Questions on the use of algebraic techniques to prove geometric theorems.

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4
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1answer
119 views

Tensor notation (practicing)

I'm praticing tensor notation, and I want to prove this way that given vectors $A,B,C,D$ then $(A \times B) \times (C \times D) = \det(A,C,D)B - \det(B,C,D)A$, where $\det$ means the triple product. ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

List of topics for basic calculus (1st,2nd,3rd semester)

I am an computer science student, currently studying in 2nd semester. Therefore my math courses are pretty weak. Although I "aced" them, I still feel I could use some extra basic calculus knowledge in ...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

Analytic Geometry

How does one solve: Find the equation of the circle which has it's center on the line $y= 3-x$ , and which has as tangents the lines $ 2y-x = 22, $ $ 2x+y=11 $ ?
1
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0answers
30 views

Circle Tangent question

I would like to ask for assiatance on the following: Find the eqation of a circle, with a radius of$\sqrt 2$ , which also has as tangetns the lines: $ y=x+2 $ , $ y=-7x $. It is known that the ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Maximize the distance between a point and a bounding rectangle

There are $n$ random points in the $x-y$ plane, whose coordinates are known beforehand. We can use a minimum bounding rectangle (MBR) to bound these points. In this scenario, the MBR can be rotated, ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Check my solution to this trig inequality

Problem $1.88$ : Solve $$\cos x\lt \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2},\qquad x \in [0,2\pi]$$ I found the set of solutions to be $S=[0,2\pi]-\left[\dfrac{\pi}{6},\dfrac{11\pi}{6}\right]$ Is this correct? Thank you.
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Book suggestions on projective geometry

I want to be acquainted with projective geometry, so I'm asking for a reference. I need some words to explain my specific background and motivation. There are many things I learnt related to ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Show that the area of the shape can be written as $A=200r-r^2 (2+ \pi/2)$

A $\rm200\,m\,$ fence is to placed around a lawn of this shape. We know that $x$ in terms of $r$ : $$x=100-\dfrac{(2+\pi)r}2$$ How do I show that the area of the lawn, $A$, can be written as: ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Tangent at a singular point

I'm looking at this question If the tangent at the point $P$ with coordinates $(h, k)$ on the curve $y^2 = 2x^3$ is perpendicular to the line $4x = 3y$, find $(h, k).$ This is how I attempted it ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Mirror a line over a plane

I am trying to mirror a line over a plane, but I am not sure if I am doing it right, so please tell me if something that I do is wrong. I have 2 points $A(1, 2, 1);B(-1,0,2)$ and I have to mirror the ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

need explanation of what exactly is a directrix & focus?

((I'm not asking why do we need to know conic sections etc.) Like other similar questions.) I actually love math & currently learning conic sections in class, neither my textbook or teacher ...
2
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2answers
90 views

Area of triangle inscribed in a parabola

How can u prove that the area of the triangle inscribed in a parabola is twice the area of the triangle formed by the tangents at the vertices?
0
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1answer
38 views

Centroid of triangle formed by co-normal points

How can you prove that he centroid of a triangle formed by 3 co-normal points lies on the axis of the parabola?
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Orthogonal tangents to an ellipse [duplicate]

This is the problem I found back in the first year in the university. Suppose we have a non-degenerate (i.e. not a point and not an empty set) ellipse $E\subset \Bbb R^2$. Now define a set $D$ by a ...
2
votes
3answers
63 views

The maximum from a point outside an ellipse to a ellipse.

In the $xOy$ axes, Assume there is an ellipse $$\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}=1$$, and a point $A(0,t)$ ($t$ is a constant )outside the ellipse. Assume $P$ is a point in the ellipse. Find the ...
0
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4answers
86 views

Equal perimeter and area

Find all triangles of which perimeter and area are numerically equal. I have got solution for right angle triangles but not of others
0
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1answer
50 views

How find this this distance $d_{1}d_{2}=b^2$

On the plane we have two points $A(\sqrt{a^2-b^2},0),B(-\sqrt{a^2-b^2},0)$ with $a>b>0$ and the line $L$, of which the equation is given ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Is there another way to solve the value field of a parameter of an line.

