The sum of several numbers divided by their count nicely summarizes the overall size of the numbers involved in a single value.

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1answer
409 views

Need help with a math trick question

I wasnt sure where to ask this but since this is an algorithmic question here it goes. I've come face to face with a math problem and can't seem to get over it for the last couple of days. It goes ...
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2answers
40 views

A Percentage of Averages

A company brags about the speed of their service, "75% of our assignments are completed in an average of 20 days." Is this a meaningful claim? Or is it kind of like saying, "60% of the time, it ...
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2answers
86 views

Averages in series

I have a series of numbers: $1,2,3$ I'm calculating a simple average between, them $(2)$. Now, I'm deleting the series and have no information regarding how many elements there were in the series or ...
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3answers
110 views

Correct way to get average price

probably a basic question for a lot of you guys, but it was a subject of a friendly debate at my work earlier - needless to say none of the involved were accountants. In short, we are thinking about ...
2
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1answer
63 views

What is this physics simulation formula doing?

I have encountered a piece of code that performs a physics simulation of a moving projectile. I'm trying to understand what the mathematical basis is for a bit that looks like this: $$ d_1 = f(x) $$ ...
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2answers
120 views

How would I apply an Exponential Moving Average to Quaternions?

I'm trying to filter positional and rotational data using an Exponential Moving Average (EMA) filter. This has worked without issues for positional data (3D vectors) but I can't figure it out for ...
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2answers
146 views

Calculating statistic for multiple runs

I have s imple, general question regarding calculating statistic for N runs of the same experiment. Suppose I would like to calculate mean of values returned by some Test. Each run of the test ...
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2answers
2k views

Finding percentile rank without knowledge of distribution

Say you take a test and are told your individual score, as a percentage. Eg: 95%. You are also told the aggregate score (average) of all students together, as well as how many students in total took ...
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4answers
772 views

Get `n` random values between 2 numbers having average `x`

I want to get n random numbers(e.g n=16)(whole numbers) between 1 to 5(including both) so that average is x. x can be any value between (1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, ...
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2answers
369 views

Probability cut-off

Is there a probability cut-off point? e.g. if the probability of something keeps halving do you stop at a certain point and say the rest of the possibilities are negligible? What do you do then? ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the standard error of the mean of an exponential distribution of the form $Ae^{Bx}$ with N measurements?

What is the standard error of the mean of an exponential distribution of the form $Ae^{Bx}$ with $N$ measurements?
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1answer
33 views

Is not always the accumulated probability until the expected value equal to 1/2?

My problem is that doing calculations with exponential distribution, the result I get is not 1/2, and I think it should be that according to the intuitive concept of the expected value. The density ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Why is the average of a sum equal the sum of the averages?

I came across this website showing the proof of the above question in the Expected Value section. However, I do not quite understand why the probability of $xy$ becomes the probability of $x$ (or $y$) ...
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1answer
448 views

How to calculate new mean if population is unknown?

I have three values Mean (population mean, not from sample) $\bar{x} = 3$ Number of elements in population (number of values in original set) $n = 15$ A new value $x_{(n+1)} = 7$ What is ...
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1answer
209 views

Prove inequality of generalized means

Consider the generalized (power) mean of positive numbers $a_1, \dotsc, a_n$ $$M_p(a_1, \dotsc, a_n)=\left(\frac{a_1^p + \dotsb + a_n^p}{n}\right)^{1/p}\qquad p\in \mathbb{R}$$ where for $p=0$ we use ...
2
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1answer
284 views

Geometric Mean of an Interval

Is there any way to calculate one? If it't not clear what I mean, here's an example: Starting with an initial value, keep multiplying it by some random amount on the interval [1, 2] at regular ...
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4answers
988 views

Finding mean of $n$ consecutive numbers using a shortcut

I am working on the following question: Let us say we have $n$ consecutive numbers labelled $x_1$ to $x_n$. I want to find the average of these. The quickest way to do this seems to be ...
2
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3answers
1k views

from weighted average to single values

think about when you're computing a weighted average: you do something like W = sum(amount*weight) / sum(weight) Now I need to find every amount (amount0, amount1.....) starting from knowing the ...
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2answers
896 views

How do I average out to a particular number if I have to add another number to get that average?

