# Tagged Questions

Questions on the use of algebraic techniques to prove geometric theorems.

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### Is there an equation to describe regular polygons?

For example, the square can be described with the equation $|x| + |y| = 1$. So is there a general equation that can describe a regular polygon (in the 2D Cartesian plane?), given the number of sides ...
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### How to check if a point is inside a rectangle?

There is a point $(x,y)$, and a rectangle $a(x_1,y_1),b(x_2,y_2),c(x_3,y_3),d(x_4,y_4)$, how can one check if the point inside the rectangle?
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### Get the equation of a circle when given 3 points

Get the equation of a circle through the points $(1,1), (2,4), (5,3)$. I can solve this by simply drawing it, but is there a way of solving it (easily) without having to draw?
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### What is a point?

In geometry, what is a point? I have seen Euclid's definition and definitions in some text books. Nowhere have I found a complete notion. And then I made a definition out from everything that I know ...
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### Direct formula for area of a triangle formed by three lines, given their equations in the cartesian plane.

I read this formula in some book but it didn't provide a proof so I thought someone on this website could figure it out. What it says is: If we consider 3 non-concurrent, non parallel lines ...
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### Constructing a family of distinct curves with identical area and perimeter

Two recent questions were posed by Arjuba [1] [2] asking for counter-examples regarding whether two different figures could have the same perimeter and area. Responders quickly raised a number of such ...
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### Navigating though the surface of a hypersphere in a computer game

People in StackOverflow seems not so into this theme, so I thought I could have better luck in here. I had the idea of an spaceship game where the world is confined in the surface of an 4-D ...
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### Ellipses given focus and two points

I would like to find all ellipses which contain 2 given points and has one focus at origin (zero). All in 2D plane. There are several possible approaches but I'm not sure which is the best - both ...
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### Why do we believe the equation $ax+by+c=0$ represents a line?

I'm going for quite a weird question here. As we know, the equation in Cartesian coordinates for a line in 2-dimensional Euclidean geometry is of the form $ax+by+c=0$. I'm wondering why do we "believe"...
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### What Does Homogenisation Of An Equation Actually Mean?

For example, if we have a conic; ax2 + 2hxy + by2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 What does homogenising this equation with another line (say ax + by + c = 0 ) actually mean? As in, what are the graphical ...
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### The vertices of an equilateral triangle are shrinking towards each other

For an equilateral triangle ABC of side $a$ vertex A is always moving in the direction of vertex B, which is always moving the direction of vertex C, which is always moving in the direction of vertex ...
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### Tensor notation (practicing)

I'm praticing tensor notation, and I want to prove this way that given vectors $A,B,C,D$ then $(A \times B) \times (C \times D) = \det(A,C,D)B - \det(B,C,D)A$, where $\det$ means the triple product. I'...
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### Enlarging an ellipses along normal direction

Given an ellipses, enlarge it along normal direction a fixed length say 1cm. Do we get another ellipses? If so, how to prove ?
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### Find the condition on $a$ and $b$ so that the two tangents drawn to the parabola $y^2=4ax$ from a point are normals to the parabola $x^2=4by$

Find the condition on $a$ and $b$ so that the two tangents drawn to the parabola $y^2=4ax$ from a point are normals to the parabola $x^2=4by.$ The required condition is $a^2>8b^2$.I dont know how ...
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### What is the coordinate of a point $P$ on the line $2x-y+5=0$ such that $|PA-PB|$ is maximum where $A=(4,-2)$ and $B=(2,-4)$

What is the coordinate of a point $P$ on the line $2x-y+5=0$ such that $|PA-PB|$ is maximum where $A=(4,-2)$ and $B=(2,-4)$. Let the coordinates of the point $P$ be $(x_1,y_1).$ $P$ lies on the ...
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### Formula for curve parallel to a parabola

I have a simple parabola in the form $y = a + bx^2$. I would like to find the formula for a curve which is parallel to this curve by distance $c$. By parallel I mean that there is an equal distance ...
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### Calculating the area of an irregular polygon

Given the length of the sides of an irregular polygon (no coordinates provided) how do you compute the area of the maximum area of the polygon? Thanks in advance
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### How does this equality on vertices in the complex plane imply they are vertices of an equilateral triangle?

I've read that if the complex numbers $a_1$, $a_2$ and $a_3$ are the vertices of a triangle in the complex plane such that $$a_1^2+a_2^2+a_3^2=a_1a_2+a_2a_3+a_1a_3$$ then the vertices are actually ...
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### How to find the distance between a point and line joining two points on a sphere?

How do I calculate the distance between the line joining the two points on a spherical surface and another point on same surface? I have illustrated my problem in the image below. In the above ...
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### Focal length of an ellipse and related results

There are 2 questions(part of same question but I divided it into two): Q1. Prove that the length of the focal chord of the ellipse $\frac {x^2}{a^2}+\frac {y^2}{b^2}=1$ which is inclined to the ...
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### How do we prove the rotation matrix in two dimensions not by casework?

I was trying to prove: To carry out a rotation using matrices the point $(x, y)$ to be rotated from the angle, $θ$, where $(x′, y′)$ are the co-ordinates of the point after rotation, and the formulae ...