Assume $P$ is a point in line $x+y=m$, where $m \in \Bbb{R}$. There are two points $A,B$ in circle $$x^2+y^2 = 10$$ such that $PA$ and $PB$ are tangent lines of the above circle. If line: $x+y=m$ has ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Finding the equation of a plane in 3-D by using point-to-point distances

Assume that we have a plane $P(a,b,c,d)$ whose equation is unknown. We know that there is a point set $N = \{n_1, n_2, ...\}$ and $\forall n_i \in N$, $n_i$ is on $P$. Also, $\forall n_i, n_j \in N$, ...
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2answers
31 views

How to compute point from {length and angle}

How to compute point from {length and angle}?
0
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1answer
50 views

The relation between the radiuses…

Find $\frac{R}{r}$ where $R$ is the radius of the circumscribed circle of a trapezoid and $r$ is the radius of the inscribed circle of this trapezoid. Thank you!
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Problem concerning inscribed and circumscribed circles…

Can you please help me solve this really difficult problem: Find R/r where R is the radius of the circumscribed circle of a trapezoid and r is the radius of the inscribed circle of this trapezoid. ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Perpendicular form of the straight line equation.

There are 5 to 6 standard forms of the straight line equation. for example slope intercept form, two intercept form, point slope form and perpendicular form. I have clear visualization of all forms ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Lattice Points on a straight line.

To find: The number of lattice points in the 1st quadrant, lying on straight line: 3x 5y = 283. -I tried this question a lot many times. The long substitution method becomes tedious. Can u please ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

sides of two triangles which have different areas

consider 2 triangles like $\bigtriangleup ABC \quad and \quad \bigtriangleup \acute{A}\acute{B}\acute{C}$, which $S_{\bigtriangleup \acute{A}\acute{B}\acute{C}} \leq S_{\bigtriangleup ABC}$.(S stands ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

How to show that a regular pentagon can't have all coordinates rational

This is pretty straightforward if we're allowed to use trigonometry, so I guess my question is Are there any nice (trigonometry-less) proofs of the fact that a regular pentagon in the plane must ...
0
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2answers
32 views

Find perpendicular vectors in subspace of $V_{3}$

Find all vectors of $V_{3}$ which are perpendicular to the vector $(7,0,-7)$ and belong to the subspace $L((0,-1,4), (6,-3,0)$. As a note, this is an extra question of a long exercise, the ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Prove $\sin^2 A = \sin^2 B \sin^2 C - 2\sin B \sin C \cos A$

I am asking for help with this proof: Given $\triangle ABC$. Prove that $\sin^2 A = \sin^2 B+ \sin^2 C - 2\sin B \sin C \cos A$
0
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2answers
65 views

$\overline{x} \times \overline{a} = \overline{b}$ has a solution when $ \langle\overline{a},\overline{b} \rangle =0$

I'm trying to solve this exercise: Let $\overline{a} \neq \overline{0}$, $\overline{b}$ be two vectors of the Euclidean vector space $V_{3}$. Prove the equation $\overline{x} \times \overline{a} = ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

How can I find the coordinates of a point which is the reflection of a point about a line in 3D

I am currently working on a project on Matlab and I need to find the coordinates of a point which is reflected about a line. I know how to do it in 2D but in 3D things are getting ugly. So, we have a ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Scalar times Point + Scalar times Point?

Let $P$, $Q$ be a pair of points in the Euclidean plane and let $t_1$, $t_2$ be a pair of scalars. My textbook says that the following operations are nonsense: $$P + Q\\ t_1 \cdot P$$ However $t_1 ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

How to find the equation of a parabola with vertex on the line y = -3x?

Its axis are parallel to the y-axis and passing through (-7,13) and (5,1).
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Find the tangents to the following curve from the given point.

