Questions on the use of algebraic techniques to prove geometric theorems.

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0
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1answer
35 views

How to find the length of the focal chord making angle $\theta$ with the axis of parabola?

A focal chord of $Y^2 = 4aX$ makes angle $\theta$ with the axis of the parabola. How can I find the length of the chord? I have used the parametric equation but couldn't go further.
7
votes
4answers
250 views

Is there a name for the curve $t \mapsto (t,t^2,t^3)$?

Is there a name for the curve given by the parametrization $\{(t,t^2,t^3); t\in\mathbb R\}$? Here is a plot from WA. An another plot for $t$ from $0$ to $1$. This curve is an example of a ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Point coordinates at a fixed distance from a vector

I would like to solve the following generic problem by using vector notation that I will use it to improve my algorithm. I have a vector P1P2 that points P1 and P2 are known. Furthermore, an ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Why does $(a-2b)\times (3a+2b) = a\times (3a+2b) - 2b \times(3a+2b)$?

Let $\textbf{a},\textbf{b}\in\mathbb{R}^3$ be such that $|\textbf{a}| = |\textbf{b}|$ and the angle between them is $45º$. We had a test where we should find the answer of ...
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2answers
110 views

Change of basis matrix for polynomials?

I've understood what a change of basis matrix is, and how it's structured. So a change of basis matrix from $B$ to $C$ is the matrix $M$ such that: $${\begin{bmatrix} &\\ \\ \\\end{bmatrix}}_B ...
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6answers
94 views

Intersection of a sphere and a plane

How can I find the intersection between the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$ and the plane $x+y+z=1?$ Context This is related to a computation of surface integral using Stokes' theorem, Calculate the surface ...
2
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3answers
98 views

Coordinate of the excentre of a triangle

I am just wondering that how the coordinate of the excentre comes out if we know the coordinates of vertices of the triangle.
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2answers
64 views

Finding midpoint of rectangle in 3D vectors

If given the points (-10,-2,0), (-10,2,0), (-12,0,2) and (-12,0,-2), how do I find the midpoint?
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1answer
30 views

Find the map of the closed ball $B(0,1)$ of the following continuous function $f(x,y,z)=(\frac x3,\frac y2-1,\frac z9+1)$ and $f^{-1}(0)$.

Find the map of the closed ball $B(0,1)$ of the following continuous function $$f(x,y,z)=\left(\frac x3,\frac y2-1,\frac z9+1\right)$$ and $f^{-1}(0)$. $f^{-1}$ seems quite simple, I got ...
3
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1answer
35 views

Focal length of an ellipse and related results

There are 2 questions(part of same question but I divided it into two): Q1. Prove that the length of the focal chord of the ellipse $\frac {x^2}{a^2}+\frac {y^2}{b^2}=1$ which is inclined to the ...
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1answer
37 views

Plotting 3 equidistant points on a sphere

.Hello! I'm trying to figure out how to plot with x,y,z, three points that are equidistant along the surface of a sphere from each other that are all on a horizontal axis (so y = 0) with a radius of ...
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1answer
44 views

Hyperbola / Rotated Hyperbola Intersection

I am trying to find the point where two hyperbolas intersect, that is, to find a vertex that is common to both hyperbolas. Also, note that I am only testing for a region of both hyperbolas -- only a ...
3
votes
3answers
42 views

The locus of points $z$ which satisfy $|z - k^2c| = k|z - c|$, for $k \neq 1$, is a circle

Use algebra to prove that the locus of points z which satisfy $|z - k^2c| = k|z - c|$, for $k \neq 1$ and $c = a + bi$ any fixed complex number, is a circle centre $O$. Give the radius of the circle ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Motivation for constructing $F$ s.t. $\ker(\text{curl}) \subset \text{Im}(\text{grad})$, $\ker(\text{div}) \subset \text{Im}(\text{curl})$

In 'from calculus to cohomology', we consider the space $V$ of smooth functions $U \to R^3$, with $U \subset R^3$ star-shaped (i.e. convex), and for cohomology reasons (showing $H^1(U)=H^2(U)=0$) we ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Area of surface parametrized in spherical coordinates

Suppose we have a smooth, bounded, closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ which can be parametrized by giving the distance from the origin as a function $r(\varphi,\theta)$ of spherical angles ...
3
votes
3answers
189 views

3D coordinates of circle center given three point on the circle.

