5
votes
1answer
101 views

How should I think about Ihara's Lemma?

I am trying to learn about Ihara's lemma because I see it mentioned in many papers in arithmetic geometry. To be more precise, I would like to know: What is the significance of this result? Why is ...
27
votes
1answer
410 views

Has SGA 4$\frac 1 2$ been typeset in TeX?

The title says it all. I've CW'd the question since I'm answering it - this seemed like the best way to get the news out.
10
votes
0answers
167 views

Important topics for arithmetic geometry (esp Arakelov geometry)?

Seeing other past successful 'roadmap' questions, I hope this question is acceptable and not too vague. I know I'd like to eventually study arithmetic algebraic geometry - but I also know that it's a ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Etale cohomology and algebraic closure

$\DeclareMathOperator{\h}{H}$Apologies in advance if this is overly stupid. Let $k$ be a field and $X$ a variety over $k$. Let $n$ be an integer which is invertible in $k$. One often looks at the ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Infinite family of genus one non-elliptic curves over the rationals

How easy is it to write down genus one curves over $\mathbf Q$ without a rational point? Can we write down an infinite family?
7
votes
1answer
137 views

Dimension of family of hyperelliptic curves

Suppose we have an elliptic curve E with a point $P$ of order $5$ over a field of characteristic $0$. Denote $E'$ the curve $E/\langle P\rangle$. Now let $x$ (resp. $x'$) be a function on $E$ (resp. ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Krull's intersection theorem in the q-expansion principle

I'm currently reading the proof of the q-expansion principle in Katz'73 paper "p-adic properties of modular schemes and modular forms" . The principle itself is a Corollary (1.6.2) of Theorem 1.6.1, ...
8
votes
1answer
94 views

Existence of smooth elliptic curves with complex multiplication

this is my first question ever on a platform like this so please forgive me any kind of unintended misbehaving. In Kudla, Rapoport and Yang "On the derivative of an Eisenstein series of weight one" ...
5
votes
1answer
62 views

Problems on showing that a reduction map is defined, and that a certain scheme is finite.

I am currently on the last chapters in Liu's book and I am trying to solve the following problem, which is the first step in showing that a certian reduction map is well-defined: Let $X \rightarrow T$ ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

On an openess property

Let $S=Spec(A)$ where $A$ is a noetherian integral domain. Let $f:X\rightarrow S$ be a flat, proper morphism of schemes. Let $U\subset X$ be an open and $V=f(U)$ (in particular $V$ is open by ...
9
votes
1answer
222 views

what is a “dévissage” argument?

In Serre's "Local Fields" (Chapter 2, section 2, proposition 3) he proves something about field extensions which he breaks into parts: first he dealt with the separable case, and then with the ...
4
votes
0answers
70 views

Computing a contraction of an exceptional divisor.

For a few days, I have been working on the following problem, from Qing Liu's book: Let $\mathcal{O_K}$ be a discrete valuation ring with uniformizing parameter t and residue characteristic $\neq ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Extend maps between etale groups

Let $V$ be a discrete valuation ring, $S=\operatorname{Spec}(V)$ and $\eta$ (resp. $s$) be the generic (resp. closed) point of $S$. Let $G$ and $H$ be flat group schemes over $S$ and assume I know ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

étale cohomology of valuation rings

Let $S$ be the spectrum of a discrete valuation ring (we can assume complete or henselian if necessary). Is it true that the ├ętale cohomology group $H_{et}^2(S,\mathbb{Z})$ is zero?If not in general ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

Completion along zero section of an elliptic curve.

I am trying to understand the intuition that I should have about the formal group of an elliptic curve. Say that I have an elliptic curve $E\to \text{Spec} R$ for some ring $R$, with section $0\colon ...
12
votes
0answers
153 views

What is Spec of the Adeles?

Let $K$ be a global field and $A_K$ the ring of adeles. What are the prime ideals of $A_K$? I have been told that a full proof of this is quite subtle, but have been unable to find a reference ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Degree of a Cartier Divisor under pullback

This is question 7.2.3 in Liu's book Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves and I have been trying with this for some time now. Let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of Noetherian schemes, and ...
10
votes
0answers
196 views

Prop. 3.2.15 in Liu: Geometrically reduced algebraic variety

I have a problem with proposition 3.2.15 of Algebraic geometry and arithmetic curves of Qing Liu: Let $X$ be an integral algebraic variety over $k$. If $X$ is geometrically reduced then $K(X)$ is a ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Is the height associated to a degree zero divisor always bounded?