2x^2 + y^2 = 54 from (10,1) P.S. I still don't study calculus. This lesson is from analytic geometry and I have no idea how to solve it because my professor didn't teach it. So if someone could tell ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

A detailed basic-level explanation of equations of lines and planes in 3-d geometry

I've searched multiple blogs but couldn't find anything helpful for my level. (I'm in the 12th grade learning about vectors in maths). I basically need some thorough explanations regarding plane and ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

points in the 3-dimensional space

Let $A=(a,b,c)$, $B=(d,e,f)$ and $C=(g,h,i)$ be points in the $3$-dimensional real vector space. It is well known that we can consider a new referential where we can see these points as ...
7
votes
0answers
90 views

Knight's metric: ellipse and parabola.

Knight's metric is a metric on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ as the minimum number of moves a chess knight would take to travel from $x$ to $y\in\mathbb{Z}^2$. What does a parabola (or an ellipse) became with this ...
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0answers
9 views

What's the point in the general form of a plane equation?

So I've been reading up on my maths (Mathematics for Computer Graphics by John Vince FYI) and come to analytic geometry and I have a question. Why define the Cartesian form of a plane equation as: $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

exercise with lines algebra

This is an exercise I really can't solve by myself. 1) Let A(1,-1,0) a point on a line (e) line 2) Let (d) be a line perdicular to (e), given by a parametric equation. How I can find the equation ...
1
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0answers
30 views

points of intersection of two circles drawn on a sphere

How does one write and thereafter solve the equations to find the points of intersection of two overlapping circles drawn on the surface of a sphere? I am looking for a simple understandable solution ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

check if point is on a plane (using Heron formula ?)

Is this true that if any of parameters a, b, c, d is equal to sum of three others then 4 points are on same plane? I am given 4 points in 3 dimensional space. Is this correct to state that all 4 ...
1
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2answers
52 views

Three coplanar vectors - proving a statement

Is it true that three vectors $\vec{u}, \vec{v} , \vec{w} $ lie on the same plane if and only if there exists constants $A,B,C,D$ for which $A\vec{u} + B\vec{v} + C\vec{w} +D =\vec{0} $ ? If so, how ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Analytic geometry and calculus question

The tangent to the curve $ x^{0.5} + y^{0.5} = a^{0.5}$ ,$(a>0)$ intersects the $x$ axis in point $M_1$ , and the $y$ axis in point $M_2$. Prove that for any point on the curve $|OM_1|+|OM_2| = ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Analytic geometry and calculus combined question

Show that the equation for the tangent with the slope $m$, $(m≠0)$ to the parabola $y^2 = 4px$ is $y = mx + \frac{p}{m}$. How this is done? What is the method for proves of this kind?
1
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2answers
41 views

Finding root for the segment - found the formula but it doesn't work for some values - wrong formula?

I have the segment, defined as $(x_1, y_1)$, $(x_2, y_2)$. I know that $y_1\ge 0$ and $y_2 < 0$. I want to compute the root point for that segment. I decided to do it that way: ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

How to find out if four points are on the same plane, only by using distances?

There is a method called Cayley-Menger determinant in order to find if 3 points are collinear, 4 points are coplanar etc. provided that all the pairwise distances are given. However, in 2-D, there is ...
2
votes
3answers
56 views

Analytic geometry and calculus mixed question

Find the normal equation to the graph $ y = 2x^2$, that goes through the point $ (1,0.25)$. How this is done? Im not even really sure what I'm being asked here...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Rotation of axes transformation as definition of vectors

Given a three-axes coordinate system ${1,2,3} $ by the right-hand rule, and a new coordinate system ${1',2',3'}$ , I know that one can define a vector $\vec{x}$ to be something that obeys the ...
0
votes
3answers
70 views

Calculus and analytic geometry question

Find the tangent of the angle in which the functions $x^3 $, and $x^2 $ intersect $(x≠0)$ . I find this question to be quite funny since the intersection point has two tangents going to it, with ...
0
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2answers
67 views

(I only need some hints)Find the vector equation of a space curve that represents an ellipse with the given center that lies in the given plane

Full disclosure, this is for a Calculus III graded homework set--though we are allowed to use any resources available to complete it. I feel I have a good understanding of space curves, though my ...
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vote
3answers
28 views

solving for the left side for a double angle formula

$\cos t-\sin 2t=0$ Solve the left hand side so that it equals zero. Do I use $(2\sin t \cos {t})$ for $\sin 2t$?