The sum of several numbers divided by their count nicely summarizes the overall size of the numbers involved in a single value.

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232 views

Average limit superior [duplicate]

Let $\mathcal{l}_\mathbb{R}^\infty$ be the space of bounded sequences in $\mathbb{R}$. We define a map $p: \mathcal{l}_\mathbb{R}^\infty\to\mathbb{R}$ by $$p(\underline x)=\limsup_{n\to\infty} ...
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56 views

Constructing an average equation - Standardized Test

A question in the standardized test is: The average of $n$ numbers is $a$. If $x$ is subtracted from each number the average will be a) $(ax)/n\quad$ b) $(an)/x\quad$ c) $an-x\quad$ d) ...
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2k views

Calculating the mean from an exponential distribution

could someone please tell me how I can prove/confirm the information on this page? specifically the part about calculating the mean, I have my doubts about the -b. Many thanks
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22 views

Calculating the average speed of a trip when given 3 different speeds for 3 percentages of distances.

The question: In a trip, $10$% of the way, Lucy drives uphill at an average speed of $56$mph; $10$% of the distance is downhill where she can manage an average speed of $72$mph. On flat ground, Lucy ...
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2answers
16 views

Using double integration to compute an average yields a different result than computing it without integration

I'm self-learning multivariable calculus and am using double integration to compute the average value of $f(x,y)$ over some region. I'm trying to solve the following simple problem using two different ...
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1answer
22 views

Average case of element comparisons when searching for an element x with a specific probability

I just had a midterm, and unfortunately our professor has stated that he will neither discuss nor post any solutions to the midterm, so I'm posting a question that was on it here in hopes that someone ...
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1answer
34 views

For all real a, b, order the averages.

I'm taking a proofs class and the textbook says to do this problem: For all real $ a, b > 0 $, show $ \dfrac{2ab}{a + b} \leq \sqrt{ab} \leq \dfrac{a + b}{2} \leq \sqrt{\dfrac{a^2 + b^2}{2}} $ ...
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5answers
287 views

Is the point of a shape with the greatest average ray length also the “centroid”?

By a shape I mean one with a enclosed area. One example can be with $x^2+y^2+\sin{4x}+\sin{4y}=4$. I am dealing with implicit relations on a 2-d plane. By the "ray length" I mean the length of the ...
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2answers
54 views

Finding average of denominator knowing average of numerator and average of fraction [closed]

Good day to you all. I have a little problem I have been banging my head on for a while. I have come to think that it is impossible, but I hope you can save me. I have a fraction, $ ...
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2answers
37 views

Is it possible to find the mean of more than two points on a number line?

I know you can find the mean of two points on a number line, just as you can find the mean of two numbers. However, I would like to know, is it possible to find the mean of THREE or more points on a ...
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25 views

Limit of sequence that depends on another.

I'm a little confused about the following problem: The sequence $a_n$ tends to $a$. Show that $b_n:=\frac{1}{n+1}(a_0+a_1+\cdots+a_n)$ tends to $a$ aswell. It looks like $b_n$ is simply the average ...
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1answer
49 views

Could someone explain the notation of the average of quaternions equation?

The equation has some notation that is difficult to find the meaning for. It is equation (3) in the paper 'Quaternion Averaging' by F. Landis Markley, et al. on page 3 under 'The Average Quaternion'. ...
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3answers
42 views

how do they calculate these following columns

I have these data: I am sorry the data is in Portuguese, and it is an image so I can't convert it to a table but the translate "probably" ( i am not a native speakers for Portuguese language) is: ...
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3answers
47 views

Mean of a vector

Be a set of numbers $v=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$ I want to form the following average vector $\mu = (\frac{\sum a_i}{n}, \frac{\sum a_i}{n}, \ldots, \frac{\sum a_i}{n})$. If I do it iteratively step ...
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2answers
37 views

statistics z score

I'm curious what the phrase "on average" means. Here is an example: On average, 30% were further than ___ kilometers away when they had their accident. Is $30\%$ a $z$-score or is it a mean? ...
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1answer
121 views

Sum and sum of average not matching

I'm struggling with the following problem. I have a table showing the % of a population that like (say) bananas in three locations, the population of each location, and the total population who like ...
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2answers
16k views

What is the difference between the normal average and weighted average?

