The sum of several numbers divided by their count nicely summarizes the overall size of the numbers involved in a single value.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
42 views

Why is the average of a sum equal the sum of the averages?

I came across this website showing the proof of the above question in the Expected Value section. However, I do not quite understand why the probability of $xy$ becomes the probability of $x$ (or $y$) ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Geometric Mean of an Interval

Is there any way to calculate one? If it't not clear what I mean, here's an example: Starting with an initial value, keep multiplying it by some random amount on the interval [1, 2] at regular ...
2
votes
4answers
702 views

Finding mean of $n$ consecutive numbers using a shortcut

I am working on the following question: Let us say we have $n$ consecutive numbers labelled $x_1$ to $x_n$. I want to find the average of these. The quickest way to do this seems to be ...
2
votes
2answers
770 views

How do I average out to a particular number if I have to add another number to get that average?

So, lets say, that you have the following numbers (4, 15, 3, 22) and you have to add the fifth number (which I would call X) and they must average out to say 20. What do you have to do? I figured ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Average of elements in a subset of $\{1,2,3,..,n\}$ is greater than $\frac{n+1}{2}$ [closed]

Consider two integers $n \ge m \ge 4$ and $A=\{a_1,a_2,...,a_m\}$ a subset of the set $\{1,2,3,...,n\}$ with the property that $$\forall a,b \in A \text{ with } a \neq b, \text{ if } a+b \le n, \text{ ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Arithmetic Mean convergence and concave transformations

Suppose $x_i \geq 0$ $\forall i$. If $\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^nx_i$ converges as $n\to\infty$, then what about $\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^nx_i^\delta$ where $0<\delta<1$? By Jensen's inequality we ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Time to extinction

Suppose that a population has a rate of extinction equal to $k \exp({-\epsilon N})$ where $\epsilon$ and $k$ are constant and $N$ is the population size. This also means that the time to extinction is ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Derivation of Running(Online) Variance's formula

I need to know the dimostration of Running Variance's formula: $$ \sigma_n^2 =\frac{(n-1)\sigma_{n-1}^{2}+(x_n-\overline{x}_{n-1})\cdot(x_n-\overline{x}_{n})}{n} $$
2
votes
1answer
549 views

Is there a scientific way to assign weights to historical data?

This is a common question I usually face while processing historical data. I have year on year data of an event for the past N years.I would like to assign weights to the data of these N years so that ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Estimate the true mean: given only measurements above a known threshold

I have a computer-generated logfile which shows events which took longer than a particular time threshold (say 1 second for the sake of argument): if I measure the mean of these measurements, it seems ...
2
votes
2answers
274 views

Least Squares Fit

So here's the question: Given a collection of points $(x_1,y_1), (x_2,y_2),\ldots,(x_n,y_n)$, let $x=(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)^T$, $y=(y_1,y_2,\ldots,y_n)^T$, $\bar{x}=\frac{1}{n} ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Is the average of all $x$ such that $0 \le x \le 1$ $ \forall $ $x \in \mathbb{R}$ equal to $\frac{1}{2}$?

Is the average of all $x$ such that $0 \le x \le 1$ $ \forall $ $x \in \mathbb{R}$ equal to $\frac{1}{2}$ ? It may seem this way but how can we show that indeed it is $\frac{1}{2}$. We know that the ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

What is the best way to average the frequency of Chinese characters in a sentence?

I'm trying to find the best way to assign a "frequency score" to sentences in Chinese. Basically, I have a database which tells me how frequent each Chinese character is. From that, I would like to ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

How are Tr(AB) results restricted?

In quantum mechanics one postulates that for each state $i$ there is a matrix $A_i$ and for each measureable dynamical variable $j$ (velocity etc.) there is a matrix $B_j$. Both are Hermitian matrices ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

How can I show this in a summation?

I am trying to work out a summation for packet delays which is very similar to the summation for estimating RTT, which is an exponentially weighted moving average. I have modified the estimating RTT ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

weighing avg by columns vs rows outputs different results

First of all, I just know the basics of math, so please be patient. I have an overall score for a company with the product1 and product2. However when I do the overall for each criteria like ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Average question GRE

The average daily temperature from 9th to 16th January(both inclusive) was 38.6 C and that from the 10th to 17th January(inclusive) was 39.2 C. what was the temperature on 17th January? I am able ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Problem about average of cos square (nt) where n is arbitrary

I often see people just say time average of cos^2(nwt) is 1/2, I want to know in what cases this is not valid? w is just the frequency, can be assumed as a constant. Assuming you are always ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Choosing two sets of values with the least difference between the averages of the sets

This is probably a simple Combination problem but I can't think of how to solve it in LibreOffice. I run multiplayer games along with seven of my friends, on two teams of 4 players each, for a total ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Average distance from center to random point in rectangle

I need to find average squared distance from center in rectangle. One edge is 2, other one is 1. On my understanding I need to find $$E[X^2+Y^2]$$ So I got ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Calculating mean (Average) of vector

I'm trying to calculate PCA (Principle component analysis) and part of the equation is to calculate the mean of a vector $v$ and subtract each element of $v$ by it's mean. However, is this in column ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Are the $L^p$ norms ordered by $p$?

