The sum of several numbers divided by their count nicely summarizes the overall size of the numbers involved in a single value.

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What is the name of this “generalized sum”?

I'm looking for the name of this quite basic function: $X=\sqrt[\alpha]{\sum_i{x_i^\alpha}}$ ($\alpha\in\mathbb R$) It's a kind of "generalized sum": $\alpha=1$ : $X=\sum_i{x_i}$ $\alpha\to\infty$ ...
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2k views

Fastest Method to solve this average problem

average of A and B is 71; of B and C is 76; of A and C is 79. How to find the average of A,B,C. I know the way of solving this problem using equations.But it takes time.So wanted to know if any other ...
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6k views

Is the average of the averages equal to the average of all the numbers originally averaged?

I am tempted to say yes because of the following pseudo-proof (I say pseudo-proof because I am not convinced): $$ \frac{\frac{w+x}{2}+\frac{y+z}{2}}{2}=\frac{w+x}{4}+\frac{y+z}{4}=\frac{w+x+y+z}{4} ...
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6k views

Simple question regarding ratio and average

I have 2 lists of numbers (with an equal number of numbers in each). Each number is then divided by the number of which it is paired with (by index), and a ratio is received. I then want to calculate ...
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3k views

Proving correlation coefficient = 1 or -1 given X and Y=a + bX

Given $X$ and $Y = a+bX$, I have to prove that: If $b \lt 0$, then $\rho = -1$. If $b \gt 0$, then $\rho = 1$. I've gotten to the point where I have: $$ \rho = \frac{b \cdot \sigma_x }{ ...
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32 views

Infinite averages

If you wanted to find the average of infinite items, what would it be? Would an estimate of the first x averaged be a good estimate? Or would the value be nearly zero because you are dividing by ...
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28 views

Is the nth root of a product of n terms used in place of the average anywhere?

In applied usage we typically take the average of values or terms which is done by summing them and dividing by the number of terms (for simple average): $$\sum_{i=1}^n \frac{a_i}{n}$$ It dawned on ...
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46 views

Calculate the average as numbers arrive

So, suppose you have to calculate the average of a set of numbers, but you don't know the whole set yet. Someone is providing you one number after the other and you cannot use more than the current ...
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52 views

Covariance Issue with a joint distribution

Here is the problem: Let $X$ and $Y$ be continuous random variables with joint density function: $$f(x,y) = \frac{8}{3}xy\text{ for }0 \le x \le 1\text{ and }x \le y \le 2x $$ I'm trying to find ...
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96 views

Prove inequality of generalized means

Consider the generalized (power) mean of positive numbers $a_1, \dotsc, a_n$ $$M_p(a_1, \dotsc, a_n)=\left(\frac{a_1^p + \dotsb + a_n^p}{n}\right)^{1/p}\qquad p\in \mathbb{R}$$ where for $p=0$ we use ...
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721 views

Working out a percentage of from values

Using the following numbers as an example: 293.21 478.93 485.44 544.78 569.48 593.82 I know how work out the average (mean) value: ...
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120 views

Help with my math problem, New Average with a number deleted

A set of consecutive integers were written down: $1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ... x-1, x, x+1, ... n-2, n-1, n$ One number, $x$, is deleted. The arithmetic mean of the remaining numbers is $602/17$. What does ...
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45 views

Average value of recurrent function.

Given a function f(x) = a*f(x-1) where a is a number between 0 and 1, what is the average value of ...
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60 views

Problem Solving using Algebra

If Peter is $7$ years older than Sharon and John is twice as old as Peter, work out how old Peter is if the average of their ages is $19$. Thanks! :)
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102 views

Why 1 / (average of series) $\ne$ average (1 / series)

I have series of two stocks prices. Let's say that stock 1 has prices: $A_1$, $A_2$, $A_3$, $A_4$, ..., $A_i$ (where $i$ is time) And stock 2 has prices: $B_1$, $B_2$, $B_3$, $B_4$, ..., $B_i$ ...
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211 views

Average limit superior [duplicate]

