A Banach algebra is an algebra over the real or complex numbers which is equipped with a complete norm such that |xy| ≤ |x||y|. The study of Banach algebras is a major topic in functional analysis. If you are about to ask a question on C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras please use (c-star-algebras) ...

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1answer
28 views

Radius of convergence of Taylor expansion of $z \mapsto (1 - z \cdot a)^{-1}$

Let $A$ be a Banach $\mathbb{C}$-algebra with norm $\text{N}(-)$ and let $a \in A$. Where can I find a reference to/can somebody supply a proof of the following posited equality?$$\max_{z \in ...
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0answers
27 views

For which $F$ we have $F(f\ast g)= f\ast F(g)$ for all $f,g \in L^{1}$?

Young's inequality tells us that: $L^{1}\ast L^{p} \subset L^{p}, (1\leq p \leq \infty)$ My Question: What are examples of functions $F:L^{1}(\mathbb R)\to L^{p}(\mathbb R)$ with the property ...
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19 views

a question about left topological divisor [closed]

i need an example of left topological divisor which is not a right topological divisor in a banach-algebra
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1answer
32 views

An isomorphism between two Banach algebras

Consider the compact set $[-1,1]$ and $C([-1,1])$ the set of all continuous functions $\phi: [-1,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$. I want to show that the quotient of $C([-1,1])$ by $\mathbb{C}$ is the ...
3
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1answer
25 views

Does $(\ell^{1}(\mathbb Z), \cdot)$ have a bounded approximate identity?

Put $\ell^{1}(\mathbb Z)=\{f:\mathbb Z \to \mathbb C: \|f\|_{\ell^{1}}:=\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z}|f(n)|< \infty \}$ and we note that $\ell^{1}(\mathbb Z)$ is an algebra under pointwise multiplication. ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Examples of algebras that have a bounded approximate identity

We note that $L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ is an algebra with respect to convolution without identity element. However, regarded as a Banach algebra, $(L^{1}(\mathbb R), \ast) $ has a bounded approximate ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Does there exists an approximate identity in Fréchet algebra $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb R)$?

We put $\|f\|_{(N, \alpha)}:= \sup_{x\in \mathbb R} (1+|x|)^{\alpha} | D^{\beta}f(x)|; $ and he Schwartz space, $S(\mathbb R): = \{f\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb R): \|f\|_{(N, \alpha)}< \infty , ...
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0answers
8 views

Definition of $K_1(A)$ for a Banach algebra $A$

When defining $K_1(A)$ for a Banach algebra $A$, one may consider $\bigcup_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\{x\in GL_n(A^+):x\equiv I_n\mod M_n(A)\}$ and take the quotient by the component containing the identity, or ...
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0answers
30 views

Clarification on Wolfram Mathworld's explanation of the connection between Gelfand Transform and Fourier Transform

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/GelfandTransform.html In the definition, what does $x$, $\hat x(\phi)$, and $\phi$ represent exactly if we were to consider definition of the Fourier transform? Can ...
2
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0answers
20 views

Derivation into dense ideal of Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $I$ be an ideal of $A$. A derivation $D:A\to I$ is a linear bounded map, with the following property: $$D(ab)=aD(b)+D(a)b,\qquad a,b\in A.$$ Suppose that $I$ is dense ...
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6 views

What are the appropriate morphisms for forming inductive limits of Banach algebras?

For Banach algebras, if we take the morphisms to be bounded homomorphisms, the inductive limit construction may not result in a Banach algebra. (I remember seeing this fact but I don't know a specific ...
2
votes
2answers
27 views

How does the product of sets of complex numbers give a character?

I'm working through this "Introduction to Banach Algebras" and just after proposition 8.2 they say: If $A$ is a commutative Banach algebra, $a\in A$ and $\phi\in M(A)$, then $\phi(a)\in sp(a)$. ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Distributivity of projective tensor product over direct sum

Let $I$ is a non-empty set and $\{A_i\}_{i\in I}$ is a family of Banach algebras and $B$ is a Banach algebra. Define $$\ell^1-\oplus_{i\in I}A_i=\{a=\{a_i\}_{i\in I}: \|a\|_1=\sum_{i\in ...
2
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0answers
14 views

How are $M_n(A)$ and $M_n(\mathbb{C})\otimes A$ identified as Banach algebras?

When $A$ is a Banach algebra, one can make $M_n(A)$ into a Banach algebra by equipping it with various norms. One can also make the algebraic tensor product $M_n(\mathbb{C})\otimes A$ into a Banach ...
3
votes
3answers
73 views

Which Hilbert space is isometrically isomorphism with $B(E)$ for some Banach space $E$.

Consider $H$ as a Hilbert space. How can I find a Banach space $E$, for that, $H=B(E)$ where $B(E)$ is the set of bounded linear operator on $E$? (At least under some conditions on $H$) Also if the ...
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2answers
110 views

Is every Hilbert space a Banach algebra?