What is the difference?For what kind of purpose do we use the weighted average method?Why don't we instead always use the normal average method?and also,how to get the weighted average of some ...
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1answer
545 views

Average value of a piecewise defined function

Consider the function $f$ defined by $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} x, & 0 \leq x < 1 \\ x^2, & 1 \leq x < 2 \\ \vdots \\ x^n, & n-1 \leq x < n. \end{cases} $$ I'm trying to compute ...
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1answer
485 views

Sum of weighted squared distances is minimized by the weighted average?

Let $x_1, \ldots, x_n \in \mathbb{R}^d$ denote $n$ points in $d$-dimensional Euclidean space, and $w_1, \ldots, w_n \in \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$ any non-negative weights. In some paper I came across the ...
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1answer
2k views

Mean/ Expected Value of $X^4$

$\def\Var{\mathop{\rm Var}}$Can anyone help me prove that Expected Value of $X^4$ is $3\Var(X)^4$, if the Expected Value of $X$ is zero and $\Var(X)$ is the Variance of $X$? Thanks!
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55 views

Expected average of number of tiles empty

I have a grid of 3x4 and every tile on the grid has a corresponding chance of being empty. This chance is given. For example, consider the following grid: $$ \frac{14}{15} \frac{1}{3} \frac{8}{13} ...
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419 views

Calculate the average sales per day in 2010.

In 2005, Company K was 730 000 units of the car market. Total sales is 50% of the total cars sold in 2010. Calculate the average sales per day in 2010. Calculation: Total sales in 2010 = $50\% ...
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1answer
2k views

Algorithm to separate an array of numbers into “low”, “medium” and “high” ranges

this is my first post on Math-Exchange. I'm a programmer, and I work with object-oriented algorithms, but when things gets too "algebraic" I get stuck. So I thought I'd ask over here. I need to ...
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1answer
175 views

averaging time it takes to complete a project

Consider a project consisting of four activities A, B, C, and D. a) A and B, the first activities of the project, can be started simultaneously. b) C can be started only after A is completed. c) D can ...
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188 views

Merging/averaging percentages

This may be a very simple question, but I'm not even sure what the correct terminology is for the procedure I am trying to do so I wasn't able to find anything else here... The scenario is that I'm ...
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2answers
284 views

Bound on deviation between arithmetic and harmonic mean?

It is well known that, if HM denotes the harmonic mean and AM the arithmetic mean, we have $$ AM(x) \ge HM(x) $$ Now I am dealing with the expression $$ \frac{1}{HM(x)} - \frac{1}{AM(x)} $$ A ...
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1answer
30 views

Given the lengths of two sides of a triangle, is it possible to obtain (sharp) bounds for the average length of the sides of the triangle?

The title says it all. Given the lengths of two sides of a triangle, is it possible to obtain (sharp) bounds for the average length of the sides of the triangle? Let the lengths of two sides of ...
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1answer
21 views

What is the proper notation for the “average of the last N elements of a sequence”?

I use sliding window average in my calculations: average for the last N elements and average for the N elements before that. What would be the correct mathematical notation to describe this?
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1answer
17 views

Average distance to the closest neighbor

Suppose that 3-dimensional space contains countably infinite number of randomly positioned particles (points), on average $1$ particle per a unit of volume. Their distribution is homogeneous and ...
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1answer
12 views

Difference between Means is the Mean of the Differences

Suppose you have a sequence $a_{1}, \dots, a_{n}$ and another sequence $b_{1}, \dots, b_{m}$, where $n$ and $m$ may differ. I want to know whether the difference between the arithmetic means of these ...
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36 views

Averages of Power Sets

I've been studying power sets and thought this was interesting. $\frac{x+y+\frac{x+y}{2}}{3} = \frac{x+y}{2}$ This is if we have a set of 2 elements, x and y, and we get it's powerset, find the ...
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1answer
46 views

Why this process is nonergodic?

I am studying a tutorial on stochastic processes and there's an example in it which I don't understand anything of it. First of all there is this criterion for a mean-ergodic random process: For ...
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1answer
70 views

How to summarize a big table of results? Average or Geometric mean?