Given the three coordinates $(x_1, y_1, z_1)$, $(x_2, y_2, z_2)$, $(x_3, y_3, z_3)$ defining a circle in 3D space, how to find the coordinates of the center of the circle $(x_0, y_0, z_0)$?
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2answers
28 views

Solving for unknowns in parametric equation

I have the parametric equation of a circle: $$f(u) = \langle a \cos(u) + b, a \sin(u) + c\rangle,$$ and because the equation has $3$ unknowns $a,b$ and $c$, I have been given $3$ points $p_0, p_1$, ...
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1answer
119 views

Finding the points of intersection of a circle and a line

In a test (of math in arabic language) we we're asked to find the points of intersection of a circle and a line. Their equation is given. In the test I solved system of equations made of their ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Compute the area of a parallelogram defined by a particular construction

I got stuck with this mathematical task. Can someone help me how to solve this problem? I need to find the F(area) value. It is kind of a thinking task Context The problem is extracted from a ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Calculate the distance between intersection points of tangents to a parabola

Question Tangent lines $T_1$ and $T_2$ are drawn at two points $P_1$ and $P_2$ on the parabola $y=x^2$ and they intersect at a point $P$. Another tangent line $T$ is drawn at a point between $P_1$ ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Standing at the center of a cube and walking halfway to a wall - field of vision

In my python programming class one of the bonus problems is this: Suppose you are located at the exact center of a cube. If you could look all around you in every direction, each wall of the cube ...
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1answer
49 views

Find the equation of parabola tangent to a line

I know how to find the equation of the line tangent to a parabola through a certain point. But how do I find the equation of the parabola from the point and the tangent line? For example, how do I ...
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1answer
24 views

Recurrence relation of distances between $n$-dimensional curves

I have a problem involving recurrence and euclidean distances in $n$-dimensional curves. Given the sequence of curves in $\mathbb{R}^n:$ $\{ x_{1}^2+x_{2}^2+\cdots + x_{n}^2 = 1, ...
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1answer
41 views

Calculating XY coordinates on line

I have been working on this problem for a while now and can’t figure out the solution. Hence my post on this forum. I’m trying to figure out the position of a symbol on a line. These lines are located ...
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0answers
39 views

intersecting point of two lines

The circle has R radius and and ellipse is intersecting the circle. I need to findout $x_c$ and $y_c$, which is the midpoint of the 2 intersected point of ellipse.Line 3 is the tangent of the ...
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votes
1answer
27 views

How do I approach this geometrical problem?

For a point $P=(x,y)$ write $f(P)=ax+by$. Let $f(A)=f(B)=10$. $C$ be a point not lying on the line joining $A$ and $B$. $C^{'}$ be the reflection of $C$ w.r.t. this line. If $f(C)=15$, find ...
0
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1answer
19 views

find x in coordinates given the angle

This is the problem: if the angle from the line through $(-4,2)$and $(3,-4)$ to the line through $(-4,2) (x,3)$ is arctan 37/29 find the value of $x$? Should i use this formula: $$\tan \theta= ...
0
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1answer
30 views

defining a closed curve in cartesian coordinates

I am trying to implement a track in cartesian coordinates, such that X and Y coordinates are accepted and those are linearly interpolated. The problem is, I want to include circular shapes on ...
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1answer
31 views

Coordinates of a vertex of a triangle?

Here is the problem: There is a triangle with vertices $A,B,C$ in a cartesian coordinate system, where coordinates of points $A$ and $B$ and the angle $\alpha=\measuredangle ABC$ are given. The ratio ...
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0answers
20 views

Simplest way to calculate the width of a segment of a convex shape

A convex shape $C$ is cut using a a chord. What is the width of the resulting segment? This is the length of the green thick short line in the figure below: Here is my current solution: Mark the ...
6
votes
2answers
109 views

How big is a tetrahedron?

Let $T$ be a tetrahedron with volume $vol(T)$ and edge lengths $a,b,c,d,e,f$ and let $sum(T) = a^3 + b^3 + ... + f^3$. We wish to compare $vol(T)$ with $sum(T)$. [ IMO (1961 #2 ) handles the case of ...
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0answers
37 views

Finding the point on an ellipse most distant from a given line

$\mathrm C$onsider an ellipse with the origin as its centre, i.e., of the type $$\frac {x^2} {a^2} + \frac {y^2} {b^2} = 1$$ and a line joining two points on the ellipse. $\mathrm T$he problem is to ...
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2answers
95 views

Intersection of a cone and a plane.

I need a proof that the intersection of a cone with a plane parallel to the cone's axis is a hyperbola.
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1answer
63 views

How do you 'rotate' a polynomial?

I have a polynomial equation: $$y=(-5 \times 10^{-6} \times x^3)+(0.0004 \times x^2)+(0.0582 \times x)-0.4397$$ Is it possible to "rotate" this polynomial curve (maintaining the shape) around the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Find the images of (1,0) under reflection in L?

