The sum of several numbers divided by their count nicely summarizes the overall size of the numbers involved in a single value.

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1answer
31 views

Average velocity of fluid flow

Washburn equation for fluid flow in horizontal capillary is given by : $\frac{dL}{dt} = \frac{γR}{4µL}$ Find the time dependencies of length of travel, $L(T)$ and average velocity. I can find the ...
2
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2answers
107 views

Very fascinating probability game about maximising greed?

Two people play a mathematical game. Each person chooses a number between 1 and 100 inclusive, with both numbers revealed at the same time. The person who has a smaller number will keep their number ...
2
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1answer
77 views

How to calculate the average distance between two points in concentric annuli

I tried to solve this analytically but gave up and ran a simulation. I would still like to know if it can be done explicitly. Consider a circle radially divided into 'zones', so say zone 1 is the ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Flat Tax vs. National Income Tax Average

If the national income tax average under a progressive system is 30%, will tax revenue change if the progressive system is changed to a flat tax also at 30%? In other words, if the mean average ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Is tossing a die in 10 consequent days an ergodic process?

IT maybe an elementary question but I'm totally new to the concept. In Wikipedia, ergodicity is defined as follows: In statistics, the term describes a random process for which the time ...
2
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1answer
2k views

what does `ensemble average` mean?

I'm studying this paper and somewhere in the conclusion part is written: "Since this rotation of the coherency matrix is carried out based on the ensemble average of polarimetric scattering ...
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0answers
33 views

Are these two approaches to calculating return rate mathematically consistent?

I have coded two C# programs, which use two different approaches to evaluate the outcome of a certain casino-style game (casino-style in the sense that the user pays points to take a turn, and ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Average Growth Rate for Year 1 across 5 groups

Lets suppose that I am measuring the total number of online visitors to 5 websites on a monthly basis. I have this data for the months of Jan - Dec. What I want to understand is "What is average ...
2
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0answers
63 views

Compute average and maximum value of a field over a streamline

I'm working on a code solving a set of PDEs. I have a vector field, $\vec{v}(x,\theta,z,t)$ (it's a velocity) and a scalar field, $c(x,\theta,z,t)$. I have a $2\pi$-periodicity in $\theta$. The ...
2
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1answer
153 views

Does “Expected Absolute Deviation” or “Expected Absolute Deviation Range” exist in stats and have another name?

So everyone is familiar with Variance and Standard Deviation from high school, but it seems no one has any familiarity with a philosophical justification for such weird, seemingly arbitrary measures. ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Zonal averaging of partial derivatives

Given a quantity $Q(x,y,t)$, the zonal average operator $[Q] = \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi} Q\:\mathrm{d} \lambda$, and zonal anomaly $Q^\star$ such that $Q = [Q] + Q^\star$, my text book says that ...
2
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0answers
73 views

Have averages, need variance

I have a large spreadsheet, generated by a colleague, that contains the results of $E$ experiments. For each experiment, he calculated the average of $M$ measurements. I need the calculate the ...
2
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2answers
60 views

Rate of appearance of digits 7 and 8 in a given sequence

This is from Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics: let us consider the sequence $$ 1,\ 2,\ 4,\ 8,\ 1,\ 3,\ 6,\ 1,\ 2,\ 5,\ 1,\ 2\ \ldots $$ which consists of the first digits of the ...
2
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1answer
170 views

Rating System: Statistically significant with weighted entries

The title may be a bit confusing because I not exactly sure how to do/explain what I am after. I have judges rating an object on a score 1-100, where the majority of objects will in the range 85-95 ...
2
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0answers
28 views

Inference the time a process would take depending on the number of threads

I have several datasets consisting on: Number of threads n Start process time t1 Stop process time ...
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0answers
586 views

How can you calculate actual values when all you have is rolling averages?

Let's say you have a set of data that is rolling 6 month averages of the actual monthly data. Good data collection would mean you saved the actual values and then calculated the rolling averages, but ...
2
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0answers
261 views

Exponential average of logs

I'm working on a sound recognition algorithm where an "exponential moving average" is used for "adapting" to sound levels. It turns out that taking an average of logs works better than simple sums ...
2
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0answers
506 views

How can I compare two averages of imperfect measurements, with their std. deviations?

