A Banach algebra is an algebra over the real or complex numbers which is equipped with a complete norm such that |xy| ≤ |x||y|. The study of Banach algebras is a major topic in functional analysis. If you are about to ask a question on C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras please use (c-star-algebras) ...

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8
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1answer
246 views

Wiener's theorem in $\mathbb{R}^n$

Reading Stein's "Singular integrals and differentiability properties of functions" I came across the following statement (this is in the proof of Lemma 3.2, pages 133-134): We now invoke the ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

Gelfand transform is an isometry

I'm having a bit of trouble showing that the Gelfand transform $A \rightarrow C(\operatorname{sp}(A))$ is isometric iff $\|x^2\| = \|x\|^2$ for a general unital commutative Banach algebra. For a $C^*$ ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Definite positive measure and GNS representation

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $\mu$ be a positive definite complex measure ([D, p295]): we have $\mu(f*f^*)\geq 0$ for any compact support continuons function $f \in C_c(G)$. In [D, p ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Is power of convergence nets, convergence?

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $(f_{\alpha})$ is a net in $A$ and convergence in norm to $f$. Is $(f^{n}_{\alpha})$ convergence in norm to $f^{n}$ for every $n$ in $\mathbb{N}$?
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Example of a singular element which is not a topological divisor of zero

We know that every topological divisor of zero in a commutative Banach algebra is singular. I need an example of a singular element which is not a topological divisor of zero.
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Character space of $L^{1} (\mathbb Z)$

I have a question about the Gelfand and norm topologies on the character space of $L^{1} (\mathbb Z)$. Are the Gelfand and norm topologies equal, on the character space of $L^{1} (\mathbb ...
5
votes
0answers
143 views

Invertibility of elements in a Banach algebra

Let $X=L^1\cap L^2$, and $\hat{X}$ be the Banach algebra of the image under Fourier transform of $X$. Then do the unital extension $1\dot{+}\hat{X}$ of $X$ by adding a constant function with the norm ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

Uniqueness of the involution on a $C^*$-algebra

indication please Let $A$ be a C*-algebra. Suppose that there exists on $A$ another involution $x\rightarrow x^{\#}$ such that $||xx^{\#}||=||x||^2$, for all $x\in A$. Prove that $x^{\ast}=x^{\#}$, ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Roots in Banach algebras.

I'm studying positive functionals on normed algebras and I got stuck in the following problem: Let $A$ be a unital Banach algebra, and $x\in A$ be such that $\Vert x\Vert <1$. Then the series ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

A question about Banach algebras: showing that $\operatorname{Sp}a \subset D_o \cup D_1$

Maybe this problem be easy for a person that have study in Banach Algebra; please give me a hint. Let $e=0$ or $1$, and $a$ be an arbitrary element in a Banach algebra $A$. Let $D_o$ and $D_1$ be the ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Commutative Noetherian Banach algebra.

Prove that: 1) Every commutative real unital Noetherian Banach algebra with no zero divisors is isomorphic to the real or complex numbers. 2) Every commutative real unital Noetherian Banach algebra ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

Commutative unital Banach algebra with nilpotent elements

What would be a concrete example of a commutative unital Banach algebra that contains nilpotent elements?
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Show that: If $A$ is an arbitrary abelian Banach algebra, its spectrum is totally disconnected

I don't know how should I start to show: If $A$ is an arbitrary abelian Banach algebra in which the idempotents have dense linear span, its specrum (the space of characters on $A$) is totally ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Prove the approximate identity from the unitization

Suppose $A$ is a $C^*$-algebra without unit, $A^+$ is a unitization of $A$, treat $A$ in the $A^+$, if $\{x_n\}$ in $A$ converge (or monotonous converge) to $1$ in $A^+$, does $\{x_n\}$ must be the ...
11
votes
1answer
437 views

Looking for an easy lightning introduction to Hilbert spaces and Banach spaces

I'm co-organizing a reading seminar on Higson and Roe's Analytic K-homology. Most participants are graduate students and faculty, but there are a number of undergraduates who might like to ...
7
votes
3answers
540 views

Banach Algebra counterexample

Can someone give me an exemple of a Banach Algebra $\mathbb{A}$, for which there is no isometric representation in a Hilbert Space ? (with proof or references to proof) Thank you very much :)
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Bergman-Shilov Boundary and Peak Points

