A Banach algebra is an algebra over the real or complex numbers which is equipped with a complete norm such that |xy| ≤ |x||y|. The study of Banach algebras is a major topic in functional analysis. If you are about to ask a question on C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras please use (c-star-algebras) ...

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Involutive and C* Banach Algebras.

I want to prove the next theorem: If $\pi: A \rightarrow B$ is a star homomorphism, meaning it's an algebra homomorphism which also satisfies: $\pi(x^*)=(\pi(x))^*$, where $A$ is an involutive Banach ...
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48 views

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, $a \in A$ self adjoint

Question:Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, $a \in A$ self adjoint. Suppose that the spectrum $\sigma(a)$ is an infinite set. Show that $A$ is infinite-dimensional. How can i prove it? I guess: Let $A$ be ...
3
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1answer
19 views

Jordan-homomorphism; equivalent properties

Let $\phi:A\to B$ a linear map between $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$. I want to know, why the following properties are equivalent: $(i) \phi(ab+ba)=\phi(a)\phi(b)+\phi(b)\phi(a)$ and $(ii) ...
3
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58 views

Approximate Identities

Statement : Let $U$ be a C* algebra and$\lambda=\left\{A\in U:A\geq 0, ||A||<1\right\}$. If $B\in \lambda$ then if $X\in U$ $$||X^*(I-B)^2X||\leq ||X^*(I-B)X||$$ For reference this is from ...
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49 views

Number of isomorphisms between two fields

Let $F,F'$ be two fields. Is there anything that can be said about the number of isomorphisms that can exist? In particular can there be more than one? What if $F$ is the complex numbers $\mathbb C$? ...
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75 views

Biprojective $C^*$-algebra

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Define $\Delta:A\hat{\otimes}A\to A$ with $\Delta(\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n\otimes b_n)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_nb_n$. Now $A$ is called biprojective if there exists a bounded ...
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99 views

Are these two steps in this proof necessary?

Theorem: Let $A$ be a unital Banach algebra. Then for $a \in A$ the spectrum $\sigma (a) \neq \varnothing$. Consider the following proof: The first step that seems unnecessary to me: Let's say we ...
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275 views

Banach Algebra: $\sigma(xy)\cup\{0\} = \sigma(yx)\cup\{0\}$

It is Rudin excercise 10.4 where we aim to prove $\sigma(xy)\cup\{0\} = \sigma(yx)\cup \{0\}$ for elements $x,y\in A$ a Banach-algebra.( $\sigma$ being the spectrum) In (a) we prove that $e-yx$ ...
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98 views

$L(\ell_{p})$ contains only one proper closed ideal

I am trying to solve the following problem: Show that if $1<p<\infty$ and $T:\ell_{p}\rightarrow\ell_{p}$ is not compact then there is a complemented infinite dimensional subspace $E$ of ...
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201 views

A question on multiplicative linear functional on Banach algebra.

I am reading a book about C*-algebra. But i am confused with some of its content. It says Assume $A$ is a non-unital C*-algebra and $\tilde{A}$ is its unitization (the elements of the form ...
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353 views

Polar decomposition of invertible elements in a unital C$ ^{*} $-algebra.

If $ A $ is a unital C$ ^{*} $-algebra and $ a $ is invertible, then $ a = u|a| $ for a unique unitary element $ u $ of $ A $. If $ \| a \| = \| a^{-1} \| = 1 $, what can you say about $ |a| $? I ...
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80 views

Double centralizers in the Murphy book

I've been into this for days and days and I still can't see why, given the definition of $L^\ast$ as $L^\ast =(L(a^\ast))^\ast$ we get that $(LM)^\ast =L^\ast M^\ast$. Where is my mistake: ...
3
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1answer
328 views

Reflexive Banach algebras?

I have been reading Gelfand theory for a while and it just occurs to me that the whole theory is an analogy to what we did for Banach spaces. For a Banach space $X$, we investigate its dual $X'$ ...
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129 views

Do non-commutative algebras with dense commutative subalgebras exist?

Let $A$ be a normed unital algebra. Suppose that $C\subseteq A$ is a commutative subalgebra which is dense in $A$. I ask myself the following question: Under the above assumptions, is $A$ necessarily ...
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31 views

Completely positive, orthogonaly preserving maps

First of all, here is the setting for my problem: Definition: Let $A$ be a $C^*$-Algebra, $a,b\in A$. We say, a and b are orthogonal, if $ab=ba=a^*b=ab^*=0$. Proposition: Let $A$ be a $C^*$-Algebra, ...
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29 views

Multiplicative linear functionals on subalgebras

If $A$ is a commutative $C^\ast$ algebra and $C$ is a $C^\ast$ sub algebra of $A$ is it true that the characters on $C$ are just restrictions of characters on $A$. The reason I am asking this because ...
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129 views