I have a process by which I measure the times it take to do something, (run some code), and this time varies, a lot. I'm trying to optimize this code, making small changes that sometimes have small ...
2
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3answers
49 views

Determining the Average number of Attempts before a result occurs (using defined Probabilities)

I'm trying to solve this problem but I'm completely unsure of what sort of concepts/formulas/proofs I need in order to tackle it. I'm just lost on where to start. Here's an example story problem as it ...
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3answers
102 views

Is $\frac{a^2+b^2}{2}=c^2$ possible?

I am looking for an integer solution to the equation: $$\frac{a^2+b^2}{2}=c^2(a\neq b\neq c)$$ That is a square number that is the mean of two other square numbers, is this possible? And if so please ...
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5answers
183 views

How do you determine the “average” of a certain value?

I have checked out the Wikipedia article, but it's too complicated for me. Also, this definition: constituting the result obtained by adding together several quantities and then dividing this ...
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2answers
78 views

Finding one value from a mean.

7 boys have a mean height of 1.80m. Peter joins the boys and now the mean height is 1.75m. Find Peter's height.
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1answer
231 views

How long does it take to complete a sticker album?

We are collecing stickers in chocolate bars and whenever we open a bar we get a random new sticker. There are many different stickers and we try to collect them all. We open the first bar and get a ...
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2answers
310 views

How to establish this inequality: $(1-a)(1-b)(1-c) \geq 8abc$ for $a+b+c=1$?

Let $a$, $b$, and $c$ be positive real numbers such that $a+b+c = 1$. Then how to establish the following inequality? $$ (1-a)(1-b)(1-c) \geq 8abc.$$ My effort: Since $a+b+c =1$, we can write $$ ...
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3answers
72 views

What is the expected value of this random number?

Suppose $a$ is a random number between 0 and 1 and suppose $b$ is a random number $\in (0,1)$ also. What is the expected value of $a^b$? (i.e. If I performed this operation $n$ times, what would be ...
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2answers
40 views

Proving that mean KDR in a videogame is one

This is not related to schoolwork. A friend of mine challenged me to prove that the mean KDR (assuming players can only die at the hands of other players) must always be equal to one. I have gotten ...
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1answer
160 views

New Average with a number deleted

A set of consecutive integers were written down: $1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ... x-1, x, x+1, ... n-2, n-1, n$ One number, $x$, is deleted. The arithmetic mean of the remaining numbers is $602/17$. What does ...
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1answer
3k views

Average proportion for proportions with different denominators

Say I have an experiment in which subjects are asked to respond to some stimulus. Their responses are transcribed and coded, first as "Valid/Invalid", and then for the valid responses, ...
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2answers
2k views

Statistic Missing Value [closed]

A professor has recorded exam grades for $30$ students in his class, $1$ of the $30$ grades is unreadable. The mean score on the exam was $82$, and the mean score of the $29$ available scores is $84$, ...
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3answers
137 views

Possibility that two students answer the same on a 25 question multiple choice test

I am trying to get some approximation of the possibility that two students would answer $25$ questions in a row exactly the same. There are 4 possible responses for each question. I calculate the ...
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2answers
126 views

Mean age among employees in a company.

In a company there are 32 men and 59 women. Male mean age is 48.5 and female 39.2. One of the women (47 years old) ended working at the company and was replaced with a 23 year old man. Calculate the ...
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1answer
286 views

Average distance between two random points in a square

A square with side $a$ is given. What is the average distance between two uniformly-distributed random points inside the square? For more general rectangle case, see here. The proof found there is ...
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1answer
51 views

What is the name of this “generalized sum”?

