For questions that involve concrete approximations, such as finding an approximate value of a number with some precision. For questions that belong to the mathematical area of Approximation Theory, use (approximation-theory).

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43 views

Approximating $\frac{t^2}{3-\frac{t^2}{5-\frac{t^2}{7-\frac{t^2}{9-\cdots}}}}$

What is a good approximation for $$\omega=\frac{t^2}{3-\frac{t^2}{5-\frac{t^2}{7-\frac{t^2}{9-\cdots}}}}$$ This will be used to find $$T=\frac{t}{1-\omega}$$ Without using Lambert's continued fraction ...
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0answers
32 views

Calculators using Taylor polynomials?

I've always heard that calculators (TI-84's and the like) use Taylor polynomials to approximate trigonometric/exponential/etc functions. Do any of you know this for a fact?
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0answers
34 views

How to calculate the linear approximation? [on hold]

It is given that $y=10 / 4-x$ . By using differentiation, calculate the approximate change in $x$ when $y$ decreases from $30$ to $29.1$ .
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1answer
51 views

Second difference $ \to 0$ everywhere $ \implies f $ linear

Exercise 20-27 in Spivak's Calculus, 4th ed., asks us to show that if $f$ is a continuous function on $[a,b]$ that has $$ \lim_{h\to 0}\frac{f(x+h)+f(x-h)-2f(x)}{h^2}=0\,\,\,\text{for all }x, $$ then ...
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0answers
43 views

Convergence of series $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^{n+1}}{\sqrt{n}}$ and approximation with maximum error

I'm starting a class on Advanced Mathematics I next semester and I found a sheet of the class'es 2012 final exams, so I'm slowly trying to solve the exercises in it or find the general layout. I will ...
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1answer
22 views

approximation of x=sin(x) error

The larger $x$ becomes, the worst the approximation of $x=\sin(x)$ becomes. How large can $x$ get before the error is no longer less than $1/(2\times10^{14})$? What I have tried: I know that the ...
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0answers
12 views

cos(x) approximation with taylor of second degree

there is an approximation to find cos(x) is 1 - (x^2)/2, until n = 2 degree of taylor, but I'm confuse how to find how good is its approximation, the one thing I know only I get its error is (sin(c) ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Uniform convergence and relative error?

I never took a class where uniform convergence was introduced, so I only know the Definition and not much more about it. I have an Approximation of some sequence of functions $f_n$ by some function ...
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0answers
5 views

approximation of a complex valued real rational function

all. I am now struggling with a approximation problem. Suppose we have a matrix-valued measure $\mathrm{d}\Lambda(\omega)$, with compact support $[a,b]$, then its Cauchy transform is a well-defined ...
3
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1answer
32 views

Approximation rules?

Let's say I need to approximate the expression $$\frac{1}{2}mv^2\left(\frac{M}{M+m}+1\right)$$ when $m<<M$. Here is what I would do: $$\frac{1}{2M}mv^2\left(\frac{M}{1+\frac{m}{M}}+M\right) ...
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2answers
84 views

Method of dominant balance and perturbation

Approximate the solutions of $$\epsilon x^4 + (x-1)^3=0$$ I can't perform a singular perturbation because if I let $\epsilon=0$ then I lose a root. My professor suggests The Method of Dominant ...
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0answers
21 views

Iterative algorithm for finding approximation functions for N-dimensional space

Say, I have billions of integral-valued vectors of the form $(0, 1, 3, 0, 0, 0, 3)$. My goal is to efficiently compute approximate distribution of values of each component of these vectors for each ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Find a polynomial using minimax approximation

Find a polynomial with the maximum 1. degree which best approximates the $f(x)=e^x$ function in terms of minimax approximation in $[0,1]$.
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169 views

How to evaluate the integral $e^{-(c\ln(\frac{1}{x}))^s} dx$?

Can anyone help me evaluate $$\int_{\alpha}^1 \exp{\left\{-\left(c\ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)\right)^s\right\}} dx$$, Where $0 \leq \alpha \leq 1$ and $s \in \mathbb{R}$. I tried changing ...
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0answers
24 views

Estimating the mean internal distance between borders of an irregular shape

I have two overlapping (not matching) irregular shapes ($X$ and $Y$), and I would like to estimate the mean distance between their limits. What I've been trying so far is obtaining the irregular ...
3
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0answers
38 views

Approximating this definite integral

I ran into the following integral in my research that I believe has no closed-form solution: $$ I = \int_{s_0}^{s_1} \frac{(\alpha_x s + \beta_x)^{\lambda_x}}{(\alpha_y s + \beta_y)^{\lambda_y}} ds ...
2
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3answers
44 views

How was this approximation of transcendent equation solution found?

