Questions on the use of algebraic techniques to prove geometric theorems.

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Find the equation of a cylinder

Find the equation of the cylinder that has directrix the curve: $x(t)=t, y(t)=t^2/2, z(t)=0$ and the generatrix is parallel to the line $${x-1\over 1}={y+2\over 1}={z\over 3}$$ I would really ...
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0answers
14 views

Fit an ellipse with known semi-major-axis and points

In my particular case I am given a projection of a circle onto the $xy$-plane and the radius $r$ of said circle. This results in an ellipse with semi-major axis $a$ equal to $r$. Like in this other ...
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0answers
16 views

$ABCD$ has area $9$. $M$ is in the middle of $AB$ and the edge $BF$ of length $2$ forms an angle of $60º$, Calculate $[CM,CB,BF]$.

$ABCD$ has area $9$. $M$ is in the middle of $AB$ and the edge $BF$ of length $2$ forms an angle of $60º$. Calculate $[CM,CB,BF]$, knowing that $\mathbb{V}^3$ is oriented by a positive basis. ...
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1answer
21 views

Prove that $x^2-y^2+xy-1=0$ is a ruled surface

I am studying for an analytic geometry, final but I am totally lost for this problem... We didn't even cover this topic in class (my prof didn't show up for class for two weeks) and I have no clue on ...
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0answers
19 views

Intersection of symmetric lines.

So I have to determine if these 2 symmetric lines intersect. I converted them to parametric: $$\begin{align} -6+2t&=10+4s\\ -4+3t&=4-2s\\ -1+2t&=-1-4s \end{align}$$ Now, I know I have ...
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0answers
25 views

What is wrong with my solution to this problem?

The base $ABCD$ of the figure has area $9$. The point $M$ divides the segment $AB$ on ratio $2$ and the edge $BF$ of length $2$ forms an angle of $60º$. Calculate $[CM,CB,BF]$, knowing that ...
6
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4answers
285 views

Coordinates of the center of the circle

I am stuck on this problem: If the lines $y=x+\sqrt{2}$ and $y=x-2\sqrt{2}$ are two tangents of a circle and $(0,\sqrt{2})$ lies on this circle then what is the equation of the circle? I ...
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0answers
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Analytic structures on $S^1$|

I am currently studying Haefliger's paper "Homotopy and Integrablity". During the last chapter, he applies his theory of $\Gamma$-structures to analytic codimension $1$ foliations. Throughout the ...
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0answers
30 views

minimal volume of pyramid x0,y0,z0 [on hold]

I dont know how should i even start. I tried to think about something but get nothing. can someone help me please? Thanks
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2answers
45 views

Finding the equation of a circle through 3 points under given conditions.

This question has me stuck at the very beginning and I dont understand what to do. Dont need the solution, just a hint on what to do. Q.A and B are points in the xy plane, which are 2sqrt2 units apart ...
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9answers
9k views

Is there an equation to describe regular polygons?

For example, the square can be described with the equation $|x| + |y| = 1$. So is there a general equation that can describe a regular polygon (in the 2D Cartesian plane?), given the number of sides ...
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2answers
33 views

How to find the equation of diameter of a circle that passes through the origin?

So this was a question that I was solving that got me stuck. Its as follows: Q. Find equation of diameter of the circle $x^2 + y^2 - 6x + 2y = 0$ which passes through the origin. Now I have tried the ...
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1answer
39 views

What does a linear equation with more than 2 variables represent?

A linear equation with 2 variables, say $Ax+By+C = 0$, represents a line on a plane but what does a linear equation with 3 variables $Ax+By+Dz+c=0$ represent? A line in space, or something else? On ...
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2answers
31 views

Find the equation of the sphere [on hold]

Find the equation of the sphere which passes through the point $(0,3,-4)$ if the tangent plane is $2x + y + 2z = 9$ at the point $(2,1,2)$.
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1answer
34 views

vertices of a hyperbola the silliest question ever

I'm given that the center of the hyperbola is $(2,1)$ and $a=3$ and asked to find the vertices. Since vertices are on the same line with the axis of symmetry I thought the coordinates should be $(2,1 ...
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2answers
58 views

The lines $x+2y+3=0$ , $x+2y-7=0$ and $2x-y+4=0$ are sides of a square. Equation of the remaining side is?

I found out the area between parallel lines as $ \frac{10}{\sqrt{5}} $ and then I used $ \frac{|\lambda - 4|}{\sqrt{5}} = \frac{10}{\sqrt{5}} $ to get the values as $-6$ and $14$ . I am getting the ...
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0answers
18 views

What's the relation between 2 points from 2 different planes?

