
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1answer
63 views

how do I assign -12 in base 10 to biased 32 in binary?

Not really sure how to approach this one. I understand how to convert decimal to hex and all that, but what is biased 32?
0
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1answer
64 views

Expressing as 1's complement

I have the problem: Express ( -43) as a word-length 1’s complement number 43 is in decimal. I understand how to convert to Hexadecimal and take the 2's ...
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1answer
317 views

Count number of binary relations between sets

He, I have following questions: We have sets $A$ and $B$, $\left | A \right | = m,\left | B \right | = n$. 1) How many binary relations are there from $A$ to $B$? 2) How many binary relations are ...
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0answers
2k views

Calculating minimum hamming distance of a code

We use hamming code of (7,4,3); Given 4 bits of information, we'll add 3 bits of parity, and one more parity bit for the 7-bits code. Given $x_3,x_5,x_6,x_7$ $x_1 = (x_3+x_5+x_7) \mod 2$ $x_2 = ...
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0answers
30 views

How to show that the spectral radius of a binary tree approaches exp(1) as the N tends to infinity?

How can I prove mathematically that the spectral radius of a binary tree approaches e as the number of nodes tends to infinity? I mean it is true that the increase in nodes number is exponential but ...
3
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0answers
100 views

Number of 'unique' one bit binary functions with N-bit inputs

Consider the set of binary functions that takes an N-bit input -> 1 bit output. There are 2^(2^N) elements in this set. Now potentially reduce this set by restricting to only considering functions ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Powers of 10 in binary expansion

I noticed an interesting pattern the other day. Let's take a look at the powers of 10 in binary: $10^0$ = 1 = 1 b $10^1$ = 10 = 10 10 b $10^2$ = 100 = 1100 100 b $10^3$ = 1000 = 111110 1000 b ...
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2answers
92 views

Binary concatenation

In decimal, I have the numbers 4 and 5 for example. I want to concatenate them into the number 45, but then in binary. In decimal, it's just a matter of sticking the numbers together, but I need to do ...
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3answers
183 views

How to fast convert from Octal to Hexadecimal

There has been a similar question before: How to convert a hexadecimal number to an octal number? But, in my case I need an Algorithm to directly convert a number from Octal to Hexadecimal and back ...
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1answer
31 views

Binary to Hexadecimal number

I know how to convert 0101 | 0111 in which the 0101 gives me 5, and ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Conditions for a decimal to be convertible to binary

All natural numbers (Base 10) can be converted to binary. No problem. But what about fractional numbers? All cannot be converted (finite expansion). Example: $0.625$ can be converted but $0.11231$ ...
3
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1answer
342 views

On a scale of 1 to 10, how likely is it that this question is using binary? [closed]

I just read this interesting xkcd strip: At first I thought it was funny, but as I got to ruminate a little over it, I was surprised to be unable to find an answer. As Karolis Juodelė pointed out, ...
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1answer
560 views

Inverse of binary matrix

I have tried creating an inverse of a binary matrix using the identity matrix method. Have an identity matrix alongside the square matrix and perform all the operations to convert the square matrix to ...
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3answers
75 views

converting to octal, hexadecimal and binary

Revising for an exam - could someone explain to me how you can convert an ordinary numbers to octal, hexadecimal and binary would be appreciated
4
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1answer
107 views

XOR of Three Integers

How would you prove the following: Given three non-negative integers $a, b, c$; if $a \oplus b \oplus c = 0$ then $(a - k) \oplus (b - k) \oplus (c - k) > 0$ for any $0 < k \leq min(a, b, c)$ ? ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Recurrence relations - simple questions, please verify my answers.

I'm posting this question because this is new material for me and I am unsure of my answers and have no one to consult with. I solved the first three and would appreciate feedback. I need help solving ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Compressing a short list of very large numbers?

Suppose that we are dealing with integers drawn from a random uniform distribution, on the range $[1 , 2^{30}]$. Is it possible to effectively compress a short list of random numbers, say $2^4$ ...
2
votes
4answers
308 views

Find the number of 1s or 0s in binary representation of a number

What is the number of 1s in the binary representation of $$3*512 + 7*64 + 5*8 + 3$$ Is there any shortcut for finding the number of 1s and 0s in a binary number which has been factored as above?
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10answers
4k views

In plain English, why does conversion from hexadecimal to binary work so cleanly?

Why does the trick of taking the binary representation of each digit and simply concatenating them work? e.g. 0x4E == 0100 ...
0
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2answers
155 views

Use strong induction to prove number of vertices on complete tree is $2l-1$

Can someone help me construct this proof using strong induction? Use strong induction on $l$ to show that for all $l \geq 1$, a full binary tree with $l$ leaves has $2l-1$ vertices total.
2
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1answer
114 views

Why do XOR and other operators on binary variables qualify as linear?

I never fully understood why is the operation $\oplus: \{0,1\}^n \times \{0,1\}^n \mapsto \{0,1\}^n$ considered linear ? I am well aware of the definition of linearity on real numbers, and I ...
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1answer
593 views

What is meaning of strict weak ordering in layman's term?

I gone through many pages using Google, but not understand exact meaning of Stick-weak Ordering term. I have this requirement while sorting strings. Thanks.
5
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1answer
338 views

Generating Function for Binary String Question

The following is an assignment question I have been trying to work out for quite some time. Let $C(x,y)=\sum_{n,k \geq 0} c_{n,k} x^{n} y^{k}$, where $c_{n,k}$ is the number of binary strings of ...
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1answer
630 views

Binary string with even and odd number of 1s [duplicate]

How could it be shown that the number of binary string of length k with an even number of 1s is the same as those with an odd number of 1s. Eg. for $k = 3$ : Binary string length 3 with even amount ...
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3answers
340 views

How to convert an infinite binary fraction into a decimal fraction

I am asked to write the infinite binary fraction $0.(1011)$, where the $1011$ is the repeating part, as a $\frac pq$ fraction. What are the steps to do this? EDIT: If $0.(1011)$ was in base 10, I ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Computation and Elimination (Solution Verification)

Consider a set B (of binary strings) given by the introduction rules: \begin{equation} \frac{}{\epsilon :B} \quad \frac{a:B}{s_{0}(a):B} \quad \frac{a:B}{s_{1}(a):B}\end{equation} ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Binary multiplication

Please don't be to harsh with me if you think that this is to simple, I just don't understand it. I been trying to follow this site(Method 2) to solve simple multiplication of $3 * 3 = 9$, but it ...
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4answers
61 views

How do I convert from binary base to decimal?

I have a homework problem and I don't understand it. Here is the problem: The base two number 11111(base 2) has the same digit in all places. The same number can be written in different bases. Find ...
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2answers
107 views

Binary number theory

I want to know if there exists some book about "Binary number theory", I'm interesting in this because there many problems of ICPC about this topic. Thanks in advance
2
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1answer
70 views

Calculating 6 decimal digits of $3^{\sqrt2}$ using a calculator.

How can we calculate $3^{\sqrt2}$ to 6 decimal digits, using only a semi-basic calculator (Which has the square root too) and a pen and paper? I asked this question from my teacher and he ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Lower bound on a number theoretic function

Let $n$ be a positive odd integer, let $$n_j = \Bigl\{\frac{n}{2^{j+1}}\Bigr\}\,,$$ where $\{x\}$ denotes the fractional part of $x$, and finally let $k = \lceil \log_2 n\rceil$. Consider the ...