So, lets say, that you have the following numbers (4, 15, 3, 22) and you have to add the fifth number (which I would call X) and they must average out to say 20. What do you have to do? I figured ...
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1answer
19 views

Extrapolate data points from a series of averages

Given a series of data points: $$\begin{array}{c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|} & \text{Monday} & \text{Tuesday} & \text{Wednesday} & \text{Thursday} & \text{Friday} & \text{Saturday} ...
2
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2answers
101 views

weighing avg by columns vs rows outputs different results

First of all, I just know the basics of math, so please be patient. I have an overall score for a company with the product1 and product2. However when I do the overall for each criteria like ...
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1answer
81 views

Average of elements in a subset of $\{1,2,3,..,n\}$ is greater than $\frac{n+1}{2}$ [closed]

Consider two integers $n \ge m \ge 4$ and $A=\{a_1,a_2,...,a_m\}$ a subset of the set $\{1,2,3,...,n\}$ with the property that $$\forall a,b \in A \text{ with } a \neq b, \text{ if } a+b \le n, \text{ ...
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2answers
66 views

Arithmetic Mean convergence and concave transformations

Suppose $x_i \geq 0$ $\forall i$. If $\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^nx_i$ converges as $n\to\infty$, then what about $\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^nx_i^\delta$ where $0<\delta<1$? By Jensen's inequality we ...
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1answer
190 views

Time to extinction

Suppose that a population has a rate of extinction equal to $k \exp({-\epsilon N})$ where $\epsilon$ and $k$ are constant and $N$ is the population size. This also means that the time to extinction is ...
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1answer
55 views

Derivation of Running(Online) Variance's formula

I need to know the dimostration of Running Variance's formula: $$ \sigma_n^2 =\frac{(n-1)\sigma_{n-1}^{2}+(x_n-\overline{x}_{n-1})\cdot(x_n-\overline{x}_{n})}{n} $$
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1answer
861 views

Is there a scientific way to assign weights to historical data?

This is a common question I usually face while processing historical data. I have year on year data of an event for the past N years.I would like to assign weights to the data of these N years so that ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Estimate the true mean: given only measurements above a known threshold

I have a computer-generated logfile which shows events which took longer than a particular time threshold (say 1 second for the sake of argument): if I measure the mean of these measurements, it seems ...
2
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2answers
289 views

Least Squares Fit

So here's the question: Given a collection of points $(x_1,y_1), (x_2,y_2),\ldots,(x_n,y_n)$, let $x=(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)^T$, $y=(y_1,y_2,\ldots,y_n)^T$, $\bar{x}=\frac{1}{n} ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Weighted average vs. weighted mean

Is there a formal difference between weighted average and weighted mean? I get corrected to the latter if I type in the former in wikipedia, and then there is a lot of stuff about the name "average" ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Is the average of all $x$ such that $0 \le x \le 1$ $ \forall $ $x \in \mathbb{R}$ equal to $\frac{1}{2}$?

Is the average of all $x$ such that $0 \le x \le 1$ $ \forall $ $x \in \mathbb{R}$ equal to $\frac{1}{2}$ ? It may seem this way but how can we show that indeed it is $\frac{1}{2}$. We know that the ...
2
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1answer
131 views

What is the best way to average the frequency of Chinese characters in a sentence?

I'm trying to find the best way to assign a "frequency score" to sentences in Chinese. Basically, I have a database which tells me how frequent each Chinese character is. From that, I would like to ...
2
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1answer
129 views

How are Tr(AB) results restricted?

In quantum mechanics one postulates that for each state $i$ there is a matrix $A_i$ and for each measureable dynamical variable $j$ (velocity etc.) there is a matrix $B_j$. Both are Hermitian matrices ...
2
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2answers
212 views

How can I show this in a summation?