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. Could we say that, always there is a multiplication on $H$, that makes it into a Banach algebra? If not, under which conditions does it exist?
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1answer
42 views

The same topologies

Let $L^1 (\mathbb{Z})$ be the space of all functions $f:\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ such that $\left\{\|f\|=\sum_{k\in \mathbb{Z}}|f(k)|<\infty\right\}$. Clearly, $L^1 (\mathbb{Z})$ is a ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

Semiprimitivity of second dual of semiprime Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Then $A^*$ is right Banach $A$-module with product $\langle b,f.a\rangle=\langle ab,f\rangle$ for every $a,b\in A, f\in A^*$. Define $\langle a,F*f\rangle=\langle ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Weakly compact operator with different domains

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Suppose that $e\in A$ such that $e^2=e$ and $eAe$ is division algebra(i.e., $eAe$ is unital and every element of $eAe$ has inverse in $eAe$). Define $T_e:A\to A$ with ...
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2answers
18 views

Can we embed unital Banach algebras into semi-simple ones?

A Banach algebra is (Jacobson) semi-simple if the intersection of all maximal left ideals is the zero ideal. Take a unital abelian Banach algebra $B$. Can we embed it unitally into an abelian ...
4
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0answers
35 views

Compactum of Banach algebra

I need an example of Banach algebra $A$ and a left non-trivial closed ideal $I$ with all of following properties: There exists a bounded approximate identity in $I$ for $I$ i.e., a net ...
4
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1answer
56 views

Understanding the bidual of a $C^*$-algebra as a $C^*$-algebra

I have a lot of problems trying to understand the double dual of a $C^*$-algebra. Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, I read that if you endow the bidual Banach space $A^{**}$ of $A$ with the weak-*topology, ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Differentiation calculation

$L(E)$ espace fonction continuous and linear $$\begin{array}{llll} \psi:& L(E)\times E&\longrightarrow& E\\ &(u,x)&\longrightarrow &u(x) \end{array}$$ proved the application ...
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1answer
29 views

cauchy's integral formula in operator theory

Can you prove cauchy's integral formula based on the assumptions in Conway book, operator theory, VII, 4.2? 4.2. Cauchy's Integral Formula If $\mathcal X$ is a Banach space, $G$ is an open subset ...
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0answers
7 views

Norm on $M_n((M_k(A))^+)$ where $A$ is a Banach algebra

If $A$ is a Banach algebra (either unital or non-unital), can we norm $M_n((M_k(A))^+)$ by regarding matrices in there as matrices in $M_{nk}(A^+)$ and taking one of the commonly used norms on the ...
1
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1answer
18 views

Uniform closure of polynomials

What is the meaning of "uniform closure of polynomials"? I have seen it in Conway's Functional Analysis book VII § 5.
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0answers
15 views

Operator norm on $M_n(A)$ by acting on $A^n$ or on $(A^+)^n$

If $A$ is a nonunital Banach algebra, we can let $M_n(A)$ act on $A^n$ or on $(A^+)^n$ where $A^+$ denotes the unitization of $A$, and get the respective operator norms on $M_n(A)$. Is there any ...
0
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1answer
22 views

$p$-operator space property

If $S,T,U,V\in B(L_p(X,\mu))$, $p\in[1,\infty)$, and we regard $\begin{pmatrix} S & T \\ U & V \end{pmatrix}$ as an operator on $B(L_p\oplus_p L_p)$, then supposedly we have ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Comparing norms - $M_{kn}(A)$ versus $M_k(M_n(A))$

I am having to deal with the problem of passing between $M_{kn}(A)$ and $M_k(M_n(A))$ where $A$ is a Banach algebra, removing parentheses in one direction, and adding parentheses in the opposite ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Banach algebra with left or right minimal ideal without minimal bi-ideal

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra( or a ring). A left ideal $I$ of $A$ is called a left minimal ideal, if $I\neq\{0\}$ and there is no any other non-zero left ideal of $A$ completely lies in $I$. With a ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Lifting idempotents from a quotient of a Banach algebra

In a quotient of a Banach algebra $A$, if an invertible element is connected to the identity by a continuous path of invertibles, then it can be lifted to an invertible element in $A$. Is there an ...
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0answers
25 views

Show that the ideal generated by an inner function is closed.

