A Banach algebra is an algebra over the real or complex numbers which is equipped with a complete norm such that |xy| ≤ |x||y|. The study of Banach algebras is a major topic in functional analysis. If you are about to ask a question on C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras please use (c-star-algebras) ...

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93 views

$L(\ell_{p})$ contains only one proper closed ideal

I am trying to solve the following problem: Show that if $1<p<\infty$ and $T:\ell_{p}\rightarrow\ell_{p}$ is not compact then there is a complemented infinite dimensional subspace $E$ of ...
3
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1answer
182 views

A question on multiplicative linear functional on Banach algebra.

I am reading a book about C*-algebra. But i am confused with some of its content. It says Assume $A$ is a non-unital C*-algebra and $\tilde{A}$ is its unitization (the elements of the form ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Does *-operator be automatically continous

In the C*-algebras, does the * -operator be automatically continous? I think it is yes, because C*-algebras are semisimple, from the Johnson Theorem, it must be automatically continous. Am I right? ...
3
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1answer
516 views

strictly positive elements in $C^*$-algebra

Let $A$ be a $C^*\text{-algebra}$ and $A_+$ denote the positive elements. An element $a\in A_+$ is called strictly positive if $\overline{aAa}=A$. Want to find the following:a)What are the strictly ...
3
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1answer
320 views

Polar decomposition of invertible elements in a unital C$ ^{*} $-algebra.

If $ A $ is a unital C$ ^{*} $-algebra and $ a $ is invertible, then $ a = u|a| $ for a unique unitary element $ u $ of $ A $. If $ \| a \| = \| a^{-1} \| = 1 $, what can you say about $ |a| $? I ...
3
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1answer
80 views

Double centralizers in the Murphy book

I've been into this for days and days and I still can't see why, given the definition of $L^\ast$ as $L^\ast =(L(a^\ast))^\ast$ we get that $(LM)^\ast =L^\ast M^\ast$. Where is my mistake: ...
3
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1answer
321 views

Reflexive Banach algebras?

I have been reading Gelfand theory for a while and it just occurs to me that the whole theory is an analogy to what we did for Banach spaces. For a Banach space $X$, we investigate its dual $X'$ ...
3
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1answer
129 views

Do non-commutative algebras with dense commutative subalgebras exist?

Let $A$ be a normed unital algebra. Suppose that $C\subseteq A$ is a commutative subalgebra which is dense in $A$. I ask myself the following question: Under the above assumptions, is $A$ necessarily ...
3
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1answer
26 views

Multiplicative linear functionals on subalgebras

If $A$ is a commutative $C^\ast$ algebra and $C$ is a $C^\ast$ sub algebra of $A$ is it true that the characters on $C$ are just restrictions of characters on $A$. The reason I am asking this because ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

Maximal Ideal Spaces

STATEMENT: Let $C_b(\mathbb{R})$ be the $C^*$-algebra of bounded continuous functions on $\mathbb{R}$. Let $A$ be the $C^*$-subalgebra of $C_b(\mathbb{R})$ generated by $C_∞(\mathbb{R})$ together with ...
3
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44 views

Compact operators and essential spectral radius

Let $E$ be an infinite-dimensional complex Banach space. Let $\mathcal{L} (E)$ be the space of endomorphisms of $E$, endowed with the operator norm. Then $\mathcal{L} (E)$ is a unital Banach algebra ...
3
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75 views

Prove a condition for a Banach algebra to be isometrically isomorphic to $\mathbb C$

Can anyone help me by providing a detailed verification of the following theorem? Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra. If there exists $M<+\infty$ so that $$\Vert a \Vert\Vert b \Vert\leq M ...
3
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1answer
184 views

How to prove $F$ is a contraction mapping?

Given a $n\times n$ matrix $\mathbf{D}$ in which each entry $\mathbf{D}_{ij} \in [0,1]$. Let $i$-th row vector of $\mathbf{D}$ denote by $\mathbf{D}_{i\ast}$. The mapping $F:[0,1]^n \mapsto [0,1]^n$, ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Module homomorphism

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with norm $\|.\|_A$ and $X$ be a Banach space with norm $\|.\|_X$. If there exists a operation $.:A\times X\to X$ such that for any $a,b\in A$ and $x,y\in X$ we have ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Invertible elements in a Banach algebra connected to identity

I'm currently working on a problem for homework in my Banach algebras course and I've run into a bit of an issue with terminology. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra, then $\mathcal{A}^{-1}_0$ ...
3
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1answer
402 views

The spectra of weighted shifts

Since weighted shifts are like the model-operators in operator theory and people have been studying them for so long, I think there should be quite a large literature on the spectra of such operators. ...
3
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2answers
315 views

