A Banach algebra is an algebra over the real or complex numbers which is equipped with a complete norm such that |xy| ≤ |x||y|. The study of Banach algebras is a major topic in functional analysis. If you are about to ask a question on C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras please use (c-star-algebras) ...

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Determining primitive ideal space of C* algebra

What is the general way of determining the space of primitive ideals of the C* algebra if there is any? Thanks.
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Continuous homorphism from $(\mathbf{R},+)$ to group of invertible elements in Banach algebra is differentiable

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with $1$ and $\varphi\colon \mathbf{R}\to A$ be continuous such that $\varphi(0)=1$ and $\varphi(x+y)=\varphi(x)\varphi(y)$ for each $x,y\in \mathbf{R}$. The claim is ...
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51 views

if $f$ is in Banach space, then $\nabla f $ is in the dual space?

I am not very deep in advanced real analysis. Could you help me decipher the following two phrases hold? 1) if $f$ is in Banach space $\mathcal{B}$, then $\nabla f $ is in the dual space ...
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32 views

Multiplicative linear functionals on subalgebras

If $A$ is a commutative $C^\ast$ algebra and $C$ is a $C^\ast$ sub algebra of $A$ is it true that the characters on $C$ are just restrictions of characters on $A$. The reason I am asking this because ...
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Algebra is Generated by nilpotent Lie Algebra

$X$ Banach space. In $B(X)$, we can define a Lie product $[ , ]:[T_1,T_2]=T_1T_2-T_2T_1$ for any $T_1,T_2 \in B(X).$ Let $\mathcal{L}$ Lie Algebra. $\mathcal{L}^1=\mathcal{L}$ , $ ...
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52 views

realizing/ understanding $C^*(\phi_g(C([0,1])))$ and "support projection of an element of a $C^*$-algebra

someone asked me the following question but I don't know the answer, but and I'm interested in it too. Let $C([0,1])=\{f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{C}; \text{f is continuous}\}$, $g\in C([0,1])$ be a positive ...
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39 views

Banach algebras for which the Gelfand transform is 1-1 but not onto

Are there examples of Banach Algebra's for which the Gelfand transform is 1-1, (ie: the intersection of all maximal ideals of the algebra is $\{0\}$) but not onto? Context Page 96 of Kaniuth's ...
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43 views

almost unital Banach algebra's

Let $A$ be an "almost unital Banach algebra", in the sense that it satisfies all the usual axioms but not necessarily that $\|1\|=1$. From the product inequality $\forall x,y \in A$ \begin{equation} ...
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29 views

making a dense set of bump function

Can we write a dense set of bump function by continuous functions vanishing at 0? Define $$\begin{align*} \varphi &:L^2[0,1] \to L^2[0,1], \\ &(\varphi f)(x)=‎\int_0^x f(t)dt. ...
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59 views

preserving problem

Define: $$\begin{align*} \varphi &:L^2[0,1] \to L^2[0,1], \\ &(\varphi f)(x)=‎\int_0^x f(t)dt. \end{align*}‎$$ Is it true that, if ‎‎$‎‎B$ is a dense ‎subset ‎of ‎‎$‎‎L^2[0,1]$, then ...
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Ideal in Matrix algebra

Let A be a Banach algebra and suppose that $\Lambda$ be a nonempty set. With the following product and norm the matrix space ...
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51 views

Quotient Rings of Algebras

So let us take the commutative Banach algebra $B=\mathscr{l}^1(\mathbb{Z}_n)$ over $\mathbb{R}$ with convolution as multiplication $(f\ast g)(x)=\underset{y\in \mathbb{Z}_n}{\sum} f(y)g(x-y)$. I know ...
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74 views

Topological modules and relative homological algebra.

This question might be a bit dumb but I'm tired right now and this is just going over my head at the moment, in "The homology of Banach and topological algebras" Helemskii said that relative ...
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39 views

If $X$ is compact Hausdorff, is every isomorphicm $\mathcal{C}(X) \to \mathcal{C}(X)$ continuous?

If $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space, is then every isomorphism from ${\mathcal C}(X)$ onto ${\mathcal C}(X)$ is continuous?
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Pullback of the norm on the holomorph by the Riesz functional calculus

Conway states that the holomorph $H(a)$ of an element $a$ of a Banach algebra is not a Banach algebra. Let $||f||=||f(a)||$ for any $f\in H(a)$. We need to see that this "norm" is separates the ...
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46 views

GNS Construction on non-unital algebra

STATEMENT: If A has a multiplicative identity 1, then it is immediate that the equivalence class $ξ$ in the GNS Hilbert space H containing 1 is a cyclic vector for the above representation. If $A$ is ...
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51 views

Inductive/Projective Limits of Topological Algebras

It is common to form inductive/projective limits of Banach/Frechet spaces in order to come up with natural topologies for common vector spaces. For instance, For $k \ge 0$ and $K_n$ compact ...
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69 views

Quaternions as a counterexample to the Gelfand–Mazur theorem

It seems that by the Gelfand–Mazur theorem quaternions are isomorphic to complex numbers. That is clearly wrong. So where is the catch? I think that I found the problem but it seams so subtle that ...
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35 views

Equivalent statements involving 'little o'

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $a\in A$. $\|z(z-a)^{-1}\|=1+o(\frac{1}{z})$ as $z\rightarrow +\infty$ iff $\|(z-a)^{-1}\|^{-1}=z+o(1)$ as $z\rightarrow +\infty$. i.e., $lim_{z\rightarrow ...
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69 views

Are all function transforms special cases of Gelfand's transform?