I'm looking for the name of this quite basic function: $X=\sqrt[\alpha]{\sum_i{x_i^\alpha}}$ ($\alpha\in\mathbb R$) It's a kind of "generalized sum": $\alpha=1$ : $X=\sum_i{x_i}$ $\alpha\to\infty$ ...
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4answers
3k views

Fastest Method to solve this average problem

average of A and B is 71; of B and C is 76; of A and C is 79. How to find the average of A,B,C. I know the way of solving this problem using equations.But it takes time.So wanted to know if any other ...
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1answer
2k views

Use calculus to calculate the slope of a moving average line

I recently read a paper where it was stated that calculus was used to calculate the slope of a moving average line at a given point. Given that there is no real formula to differentiate with a moving ...
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1answer
3k views

Proving correlation coefficient = 1 or -1 given X and Y=a + bX

Given $X$ and $Y = a+bX$, I have to prove that: If $b \lt 0$, then $\rho = -1$. If $b \gt 0$, then $\rho = 1$. I've gotten to the point where I have: $$ \rho = \frac{b \cdot \sigma_x }{ ...
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1answer
14 views

What is the difference between the natures of finding average value using secant slope and integral?

To my knowledge, there are two ways of finding average (what average I am not too sure, forgot what my teacher said. But I think it has something to do with the mean value theorem) Say you have a ...
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1answer
36 views

Propagation of Uncertainties [closed]

I have five values for the volume of sodium hydroxide needed to neutralise a fixed quantity of hydrochloric acid, each trial with an uncertainty of 0.05 mL. If I take the average of these five values, ...
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3answers
76 views

Difference between these two standard deviation formulas?

Today I started reading statistics and I came across these two S.D formulas: $$\sqrt{\frac 1 n \sum (X - \overline X)^2} \textrm{ and } \sqrt{\frac 1 {n-1}\sum (X - \overline X)^2}$$ What is the ...
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2answers
51 views

A specific kind of Moving average

The problem is : Consider the list consisting of the first n natural numbers without zero, ie from $1$ to $n$. We define the transformation "moving average" on the list of $n$ elements by ...
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2answers
63 views

Infinite averages

If you wanted to find the average of infinite items, what would it be? Would an estimate of the first x averaged be a good estimate? Or would the value be nearly zero because you are dividing by ...
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1answer
43 views

Is the nth root of a product of n terms used in place of the average anywhere?

In applied usage we typically take the average of values or terms which is done by summing them and dividing by the number of terms (for simple average): $$\sum_{i=1}^n \frac{a_i}{n}$$ It dawned on ...
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2answers
74 views

Calculate the average as numbers arrive

So, suppose you have to calculate the average of a set of numbers, but you don't know the whole set yet. Someone is providing you one number after the other and you cannot use more than the current ...
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3answers
60 views

Covariance Issue with a joint distribution

Here is the problem: Let $X$ and $Y$ be continuous random variables with joint density function: $$f(x,y) = \frac{8}{3}xy\text{ for }0 \le x \le 1\text{ and }x \le y \le 2x $$ I'm trying to find ...
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2answers
1k views

Working out a percentage of from values

Using the following numbers as an example: 293.21 478.93 485.44 544.78 569.48 593.82 I know how work out the average (mean) value: ...
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3answers
46 views

Average value of recurrent function.

Given a function f(x) = a*f(x-1) where a is a number between 0 and 1, what is the average value of ...
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2answers
1k views

Way to aggregated percentiles

I want to have information of http response times. The average, 95 and 99 percentil. All the response times are collected in each web server, and every second is sent back to a central server that ...
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2answers
64 views

Problem Solving using Algebra

If Peter is $7$ years older than Sharon and John is twice as old as Peter, work out how old Peter is if the average of their ages is $19$. Thanks! :)
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1answer
118 views

Why 1 / (average of series) $\ne$ average (1 / series)

I have series of two stocks prices. Let's say that stock 1 has prices: $A_1$, $A_2$, $A_3$, $A_4$, ..., $A_i$ (where $i$ is time) And stock 2 has prices: $B_1$, $B_2$, $B_3$, $B_4$, ..., $B_i$ ...
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2answers
232 views

Average limit superior [duplicate]

Let $\mathcal{l}_\mathbb{R}^\infty$ be the space of bounded sequences in $\mathbb{R}$. We define a map $p: \mathcal{l}_\mathbb{R}^\infty\to\mathbb{R}$ by $$p(\underline x)=\limsup_{n\to\infty} ...