Maximal Ideal Spaces

STATEMENT: Let $C_b(\mathbb{R})$ be the $C^*$-algebra of bounded continuous functions on $\mathbb{R}$. Let $A$ be the $C^*$-subalgebra of $C_b(\mathbb{R})$ generated by $C_∞(\mathbb{R})$ together with ...
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76 views

Compact operators and essential spectral radius

Let $E$ be an infinite-dimensional complex Banach space. Let $\mathcal{L} (E)$ be the space of endomorphisms of $E$, endowed with the operator norm. Then $\mathcal{L} (E)$ is a unital Banach algebra ...
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3answers
173 views

Spectral radius of an element in a C*-algebra

The following is an proposition of Takesaki's Operator Theory: For any element $x$ of a Banach algebra ${\cal A}$, we have $$||x||_{sp}=\lim_{n\to \infty}||x^n||^{\frac{1}{n}}$$ Proof: My ...
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76 views

Prove a condition for a Banach algebra to be isometrically isomorphic to $\mathbb C$

Can anyone help me by providing a detailed verification of the following theorem? Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra. If there exists $M<+\infty$ so that $$\Vert a \Vert\Vert b \Vert\leq M ...
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1answer
284 views

How to prove $F$ is a contraction mapping?

Given a $n\times n$ matrix $\mathbf{D}$ in which each entry $\mathbf{D}_{ij} \in [0,1]$. Let $i$-th row vector of $\mathbf{D}$ denote by $\mathbf{D}_{i\ast}$. The mapping $F:[0,1]^n \mapsto [0,1]^n$, ...
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70 views

Module homomorphism

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with norm $\|.\|_A$ and $X$ be a Banach space with norm $\|.\|_X$. If there exists a operation $.:A\times X\to X$ such that for any $a,b\in A$ and $x,y\in X$ we have ...
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1answer
85 views

Invertible elements in a Banach algebra connected to identity

I'm currently working on a problem for homework in my Banach algebras course and I've run into a bit of an issue with terminology. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra, then $\mathcal{A}^{-1}_0$ ...
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421 views

The spectra of weighted shifts

Since weighted shifts are like the model-operators in operator theory and people have been studying them for so long, I think there should be quite a large literature on the spectra of such operators. ...
3
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316 views

Converse of Wiener's lemma

Let $A$ be a commutative Banach algebra with unit. It is well known that if the Gelfand transform $\hat{x}$ of $x\in A$ is non-zero, then $x$ is invertible in $A$ (the so called Wiener Lemma in the ...
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1answer
42 views

Algebra with element having empty spectrum?

The definition of the spectrum makes sense for any algebra. I guess we can go to the unitization to make sense of it even non-unital algebras. Recalling the well-known fact that for normed algebras, ...
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1answer
75 views

*-isomorphism of a C*-algebra into an involutive Banach algebra is norm increasing

The following is a proposition of Takesaki's Operator theory: My question: How does he assume, considering the C*-subalgebra generated by k instead of $*$-Banach algebra B? Are we sure that the ...
3
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1answer
50 views

$\int_{\mathbb R^{2}} |\int_{\mathbb R} (f(t-y)- f(t)) g(t-x) e^{-2\pi i w\cdot t} dt|dx dw \to 0 $ as $y\to 0$?

Fact: It is well-known that translation is continuous in the $L^{1}$ norm, that is, if $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ then $\lim_{y\to 0} \|f_{y}-f\|_{L^{1}(\mathbb R)}=0;$ (where, $f_{y}(x)= f(x-y)$, ...
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151 views

Bergman-Shilov Boundary and Peak Points

Let $\Omega$ be a domain in $\mathbb{C}^n.$ Consider the Banach algebra $A(\Omega):=\mathcal{C}({\overline{\Omega}})\cap\mathcal{O}(\Omega).$ Denote the Bergman-Shilov boundary of $A(\Omega)$ by ...
3
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1answer
120 views

Unitary Equivalence of Two Irreducible $ * $-Representations of a GCR $ C^{*} $-Algebra that Have the Same Kernel.

In general, if two irreducible $ * $-representations of a $ C^{*} $-algebra $ A $ have the same kernel, then we can say that they are approximately unitarily equivalent. When $ A $ is GCR, how can we ...
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1answer
105 views

What is the generator of the disc algebra

The disc algebra, as a set, consists of the functions on the unit disc $D$, which are analytic on the interior of the disc and continuous on its boundary. Its addition and multiplication is obvious. ...
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80 views

Prove that a norm makes a space Banach

I have to prove that if $A$ is a C*-Algebra then the algebra $A_1$ obtained adjoining the identity is a C*Algebra too (with the usual algebraic operation defined). I have any problem in all the ...
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72 views

Do inclusions of Banach algebras preserve spectral radius?