I'm trying to find the relation between my "text" objects, and my "world" objects. This may be related to development, but I thought this question was better fit for this exchange. I have two ...
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1answer
16 views

Find the equations of the tangent and normal to the ellipse [closed]

Find the equations of the tangent and normal to the ellipse $16x^2 + 25y^2 = 400$ at $t = \frac{1}{\sqrt 3}$
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1answer
29 views

Given the incentre of $\Delta ABC$ and the equations of the angle bisectors what is the locus of the centroid of the triangle $ABC$?

I got this problem on a test yesterday Consider $\Delta ABC$ with incenter $I(1,0)$. Equations of the straight lines $AI$, $BI$, and $CI$ are $x=1$, $y+1=x$ and $x+3y=1$ respectively and $\cot \left( ...
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5answers
361 views

Creative way to find this area

Let's say We have a circle with center at $(0,0)$ with radius $r$ and we have the line $y=a$ where $0 \leq a \leq r$. the question is what is the area that between the circle and the line $y=a$(the ...
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0answers
21 views

On the solutions of a system of inequalities avoiding Helly's theorem

Let $a_1,b_1,\cdots,a_4,b_4\in\mathbb{R},r_1,\cdots,r_4\in(0,+\infty)$. Show that, if $\not\exists (x,y)\in\mathbb{R}^2$ such that $$ \begin{cases} (x-a_1)^2+(y-b_1)^2\le r_1\\ ...
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1answer
106 views

Largest of the smallest angles of incidence from arbitrary point to tetrahedron vertex/centroid line

Picture a regular tetrahedron where each vertex has a line through the centroid and a plane normal to it. I need to show that the range of the smallest angles of incidence from an arbitrary point to ...
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1answer
22 views

Finding the equation of the new plane after the original has been rotated by an angle

Find the equation of the plane obtained after rotating the plane $x+y+z=1$ by $90^{\circ}$ about its line of intersection with the plane $x-2y+3z=0$. Since I had to choose one of the four given ...
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2answers
83 views

How to find center of a conic section from the equation?

If we are given a curve in the form $$ax^2+2bxy+cy^2+2dx+2ey+f=0$$ and the following determinant $$\delta=\begin{vmatrix}a&b\\b&c\end{vmatrix}=ac-b^2$$ is non-zero, then this is either a curve ...
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2answers
58 views

Compute Speed of an object when moving on a circular arc? [closed]

Consider the following figure: An iPhon is moving on a circular arc from point A to point B. The radius of the orbit is f. Consider the case that a men stands and holding his arm horizontal to the ...
10
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1answer
93 views

Something Isn't Right With My Parking

A few days ago in my Calculus BC class we were given a page of 6 challenging end of the year problems. That was a refreshing change from the drudgery we usually do (WebAssign). One of them went like ...
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2answers
41 views

Find centre of circle with equation of tangent given

(4,1) is a point on one end of the diameter of a circle and the tangent through the other end of the diameter has equation 3 x- y=1. Determine the coordinates of the center of circle. What got me ...
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2answers
99 views

The Efficiency of Random Parking Problem

A few days ago in my Calculus BC class we were given a page of 6 challenging end of the year problems. That was a refreshing change from the drudgery we usually do (WebAssign). One of them went like ...
6
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4answers
414 views

Some theorems in euclidean geometry have incomplete proofs

I have seen that, in euclidean geometry, proofs of some theorems use one instance of the 'geometric shape'(on which the theorem is based) to proof the theorem. Like, the proof of 'A straight line ...
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2answers
4k views

The shortest distance between any two distinct points is the line segment joining them.How can I see why this is true?

On a euclidean plane, the shortest distance between any two distinct points is the line segment joining them. How can I see why this is true?
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4answers
1k views

What is a point?

In geometry, what is a point? I have seen Euclid's definition and definitions in some text books. Nowhere have I found a complete notion. And then I made a definition out from everything that I know ...
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1answer
34 views

On the definition of sphere in analytic geometry…

Last year, when I was teaching mathematics (analytic geometry) for one of my clever freands, I arrived to the definition of sphere. I said Fix $r>0$, An sphere is the set of all triples ...
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2answers
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Find the slope of a line $L$ that tangent to the graph of $y = x^3$ and passes through the point $(0,2000)$.