Reading about Gelfand-Naimark theorem I've seen that the Fourier transform is a special case of Gelfand transform for the space $L^1(\mathbb{R})$ with the convolution product. In a related question on ...
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Banach space X and a closed subspace V equipped with the same norm.

In the first one, you have a Banach space X and a closed subspace V equipped with the same norm. Then, one knows that V ∗ ≅X ∗ /V ⊥ (that is, take the quotient space w.r.t. the annihilator of V ). ...
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an inequality in Banach algebra [duplicate]

Let $(V, \| \ \|)$ be a Banach algebra. Given two elements $x,y\in V$ satisfying $xy=yx$, prove that $$ ...
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70 views

What's the difference between a Banach Algebra and a C*-algebra?

I'm currently looking at going into a PhD program in mathematics and need to decide on a specialization. In meeting with my advisor he pushed me into looking at C*-algebras based on my interests. ...
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67 views

Norms on unitization of nonunital Banach algebra

Let $A$ be a nonunital Banach algebra and denote by $A^+$ the unitization of $A$. One commonly used Banach algebra norm on $A^+$ is given by $||(a,\lambda)||=||a||+|\lambda|$ (where $a\in ...
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78 views

Approximate Identities

Statement : Let $U$ be a C* algebra and$\lambda=\left\{A\in U:A\geq 0, ||A||<1\right\}$. If $B\in \lambda$ then if $X\in U$ $$||X^*(I-B)^2X||\leq ||X^*(I-B)X||$$ For reference this is from ...
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Automorphisms of the Banach algebra of continuous functions of bounded variation on [0,1]

Let CV be the Banach algebra named in the title with pointwise multiplication. If \varphi is a homeomorphism of [0,1] such that \varphi is an invertible element of C^1[0,1] then f \to f\circ \varphi ...
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188 views

Maximal Ideal Spaces

STATEMENT: Let $C_b(\mathbb{R})$ be the $C^*$-algebra of bounded continuous functions on $\mathbb{R}$. Let $A$ be the $C^*$-subalgebra of $C_b(\mathbb{R})$ generated by $C_∞(\mathbb{R})$ together with ...
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31 views

Banach algebra of homomorphisms

Let $E,F$ be Banach spaces. Is it always true that $\mathrm{Hom}(E,F)$ is Banach algebra ?
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129 views

A question about locally compact Hausdorff space

If $X$ is a locally compact Hausdorff space, $C_{0}(X)$ denotes the set of continuous functions from $X$ to $\mathbb{C}$ vanishes at infinity. This is a basic example in C*algebra. My question is Why ...
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39 views

Specific question on Banach space over nonarchimedean field

Let K be an nonarchimedean field. We let $Ban(K)$ denote the category of $K$-Banach space with continuous linear maps and let $C$ be the category of normed K-Banach spaces ($V, ||$ $ || $) ...
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23 views

Let $A=\mathbb{C}$ and $E=F=C[0,1]$. Are $E=F$ Hilbert $\mathbb{C}^*$-modules?

Let $A=\mathbb{C}$ and $E=F=C[0,1]$. Are $E=F$ Hilbert $\mathbb{C}^*$-modules? clearly $E=F$ are $C^*$-algebra
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95 views

Maximal ideal space

Let $X$ be a compact space, $x_0\in X$, and define $$A=\{\{f_n\} ; f_n\in C(X), \sup_n\|f_n\|<\infty, and \{f_n(x_0)\} \text{ is a convergent sequence} \} $$ If $\|\{f_n\}\|$ is defined as ...
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Is this true? If ‎$‎\varphi\in ‎\mathcal{B}_{‎\mathcal{A}}(E,F)‎$‎ and preserving density, then $‎\varphi‎$‎ is surjection

Is this true? If ‎$‎\varphi\in ‎\mathcal{B}_{‎\mathcal{A}}(E,F)‎$‎ and preserving density, then $‎\varphi‎$‎ is surjection, why?. Such that $E$ and $F$ are right Hilbert ‎$‎‎‎\mathcal{A}‎$‎-modules ...
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40 views

Is this true? If ‎$‎\varphi\in ‎\mathcal{B}(E,F)‎$‎ and preserving density, then $‎\varphi‎$‎ is surjection. Why?

