The sum of several numbers divided by their count nicely summarizes the overall size of the numbers involved in a single value.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
2answers
253 views

If I put $M$ balls into $N$ boxes at random, what is the average number of balls in the boxes that are not empty?

I have a very brief question: if I put $M$ balls into $N$ boxes at random, what is the average number of balls in the boxes that are not empty?
4
votes
1answer
204 views

Power Mean Random Distribution

I'm trying to find a the distribution for the power mean of $n$ random variables on $[0,1]$. I've got the arithmetic mean: $\frac{n}{(n-1)!}\sum_{k=0}^{\lfloor ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Average distance to a random point in a rectangle from an arbitrary point

I'm interested in the mean distance between an arbitrary 2D point, $(p, q)$, and a uniformly distributed point inside a rectangle defined by the lower left and upper right vertices $(x_0, y_0)$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Notation for Average of a Set?

In particular, I have some set $S = \{s_1, s_2, s_3, ..., s_n\}$ and a subset $S^\prime$, and I want to denote the average of the elements in $S^\prime$. I would generally just use ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Real world examples for Mode in Statistics

I am looking for some real world examples for mode in Statistics involving topics which students like say Football or Social networks. Also they need to clearly identify differences in the usefulness ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Probability value in a skewed data

A question goes like this: Given that there 2 questions out of 3 questions to pass an exam and follow are details of number of people who attended the questions correctly, what is the maximum number ...
4
votes
3answers
51 views

Convergence and Absolute Convergence of Arithmetic Mean of a sequence

Suppose $\lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^n |x_i|$ exists. Does $\lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^n x_i$ exist? How about the converse? My thoughts: I guess for the sequence ...
4
votes
0answers
352 views

Average transformation matrix?

I have several estimates of the transformation matrix between two planes and some values that give some indication of the error involved in the estimate. How can I use this information to gain the ...
3
votes
4answers
177 views

If $\sum\limits_{k=1}^n y_k\geq n$ and $\sum\limits_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{y_k}\geq n$, then $\prod\limits_{k=1}^n y_k\geq 1$?

Let $y_1,\ldots y_n$ be positive real numbers satisfying $y_1+\cdots+y_n\geq n$ and $\displaystyle{\frac{1}{y_1}+\cdots+\frac{1}{y_n}\geq n}$. Is it true that $y_1y_2\cdots y_n\geq 1$?
3
votes
3answers
256 views

Erased number?

A set of consecutive positive integers starting with 1 is written on the board. A student came along and erased one number. Average of remaining numbers is 61 15/20 . What was the number erased
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Average Distance Between Random Points in a Rectangle

My question is similar to this one but for rectangles instead of lines. Suppose I have a rectangle with sides of length $L_w$ and $L_h$. What is the average distance between two uniformly-distributed ...
3
votes
3answers
239 views

Definition of random

Suppose that you has to guess given a set of numbers If they are random. The mathematical expectation Is there a definition of randomness that allow this prove/test? Is even possible? if so: How ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

An upper bound for an average exponentiated weighted sum of a vector from $\{-1,1\}^n$

Suppose $\mathcal{S}=\{\mathbf{x}:\mathbf{x}\in\{-1,1\}^n\}$, that is, $\mathcal{S}$ contains all $2^n$ vectors of length $n$ containing -1 and 1. I am interested in the following average: ...
3
votes
3answers
70 views

The average value of the function $y=\tan(2x)$ over the interval $[0,\frac{\pi}{8}]$

I was given the following question in a technology free exam. How would one go about solving this without the use of a calculator? NB. I am currently in my last year of high school so please don't ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

Simple question regarding ratio and average

I have 2 lists of numbers (with an equal number of numbers in each). Each number is then divided by the number of which it is paired with (by index), and a ratio is received. I then want to calculate ...
3
votes
2answers
452 views

How to find the average value of $y = e^x$ between $x = e$ and $x = 2e$? [closed]

What approach would be ideal in finding the average value of $y = e^x$ between $x = e$ and $x = 2e$?
3
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the most elementary proof of these inequalities?