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve defined over a number field, and let $D$ a divisor on $X$. To these data, we can associate a height function on the ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Pole of differential

Let $E : y^2 = x^3 + ax + b$ be an elliptic curve over the field $K$, char $K \ne 0$. We know that the differential $\omega = \frac{dx}{y}$ is holomorphic in infinity because we can write it as ...
8
votes
1answer
104 views

Varieties with the property that the cotangent bundle restricted to a complete nonsingular curve is free

Let $X$ be a $d$-dimensional smooth projective connected variety with cotangent sheaf $\Omega^1_X$ over $\mathbb C$. Suppose that for any nonsingular complete curve $C$ and non-constant morphism ...
9
votes
2answers
187 views

Intuitively, what is the height of a point on an abelian variety?

I have been reading through Silverman's classic text on elliptic curves and I just can't seem to wrap my head around the height functions. It just kind of shows up. What exactly does the height ...
6
votes
1answer
158 views

Are varieties of Kodaira dimension zero precisely the varieties with torsion canonical sheaf

Let $B$ a smooth projective connected variety over $\mathbf C$. Suppose that $K_B$ is torsion. Then, clearly, the Kodaira dimension of $B$ is zero. Does the converse hold? That is, suppose that $B$ ...
7
votes
2answers
171 views

Are endomorphisms of degree one always automorphisms

Let $B$ be a smooth projective connected variety over $\mathbb C$. Let $\sigma:B\to B$ be an endomorphism of degree one. Do I understand correctly that $\sigma$ is an automorphism? I believe this ...
7
votes
1answer
116 views

Why do varieties with torsion canonical sheaf have finite etale covers with trivial canonical sheaf

Let $B$ be a variety with torsion canonical sheaf, i.e., $\omega^{\otimes n}_B \cong \mathcal O_B$ for some $n>0$. Then, why does there exist a finite (etale?) morphism $X\to B$ such that $K_X$ is ...
6
votes
0answers
63 views

Do K3 surfaces with an Enriques involution have a polarization of bounded degree

Does there exists a real number $C$ with the following property. For any Enriques surface $E$ over a number field $K$ with K3 cover $X\to E$, there exists an ample divisor $H$ on $X$ such that $H^2 ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Does this diagram of Chern classes and push forwards commute

Let $p:Y\to X$ be a birational proper surjective morphism of regular surfaces, and let $D$ be a divisor on $Y$ such that $p(D)$ is a point. Then $p_\ast D =0$ by definition. Is there an easy way to ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Formula for index of $\Gamma_1(n)$ in SL$_2(\mathbf Z)$

Is there a precise formula for the index of the congruence group $\Gamma_1(n)$ in SL$_2(\mathbf Z)$? I couldn't find it in Diamond and Shurman, and neither could I find an explicit formula with a ...
7
votes
1answer
173 views

Picard group of genus one curve

Is there a known example (or at least moral reason why such a thing should exist) of a genus $1$ curve $C/k$ over a field (assume perfect if you want) with no rational points such that ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Varieties with infinitely many topological covers of finite degree

Let $X$ be a smooth projective connected variety over $\mathbf C$ with infinitely many etale covers. If $\dim X =1$, this holds if and only if the genus of $X$ is positive. Do we have a similar ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Why should automorphism groups of compact hyperbolic curves be finite

Let $X$ be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus at least two, or let $X$ be a smooth projective connected curve over an algebraically closed field of characateristic zero. Then Hurwitz proved ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

What are the easiest surfaces of general type

The "easiest type" of curves of general type are those of genus two. In this case $\chi(X,\mathcal O_X) = -1$ and $\deg K = 2$, where $K$ is the canonical sheaf. I'm a bit lost when it comes to ...
6
votes
1answer
107 views

Ramification indices and residue degrees of a finite Galois extension

Let $A$ be a dvr with fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension and let $B$ be the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. For a prime $b$ of $B$, let $e_b$ be its ...
5
votes
1answer
272 views

Definition of tamely ramified

I think I can show that the following definitions of "tamely ramified" coincide. I thought it would be good to be sure. Sorry for the easy questions. Let $O_K$ be a dvr with maximal ideal $\mathfrak ...
9
votes
2answers
183 views