I am trying to work out a summation for packet delays which is very similar to the summation for estimating RTT, which is an exponentially weighted moving average. I have modified the estimating RTT ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Average of a list of numbers, read one at a time

I have a dilemma Lets take the set $\{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9\}$ If we wanted to calculate the average of this set we would add up all the numbers in the set $(45)$ and then divide by the total ...
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2answers
46 views

Estimated wait time for a library book

A library has 20 copies of a book that circulates for 3 weeks. All copies are out and there 40 people on reserve ahead of me. How do I estimate the wait time?
2
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1answer
129 views

Average question GRE

The average daily temperature from 9th to 16th January(both inclusive) was 38.6 C and that from the 10th to 17th January(inclusive) was 39.2 C. what was the temperature on 17th January? I am able ...
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1answer
35 views

Problem about average of cos square (nt) where n is arbitrary

I often see people just say time average of cos^2(nwt) is 1/2, I want to know in what cases this is not valid? w is just the frequency, can be assumed as a constant. Assuming you are always ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Choosing two sets of values with the least difference between the averages of the sets

This is probably a simple Combination problem but I can't think of how to solve it in LibreOffice. I run multiplayer games along with seven of my friends, on two teams of 4 players each, for a total ...
2
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1answer
180 views

Average distance from center to random point in rectangle

I need to find average squared distance from center in rectangle. One edge is 2, other one is 1. On my understanding I need to find $$E[X^2+Y^2]$$ So I got ...
2
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2answers
160 views

Calculating mean (Average) of vector

I'm trying to calculate PCA (Principle component analysis) and part of the equation is to calculate the mean of a vector $v$ and subtract each element of $v$ by it's mean. However, is this in column ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Are the $L^p$ norms ordered by $p$?

A question left over from this post is: Are the $L^p$ norms ordered by $p$ like the power means are?
2
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1answer
172 views

Maximum and minimum of weighted sum

For $w_i\ge 0$ and some constants $\alpha_i , i=1,...,n$, what is the maximum and minimum of $\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_i w_i$ subjected to $\sum_{i=1}^{n}w_i=1$? Intuitively, I put all weight on the ...
2
votes
1answer
302 views

Arithmetic, Geometric, Harmonic Means

There are situations in which just one of the arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic means are appropriate to use an the other two are meaningless. Is there any situation which more than one of these ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Game of bullets

Lets say with have a game with 10 targets. In each turn the participant shoots X number of different and random targets, where X is a random whole number between 0 and 10 (included). Game ends when ...
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1answer
713 views

Average delta value of a sequence of $N$ $8$-digit numbers

Given a sequence of $N$ $8$-digit numbers, how to calculate the average delta value, thanks.
2
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1answer
205 views

Average number of rolls of die to see each side at least once [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: A Question About Dice You have a weighted n-sided die. Every side of the die is weighted differently where side n1 has a weight of w1, n2 has a weight of w2, ... ...
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1answer
5k views

Average, standard deviation and min/max values

I'm analzying a computer science paper and just found in the experimental setup the following statement: Average (standard deviation) of number of files per peer: 464 (554) Min - max number of files ...
2
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1answer
382 views

Error Metric which incorporates both mean & standard deviation of data in euclidean space

For simplicities sake (the actually problem is more complex)...Let say I have a set of n 3d points, whose position move over time. For all pairs, I have calculated the mean and standard deviation of ...
2
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1answer
146 views

Fréchet mean between points in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $X$ be a set of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $f_m$ be the Fréchet mean, i.e.: $$ f_m= \arg \min_{p \in M} \sum_{i=1}^n w_id^2(p,x_i) $$ where $(\mathbb{R}^3,d)$ is a complete metric space, ...
2
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1answer
323 views

Remove statistical outliers

I've analysed newspapers by counting the language distributions of the articles. The results look like that: ...