Let $f : A_1 \to A_2$ be an injective homomorphism of unital Banach algebras. It's a standard fact that if $f$ is has closed range, i.e. $A_1$ is embedded as a closed subalgebra of $A_2$, then for ...
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171 views

C* algebra of bounded Borel functions

Let $T\in B(H)$ is normal, and $B(\sigma(T))$ denote the $C^*$ algebra of all bounded Borel functions on $\sigma(T)$. Then is it true that $B(\sigma(T))$ is a closed $C^*$ algebra under the sup. norm ...
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69 views

In relation with the set of Fredholm perturbation elements

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital Banach algebras and $T\colon A\to B$ an homomorphism of Banach algebras. Let denote the set of Fredholm perturbation elements in $A$, i.e. $\operatorname{Ft}:=\{r\in ...
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141 views

Topology of maximal ideal space

We know that strictly positive integers with multiplication form a semigroup $S$. Let $\mathscr A=\ell ^1(S)$ with convolution. What is $\mathscr A$'s maximal ideal space? It seems enough to find ...
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0answers
67 views

Let $K$ be a circle. Describe the spectra of two subalgebras of $C(K)$

Suppose $K=\{\lambda\in\mathbb{C}: 1<\vert\lambda\vert<2\};$ put $f(\lambda)=\lambda$. Let $A$ be the smallest closed subalgebra of $C(K$) that contains $1$ and $f$. Let $B$ be the smallest ...
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109 views

Density of operators

I am interested in operators on non-reflexive Banach space. Let $X$ be a Banach space and let $L(X)$ be the algebra of operators acting on $X$. We may embed $L(X)$ into $L(X^{**})$ by ...
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votes
2answers
97 views

What does $(B+I)/I\sim B/(B\cap I)$ tell us?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra in which $B$ is a $C^*$-subalgebra and $I$ is a closed ideal. In several books on $C^*$-algebras I have encountered the following: $(B+I)/I$ is $*$-isomorphic to ...
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2answers
100 views

Is there any multiplicative linear functional on B(H)?

If A is a Banach algebra, we say that $\Phi: A \longrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is a multiplicative linear functional if $\Phi$ is nontrivial, linear and $\Phi(xy)=\Phi(x)\Phi(y)$. It is easy to see that ...
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3answers
49 views

Semi-direct decompositions of Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and I an ideal of it. Is there always a subalgebra $B$ of $A$ such that A can be written as $A=B\oplus I$ where $\oplus$ denotes direct sum? If not, in what conditions we ...
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1answer
285 views

a question about invertibility of Banach Algebra

If $X$ is a Banach algebra with identity, and $0$ is the only element $x \in X$ such that there is a sequence $\{ {x_n}\} \subset X$, $\left\| {{x_n}} \right\| = 1$ and $x{x_n} \to 0$ or ${x_n}x \to ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Comparing weak and weak operator topology

We can compare topologies on $B(H)$. For instance, Sot topology is stronger than wot topology or $\sigma-$ weak topology is equivalent to weak* topology. I would like to compare wot topology and weak ...
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2answers
60 views

Why is the Gelfand transform injective?

There is a theorem that proves that if $A$ is a commutative C*-Algebra, the Gelfand map is an isometric *-isomorphism of $A$ onto $\hat{A}$ i.e. the spectrum of $A$. (Theorem 1.1 in Averson's "An ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Norm on unitisation of a $C^\ast$ algebra

In the theory of $C^\ast$ algebras there exists the following theorem: If $A$ is a $C^\ast$ algebra and $\widetilde{A}$ denotes its unitisation then there exists exactly one norm that extends the ...
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1answer
80 views

Identifying the dual group of a locally compact abelian group with the spectrum of $ {L^{1}}(G) $.

Folland stated the following theorem in his book A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis on Page 88. The dual group of a locally compact abelian group can be identified with the spectrum of $ ...
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1answer
30 views

projection generated by intersection of two projection

let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $P,Q$ be projections on $H$. suppose $P,Q$ do not commute. $P\wedge Q$ is a projection on $PH\cap QH$. I want to calculate $P\wedge Q$ but I can not. Please help me. ...
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1answer
25 views

Commutative subspace lattice

I have seen an article in which there is an algebra which was named CSL-algebra (Commutative Subspace Lattice). This algebra is about projection on Banach algebra? I couldn't find any good source to ...
2
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1answer
181 views

Example of a Banach algebra $ A $ whose only closed ideals are $ \{ 0 \} $ and $ A $.

I'm trying to come up with an example of a Banach algebra $A$ that is not commutative, unital and such that the only closed ideals are $\{0\}$ and $A$. I already struggled to even come up with a non ...
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1answer
34 views

Show that there is a unique continuous function

I have no idea where to even start, i have never dealt with question like this before, any direction you can give me would be greatly appreciated.