Is this true? If ‎$‎\varphi\in ‎\mathcal{B}(E,F)‎$‎ and preserving density, then $‎\varphi‎$‎ is surjection, such that $E$ and $F$ are Banach space and $\mathcal{B}(E,F)‎$‎ is the set of all bounded ...
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74 views

For a Banach algebra $\mathcal{A}$ and an idempotent $e$, show that $\mathcal{A}e$ is a Banach algebra

I am studying the spectral theory of operators on Banach and Hilbert spaces, reading through Conway's A Course in Functional Analysis. In section VII.4, Conway states Proposition 4.11 as a consequence ...
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69 views

Understanding a proof from Conway: showing existence of idempotents using functional calculus

I am studying the spectral theory of operators on Banach and Hilbert spaces, making use of Conway's A Course in Functional Analysis. In section VII.4, Conway states Proposition 4.11 as a consequence ...
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126 views

Compact operators and essential spectral radius

Let $E$ be an infinite-dimensional complex Banach space. Let $\mathcal{L} (E)$ be the space of endomorphisms of $E$, endowed with the operator norm. Then $\mathcal{L} (E)$ is a unital Banach algebra ...
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28 views

isometrically isomorphism [duplicate]

How can embed separable Banach to Cb(X)(family of all bounded continuous functions on topological space X) with non metrizable X ? If X is locally compact or Tychonof is very well. note : We know ...
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3answers
54 views

Semi-direct decompositions of Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and I an ideal of it. Is there always a subalgebra $B$ of $A$ such that A can be written as $A=B\oplus I$ where $\oplus$ denotes direct sum? If not, in what conditions we ...
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20 views

Diffeomorphism in Banach algebra

Let $X$ be an algebra $C([0,1],\mathbb{R})$. Let define $F:X\ni f \mapsto f(0)f \in X$ What is the biggest $r$ such that $F$ is $C^r$-diffeomorphism ?
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132 views

For a hermitian element $a$ in a $C^*$-algebra, show that $\|a^{2n}\| = \|a\|^{2n}$

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a $C^*$-algebra. Suppose that $a \in \mathcal{A}$ with the property that $a^* = a$ (that is, suppose that $a$ is hermitian). I would like to show that $\|a^{2n}\| = ...
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41 views

States: Extension

Definition Define positivity in terms of: $$\omega\geq0:\iff\omega(X^*X)\geq0$$ (This way it serves best for the GNS-construction.) Problem Given a C*-algebra $1\notin\mathcal{A}$ and adjoin a unit ...
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51 views

Norm of rotation matrix as element in $M_2(A)$

Let $A$ be a complex unital Banach algebra and let $R_t=\begin{pmatrix} \cos\frac{\pi t}{2} & -\sin\frac{\pi t}{2} \\ \sin\frac{\pi t}{2} & \cos\frac{\pi t}{2} \end{pmatrix}$. If I consider ...
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75 views

Nonzero projection in an irredicible C*-algebra of minimal finite rank must have rank one

The following is a part of a theorem in Murphy's C*-algebras and operator theory: Let $A$ be a C*-algebra acting irreducibly on a Hilbert space $H$ and $q$ be a nonzero projection in $A$ of minimal ...
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41 views

$*-$ isomorphism between two compact spaces $K(H)$ and $K(H')$

The following is a theorem of Murphy's C*-algebras and operator theory: I think we can write the proof more easily than Murphy's. After show that $E'$ is an orthonormal basis for $H'$, define ...
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34 views

Characterspace of algebra of rational functions on compact subset of $\mathbb C$

Let $K\subset \mathbb C$ be compact and denote with $R$ the closure of rational functions on $K$ w.r.t. $\|\cdot \|_\infty$. Show that the character space of the Banach algebra $R$ is ...
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53 views

What's difference between spectrum and eigenvectors of an operator

Let $x$ be an operator in $B(H)$. By definition $\sigma(x)=\{\lambda \in \Bbb C ~; \lambda - x \neq inv \}$. Also to find eigenvalue of an operator we should find $\lambda$ such that $x\xi = \lambda ...
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125 views

$p^2=p\in \bar{I}$, I ideal of Banach algebra $\Rightarrow p\in I$

Let $I\subset A$ be a ideal of a Banach algebra $A$. Assume $p\in \overline I$ and $p^2=p$. Show: $p\in I$. Can someone give me a little hint how to solve this, please?
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40 views

Nonunital C*-Algebras: Closed Image

Given C*-algebras $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$. Consider a morphism: $\pi:\mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{B}$. Then its image is closed: $\mathrm{im}\pi\subsetneq\overline{\mathrm{im}\pi}$ The proof I ...
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127 views

Extensions: Spectrum

Problem Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}_0$ and unital extensions $1\in\mathcal{A}$ and $1'\in\mathcal{A}'$. Regard a common element: $$A_0\in\mathcal{A}_0:\quad A^{(\prime)}:=\iota^{(\prime)}(A_0)$$ ...