I have an equation for $\xi$: $$\xi\gamma=\cos\xi,$$ where $\gamma\gg1$. I've tried solving it assuming that $\xi\approx0$ and approximating $\cos$ by Taylor's second order formula: ...
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0answers
20 views

Multivariate Appoximation

I have a mathematical model for a complex system which I would like to approximate it. My idea is to run this complex model once and produce some outputs, and then fit a polynomial for these outputs. ...
1
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2answers
56 views

Upper approximation of $\mathrm{atanh}(x)$?

Is there are nice upper approximation of $\mathrm{atanh(x)}$? For example, $\ln(x)$ is nicely approximated by $x-1$ for $x$ around $1$.
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0answers
24 views

Calculation rules for quadratic approximations

In this link ...
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0answers
37 views

How good an approximation to the derivative is an arc-length based approximation?

Note - my original definition below was wrong. I hope this replacement is better. The usual approximation to $f'(x)$ with step size $h$ is $D_h(f, x) = \frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h} $. This has so many nice ...
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2answers
30 views

Quadratic approximation of $tan(x)$ at 0.

I have tried this: http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/mathematics/18-01sc-single-variable-calculus-fall-2010/unit-2-applications-of-differentiation/part-a-approximation-and-curve-sketching/problem-set-3/ and ...
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1answer
70 views

Approximate the largest and the smallest values of the integral

How do I solve this:approximate the largest and the smallest values of the integral for
2
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0answers
56 views

How to find the approximate basic frequency or GCD of a list of numbers?

I could't actually summarize the question in the title, so I'll explain my situation. I want to tell the integer numbers which act as the best approximate basic frequencies of a list of real numbers: ...
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0answers
32 views

How to find max and min bounds of a uncertain function

First I would like to say that I have searched the for uncertain fitting, robust fitting, linear optimization, convex optimization, etc. But I'm lacking the knowledge to solve this problem, and I need ...
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0answers
22 views

Taylor's remainder in a compact

My impression is that each function enough regular ($C^\infty$ ) in a compact is equivalent to a polynomial. Is this true? Is there a way to prove it? The expression of the Taylor's remainder just ...
1
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1answer
9 views

Approximate solution to non-linear equation set

I have an equation set like this: $$ R_e(T_i)R_t(T_i) + R_e(T_i)R_p(T_i) = R_sR_t(T_i) + R_sR_p + R_pR_t(T_i) \\ R_e(T_f)R_t(T_f) + R_e(T_f)R_p(T_f) = R_sR_t(T_f) + R_sR_p + R_pR_t(T_f) $$ Where, ...
2
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4answers
92 views

Solution to a system of nonlinear equations

Do you know any method to solve the following system of nonlinear equations ? $\begin{equation} 141,3829=A+\frac{B}{323}+5,78C+F323^{E}\\ 69,07645=A+\frac{B}{333}+5,81C+F333^{E}\\ ...
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0answers
18 views

Is it correct approximation of Upper Incomplete gamma function?

I am trying to approximate the Upper incomplete regularized gamma function $P(s,t)$, at the constant value of $s=c$ by: $$Q(c,t) \approx 1-Q(t,c)$$ where: $c$ is some constant and $t$ is variable. ...
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1answer
21 views

Signifcant Figures — Why are rules for multiplying and adding true?

I found this other question that deals with this somewhat, but I am still unclear as to why the rules for adding/subtracting and multiplying/dividing significant figures are the way they are. In the ...
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4 views

Are there other names for multilayer perceptrons or multidimensional interpolants based on Kolmogorov's approximation work?

Are there other names for multilayer perceptrons that are used outside of the neural net community? At its core, multilayer perceptrons form a multidimensional interpolant of the form $$ ...
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0answers
20 views

Stirling like approximation for lower-incomplete gamma function?

