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3
votes
0answers
107 views

places valuations and so on

I am looking for complete references on places, valuations and so on. In particular I need to understand the meaning of "a finite place does not divide a prime number $\ell$" and what is the Frobenius ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Primitive nth roots of unity and moduli of elliptic curves

In various descriptions of the moduli space of elliptic curves with level structures, such as the description of $X_0(N)$ being defined over $Spec\ \mathbb{Z}[1/N]$, the primitive $N^{th}$ roots of ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Theories of $p$-adic integration

What is the compelling need for introducing a theory of $p$-adic integration? Do the existing theories of $p$-adic integration use some kind of analogues of Lebesgue measures? That is, do we put a ...
11
votes
3answers
590 views

Importance of determining whether a number is squarefree, using geometry

Despite appearances, this is not a question on computational aspects of number theory. The background is as follows. I once asked a number theorist about what he considered to be the most important ...