Tagged Questions

Questions on the use of algebraic techniques to prove geometric theorems.

55k views

How to check if a point is inside a rectangle?

There is a point $(x,y)$, and a rectangle $a(x_1,y_1),b(x_2,y_2),c(x_3,y_3),d(x_4,y_4)$, how can one check if the point inside the rectangle?
15k views

Is there an equation to describe regular polygons?

For example, the square can be described with the equation $|x| + |y| = 1$. So is there a general equation that can describe a regular polygon (in the 2D Cartesian plane?), given the number of sides ...
25k views

Get the equation of a circle when given 3 points

Get the equation of a circle through the points $(1,1), (2,4), (5,3)$. I can solve this by simply drawing it, but is there a way of solving it (easily) without having to draw?
2k views

What is a point?

In geometry, what is a point? I have seen Euclid's definition and definitions in some text books. Nowhere have I found a complete notion. And then I made a definition out from everything that I know ...
4k views

Direct formula for area of a triangle formed by three lines, given their equations in the cartesian plane.

I read this formula in some book but it didn't provide a proof so I thought someone on this website could figure it out. What it says is: If we consider 3 non-concurrent, non parallel lines ...
543 views

Constructing a family of distinct curves with identical area and perimeter

Two recent questions were posed by Arjuba [1] [2] asking for counter-examples regarding whether two different figures could have the same perimeter and area. Responders quickly raised a number of such ...
5k views

838 views

Why do we believe the equation $ax+by+c=0$ represents a line?

I'm going for quite a weird question here. As we know, the equation in Cartesian coordinates for a line in 2-dimensional Euclidean geometry is of the form $ax+by+c=0$. I'm wondering why do we "believe"...
4k views

What Does Homogenisation Of An Equation Actually Mean?

For example, if we have a conic; ax2 + 2hxy + by2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 What does homogenising this equation with another line (say ax + by + c = 0 ) actually mean? As in, what are the graphical ...
2k views

The vertices of an equilateral triangle are shrinking towards each other

For an equilateral triangle ABC of side $a$ vertex A is always moving in the direction of vertex B, which is always moving the direction of vertex C, which is always moving in the direction of vertex ...
214 views

Tensor notation (practicing)

I'm praticing tensor notation, and I want to prove this way that given vectors $A,B,C,D$ then $(A \times B) \times (C \times D) = \det(A,C,D)B - \det(B,C,D)A$, where $\det$ means the triple product. I'...
701 views

Enlarging an ellipses along normal direction

Given an ellipses, enlarge it along normal direction a fixed length say 1cm. Do we get another ellipses? If so, how to prove ?
236 views

Find the condition on $a$ and $b$ so that the two tangents drawn to the parabola $y^2=4ax$ from a point are normals to the parabola $x^2=4by$

Find the condition on $a$ and $b$ so that the two tangents drawn to the parabola $y^2=4ax$ from a point are normals to the parabola $x^2=4by.$ The required condition is $a^2>8b^2$.I dont know how ...
73 views

What is the coordinate of a point $P$ on the line $2x-y+5=0$ such that $|PA-PB|$ is maximum where $A=(4,-2)$ and $B=(2,-4)$

What is the coordinate of a point $P$ on the line $2x-y+5=0$ such that $|PA-PB|$ is maximum where $A=(4,-2)$ and $B=(2,-4)$. Let the coordinates of the point $P$ be $(x_1,y_1).$ $P$ lies on the ...
2k views

Formula for curve parallel to a parabola

I have a simple parabola in the form $y = a + bx^2$. I would like to find the formula for a curve which is parallel to this curve by distance $c$. By parallel I mean that there is an equal distance ...
96 views

5k views

Calculating the area of an irregular polygon

Given the length of the sides of an irregular polygon (no coordinates provided) how do you compute the area of the maximum area of the polygon? Thanks in advance
2k views

How does this equality on vertices in the complex plane imply they are vertices of an equilateral triangle?

I've read that if the complex numbers $a_1$, $a_2$ and $a_3$ are the vertices of a triangle in the complex plane such that $$a_1^2+a_2^2+a_3^2=a_1a_2+a_2a_3+a_1a_3$$ then the vertices are actually ...
2k views

How to find the distance between a point and line joining two points on a sphere?

How do I calculate the distance between the line joining the two points on a spherical surface and another point on same surface? I have illustrated my problem in the image below. In the above ...
509 views

Focal length of an ellipse and related results

There are 2 questions(part of same question but I divided it into two): Q1. Prove that the length of the focal chord of the ellipse $\frac {x^2}{a^2}+\frac {y^2}{b^2}=1$ which is inclined to the ...
6k views

How do we prove the rotation matrix in two dimensions not by casework?

I was trying to prove: To carry out a rotation using matrices the point $(x, y)$ to be rotated from the angle, $θ$, where $(x′, y′)$ are the co-ordinates of the point after rotation, and the formulae ...
2k views

Proving two lines trisects a line

A question from my vector calculus assignment. Geometry, anything visual, is by far my weakest area. I've been literally staring at this question for hours in frustrations and I give up (and I do mean ...
58 views

66 views

What geometric object is given by this equation?

What geometric object is given by this equation? $x^2+y^2+z^2+2xy+2xz+2yz-x-y-z-6=0$ Maple says it's a hyperboloid of one sheet, but is there a way to show it without going the long way by using the ...
338 views

Finding equation of an ellipsoid

Consider I have an ellipsoid (let say an egg) lies in a general form in 3D space. Suppose, I have the equations of two projected views of this egg (e.g. one projected view on x-y plane and another one ...
How to obtain equation of line of the form $ax + by + c = 0$?
My question goes like this: Determine the equation of a circle tangent to the $x$-axis and passing through $(5,1)$ and $(12,8)$. I need not only the answers, but also the steps on how you did it so ...