Converse of Wiener's lemma

Let $A$ be a commutative Banach algebra with unit. It is well known that if the Gelfand transform $\hat{x}$ of $x\in A$ is non-zero, then $x$ is invertible in $A$ (the so called Wiener Lemma in the ...
3
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1answer
70 views

*-isomorphism of a C*-algebra into an involutive Banach algebra is norm increasing

The following is a proposition of Takesaki's Operator theory: My question: How does he assume, considering the C*-subalgebra generated by k instead of $*$-Banach algebra B? Are we sure that the ...
3
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1answer
49 views

$\int_{\mathbb R^{2}} |\int_{\mathbb R} (f(t-y)- f(t)) g(t-x) e^{-2\pi i w\cdot t} dt|dx dw \to 0 $ as $y\to 0$?

Fact: It is well-known that translation is continuous in the $L^{1}$ norm, that is, if $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ then $\lim_{y\to 0} \|f_{y}-f\|_{L^{1}(\mathbb R)}=0;$ (where, $f_{y}(x)= f(x-y)$, ...
3
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1answer
140 views

Bergman-Shilov Boundary and Peak Points

Let $\Omega$ be a domain in $\mathbb{C}^n.$ Consider the Banach algebra $A(\Omega):=\mathcal{C}({\overline{\Omega}})\cap\mathcal{O}(\Omega).$ Denote the Bergman-Shilov boundary of $A(\Omega)$ by ...
3
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111 views

Unitary Equivalence of Two Irreducible $ * $-Representations of a GCR $ C^{*} $-Algebra that Have the Same Kernel.

In general, if two irreducible $ * $-representations of a $ C^{*} $-algebra $ A $ have the same kernel, then we can say that they are approximately unitarily equivalent. When $ A $ is GCR, how can we ...
3
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1answer
101 views

What is the generator of the disc algebra

The disc algebra, as a set, consists of the functions on the unit disc $D$, which are analytic on the interior of the disc and continuous on its boundary. Its addition and multiplication is obvious. ...
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46 views

Ideal in Matrix algebra

Let A be a Banach algebra and suppose that $\Lambda$ be a nonempty set. With the following product and norm the matrix space ...
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78 views

Prove that a norm makes a space Banach

I have to prove that if $A$ is a C*-Algebra then the algebra $A_1$ obtained adjoining the identity is a C*Algebra too (with the usual algebraic operation defined). I have any problem in all the ...
3
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0answers
70 views

Do inclusions of Banach algebras preserve spectral radius?

Let $f : A_1 \to A_2$ be an injective homomorphism of unital Banach algebras. It's a standard fact that if $f$ is has closed range, i.e. $A_1$ is embedded as a closed subalgebra of $A_2$, then for ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

C* algebra of bounded Borel functions

Let $T\in B(H)$ is normal, and $B(\sigma(T))$ denote the $C^*$ algebra of all bounded Borel functions on $\sigma(T)$. Then is it true that $B(\sigma(T))$ is a closed $C^*$ algebra under the sup. norm ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

In relation with the set of Fredholm perturbation elements

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital Banach algebras and $T\colon A\to B$ an homomorphism of Banach algebras. Let denote the set of Fredholm perturbation elements in $A$, i.e. $\operatorname{Ft}:=\{r\in ...
3
votes
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140 views

Topology of maximal ideal space

We know that strictly positive integers with multiplication form a semigroup $S$. Let $\mathscr A=\ell ^1(S)$ with convolution. What is $\mathscr A$'s maximal ideal space? It seems enough to find ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Let $K$ be a circle. Describe the spectra of two subalgebras of $C(K)$

Suppose $K=\{\lambda\in\mathbb{C}: 1<\vert\lambda\vert<2\};$ put $f(\lambda)=\lambda$. Let $A$ be the smallest closed subalgebra of $C(K$) that contains $1$ and $f$. Let $B$ be the smallest ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Density of operators

I am interested in operators on non-reflexive Banach space. Let $X$ be a Banach space and let $L(X)$ be the algebra of operators acting on $X$. We may embed $L(X)$ into $L(X^{**})$ by ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

What does $(B+I)/I\sim B/(B\cap I)$ tell us?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra in which $B$ is a $C^*$-subalgebra and $I$ is a closed ideal. In several books on $C^*$-algebras I have encountered the following: $(B+I)/I$ is $*$-isomorphic to ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Is there any multiplicative linear functional on B(H)?