I am writing a paper for a Computer Science conference and I have a big (way too big) table of results (times and some other measures) for different versions of an algorithm. I would like to summarize ...
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1answer
11 views

Grading limitless variables

I am trying to calculate the quality of a triangle. Parameters are skewness, aspect ratio, and size. Skewness ranges between 0 and 1. Aspect ratio is the ratio of longest edge to shortest edge. ...
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1answer
161 views

Average patients waiting time in dental office

At a Dental Office, patients come in at the rate of 20 per hour and, on average, are processed at the same rate. Patients wait in a queue till they are called up to the counter for registration. After ...
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1answer
110 views

How to find average of minimum value of two Poisson distributions?

I have two Poisson distributions with parameters $\lambda 1$ and $\lambda 2$. Now I want to find the average of minimum value of this two distributions. I mean that if I derive two random numbers ...
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2answers
465 views

Adding to an average without unknown total sum

Let's say I know the following: Let A be the average value Let T be the number of values Assuming that A = 4.3 and ...
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2answers
170 views

Probability of a normal random variable added to a number being greater than another normal random variable, and distribution of average

$X$= random height of a male $Y$= random height of a female $X$ and $Y$ are independent of each other For $x$, $\mu=180\text{ cm}$ and $\sigma^2= 16\text{ cm}^2$ For $y$, $\mu=170\text{ cm}$ and ...
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4answers
124 views

Percentages not adding up

I have a series of percentages: 132/220 (60%) and 88/220 (40%). Now when I break them down into subcategories and then recalculate the percentages them come out 5% different. 81/140 (58%) and ...
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3answers
87 views

Find the average test score for each of three groups, given overall averages

I've been working on this question for the last hour and cannot determine a solution. Q: 100 children, 200 teens and 300 adults write a test and an average is computed for all three groups. The ...
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2answers
149 views

Where should I use median instead of average?

Is there a general law, or rule of thumb, or rationale, when to use median and when average? Although I know the difference and how they are computed, when I try to translate to simple English I ...
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1answer
38 views

fast solve average

there are Indians and Europeans in an army of 12,000. the average height of Europeans is5'10" and that of Indians is 5'9" and the average height of entire army is 5'9,3/4. find out the number of ...
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1answer
59 views

Does missing a number from a set affect the average?

Firstly, apologies for an uninteresting title, and whether this is absolutely newbie maths. I'm a programmer, and when it comes to maths and me - the wheel is going, but the hamster is dead. On To ...
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1answer
156 views

Calculating the average of multiples and divisions

Imagine a number line that contains every value that is greater then (but not inclusive of) 0. The center of the line is 1. On the right side of the center(1), obviously, are all the whole and ...
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1answer
195 views

weighted average with exponential weighting

I want to create weighted average, where weights depend on value of number. If I want exponential weights is this regular? $average = \log_e(\frac{\sum_{i=1}^n e^{v_i}}{n})$ Isn't it just average of ...
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1answer
697 views

CAGR, log of negative numbers

I am trying to calculate the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of a number of companies using the Geometric mean of the annual growth of their EPS. Some of the EPS values are negative(loss making) ...
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1answer
55 views

is this or (when) does this equality hold for weighted power series

$s_n=\sum _{k=0}^n a_k$ for every $n$ and $x\in(0,1)$. Let $p=(p_n)$ is a sequence of nonnegative numbers with $p_0>0$ s.t $P_n= \sum_{k=0}^{n}p_k \rightarrow \infty$ as $n \rightarrow \infty$ ...
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1answer
99 views

Vote “0-10” dignity.

I have this problem very difficult for me to solve. I have a company and some employees. Each of them expresses an opinion on some apples of varying quality. The vote can be: ...
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1answer
67 views

The Average Speed of an object

I'm pretty sure this has more to do with fundamental Math than Physics and that is why I'm asking this here rather than Physics.SE Imagine some object travelling along a straight path from point $A$ ...
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1answer
49 views

Statistics Range from x to y find average

The problem state that: Quantity A: The integer ages of the three children range from 2 to 13, and no two children are the same age. The average of all three children. Quantity B: 10 Compare A and ...