Questions on Bézier curves, curves that are frequently used in computer graphics.

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1answer
97 views

Bezier curve and deceleration

I have a question regarding calculation of a cubic Bezier curve. I'm programming an app where in there's continuous straight line motion of a vehicle at a constant speed. (Let's call it $u$). When the ...
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1answer
51 views

What is the difference between a rational spline and a “regular” spline?

I'm pretty comfortable with Bezier curves (not as much with b-splines, nurbs, hermite, catmull rom, etc), such that i know how to generate a bezier curve of any degree using the bernstein polynomials ...
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2answers
76 views

algorithm for Bezier curve with eleven control points

I would like to know the algorithm/ polynomial equation for a Bezier curve with eleven control points. Thanks in advance.
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3answers
1k views

Control Points of Bézier Curve?

Could someone give me a reason/proof why the control points do not lie on the Bézier Curve? Perhaps involving Bernstein Polynomials, if possible? Thanks!
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2answers
110 views

Which side of a 2d curve is a point on?

Given a point $Q$ and $2d$ Cubic Bezier Curve: $$P = A(1-t)^3 + 3Bt(1-t)^2 + 3Ct^2(1-t) + Dt^3$$ Is there a way to know which side of the curve the point lies on? I know that the term "side" is a ...
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1answer
37 views

Explicit Bezier Curves: Lerping between curves same as lerping control points?

Let's say that you have two explicit (one dimensional) quadratic Bezier curves: $f(t) = A(1-t)^2+B(1-t)t+Ct^2$ $g(t) = D(1-t)^2+E(1-t)t+Ft^2$ Where $A, B, C, D, E, F$ are scalar constants. Then, ...
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1answer
38 views

How to spline together Bezier curves to form a smoth closed curve?

Given $k=m\cdot n$ points: $P_1,P_2,...,P_k$ (all points are two dimensional points), how can I spline together $m$ Bezier curves of $n$ degree to form a smooth closed curve? Denote $B_{i,j}(t)$ to ...
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1answer
49 views

Finding cubic bezier curve endpoints based on relationship between endpoints and a point on the curve.

I have the following information about a bezier curve: The curve begins at $x=0$ and ends at $x=1$. The curve has two control points each at the same height as their closest endpoints, one at ...
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1answer
29 views

How do I fill in points in an equation?

I'm doing research for Bézier curves for school, and I don't really understand how to fill in a point in an equation. I mean, I'd like to represent this on an x,y (or t,y) curve, but what do I need to ...
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1answer
25 views

Do Bezier control points aproximate their curve?

I was just reading here about degree elevation in Bezier curves and I noticed that in the diagrams of the progressively higher degree curve, that the control points began to approximate the curve ...
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2answers
755 views

Bezier curvature

I'm trying to understand quadratic Bezier curves but I cannot get pass one thing. Please, what is a "curvature" and how can I calculate it? I'm asking because I found for instance: ...
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2answers
2k views

Convert segment of parabola to quadratic bezier curve

How do I convert a segment of parabola to a cubic Bezier curve? The parabola segment is given as a polynomial with two x values for the edges. My target is to convert a quadratic piecewise ...
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3answers
211 views

Convert quadratic bezier curve to parabola

A quadratic Bézier curve is a segment of a parabola. If the $3$ control points and the quadratic Bézier curve are known, how do you calculate the equation of the parabola (which is an $y=f(x)$ ...
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3answers
320 views

What does the 2nd degree derivative of a cubic Bezier curve actually represent?

I have a $3D$ Bezier curve. Each co-ordinate along its path is defined by the equation: $$ f(t) = t^3 \bigl(a_2+3(c_1-c_2)-a_1\bigr) + 3t^2 (a_1-2c_1+c_2) + 3t(c_1-a_1) + a_1 $$ where $a_1, a_2$ are ...
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2answers
1k views

Equation for control point distance for fixed-length cubic Bézier path (with specific constraints)

A particular Stack Overflow question asks how to construct a specific cubic Bézier path of constant length. I have experimentally determined the ideal distances of the control points from the nearest ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Is there anything interesting about this figure constructed from a set of points and their barycentre?