If A is a Banach algebra, we say that $\Phi: A \longrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is a multiplicative linear functional if $\Phi$ is nontrivial, linear and $\Phi(xy)=\Phi(x)\Phi(y)$. It is easy to see that ...
2
votes
3answers
49 views

Semi-direct decompositions of Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and I an ideal of it. Is there always a subalgebra $B$ of $A$ such that A can be written as $A=B\oplus I$ where $\oplus$ denotes direct sum? If not, in what conditions we ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

a question about invertibility of Banach Algebra

If $X$ is a Banach algebra with identity, and $0$ is the only element $x \in X$ such that there is a sequence $\{ {x_n}\} \subset X$, $\left\| {{x_n}} \right\| = 1$ and $x{x_n} \to 0$ or ${x_n}x \to ...
2
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1answer
51 views

Comparing weak and weak operator topology

We can compare topologies on $B(H)$. For instance, Sot topology is stronger than wot topology or $\sigma-$ weak topology is equivalent to weak* topology. I would like to compare wot topology and weak ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

C*-algebra representations

Let A be a C*-algebra and $\left\{\phi_n\right\}$ a weak* dense sequence in the state space. Putting $\phi=\sum_n 2^{-n} \phi_n$, can you show that $\phi$ is a state and the representation $\pi_\phi$ ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Norm on unitisation of a $C^\ast$ algebra

In the theory of $C^\ast$ algebras there exists the following theorem: If $A$ is a $C^\ast$ algebra and $\widetilde{A}$ denotes its unitisation then there exists exactly one norm that extends the ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Identifying the dual group of a locally compact abelian group with the spectrum of $ {L^{1}}(G) $.

Folland stated the following theorem in his book A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis on Page 88. The dual group of a locally compact abelian group can be identified with the spectrum of $ ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Commutative subspace lattice

I have seen an article in which there is an algebra which was named CSL-algebra (Commutative Subspace Lattice). This algebra is about projection on Banach algebra? I couldn't find any good source to ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Example of a Banach algebra $ A $ whose only closed ideals are $ \{ 0 \} $ and $ A $.

I'm trying to come up with an example of a Banach algebra $A$ that is not commutative, unital and such that the only closed ideals are $\{0\}$ and $A$. I already struggled to even come up with a non ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Show that there is a unique continuous function

I have no idea where to even start, i have never dealt with question like this before, any direction you can give me would be greatly appreciated.
2
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1answer
151 views

Constructing a functions with Gelfand Naimark

If $X$ and $Y$ are compact Hausdorff spaces, show that for any algebra homomorphism $$ F:C(Y) \to C(X) $$ there exists a continuous function $f:X\to Y$ such that $$ F(\phi)=\phi \circ f, \forall \phi ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Subalgebras of certain C*-algebras

Let $A$ be a C*-subalgebra of $C(X, M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))$ where $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space, does it follow that $A$ is isomorphic to $C(Y, M_{m}(\mathbb{C}))$ for some $Y\subseteqq X$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

‎‎If $A$ contains ‎an ‎idempotent $e‎$ (‎‎$‎e‎\neq ‎‎0,1‎‎$‎) , then $‎\Omega(A)‎$ ‎is ‎disconnected

If $A$‎ ‎be a‎ ‎unital ‎abelian ‎Banach ‎algebra ‎and ‎contains ‎an ‎idempotent $e$‎ ‎(that ‎is ‎‎$‎e=‎e‎^{‎2‎}‎‎$‎) ‎other ‎than $0$‎ ‎and $1$‎ ,‎ ‎then help me to show that ‎‎$‎\Omega(A)‎$ ‎is ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Norms on unitization of nonunital Banach algebra

Let $A$ be a nonunital Banach algebra and denote by $A^+$ the unitization of $A$. One commonly used Banach algebra norm on $A^+$ is given by $||(a,\lambda)||=||a||+|\lambda|$ (where $a\in ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Algebra of bounded functions on a completely regular space

Let $T$ be a completely regular topological space, i.e. a topological space satisfying axiom $T_1$ and such that for any closed set $F\subset T$ and any $t_0\in T\setminus F$ there is a continuous ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Why is the Gelfand transform injective?

There is a theorem that proves that if $A$ is a commutative C*-Algebra, the Gelfand map is an isometric *-isomorphism of $A$ onto $\hat{A}$ i.e. the spectrum of $A$. (Theorem 1.1 in Averson's "An ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Module algebras

Spectrum: For Banach algebra $A$ spectrum is denoted by $\sigma(A)$ and defined as the set of all non-zero bounded linear multiplicative function from $A$ to $\Bbb C$.(Function $\psi:A\to\Bbb C$ is ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

A closed ideal in a commutative Banach algebra $C(X)$

Suppose that $A$ is a natural Banach function algebra on $K$, a compact Hausdorff space. So $A$ is realised as an algebra of continuous functions on $K$, is a Banach algebra for some norm (necessarily ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Uniform boundedness

I was thinking about the following problem: Let $(A_t)_{t \geq 0}$ be a family of bounded operators on a Banach space $X$ which is uniformly bounded and let $(B_{t,\alpha})$ be a net in the Banach ...