Let $p$ be a non-zero integer, and let $x_1$, $\ldots$, $x_n$ be $n$ positive real numbers. Then we define the $p$-th power mean $M_p$ of these numbers as $$ M_p \colon= (\frac{x_1^p + \ldots + ...
3
votes
1answer
439 views

The Exponential decay.

I am studying semiconductor physics. there is a paragraph about Drude model in E.spenke's book "Electronic semiconductors" page 259 in art §9: "if on the average, a time $τ$ elapses between two ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Is it always true that “max $\ge$ average + sigma”?

Assume that $i$ from $1,\ldots,N$, $x_i \ge 0$ and: $$\mathrm{avg} = \frac{\sum_i x_i}{N}$$ $$\sigma = \sqrt\frac{\sum_i{(x_i-\mathrm{avg})^2}}{N}$$ Is that true that: $$\max_i x_i \ge ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

APR Calculation

I'm hoping someone can clarify this for me. The model/example is this: We lend an amount of 1498.50 (loan amount). Other fees total 39.95. The term of the loan is for 12 months. There is no ...
3
votes
2answers
199 views

Expressing a summation using matrix algebra

Consider the $r \times n$ matrix $$\begin{pmatrix} X_{11} & X_{12} & \cdots & X_{1n} \\ X_{21} & X_{22} & \cdots & X_{2n} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Is the norm of the average $\le$ the norm of the max?

Given $\pmb X \in \mathcal{R}^p$, denote the elements of $\pmb X$ as $\pmb x_i$ for $i= 1, \dots, n$. Denote the $t(\pmb X)$ as the average of $\pmb X$ \begin{equation} \pmb t(\pmb X) = \frac 1 n ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

How do I average a new number into an established percentage if I know the number of items?

This seems like something I should be able to do but I can not for the life of me figure it out. I'm writing a program to calculate an average score; let's say that my data looks like this. x = ...
3
votes
2answers
303 views

Course Grade - Statistics Question

I'm confused about finding the standard deviation of various weighted objects in a problem. For example, consider an academic setting, with four assessments as follows: ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

leading and lagging moving average indicator

What are leading short and lagging long moving average indicators and how do we calculate them? e.g. for the following data set, and let window size be 2. Can you ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the maximum value of the sum $\sum_{i=1}^L(\bar{x}-x_i)$, in this specific case.

Let $x_i$ be a positive real variable, with $i=1,2,...,K$. We denote by $\bar{x}$ the average value of the values $x_1, x_2,...,x_K$. Let $a=\min_i x_i$ and $b=\max_i x_i$, then $x_i \in [a,b]$. My ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

What is this average called?

What is this average called? I tried Googling it but couldn't find anything about it. It's something between an arithmetic mean and a geometric mean, by which I mean you iterate both averages for two ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

How to find the function $f$ that satisfies $f(x, y) = f(x^{-1}, y^{-1})^{-1}$ and $f(x, y)$ is $\approx$ $average(x, y)$?

Fist of all, I'm a programmer, not a mathematician, and I'm sorry for my non native English. And I'm sorry if the question is not appropriate, it is my first time here. Or if the question has no ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Simplified Averages - Always true?

While working on an "average rating" function for a website, I came across an idea for simplified averages, but I want to confirm that it always works. If it does, I might be able to keep a running ...
3
votes
2answers
798 views

What do curly brackets mean in this formula?

In this paper, in the Formula at the beginning of 2.2, we have $B=\{b_i(O_t)\}$ where $i=0,1$ - the number of probability formula $O_t$ - the state at moment $t$ $b_i(O_t)$ - two probabilities ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Expected value (mean) of function from polyline

Suppose we have a polyline that has such properties: It consists of n segments First segment's ends are (0, 0) and ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Finding a summarizing vector for average angle calculation

Let $L$ and $R$ be two bags of positive vectors such that all vectors have length $k$. Define the distance $d_{avg}$ between the bags as the average pairwise angle between the vectors. Is is possible ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Mean value of the rotation angle is 126.5°

In the paper "Applications of Quaternions to Computation with Rotations" by Eugene Salamin, 1979 (click here), they get 126.5 degrees as the mean value of the rotation angle of a random rotation (by ...
2
votes
3answers
103 views

Problem with calculating average.