Let $\Omega$ be a domain in $\mathbb{C}^n.$ Consider the Banach algebra $A(\Omega):=\mathcal{C}({\overline{\Omega}})\cap\mathcal{O}(\Omega).$ Denote the Bergman-Shilov boundary of $A(\Omega)$ by ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Constructing a functions with Gelfand Naimark

If $X$ and $Y$ are compact Hausdorff spaces, show that for any algebra homomorphism $$ F:C(Y) \to C(X) $$ there exists a continuous function $f:X\to Y$ such that $$ F(\phi)=\phi \circ f, \forall \phi ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

Application of Stone-Weierstrass with a non-unital algebra

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space. We say that a function $f\colon X \to \mathbb{R}$ vanishes at $\infty$ if for each $\epsilon >0$ there exists a compact $K_\epsilon \subset X$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

limit of evaluated automorphisms in a Banach algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}=\operatorname{M}_k(\mathbb{R})$ be the Banach algebra of $k\times k$ real matrices and let $(U_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\subset\operatorname{GL}_k(\mathbb{R})$ be a sequence of invertible ...
8
votes
1answer
314 views

Understanding topological divisor of zero

I am reading this paper also here where in the Theorem 2.1 term topological divisor of zero has been used. I have gone through wiki articles where it has been mentioned that An element $z$ of a ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Approximation of certain continuous functions by analytic functions

Let $f\in C(S^{1},M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))$ be a unitary. Does there exist an analytic unitary function $g$ from $S^{1}$ to $M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ that approximates $f$?
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Resolution of Identity

I am reading the twelfth chapter of Rudin's Functional Analysis and am unable to understand two comments he makes in passing in the section on Resolution of Identity. Let E be a resolution of identity ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Resolution of Identity

I am reading the twelfth chapter of Rudin's Functional Analysis and am unable to understand two comments he makes in passing in the section on Resolution of Identity. Let E be a resolution of identity ...
0
votes
3answers
104 views

The maximal ideal space of $A$ is contained in the unit ball of $A^\ast$

On page 281 of Rudin's book Functional Analysis, let $\Delta$ be the maximal ideal space of a commutative Banach algebra $A$, $K$ be the norm-closed unit ball of $A^*$, then $\Delta\subset K$ (by ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Semisimple commutative Banach algebra

On a semisimple commutative Banach algebra all Banach algebra norms are equivalent. Is this true without assuming semisimplicity?
1
vote
0answers
55 views

$\ast$-homomorphism

Let $\phi: C(X,M_{4}(\mathbb{C})) \rightarrow C(Y,M_{8}(\mathbb{C})) $ be a $\ast$-homomorphism where $X$ and $Y$ are compact Hausdorff spaces. Let $M_{2}(\mathbb{C})$ be the C*-subalgebra of ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

A semisimple commutative Banach algebra with a non-semisimple quotient

I am looking for an example of a semisimple commutative Banach algebra which admits a non-semisimple quotient. Attempt from the comments: "I take $A$ to be the algebra of all continuously ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Why is there an element with infinite spectrum in a commutative Banach algebra with infinitely many characters?

Let $A$ be a commutative Banach algebra such that set of all characters is infinite. I want to prove that there exists an element in $A$ such that its spectrum is infinite.
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Subalgebras of certain C*-algebras

Let $A$ be a C*-subalgebra of $C(X, M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))$ where $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space, does it follow that $A$ is isomorphic to $C(Y, M_{m}(\mathbb{C}))$ for some $Y\subseteqq X$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Real commutative Banach algebra with identity

I am looking for example of real commutative Banach algebra with identity which does not admit a nonzero real multiplicative linear functional
-1
votes
1answer
86 views

Spectrum of a unitary

I have a unitary element $v$ in $C(S^{1}, \mathbb{C})$ with full spectrum (the whole circle). Is it possible to construct another unitary $u$ in $C(S^{1}, \mathbb{C})$ out of $v$ such that the ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Absolute value of an element in a C*-algebra

Is absolute value of a partial isometry a partial isometry itself?
0
votes
1answer
73 views

The spectrum of an invertible element $x$ is $\sigma(x^{-1})=\{\lambda^{-1}: \lambda\in \sigma(x)\}$

Suppose $x$ is invertible in the unital Banach algebra $A$. How can I prove that $\sigma(x^{-1})=\{\lambda^{-1} : \lambda\in \sigma(x)\}$
4
votes
1answer
165 views

