This tag is intended for questions on topics related to Baire category, such as Baire category theorem, meager sets (set of first category), nonmeager sets (set of second category), Baire spaces etc.

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10
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1answer
3k views

Let $X$ be an infinite dimensional Banach space. Prove that every basis of X is uncountable.

Let $X$ be an infinite dimensional Banach space. Prove that every basis of $X$ is uncountable. Can anyone help how can I solve the above problem?
72
votes
20answers
8k views

Your favourite application of the Baire Category Theorem

I think I remember reading somewhere that the Baire Category Theorem is supposedly quite powerful. Whether that is true or not, it's my favourite theorem (so far) and I'd love to see some applications ...
46
votes
5answers
5k views

Is $[0,1]$ a countable disjoint union of closed sets?

Can you express $[0,1]$ as a countable disjoint union of closed sets, other than the trivial way of doing this?
8
votes
2answers
831 views

Proof That $\mathbb{R} \setminus \mathbb{Q}$ Is Not an $F_{\sigma}$ Set

I am trying to prove that the set of irrational numbers $\mathbb{R} \setminus \mathbb{Q}$ is not an $F_{\sigma}$ set. Here's my attempt: Assume that indeed $\mathbb{R} \setminus \mathbb{Q}$ is an ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

A classical problem about limit of continuous function at infinity and its connection with Baire Category Theorem

When I google "baire category theorem", I get a link to Ben Green's website. And at the end of the paper, he mentioned such a classic problem: Suppose that $f:\mathbb{R}^+\to\mathbb{R}^+$ is a ...
8
votes
2answers
635 views

$\lim_{n\to \infty}f(nx)=0$ implies $\lim_{x\to \infty}f(x)=0$

Can anyone help me with this problem? Let $f:[0,\infty)\longrightarrow \mathbb R$ be a continuous function such that for each $x>0$, we have $\lim_{n\to \infty}f(nx)=0$. Then prove that ...
38
votes
5answers
2k views

Why is it that $\mathbb{Q}$ cannot be homeomorphic to _any_ complete metric space?

Why is it that $\mathbb{Q}$ cannot be homeomorphic to any complete metric space? Certainly $\mathbb{Q}$ is not a complete metric space. But completeness is not a topological invariant, so why is the ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

Baire: Show that $f\colon \mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ is a polynomial in an open bounded set

Let $f\colon\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be an infinitely differentiable function, and suppose that for each $x\in\mathbb{R},$ $\exists\ n=n(x)\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $f^{(n)}(x)=0$. For each fixed ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Prove $\ell_1$ is first category in $\ell_2$

Prove that $\ell_1$ is first category in $\ell_2$. I tried to solve this, but had no idea about the approach. Any suggestions are helpful. Thanks in advance.
4
votes
4answers
319 views

(ZF) If $\mathbb{R}^k$ is a countable union of closed sets, then at least one has a nonempty interior

Since the specific space $\mathbb{R}^k$ is given, this might be provable in ZF. Let $\{F_n\}_{n\in \omega}$ be a family of closed subset of $\mathbb{R}^k$, of which the union is $\mathbb{R}^k$. ...
2
votes
1answer
464 views

Diophantine number has full measure but is meager

This an exercise 3 on Terence Tao's blog: A real number $x$ is Diophantine if for every $\varepsilon > 0$ there exists $c_\varepsilon > 0$ such that $|x - \frac{a}{q}| \geq ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

A Baire category question

Let ${f_n}$ be a sequence of real valued continuous functions converging pointwise on $\Bbb R$. Show that there exists a number $M>0$ and an interval $I \subset \Bbb R$ such that $\sup\{ |f_n(x)|:x ...
4
votes
1answer
370 views

Application of Baire category theorem in Moore plane

The proof that Moore plane is not normal I have read was using Cantor's nesting theorem. But I heard that it is also possible to use Baire category theorem to prove and I want to know how. So, as ...
107
votes
1answer
3k views

Does the open mapping theorem imply the Baire category theorem?

A nice observation by C.E. Blair1, 2, 3 shows that the Baire category theorem for complete metric spaces is equivalent to the axiom of (countable) dependent choice. On the other hand, the three ...
6
votes
2answers
375 views

Every space is “almost” Baire?

There is this theorem called the Banach category theorem which states that in every topological space any union of open sets of first category is of first category. Now doesn't this imply that every ...
2
votes
3answers
396 views

Dirichlet Function Pointwise Convergence

We say that a function $f$ is Baire Class $1$ if there is a sequence of functions $f_i \to f$ pointwise where each $f_i$ is continuous. The set of discontinuities of a Baire Class $1$ function $f$ ...
6
votes
0answers
327 views

Questions related to intersections of open sets and Baire spaces

EDIT: I have reposted this question on MathOverflow. (The version posted there is more concise, with some details omitted. I have also added a question about pseudobases with similar property.) MO ...
6
votes
1answer
337 views

Infinitely times differentiable function

Let $f$ belong to $ C^{\infty}[0,1]$ and for each $x \in [0,1]$ there exists $n \in \mathbb{N}$ so that $f^{(n)}(x)=0$. Prove that $f$ is a polynomial in $[0,1]$. I am trying to use Baire Category ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Measure spaces are proper subsets

I want to prove that $L^2$ is of the first category in $L^1$, thus I have to prove that $L^2$ is the countable union of nowhere dense subsets. The hint I get is: Take $g_n(x)=n$ for $0\leq ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Equivalence of Baire Space definitions

I am hoping someone could help me show that the following statements, which define a Baire Space, are equivalent. Defn1: Any topological space X such that the intersection of any countable ...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

Are function spaces Baire?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be manifolds and suppose that $X$ is a compact, complete metric space and $Y$ is a complete metric space. So, both $X$ and $Y$ are Baire spaces. Question: For what values of $k\geq ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Is $c_0$ meagre in $l^\infty$?

I have been reading up on the meagre sets sans an instructor after a 10 year break from this sort of mathematics and I would like to test my understanding. I want to know if the following is true (and ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

No infinite-dimensional $F$-space has a countable Hamel basis

If $X$ is an infinite-dimensional topological vector space which is the union of countably many finite-dimensional subspaces, prove that $X$ is of the first category in itself. Prove that therefore ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Use the concept of Baire Category to prove that the upper integral of a positive function is always positive.

Use Baire Category to prove that the upper integral from $0$ to $1$ of any $f:[0,1]\to(0,1]$ is greater than $0$.