Let $\mathcal{l}_\mathbb{R}^\infty$ be the space of bounded sequences in $\mathbb{R}$. We define a map $p: \mathcal{l}_\mathbb{R}^\infty\to\mathbb{R}$ by $$p(\underline x)=\limsup_{n\to\infty} ...
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743 views

from weighted average to single values

think about when you're computing a weighted average: you do something like W = sum(amount*weight) / sum(weight) Now I need to find every amount (amount0, amount1.....) starting from knowing the ...
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56 views

Constructing an average equation - Standardized Test

A question in the standardized test is: The average of $n$ numbers is $a$. If $x$ is subtracted from each number the average will be a) $(ax)/n\quad$ b) $(an)/x\quad$ c) $an-x\quad$ d) ...
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1k views

Calculating the mean from an exponential distribution

could someone please tell me how I can prove/confirm the information on this page? specifically the part about calculating the mean, I have my doubts about the -b. Many thanks
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3k views

What is the standard error of the mean of an exponential distribution of the form $Ae^{Bx}$ with N measurements?

What is the standard error of the mean of an exponential distribution of the form $Ae^{Bx}$ with $N$ measurements?
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58 views

Average distance between two random points in a square

A square with side $a$ is given. What is the average distance between two uniformly-distributed random points inside the square? For more general rectangle case, see here. The proof found there is ...
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47 views

Mean of a vector

Be a set of numbers $v=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$ I want to form the following average vector $\mu = (\frac{\sum a_i}{n}, \frac{\sum a_i}{n}, \ldots, \frac{\sum a_i}{n})$. If I do it iteratively step ...
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31 views

statistics z score

I'm curious what the phrase "on average" means. Here is an example: On average, 30% were further than ___ kilometers away when they had their accident. Is $30\%$ a $z$-score or is it a mean? ...
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70 views

Sum and sum of average not matching

I'm struggling with the following problem. I have a table showing the % of a population that like (say) bananas in three locations, the population of each location, and the total population who like ...
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5k views

What is the difference between the normal average and weighted average?

What is the difference?For what kind of purpose do we use the weighted average method?Why don't we instead always use the normal average method?and also,how to get the weighted average of some ...
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366 views

Average value of a piecewise defined function

Consider the function $f$ defined by $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} x, & 0 \leq x < 1 \\ x^2, & 1 \leq x < 2 \\ \vdots \\ x^n, & n-1 \leq x < n. \end{cases} $$ I'm trying to compute ...
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316 views

Sum of weighted squared distances is minimized by the weighted average?

Let $x_1, \ldots, x_n \in \mathbb{R}^d$ denote $n$ points in $d$-dimensional Euclidean space, and $w_1, \ldots, w_n \in \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$ any non-negative weights. In some paper I came across the ...
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1k views

Mean/ Expected Value of $X^4$

$\def\Var{\mathop{\rm Var}}$Can anyone help me prove that Expected Value of $X^4$ is $3\Var(X)^4$, if the Expected Value of $X$ is zero and $\Var(X)$ is the Variance of $X$? Thanks!
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52 views

Expected average of number of tiles empty

I have a grid of 3x4 and every tile on the grid has a corresponding chance of being empty. This chance is given. For example, consider the following grid: $$ \frac{14}{15} \frac{1}{3} \frac{8}{13} ...
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934 views

Way to aggregated percentiles

I want to have information of http response times. The average, 95 and 99 percentil. All the response times are collected in each web server, and every second is sent back to a central server that ...
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1k views

Algorithm to separate an array of numbers into “low”, “medium” and “high” ranges

this is my first post on Math-Exchange. I'm a programmer, and I work with object-oriented algorithms, but when things gets too "algebraic" I get stuck. So I thought I'd ask over here. I need to ...
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144 views

averaging time it takes to complete a project

Consider a project consisting of four activities A, B, C, and D. a) A and B, the first activities of the project, can be started simultaneously. b) C can be started only after A is completed. c) D can ...
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164 views

Merging/averaging percentages

This may be a very simple question, but I'm not even sure what the correct terminology is for the procedure I am trying to do so I wasn't able to find anything else here... The scenario is that I'm ...
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2k views

Weighted average vs. weighted mean

Is there a formal difference between weighted average and weighted mean? I get corrected to the latter if I type in the former in wikipedia, and then there is a lot of stuff about the name "average" ...
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257 views

Bound on deviation between arithmetic and harmonic mean?