A question left over from this post is: Are the $L^p$ norms ordered by $p$ like the power means are?
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Maximum and minimum of weighted sum

For $w_i\ge 0$ and some constants $\alpha_i , i=1,...,n$, what is the maximum and minimum of $\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_i w_i$ subjected to $\sum_{i=1}^{n}w_i=1$? Intuitively, I put all weight on the ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Arithmetic, Geometric, Harmonic Means

There are situations in which just one of the arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic means are appropriate to use an the other two are meaningless. Is there any situation which more than one of these ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Game of bullets

Lets say with have a game with 10 targets. In each turn the participant shoots X number of different and random targets, where X is a random whole number between 0 and 10 (included). Game ends when ...
2
votes
1answer
515 views

Average delta value of a sequence of $N$ $8$-digit numbers

Given a sequence of $N$ $8$-digit numbers, how to calculate the average delta value, thanks.
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Average number of rolls of die to see each side at least once [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: A Question About Dice You have a weighted n-sided die. Every side of the die is weighted differently where side n1 has a weight of w1, n2 has a weight of w2, ... ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Average, standard deviation and min/max values

I'm analzying a computer science paper and just found in the experimental setup the following statement: Average (standard deviation) of number of files per peer: 464 (554) Min - max number of files ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Fréchet mean between points in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $X$ be a set of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $f_m$ be the Fréchet mean, i.e.: $$ f_m= \arg \min_{p \in M} \sum_{i=1}^n w_id^2(p,x_i) $$ where $(\mathbb{R}^3,d)$ is a complete metric space, ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

Remove statistical outliers

I've analysed newspapers by counting the language distributions of the articles. The results look like that: ...
2
votes
1answer
364 views

Calculating kWh from multiple watt readings

I have a file which contains watt readings for various times throughout the day. A reading is stored roughly every 6 seconds. ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

what does `ensemble average` mean?

I'm studying this paper and somewhere in the conclusion part is written: "Since this rotation of the coherency matrix is carried out based on the ensemble average of polarimetric scattering ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Are these two approaches to calculating return rate mathematically consistent?

I have coded two C# programs, which use two different approaches to evaluate the outcome of a certain casino-style game (casino-style in the sense that the user pays points to take a turn, and ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Average Growth Rate for Year 1 across 5 groups

Lets suppose that I am measuring the total number of online visitors to 5 websites on a monthly basis. I have this data for the months of Jan - Dec. What I want to understand is "What is average ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Compute average and maximum value of a field over a streamline

I'm working on a code solving a set of PDEs. I have a vector field, $\vec{v}(x,\theta,z,t)$ (it's a velocity) and a scalar field, $c(x,\theta,z,t)$. I have a $2\pi$-periodicity in $\theta$. The ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Does “Expected Absolute Deviation” or “Expected Absolute Deviation Range” exist in stats and have another name?

So everyone is familiar with Variance and Standard Deviation from high school, but it seems no one has any familiarity with a philosophical justification for such weird, seemingly arbitrary measures. ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Zonal averaging of partial derivatives

Given a quantity $Q(x,y,t)$, the zonal average operator $[Q] = \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi} Q\:\mathrm{d} \lambda$, and zonal anomaly $Q^\star$ such that $Q = [Q] + Q^\star$, my text book says that ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Find spikes in data

I have some datasets and I need to find spikes in them. Imagine the data looks like trading data. If the spike is big enough, I need to log it, otherwise, proceed in the analysis. I tried with a ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Have averages, need variance

I have a large spreadsheet, generated by a colleague, that contains the results of $E$ experiments. For each experiment, he calculated the average of $M$ measurements. I need the calculate the ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Rate of appearance of digits 7 and 8 in a given sequence

This is from Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics: let us consider the sequence $$ 1,\ 2,\ 4,\ 8,\ 1,\ 3,\ 6,\ 1,\ 2,\ 5,\ 1,\ 2\ \ldots $$ which consists of the first digits of the ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Rating System: Statistically significant with weighted entries

The title may be a bit confusing because I not exactly sure how to do/explain what I am after. I have judges rating an object on a score 1-100, where the majority of objects will in the range 85-95 ...
2
votes
3answers
8k views

Standard deviation of the weighted mean [duplicate]

How do you find the standard deviation of the weighted mean? The weighted mean is defined: $\bar{x}_w = \frac{\sum{wx}}{\sum{w}}$ The weighted standard deviation (since it is not specified, I take ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Inference the time a process would take depending on the number of threads

I have several datasets consisting on: Number of threads n Start process time t1 Stop process time ...
2
votes
0answers
371 views

How can you calculate actual values when all you have is rolling averages?

Let's say you have a set of data that is rolling 6 month averages of the actual monthly data. Good data collection would mean you saved the actual values and then calculated the rolling averages, but ...
2
votes
0answers
240 views

Exponential average of logs

I'm working on a sound recognition algorithm where an "exponential moving average" is used for "adapting" to sound levels. It turns out that taking an average of logs works better than simple sums ...
2
votes
0answers
477 views

How can I compare two averages of imperfect measurements, with their std. deviations?

I have a process by which I measure the times it take to do something, (run some code), and this time varies, a lot. I'm trying to optimize this code, making small changes that sometimes have small ...
1
vote
3answers
100 views

Is $\frac{a^2+b^2}{2}=c^2$ possible?

I am looking for an integer solution to the equation: $$\frac{a^2+b^2}{2}=c^2(a\neq b\neq c)$$ That is a square number that is the mean of two other square numbers, is this possible? And if so please ...
1
vote
5answers
169 views

How do you determine the “average” of a certain value?

I have checked out the Wikipedia article, but it's too complicated for me. Also, this definition: constituting the result obtained by adding together several quantities and then dividing this ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Finding one value from a mean.

7 boys have a mean height of 1.80m. Peter joins the boys and now the mean height is 1.75m. Find Peter's height.
1
vote
1answer
199 views

How long does it take to complete a sticker album?

We are collecing stickers in chocolate bars and whenever we open a bar we get a random new sticker. There are many different stickers and we try to collect them all. We open the first bar and get a ...