A problem on bounded invertible linear operator in Banach space

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Let $T : X \to X$ be a invertible linear operator and $M > 0$ be such that $\|T^{-k}\| \le M$ for all $k \ge 1$. Prove that $\inf_ {n\ge1} \|T^n(x)\| > 0$ for all $x ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Multiplicative functionals on Banach algebra closed in weak-* topology

Let $\mathcal A$ be commutative unital Banach algebra denote by $M(A)$ the space of all non-zero multiplicative functionals on $\mathcal A$. I want to show that $M(A)$ is closed in the weak-* ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Gelfand transform and spectrum

Let $\mathcal A$ commutative, unital Banach algebra and denote by $\mathcal M(\mathcal A)$ the space of multiplicative functionals on $\mathcal A$. The Gelfand transform is defined by $$\Gamma: ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Derivative of norm on Banach algebra

Let $\mathcal A$ be a unital Banach algebra. I want to consider $f(z):= \vert \vert e^{-zA}Be^{zA} \vert \vert, z\in \mathbb C$ and $A,B \in \mathcal A$. How can I properly define the derivative of ...
7
votes
1answer
225 views

Maximal ideals in the algebra of continuously differentiable functions on [0,1]

This is an exercise in Rudin's Functional Analysis, in the chapter on commutative Banach algebras. My (uneducated) guess was that every homomorphism on $C^{1}[0,1]$ is an evaluation at some point of ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Norm product inequality

The following is about a proof in Bratteli Robinson vol 1. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be some C*-algebra. Show that $$\mathcal{B}=\{(A,\alpha)~|~A\in\mathcal{A}, \alpha\in\mathbb{C}\}$$ together with the norm ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Banach algebra: norm distance of non-invertible elements to unit element

Let $\mathcal A$ be a commutative, unital Banach algebra. Take $A \in \mathcal A$ such that $A$ is non-scalar, i.e. $A\neq \alpha \mathbb I $, where $\mathbb I$ is the unit element. Denote the ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Does *-operator be automatically continous

In the C*-algebras, does the * -operator be automatically continous? I think it is yes, because C*-algebras are semisimple, from the Johnson Theorem, it must be automatically continous. Am I right? ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Unitary Equivalence of Two Irreducible $ * $-Representations of a GCR $ C^{*} $-Algebra that Have the Same Kernel.

In general, if two irreducible $ * $-representations of a $ C^{*} $-algebra $ A $ have the same kernel, then we can say that they are approximately unitarily equivalent. When $ A $ is GCR, how can we ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Continuous functional calculus

Let $\mathscr H$ be a Hilbert space, and $\mathscr B(\mathscr H)$ is a $C^*$-algebra, $T\in \mathscr B(\mathscr H)$ is a normal operator. Let $C^*(T)$ denote the $C^*$- subalgebra generated by $T$ ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

C* algebra of bounded Borel functions

Let $T\in B(H)$ is normal, and $B(\sigma(T))$ denote the $C^*$ algebra of all bounded Borel functions on $\sigma(T)$. Then is it true that $B(\sigma(T))$ is a closed $C^*$ algebra under the sup. norm ...
6
votes
1answer
347 views

Maximal abelian subalgebra of Banach algebra is closed and contains the unit

I'm studying Murphy's book: C*-Algebras and Operator Theory, and got stuck on exercise 8 from chapter 1: "Show that if $B$ is a maximal abelian subalgebra of a unital Banach algebra $A$, then $B$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

simply polar elements in a ring

An element $a$ in a ring $A$ with identity is said to be simply polar if there is $b$ for which $a=aba$, with $ab=ba$. If in addition $b=bab$ then such an element $b$ is unique. The question is ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Algebra (Not *)-Isomorphisms of von Neumann algebras

Let $A$ and $B$ be any two infinite-dimensional von Neumann algebras, they are operator algebras with operator composition as the multiplication and as infinite dimensional vector spaces they're ...
1
vote
0answers
206 views

Proving properties of exponential map on a Banach algebra

$$\exp(a) := \sum\frac {a^k}{k!}$$ Can you help me prove that: $\exp$ is well defined (i.e. converges for all $a$ in $A$) $\exp$ is continuous $\exp(A)$ is a subset of $A_0$ (where $A_0$ is the ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Banach algebra problem?

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and let $$A_1=\{(x,\alpha)\;;\;:x∈A, \alpha\in\mathbb{C}\}$$ with the following operations: $$ (x_1,\alpha_1 )+(x_2,\alpha_2 )=(x_1+x_2 ,\alpha_1+\alpha_2 )\qquad ...