1
vote
1answer
33 views

Positive Integer points of $f(x)=\frac{1}{c-\frac{1}{x}}$, where c is fixed

So I am looking for the integer solutions of $f(x)=\frac{1}{c-\frac{1}{x}}$ for fixed $c\in \mathbb{Q}$ i.e. points $(x,f(x))\in \mathbb{N}\times \mathbb{N}$. (The c equals $\frac{4}{n}-\frac{1}{k}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Generalizations of results on the sum of divisors function over $\mathbb{Q}$ to number fields

Consider the sum of divisor function $$ \sigma_0(n) = \sum_{d\mid n} 1. $$ This is known to satisfy $\sum_{n\leq x} \sigma_0(n) = (x\log x)+2\gamma x+\mathcal{O}(\sqrt{x})$. If, instead, we shift the ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Analytic number theory books after Apostol

I am planning to learn some classical results on analytic number theory. I have read Apostol's Introduction to Analytic Number Theory, but nothing about algebraic number theory. Can anyone recommend ...
12
votes
2answers
379 views

On prime factors of $n^2+1$

It is a well-known conjecture that there are infinitely many primes of the form $n^2+1$. However, there are weaker results that one can prove. For example, There are infinitely many positive ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

What motivated Rademacher's contour along the Ford circles when he used the circle method?

After Ramanujan and Hardy found the infinite sum representation of the partition function $p(n)$, Rademacher went about simplifying their proof; the form generally seen involves integrating ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

What is known about meromorphic functions agreeing with $\pi(n)$?

Let $f$ be a meromorphic function in some region containing the positive real axis such that $f(n) = \pi(n)$ for all but finitely many positive integers $n$, where $\pi(n)$ is the number of primes ...
7
votes
1answer
210 views

Sum of rational numbers given some properties

Let $R(n)$ denote the sum of all positive rational numbers whose numerators and denominators are less than or equal to $n$ and have no common factors. I have estimated this sum to be $$ \begin{align*} ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Applications of prime-number theorem in algebraic number theory?

Dirichlet arithmetic progression theorem, or more generally, Chabotarev density theorem, has applications to algebraic number theory, especially in class-field theory. Since we might think of the ...
22
votes
1answer
2k views

Books about the Riemann Hypothesis

I hope this question is appropriate for this forum. I am compiling a list of all books about the Riemann Hypothesis and Riemann's Zeta Function. Here is my list: The Riemann Hypothesis: A Resource ...
1
vote
3answers
75 views

Questions about assigning a probability to a randomly chosen large integer $n$ being prime

I heard this question a few days ago, so reciting from memory: If I were to randomly choose an arbitrarily large positive integer $n$, could I write a function that determines the likelihood of it ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Schneider's theorem about the transcendence of values of the $j$-function

It is known that the $j$-function takes algebraic values when evaluated at imaginary quadratic integers. This is a result that was proved by Schneider in 1937 apparently. To be precise, Schneider ...
7
votes
1answer
573 views

Effective Upper Bound for the Number of Prime Divisors

Let $\omega(n) = \sum_{p \mid n} 1$. Robin proves for $n > 2$, \begin{align} \omega(n) < \frac{\log n}{\log \log n} + 1.4573 \frac{\log n}{(\log \log n)^{2}}. \end{align} Is there a similar ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

A good reference to begin analytic number theory

I know a little bit about basic number theory, much about algebra/analysis, I've read most of Niven & Zuckerman's "Introduction to the theory of numbers" (first 5 chapters), but nothing about ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

references for an arithmetic function

I was wondering if anyone is aware of any existing literature on the arithmetic function defined as $$f(n):=2^{\omega(n)}\tau(n).$$ Here $\omega(n)$ is the number of distinct prime divisors of $n$ and ...
6
votes
3answers
407 views

Reference requests: Jitsuro Nagura

I spent some time today looking for any biographical information on Jitsuro Nagura and came up empty-handed. Any suggestions welcome. Also, the Wiki note on the Chebyshev $\psi$ function says that ...
3
votes
1answer
423 views

Where can I find the paper by Guy Robin?

\begin{equation} \sigma(n) < e^\gamma n \log \log n \end{equation} In 1984 Guy Robin proved that the inequality is true for all n ≥ 5,041 if and only if the Riemann hypothesis is true (Robin ...
34
votes
2answers
1k views

Small primes attract large primes

$$ \begin{align} 1100 & = 2\times2\times5\times5\times11 \\ 1101 & =3\times 367 \\ 1102 & =2\times19\times29 \\ 1103 & =1103 \\ 1104 & = 2\times2\times2\times2\times ...
10
votes
2answers
426 views

Two Dirichlet's series related to the Divisor Summatory Function and to the Riemann's zeta-function, $\zeta(s)$

Considering the $\textit{Divisor Summatory Function}$, $D(n)$, defined as $$ D(n) = \sum_{k=1}^{n}d(k) , $$ where $$ d(n) = \sum_{k|n}^{n}1. $$ One can observe the following pattern in the values of ...
9
votes
1answer
227 views

Analytic number theory primer — sequences and series

For a book like Titchmarsh, or Iwaniec and Kowalski, it seems a thorough knowledge of asymptotics is a prerequisite. What are good books for training oneself in such manipulation of asymptotics, ...
3
votes
3answers
215 views

Convergence of prime series

Where can I read about convergence of series constituted of prime number such as the following: $$\sum_p \frac{1}{p (\log{p})^\alpha}\;?$$ How does convergence depend on $\alpha$?
6
votes
2answers
135 views

Zeta functions in Chebychev's Prime Number theory

In two papers from 1848 and 1850, the Russian mathematician Pafnuty L'vovich Chebyshev attempted to prove the asymptotic law of distribution of prime numbers. His work is notable for the use of the ...
10
votes
2answers
520 views

Supplemental number theory text to Montgomery and Vaughan

We already have a large list of the Best ever book on Number Theory, but I'm looking for a more targeted response for analytic number theory. Specifically, I'm taking a trip on which I may or may ...
26
votes
3answers
1k views

Ramanujan's First Letter to Hardy and the Number of $3$-Smooth Integers

A positive integer is $B$-smooth if and only if all of its prime divisors are less than or equal to a positive real $B$. For example, the $3$-smooth integers are of the form $2^{a} 3^{b}$ with ...