Playing with the TikZ package for (La)TeX, I made a nice figure. Well, I think it is nice, anyway. You can ignore the distracting colours and the concentric circles, they are not important for this ...
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0answers
75 views

Moving a control points on a bezier curve to best fit a moved end point

I have a bezier curve, which I am wanting to manipulate in a certain way. So that it is clear what part of the curve I am wanting to adjust, here is an illustration that labels the parts of the curve ...
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2answers
233 views

Bezier extrapolation

The red dots are my data: I know that they are on a Bézier curve of order 5 (6 control points). There are extra restrictions on the 6 control points A,B,C,D,E & F: A & B are on a ...
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1answer
550 views

Calculating points on the curve

I want to get the x and y coordinates of a curve..How can i do that... In the above image.Is it possible to calculate the intermediate points(one side) by knowing starting and ending point
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1answer
28 views

Determining whether two 2D polynomial curves are everywhere close to each other

Let's say we have two curves $P(t), Q(t): [0, 1] \to \mathbb{R}^2$. $P_x(t), P_y(t), Q_x(t), Q_y(t)$ are all polynomials of some degree $n$. We can further restrict this to Bernstein basis polynomials ...
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2answers
42 views

Determining whether images of two curves are close to each other

I am coding an implementation of Boolean operations on SVG paths, and need to solve the following problem: Given two sequences of curves, determine whether the distance between their images never ...
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0answers
129 views

How to find XYZ Coordinates of the Major and Minor Axis end-points in an orbit?

To give some context to this problem, I'm attempting to convert an orbit into a Cubic Bezier Spline, by first plotting four points around the Orbits Ellipse and then computing the Control points of ...
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1answer
291 views

Approximating a cubic Bézier curves with a collection of quadratic ones

I need to approximate a cubic Bézier curve with a minimal collection of quadratic ones given a maximum acceptable error. Trying to read up on this problem, it seems like there are about as many ...
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1answer
10k views

What is the difference between natural cubic spline, Hermite spline, Bézier spline and B-spline?

I am reading a book about computer graphics. It is confusing about the various splines and their algorithms. What is the difference between natural cubic spline, Hermite spline, Bézier spline and ...
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1answer
238 views

Analytical expression for the intersection of a Bézier curve and a line segment

I'm interesting in trying to solve the intersection points for a cubic Bézier curve with a line segment. Background A point on a cubic Bézier curve is given by, $$ P_b(t_b) = \left[ ...
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1answer
90 views

Calculating values for cubic Bezier curve

I'm trying to use cubic bezier curves for some non-linear animations in my iOS app. Let's say I'm animating position of some element on the screen. I'm using this curve from cubic-bezier.com for ...
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1answer
795 views

Point projection on curve

Point projection on Bézier curves can be easily accomplished using Newton Iteration to try to minimize the dot product between the vector connecting the point P and its projection on curve C and the ...
3
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1answer
143 views

Bezier curve polynom coefficients

How can I calculate coefficients for bezier polynom? I can do this manually on the paper, but I need to plug this into program, where degree of polynom can be higher than 3 ( more than 4 control ...
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2answers
139 views

Smooth curve between 2 points with given gradient at first point?

I'm trying to create a smooth curve between 2 given points with a given gradient/tangent at the first point and any gradient at the last. The idea being to be able to join these to create a smooth ...
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1answer
5k views

How to derive the equation for a bézier curve

So, I remember a while back there was a maths competition and we were given a curve that we needed to write an equation for. I just skipped the question since I didn't even know where to begin. I ...
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2answers
174 views

Bézier curve - higher order - detect “sharpness” (serpentine or cusp) in curve

I have high order Bézier curve (n > 5). I would like to detect points of self intersection or too pointy ones. In lower degrees, I could use derivative of curve equation and solve roots for valeu = 0, ...
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0answers
193 views

How can I invert/reverse a curve/ease function?