Suppose $H^\infty=\{f\in H(U):\exists M<\infty,\,\forall z\in U,\,|f(z)|\le M\}$ is the set of bounded holomorphic functions in the unit disk. It is a Banach algebra with pointwise multiplication. ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Involution on the set of all multipliers of $A$ ($A$ is a $C^*$-algebra)

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra. $M(A)$ denotes the set of all multipliers of $A$, i.e. $m\in M(A)$ means that there is a map $m^*:A\to A$ such that $m(a)^*b=a^*m^*(b)$ for all $a,b\in A$. I want to know ...
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votes
0answers
19 views

Bounded v.s. completely bounded homomorphisms between $L^p$ operator algebras

Take an $L^p$ operator algebra to mean a closed subalgebra $A\subset B(L^p(X,\mu))$ for some ("nice") measure space $(X,\mu)$, $p\in[1,\infty)$. Equip the matrix algebra $M_n(A)$ with the norm ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Show that Quotient of a C*-algebra is a C*-algebra in its own right

Let $A$ be a commutative C*-algebra over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $J$ be an ideal of $A$ such that $J\in Closed(A)$ and that contains $x^*$ if it contains $x$, for all $x\in A$. I know that $A/J$ is also ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Operator norm on $M_n(A)$ where $A$ is a Banach algebra

On $M_n(\mathbb{C})$, if we take the operator norm by acting on $\mathbb{C}^n$ where $||(z_1,\ldots,z_n)||=\max_{1\leq i\leq n}||z_i||$, then for $[a_{ij}]\in M_n(\mathbb{C})$ we have ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Ideals of the operator algebra

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Is there any relation ship between two-sided closed ideals of $A$ and two-sided closed ideals of the operator algebra $\mathscr B(A)$? Is there any characterization for ...
5
votes
0answers
43 views

Finite dimensionality of some subspace of convolution Banach algebra $L^1(G)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group (not only compact group) with the left Haar measure $\lambda$. Consider the convolution Banach algebra $L^1(G,\lambda)$. For which $f\in L^1(G,\lambda)$ the ...
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1answer
24 views

application of positive linear functionl

The space $L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ is a commutative Banach algebra under convolution. A linear functional $F$ on $L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ is positive if $F(f^*f)\geq 0$ for $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R).$ (where ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

Part of Lomonosov's Invariant Subspace Theorem

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space of infinite dimension, let $T\in\mathcal{B}(X)\backslash\{0\}$ be compact. Define $$\Gamma := \{S\in\mathcal{B}(X)\,|\,S\circ T=T\circ S\}$$and define, for each ...
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1answer
42 views

How to apply Cauchy's formula in proof 10.13 of Rudin's FA

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $x\in A$. In part of prood 10.13 of Rudin's Functional Analysis (page 254), where he is trying to prove that $$\rho(x) = \lim_{n\to\infty}||x^n||^{\frac{1}{n}} = ...
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1answer
25 views

Orthogonal elements in a unitization of a $C^*$-algebra

Let $A$ ne a $C^*$-algebra and $a,b\in A$ self-adjoint. a and b are orthogonal, iff $ab=0$. Let A be nonunital and denote $A_1$ it's unitization, i.e., $A_1\cong A\oplus\mathbb{C}$ as vector spaces. ...
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1answer
37 views

How to prove that $\Delta( A)$ with the Gelfand topology is compact and Hausdorff?

How do I prove: $\Delta( A)$ with the Gelfand topology is compact and Hausdorff. I've tried proving it closed, but I'm having difficulties with how to begin writing a proof. And I have no idea ...
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2answers
49 views

Two-sided closed ideals of $C(X,M_2(\mathbb C))$

Let $X$ be compact and Hausdorff space. I know all closed ideals of $C(X)$. I want to substitute $\mathbb C$ by $M_2(\mathbb C)$. What can we say about two-sided closed ideals of $C(X,M_2(\mathbb ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, $a \in A$ self adjoint

Question:Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, $a \in A$ self adjoint. Suppose that the spectrum $\sigma(a)$ is an infinite set. Show that $A$ is infinite-dimensional. How can i prove it? I guess: Let $A$ be ...
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0answers
15 views

C*−algebras and operator theory, murphy [duplicate]

Do you know how to solve this exercise? (Murphy, $C*$−algebras and operator theory, $2^{nd}$ chapter, 1st exercise) Let $A$ be a Banach algebra such that for all a\in A the implication $Aa=0$ or ...
1
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1answer
23 views

intersection of a multiplier algebra with a commutant of a $C^*$-algebra

I have a question about multiplier algebras and commutants of $C^*$-algebras in general. First of all, the question is related to this structure theorem about completely positive order zero maps (you ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

example of the arens multiplication; I want to unterstand the construction

I want to understand the double dual as a $C^*$-algebra of a given $C^*-$algebra $A$ but my first problem is to understand the arens multiplication on the double dual $A^{**}$ (considered as Banach ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Completely positive, orthogonaly preserving maps

First of all, here is the setting for my problem: Definition: Let $A$ be a $C^*$-Algebra, $a,b\in A$. We say, a and b are orthogonal, if $ab=ba=a^*b=ab^*=0$. Proposition: Let $A$ be a $C^*$-Algebra, ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

equivalence of properties. Is the restriction in (ii) redundant?

I have a question about the claim, which I found in a paper: Let $\phi:A\to B$ a linear map between $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$. The following are equivalent: ...