Find the slope of a line $L$ that tangent to the graph of $y = x^3$ and passes through the point $(0,2000)$. Well, I am new to this concept, to me, slope means $\dfrac{dy}{dx}$, but I get ...
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4answers
270 views

Is there a name for the curve $t \mapsto (t,t^2,t^3)$?

Is there a name for the curve given by the parametrization $\{(t,t^2,t^3); t\in\mathbb R\}$? Here is a plot from WA. An another plot for $t$ from $0$ to $1$. This curve is an example of a ...
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2answers
53 views

Let $y=x^2+ax+b$ cuts the coordinate axes at three distinct points. Show that the circle passing through these 3 points also passes through $(0,1)$.

Let $y=x^2+ax+b$ be a parabola that cuts the coordinate axes at three distinct points. Show that the circle passing through these three points also passes through $(0,1)$. Since, the graph of the ...
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2answers
38 views

How can I find the coordinates of a point which is the reflection of a point about a line in 3D

I am currently working on a project on Matlab and I need to find the coordinates of a point which is reflected about a line. I know how to do it in 2D but in 3D things are getting ugly. So, we have a ...
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1answer
469 views

Find locus of points relating to an ellipse

I would like to find the equation of the following locus. For a big circle C centered at (0,0), the locus of points that the sum of distances to Y-axis and to C is 1, say in the first quadrant, is ...
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2answers
103 views

Rigorous books on geometry

I am looking for a rigorous book on both 2d and 3d euclidean geometry, and also how analytic geometry can be developed from synthetic geometry. I haven't really found such a book yet. I would be very ...
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1answer
37 views

Conjugate Hyperbolas.

What would be a good approach to tackle this problem. In a previous assignment I managed to show Pq=Pr. How do I show that this tangent intersects the conjugate hyperbola. Should I start by ...
2
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0answers
45 views

Analytic-geometrical properties of dodecahedron

Consider the following projection of a dodecahedron: An equilateral triangle can be projected to make points $A, B, C, D, E, F$ intersect with it's edges. What would be the mathematical proof (if ...
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7answers
879 views

Perpendicular bisector

"Show that BE is the perpendicular bisector to AC" I tried to prove this through Pythagoras, but the answer I got did not prove it was at a right angle, and therefore said it was not the ...
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1answer
567 views

Collective Term for $XY, YZ$ and $ZX$ Planes

Is there a collective term for the $XY, YZ$ and $ZX$ planes in $3D$ co-ordinate geometry? I was thinking "principal planes" but I'm not sure where I heard that.
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1answer
26 views

Analytic geometry, distances

Find the equation of the geometric place: Whose distance to the point $(4,0)$ equals half the distance to the straight line $x=19$ Im using the formula for distance between points $P(4,0), Q(19,0)$ ...
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4answers
35 views

Finding horizontal tangents to a function.

Find the points at which the line tangent to the following function is horizontal $$q(x)=(x+3)^4(2x-1)^7$$ Every time I've gotten to the point of finding $x$ the numbers are all irrationally too ...
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0answers
30 views

Reference request: history of analytic geometry

I am searching a book in the domain of the history of math, that describes the historical origins of analytic geometry, starting from Descartes (?), and that describes also its development (e.g. the ...
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0answers
8 views

analytic geometry question involving perpendicular vectors

Determine the parametrics equations of the straight line that passes by $A(-1,4,5)$ and is perpendicular to $r:P=(-2,1,1)+t(1,-1,1)$. Someone can solve this? I'm trying for more than a hour and I'm ...
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0answers
25 views

Intersection of a curve with a complex line

Given: $$ \left\{\begin{matrix}t =\frac{1}{n}\sqrt{n^{4}-z^{2} } & \\ z=im & \end{matrix}\right.$$ with $n<m$, positive integers (and $i$ the imaginary unit), if one wanted to ...
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1answer
353 views

$2D$ Line Segment - Triangle Intersection

I've seen similar questions but could not solve my problem with those. My question is how to detect an intersection of a line segment and a triangle on a 2D coordinate system? I don't need the point ...
3
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2answers
110 views

snugly fitted spheres in a cube

A larger sphere A, having a radius $R$ is snugly fitted in a cube (i.e. sphere A touches all six faces of the cube). Further, a small sphere B is snugly fitted in the corner of cube (i.e. sphere B ...
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1answer
28 views

Definition of angle between non-differentiable curves

(Background: I am trying to understand the definition of angle-preserving function..I posted a question earlier but I still have doubts) My question is:how is the angle between two curves defined if ...