Consider the line $$L = \{(x,y): x - 2y = 2\}$$ Find the images of $(1,0)$ under reflection in $L$? Thanks in advance.
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2answers
62 views

Indefinite integral with sector of ellipse

An ellipse is given by the following equation: $$ 152 x^2 - 300 x y + 150 y^2 - 42 x + 40 y + 3 = 0 $$ After solving for the midpoint we have: $$ 152 (x-1/2)^2 - 300 (x-1/2) (y-11/30) + 150 ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

doubt with direction angles

Is it possible for a 3D vector to be drawn with the direction angles of $\alpha=45^\circ$ and $\beta=45^\circ$ ? if yes what is measure of $\gamma^\circ$? I calculated $\cos^2(45^\circ ...
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0answers
36 views

Proof in analytic geometry using vector multiplication

Let us have a triangle $\Delta ABC$. $H$ is the intersection of heights if and only if $$ \overrightarrow{HA}\cdot \overrightarrow{HB} = \overrightarrow{HB}\cdot \overrightarrow{HC} = ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Algebraic step on a trig expressiom in linear algebra

$$W = ||V||(\cos(\varphi)\cdot \cos(\theta) - \sin(\varphi)\cdot\sin(\theta), \cos(\varphi)\cdot\sin(\theta) + \sin(\varphi)\cdot\cos(\theta))$$ $$= (v_1 \cos(\theta) - v_2 \sin(\theta), v_1 ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Find max distance from $(0,0)$ to line defined on ellipse.

I have got a following problem : $E = \{ \frac{x^2}{a^2} + \frac{y^2}{b^2} =1 \}$ $N$ - line (normal) perpendicular to E at $(x_0,y_0)$ Find max $dist(N,(0,0))$ So I am starting with attempt to ...
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2answers
48 views

Questions about elipse

Given the center of an elipse and three of its points, is this elipse completely determined? What is the easiest way to show that five points of an elipse are enough to determine the elipse?
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Find intersection points of a line with a circle, and the equation of another circle passing through those points [closed]

If the line $x=2y$ meets the circle $x^2+y^2-8x+6y-15=0$ at points $P,Q$, find the co-ordinates of $P$ and $Q$ and the equation of the circle passing through $P,Q$ and at the point $(1,1)$. Could I ...
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vote
1answer
40 views

How to find a point at a certain distance to other points on the same line

Assuming the points A(x1,y1) and B(x2,y2) and distances between AB (d1) and AC (d2) are known. How can I find the point C(xp,yp)? Actually it has a trivial solution, writing the distance equation 2 ...
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votes
2answers
46 views

Find a Cartesian Equation for the Plane Satisfying Those Properties

Find the Cartesian equation of the plan parallel to j and passes through the intersection of the planes described by the equations x + 2y + 3z = 4, and 2x + y + z = 2. I was able to get the ...
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0answers
21 views

What is the analog of the scalar triple product in two dimensions?

Is there a standard name and/or a notation for the analog of the scalar triple product in two dimensions? Namely, i am interested in the following operation: given two elements $\vec u$ and $\vec v$ ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Triangle, Circle Problem

What is the area $\triangle DEF$ ? I solved it using analityc geometry. I want to see if there is way to solve it using plane geometry. I did it: $x^2+y^2=400$ $(x+10)^2+y^2=100$ I found the ...
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0answers
20 views

Plane and symmetrical lines

I need to solve this problem (sorry for bad english) I have plane $\pi$ and line $p_1$ intersecting $\pi$ in point $P$. Then I find line $p_2$ symmetrical to line $p_1$ where $\pi$ is plane of ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Locus of intersection between $y= 8\lambda/(\lambda ^2 + 4)$ and $y =2 \lambda x/(4-\lambda^2)$

I have the equations $$y=\frac{4\lambda}{\frac{1}{2}\lambda^2+2}\quad \text{and}\quad y=\frac{\lambda x}{-\frac{1}{2}\lambda ^2 + 2}$$ each representing a line. I'm asked to find the locus of the ...
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vote
2answers
29 views

How to interpret the equation of a line in 3D through two points, when there are $0$s in the denominator? [closed]

If $A=(0,0,0)$ and $B=(1,0,0)$ are two points of a line in three dimensions, I think its equation should be $$\frac{x-0}{1}=\frac{y-0}{0}=\frac{z-0}{0}\tag1$$ according to the formula ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How to show existence of an orthogonal map?

I want to show that the following holds: Let $x,y\in \mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}$ be given and such that $\|x\|=\|y\|$. There is an orthogonal map $T$ such that $Ty=x$ (a rotation). How could one ...