I came across the following question. A man travels a distance of $20$ miles at $60$ miles/hr and then return over the same route at $40$ miles/hr. What is the average rate for the round trip in ...
2
votes
3answers
198 views

Average amount of money received from pulling three random coins

Let's say I have a bag of coins, which contains 1 quarter, 2 dimes, 3 nickles and 4 pennies. If I were to randomly pull out 3 coins, on average, how much money would I get?
2
votes
3answers
71 views

What is the mean score for the $20$ rolls?

A fair die is rolled twenty times. The results are shown in the bar graph. What is the mean score for the $20$ rolls?
2
votes
3answers
106 views

Average of the smaller of three random numbers from $0$ to $1$

A friend of mine claims he saw the following question on a math puzzle site:- What is the average of the smaller of three random numbers from $0$ to $1$? And they've given these options:- $A) ...
2
votes
3answers
552 views

Averaging the values of $\cos x$ over one period

I'm calculating the average value of $\cos x$ by dividing the period $[0,2\pi]$ into ten intervals which means that I should be looking for the average of 11 results. What I get is approx. 0.09. The ...
2
votes
3answers
74 views

Why should ${\sum_1^n {s_i} \over \sum_1^n {t_i}} = {n \over \sum_1^n{t_i \over s_i}}$? (harmonic mean)

I realized it reading about computer performance. This identity is presented there with words: dividing total distance by total time, you arrive at average execution rate on the left. On the right, ...
2
votes
1answer
401 views

Need help with a math trick question

I wasnt sure where to ask this but since this is an algorithmic question here it goes. I've come face to face with a math problem and can't seem to get over it for the last couple of days. It goes ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

A Percentage of Averages

A company brags about the speed of their service, "75% of our assignments are completed in an average of 20 days." Is this a meaningful claim? Or is it kind of like saying, "60% of the time, it ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Averages in series

I have a series of numbers: $1,2,3$ I'm calculating a simple average between, them $(2)$. Now, I'm deleting the series and have no information regarding how many elements there were in the series or ...
2
votes
3answers
90 views

Correct way to get average price

probably a basic question for a lot of you guys, but it was a subject of a friendly debate at my work earlier - needless to say none of the involved were accountants. In short, we are thinking about ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

What is this physics simulation formula doing?

I have encountered a piece of code that performs a physics simulation of a moving projectile. I'm trying to understand what the mathematical basis is for a bit that looks like this: $$ d_1 = f(x) $$ ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

How would I apply an Exponential Moving Average to Quaternions?

I'm trying to filter positional and rotational data using an Exponential Moving Average (EMA) filter. This has worked without issues for positional data (3D vectors) but I can't figure it out for ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

How to calculate new mean if population is unknown?

I have three values Mean (population mean, not from sample) $\bar{x} = 3$ Number of elements in population (number of values in original set) $n = 15$ A new value $x_{(n+1)} = 7$ What is ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Calculating statistic for multiple runs

I have s imple, general question regarding calculating statistic for N runs of the same experiment. Suppose I would like to calculate mean of values returned by some Test. Each run of the test ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding percentile rank without knowledge of distribution

Say you take a test and are told your individual score, as a percentage. Eg: 95%. You are also told the aggregate score (average) of all students together, as well as how many students in total took ...
2
votes
4answers
708 views

Get `n` random values between 2 numbers having average `x`

I want to get n random numbers(e.g n=16)(whole numbers) between 1 to 5(including both) so that average is x. x can be any value between (1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, ...
2
votes
2answers
281 views

Probability cut-off

Is there a probability cut-off point? e.g. if the probability of something keeps halving do you stop at a certain point and say the rest of the possibilities are negligible? What do you do then? ...