I have a range of values that represents a curve. This in turn is applied in programming to an interface - rotatable knobs to be precise. Let's say you have a knob that represents a value from 1-20. ...
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1answer
78 views

Generate easing function from hash table/value pairs

I have a hash-table/value-pair list consisting of, what I call, linear control value paired with curved/eased real values. Something like this: 0 = 0 1 = 0.0010000000000000002 2 = ...
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1answer
92 views

Improvement over gamma correction for brightening images?

I'd like to brighten one of my own images for printing purposes, using a program I made. When I use the formula: pixelBrightness^0.6 to brighten an image (0.6 being an example, and where ...
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1answer
90 views

Why does the Bezier Curve work?

Recently I've been looking at Bezier curves and trying to understand how they work. I know that a general Bezier curve is given by the equation $$ \vec{\mathbf{B}}(t) = \sum_{k=0}^n{b_{k,\ ...
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2answers
196 views
2
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1answer
332 views

Find cubic Bézier control points given four points

What I need is to generate an SVG file while having a series of (x,y) ready. P0(x0,y0) P1(x1,y1) P2(x2,y2) P3(x3,y3) P4(x4,y4) P5(x5,y5) ... I need to make a ...
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1answer
193 views

How to plot a smooth curve function from given points

I have several points, how can I plot a smooth curve that pass through those points? Is there any function that I can create or formula that I can use to get all points in the curve? I have read ...
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1answer
384 views

Calculating control points of Cubic Bézier curve

I'm trying to draw different arcs with a Cubic Bezier curve and my problem is that after reading different blogs that explain it, I can draw only a 90degree arc using this article. Is it possible if I ...
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2answers
263 views

maximum of a 5th order bezier curve with restrictions

Say you have a Bézier Curve of the 5th order with restrictions on the Control points: P0 & P1 are on a horizontal line P2 & P3 are on a horizontal line P4 & P5 are on a horizontal line ...
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3answers
48 views

What's the technical term for “ternary interpolation”?

While researching how to render 2D bezier curves given the control points, I found a simple formula and the resource where I found this marked this iterative process as a ternary interpolation and ...
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2answers
638 views

How can I limit the amount of curvature of a bezier curve?

I've been creating bezier curves in a program according to a user clicking where the endpoints ought to be with success. Now, I wonder if there is a way to restrict the shapes of the beziers such that ...
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1answer
188 views

Calculating originally arc approximated by cubic bezier curve

I have an cubic bezier curve, which is representing an arc by an approximation. The approximation was calculated with the kappa constant: $$ \\k = \frac43*(\sqrt{2}-1) $$ This means, that the ...
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2answers
911 views

How to find the N control point of a bezier curve with N+1 points on the curve

I have a the set of points my curve has to pass through, 2 of those are the start and end points. I'm looking for a way to find the control points of my bezier curve (mostly quadratic and cubic) by ...
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2answers
107 views

Number of Curvature Maxima of a 2D Cubic Bezier curve

I am trying to prove that a standard cubic Bezier curve can only have at most 2 curvature maxima over $t \in [0,1]$. Assuming that no 3 adjacent control points are colinear, the curvature will either ...
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1answer
341 views

B-spline: compute control points given equations and knots?

Assuming a cubic or higher-order 2-D B-spline: if all piecewise polynomial equations for the final spline (and thus the knot vector as well) are already known, is there a relatively "streamlined" ...
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4answers
1k views

Changing a bezier curve by dragging a point on the curve itself rather than a control point

I'm developing an iPhone app that allows users to cut out part of an image from its background. In order to do this, they'll connect a bunch of bezier curves together to form the clipping path. Rather ...
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1answer
77 views

Calculating bezier path when target is moving. (And calculate total travel time)

As a response to another question I asked here (2d spaceship movement + eta) someone suggested to use a bezier curve. This is not answering the question, but it can provide the effect I am looking ...
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1answer
294 views

How to clip Bézier curves using Casteljau's algorithm?

I am attempting to approximate intersections of Bézier curves using iterative clipping. This common method is described here and here. It basically works like this: Find bounding lines outside one ...
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2answers
917 views

Offseting a Bezier curve

I searched this site and I read that in general it is not possible to calculate offset of a Bezier curve. But is it possible to calculate the offset in some special cases? Obviously, if the Bezier ...