May we have a similar approximation for lower incomplete gamma function $\gamma(s,x)$, as we have a Stirling's approximation for Gamma function $\Gamma(s)$.
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2answers
51 views

Continuous differentiable spline or function resembling floor

I'd need any (real-valued) function (whatever meets the following description at least approximately) continuous and thrice differentiable everywhere (or twice if 3 not possible), with the following ...
13
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2answers
329 views

Ramanujan's approximation for $\pi$

In 1910, Srinivasa Ramanujan found several rapidly converging infinite series of $\pi$, such as $$ \frac{1}{\pi} = \frac{2\sqrt{2}}{9801} \sum^\infty_{k=0} \frac{(4k)!(1103+26390k)}{(k!)^4 396^{4k}}. ...
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0answers
13 views

Mapping from $\left(-\infty,\infty\right)$ to $[a,b]$ to reduce numerical error

Suppose $A = \left[\begin{array}{cc} \exp\left(x_1\right)&\exp\left(x_2\right)\\ \exp\left(x_3\right)&\exp\left(x_4\right) \end{array} \right]$, where each of $x_i\in\left(-1000,1000\right),$ ...
16
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3answers
269 views

Approximating $100!$

I participated in an Estimathon (a speed contest of Fermi problems) not long ago. It works as follows. Contestants are given questions and they must give a closed range $[a,b]$ which should contain ...
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0answers
18 views

Applications of low-rank matrix approximation

There was a similar question here Use of low rank approximation of a matrix that has unfortunately remained unanswered. Although being along the same lines, my question will be formulated in a little ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Constrained Newton-Raphson method

Peace be upon you, I want to solve a system of two equations in which the existence of $ln\left(\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}\right)$ function makes some limitations in iterations of the Newton-Raphson ...
1
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3answers
133 views

Approximate summation of the given equation

I have been trying from an hour to approximate the value of $M$ in the equation given below. $$ M = \sum\limits_{i=1}^n\left(\sum\limits_{j=1}^n\left(\sqrt{ i^2 + j^2 }\right)\right) $$ One thing I ...
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1answer
59 views

Maximum likelihood estimators

I have $X_1,X_2,\dots,X_n$ as random samples from a binomial distribution, with probability function: $$p_X(x) = Pr(X=x) = {m \choose{n}}\alpha^x(1-\alpha)^{m-x},x=0,1,2,\dots,m$$ where $m$ is given ...
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1answer
19 views

Approximate non-Lipschitz (but continuous) functions by Lipschitz functions

Is there any algorithm to approximate non-Lipschitz (but continuous) functions by Lipschitz functions ?
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2answers
149 views

Is there any reason why $4-\pi$ is quite close to $\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$?

In this question obviously the error of our "approximation" is $4-\pi=0.858...$ . I tried to reconstruct the false argument with $\tau=2\pi$, and the error in that case would be $8-\tau=1.716...$, ...
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1answer
27 views

How can missing data be organised or classified (Interpolation vs Approximation)?

I'm looking for a way to distinguish between the various types of missing data techniques? Can someone help to clarify or organize these categories in sub-sections or indicate similarities or ...
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0answers
34 views

Series representation for $L=\frac{3}{2} \sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2}-\frac{\sqrt{5 W \sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2}+6 \pi ^2 A^2+3 W^2}}{\sqrt{2}}$

My question is, is there a series representation or other function of $L$ and $A$ I can use when I solve the following equation for $W$? $L=\frac{3}{2} \sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2}-\frac{\sqrt{5 W \sqrt{4 ...
1
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1answer
27 views

Curve approximation by some known points on the curve

I want to approximate a curve by some known points on the curve. I can choose these point. My curve is shown as below: I have to use such a equation: ...
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0answers
48 views

Determining when the approximation fails

Context Suppose we have a grid-based game where a unit has a range parameter that serves as the upperbound of the sum of the costs of his movements in a single turn. Moving orthogonally to an adjacent ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Closed-form term for this expression

I have a normal Distribution $X \sim N(\mu, \sigma)$. Is there an easy way to give an asymptotic estimate with small error (I would prefer with relative error $\rightarrow 0$) for $P[X \geq k]$? We ...
1
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1answer
21 views

Bound on the derivative of a cut-off function

Let $\rho$ be a smooth function in $\mathbb R^n$ such that $0 \leq \rho \leq 1$ and $\rho$ is supported in the unit disk and let $\rho_\epsilon(x) = \epsilon^{-n}\rho(\epsilon^{-1}\|x\|)$. If $f$ is ...
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1answer
49 views

Approximating a Continued Fraction

From a paper I was reading, If: $$w=\frac {1}{3}\left\{ \frac {-\dfrac {3}{16}\lambda^2}{1}+\frac {-\dfrac {3}{16}\lambda^2}{1}+\frac {-\dfrac {3}{16}\lambda^2}{1}+\frac {-\dfrac ...
1
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2answers
43 views

When to Taylor expand in a differential equation

I've come across a differential equation: $\dfrac{d\theta}{dx} = f(\theta)$, whose analytic solution is very complicated, but in this situation it is valid to Taylor expand functions around $\theta ...