Questions on the use of the methods of real/complex analysis in the study of number theory.

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6
votes
1answer
138 views

Why is width of critical strip what it is?

For Riemann zeta function and $L$-functions of number fields, the width of critical strip is $1$. For $L$-functions of modular forms of weight $k$, the width of the critical strip is $k$. Why is ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Showing $e^{\psi(x)}= \text{lcm}[ 1,2,\cdots , \lfloor{x\rfloor}]$

Let $$ \theta(x) = \sum\limits_{p \leq x} \log{p} \quad \ ; \ \psi(x)=\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} \theta(x^{1/n})$$ then how does one prove $$e^{\psi(x)}= \text{lcm}[ 1,2,\cdots , \lfloor{x\rfloor}]$$
0
votes
2answers
189 views

Bounding the series $\sum_{m\leq x,m\neq n}\frac{1}{|\log(m/n)|}$

I am trying to reproduce the following bound: $\sum_{1\leq m\leq x, m\neq n}\frac{1}{|\log(m/n)|}=O(x\log(x))$, for $x\geq 2$ and some $n$, $1\leq n\leq x$ (the implicit constant shouldn't depend on ...
4
votes
1answer
629 views

Efficiently calculating the logarithmic integral with complex argument

My number theory library of choice doesn't implement the logarithmic integral for complex values. I thought that I might take a crack at coding it, but I thought I'd ask here first for algorithmic ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the following evaluation of Apery's Constant wrong and do you have suggestions on how, if at all, this method could be improved?

Please let me summarize the method by which L. Euler solved the Basel Problem and how he found the exact value of $\zeta(2n)$ up to $n=13$. Euler used the infinite product $$ \displaystyle f(x) = ...
10
votes
1answer
603 views

Continued Fraction expansion of $tan(1)$

Prove that continued fraction of $\tan(1)=[1;1,1,3,1,5,1,7,1,9,1,11,...]$. I tried using the same sort of trick used for finding continued fractions of quadratic irrationals and trying to find a ...
2
votes
3answers
136 views

Markov-Hurwitz equation

Prove that the Markov-Hurwitz equation $x^2+y^2+z^2=dxyz$ is solvable in positive integers iff d= 1 or 3. Of course the reverse direction is easy, just set x=y=z=1, d=3. But I really have no idea ...
7
votes
2answers
330 views

A Question on RH relating to Prime Number theorem

Well, in a previous post regarding the explanation of Riemann Hypothesis Matt answered that: The prime number theorem states that the number of primes less than or equal to $x$ is approximately ...
10
votes
5answers
745 views

Bounding the integral $\int_{2}^{x} \frac{\mathrm dt}{\log^{n}{t}}$

If $x \geq 2$, then how do we prove that $$\int_{2}^{x} \frac{\mathrm dt}{\log^{n}{t}} = O\Bigl(\frac{x}{\log^{n}{x}}\Bigr)?$$
7
votes
2answers
595 views

Accuracy of approximation to inclusion-exclusion formula in prime sieve

This thing came up in a combinatorics course I am taking. Choose a fixed set of primes $p_1,p_2,\dots,p_k$ and let $A_n$ be number of integers in $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$ which are not divisible by any of ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

On functions similar to Hurwitz zeta function

Denoted as $\zeta(s,a)$ for a > 0 Where do I find topics on the Hurwitz zeta function for a < 0? Any links or resources would be appreciated. (Please dont mention wiki or mathworld) Thanks
27
votes
2answers
978 views

Are there infinitely many $x$ for which $\pi(x) \mid x$?

Let $\pi(x)$ denote the Prime Counting Function. One observes that, $\pi(6) \mid 6$, $\pi(8) \mid 8$. Does $\pi(x) \mid x$ for only finitely many $x$, or is this fact true for infinitely many ...
5
votes
3answers
776 views

On Zeta function zeros in the critical strip

I have been reading about Riemann Zeta function and have been thinking about it for some time. Has anything been published regarding upper bound for the real part of zeta function zeros as the ...
5
votes
2answers
969 views

Dirichlet's Divisor Problem

We know that if $ \displaystyle d(n)= \sum\limits_{d \mid n} 1$, then we have $$ \sum\limits_{n \leq x} d(n)= x\log{x} + (2C-1)x + \mathcal{O}(\sqrt{x})$$ I have referred Apostol's "Analytic Number ...