Elliptic curves over Spec Z

I want to show that there are only finitely many elliptic curves over Spec $\mathbf Z$ without appealing to Siegel's theorem or Shafarevich' theorem. Firstly, I think (but I am not sure) that such an ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there a construction known for associating a K3 surface to a curve or cover of curves

Let $X$ be a curve of genus at least two. Then one can associate an abelian variety to $X$; this is the Jacobian. Let $X\to Y$ be a double cover of curves. Then we can associate an abelian variety to ...
7
votes
1answer
198 views

Doesn't Abhyankar's lemma contradict faithful flat descent (no, but I'm confused)

Let $O_K$ be a dvr with fraction field $K$. Let $L/K$ be a tamely ramified finite Galois extension. Then, Abhyankar's Lemma implies that there exists a finite Galois extension $K^\prime/K$ such that ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

glueing formal sheaves to obtain a maximal ideal

consider $S=Spec(\mathbb{C}[t])$ and $C\rightarrow S$ a family of proper curves with $C_{\mathbb{C}[t,t^{-1}]}$ smooth and $C_{t=0}$ nodal given by 2 irreducible components $C_1,C_2$ that intersect ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Are there moduli spaces of higher-dimensional varieties

In short, the answer to the question is yes. I'm aware of the existence of moduli spaces for canonically polarized varieties with fixed Hilbert polynomial over $\mathbf C$. I think they require the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Pulling-back a divisor and reducing it

Let $f:C\to B$ be a finite morphism of curves. Let $D$ be a divisor on $B$. Does the equality of divisors $$(f^\ast D)_{red} = f^\ast (D_{red})$$ hold on $C$? (I'm asking for an equality of divisors, ...
10
votes
0answers
233 views

Self-Intersection Number $-2$

I am new here, but hopefully you can help me with a concrete problem I have. I try to compute a Self-Intersection Number of a constructed curve in an analytic surface. I know the answer by some ...
8
votes
0answers
181 views

Where does this elliptic curve come from?

In Zeta functions of an infinite family of K3 surfaces, Scott Alhgren, Ken Ono and David Penniston compute the zeta functions (given a good reduction restriction mentioned below) of the K3 surfaces ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Why is the rank of $f_\ast L$ the degree of $f$

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a finite morphism of curves. Let $L$ be a line bundle on $X$. Why is $f_\ast L$ a line bundle and is the degree of $f_\ast L$ equal to $\deg f$ or $\deg f+ \deg L$? Here is my ...
4
votes
0answers
132 views

If $X\times C$ is isomorphic to $Y\times C$, does it follow that $X$ is isomorphic to $Y$

Let $k$ be a field. Let $X$, $Y$ and $C$ be varieties over $k$ such that $X\times_k C $ is isomorphic to $Y\times_k C$. Assume that $C$ is a curve. (The varieties $X$, $Y$ and $C$ are assumed to be ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Abelian subvarieties of a principally polarized abelian variety are principally polarized

Let $A$ be a principally polarized abelian variety. Let $X\subset A$ be an abelian subvariety. Is $X$ also principally polarized? Here's what I think should be a proof. Is it correct? We may and do ...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Are there infinitely many pairs of rational numbers such that…

Are there infinitely many pairs of rational numbers $(a,b)$ such that $a^3+1$ is not a square in $\mathbf{Q}$, $b^3+2$ is not a square in $\mathbf{Q}$ and $b^3+2 = x^2(a^3+1)$ for some $x$ in ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

The canonical divisor of the projective line

Let $A$ be a ring. Assume it has some nice properties if necessary, e.g., $A$ is a Dedekind domain. Let $\mathbf{P}^1_A$ be the projective line over $A$. I want to show that $-2 [\infty]$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Why do number rings have no endomorphisms

This question is about the analogy between number fields and function fields. It's a soft question and the title misrepresents the question. Consider the projective line over a field. This has many ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Do K3-surfaces have Weierstrass equations

I've been wondering a bit about K3-surfaces and their analogy to elliptic curves. I've just started so this might be a very silly question. Do all K3-surfaces have a Weierstrass equation (up to ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Primes of good reduction for varieties

Suppose I have a (smooth, projective) variety $X/\mathbb{Q}$. Is the notion of a primes of bad/good reduction well-defined from this data? Motivation and attempt at an answer: The question should be ...