It is well known that, if HM denotes the harmonic mean and AM the arithmetic mean, we have $$ AM(x) \ge HM(x) $$ Now I am dealing with the expression $$ \frac{1}{HM(x)} - \frac{1}{AM(x)} $$ A ...
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42 views

Average patients waiting time in dental office

At a Dental Office, patients come in at the rate of 20 per hour and, on average, are processed at the same rate. Patients wait in a queue till they are called up to the counter for registration. After ...
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27 views

What is the best method to calculate the mean for sales of a product over a period of time? [closed]

I'm calculating the average sales over a period of N days of a product to project when a stock out might occur. The most basic method, summing all the sales for each day and dividing by the number of ...
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27 views

How to find average of minimum value of two Poisson distributions?

I have two Poisson distributions with parameters $\lambda 1$ and $\lambda 2$. Now I want to find the average of minimum value of this two distributions. I mean that if I derive two random numbers ...
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61 views

Adding to an average without unknown total sum

Let's say I know the following: Let A be the average value Let T be the number of values Assuming that A = 4.3 and ...
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1answer
54 views

Why average until $n-1 \times n \simeq \sum^{n-1} + avg_{n-1}$?

I'm newbie in math and I want to understand it: let $A = \{a_1,...,a_n\}$ why $$(\frac{1}{n-1}\sum_{i=1}^{n-1}a_i)n \simeq (\sum_{i=1}^{n-1}a_i)+ (\frac{1}{n-1}\sum_{i=1}^{n-1}a_i)$$ Exists any ...
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135 views

Probability of a normal random variable added to a number being greater than another normal random variable, and distribution of average

$X$= random height of a male $Y$= random height of a female $X$ and $Y$ are independent of each other For $x$, $\mu=180\text{ cm}$ and $\sigma^2= 16\text{ cm}^2$ For $y$, $\mu=170\text{ cm}$ and ...
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4answers
42 views

Percentages not adding up

I have a series of percentages: 132/220 (60%) and 88/220 (40%). Now when I break them down into subcategories and then recalculate the percentages them come out 5% different. 81/140 (58%) and ...
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72 views

Find the average test score for each of three groups, given overall averages

I've been working on this question for the last hour and cannot determine a solution. Q: 100 children, 200 teens and 300 adults write a test and an average is computed for all three groups. The ...
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77 views

Where should I use median instead of average?

Is there a general law, or rule of thumb, or rationale, when to use median and when average? Although I know the difference and how they are computed, when I try to translate to simple English I ...
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1answer
28 views

fast solve average

there are Indians and Europeans in an army of 12,000. the average height of Europeans is5'10" and that of Indians is 5'9" and the average height of entire army is 5'9,3/4. find out the number of ...
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45 views

Does missing a number from a set affect the average?

Firstly, apologies for an uninteresting title, and whether this is absolutely newbie maths. I'm a programmer, and when it comes to maths and me - the wheel is going, but the hamster is dead. On To ...
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103 views

Calculating the average of multiples and divisions

Imagine a number line that contains every value that is greater then (but not inclusive of) 0. The center of the line is 1. On the right side of the center(1), obviously, are all the whole and ...
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1answer
85 views

weighted average with exponential weighting

I want to create weighted average, where weights depend on value of number. If I want exponential weights is this regular? $average = \log_e(\frac{\sum_{i=1}^n e^{v_i}}{n})$ Isn't it just average of ...
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358 views

CAGR, log of negative numbers

I am trying to calculate the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of a number of companies using the Geometric mean of the annual growth of their EPS. Some of the EPS values are negative(loss making) ...
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53 views

is this or (when) does this equality hold for weighted power series

$s_n=\sum _{k=0}^n a_k$ for every $n$ and $x\in(0,1)$. Let $p=(p_n)$ is a sequence of nonnegative numbers with $p_0>0$ s.t $P_n= \sum_{k=0}^{n}p_k \rightarrow \infty$ as $n \rightarrow \infty$ ...