Questions on the use of algebraic techniques to prove geometric theorems.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
2answers
98 views

Solving a geometric question without trigonometric tools.

$AB$ is a diameter in a circle from point $C$ outside the circle passing to intersect the circle at points $A$ and $B$. $AC$ intersects the circle at point $F$ and $BC$ intersects the circle at ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

How to create perpendicular bisector

Say we have an 0XY coordinates plane. We have coordinates of points A(xa, ya), B(xb, yb) ...
1
vote
3answers
309 views

Moments at which moving points on a circle coincide

Points A $(0,1)$ and B $(1,0)$ start moving along the circumference of a unit circle with center $(0,0)$ in the same, positive (that is, counterclockwise) direction. Every minute, points A and B ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Finding the intersection of a circle and a line

The text says: On a single set of coordinate axes, sketch the line $x+16 = 7y$ and circle $x^2+y^2-4x+2y=20$ and find their points of intersection. Hint: eliminate x algebraically and solve the ...
5
votes
1answer
465 views

How to determine if arbitrary point lies inside or outside a conic

Given the general equation of a conic $Ax^2 + Bxy + Cy^2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 $, is there a way to determine if an arbitrary point $(x_1,y_1)$ lies inside or outside of the conic (ex. parabola or ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Algebraic Compact manifold originates from a proper scheme?

If $M$ is a compact complex manifold, which is the analytification of some scheme $X$ of finite type over $\operatorname{Spec}(\mathbb{C})$, then must $X$ be proper over ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Area enclosed between half lines in polar space

I don't know if the anwser to my question is obvious because I cannot find any explanation anywhere on google. Question The blue region $R$ is bounded by the curve C with equation $r^{2} = ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Length of a line in an isosceles triangle. (mind boggling )

In an isosceles $\triangle ABC$, side $AB$ and $AC$ are equal in length. There exists a point $D$ on the side $AB$. $\angle BAC$ is $\theta$. The side $AD$ is $2$ units smaller than $AC$. What is ...
34
votes
3answers
2k views

Fascinating Lampshade Geometry

Today, I encountered a rather fascinating problem in a waiting room: Notice how the light is being cast on the wall? There is a curve that defines the boundary between light and shadow. In my ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

To find an intersection point between two planes with only the direction vector

Find the intersection between two planes $x−3y−2z = 2$ and $2x+y+3z = 1$ Solution: $(1)$$\quad n_1 \times n_2 =\langle −7,7,7\rangle =7 \langle −1,1,1\rangle$. $(2)$ To find one intersection ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

finite morphism (algebraic) vs finite morphism (analytic)

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two algebraic varieties (reduced schemes of finite type) over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. Let $X^{an}$, $Y^{an}$ and $f^{an}$ the corresponding ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

How to find the midpoint given the linear equation

Given the linear equation: $$y = 7247.5188 -2395.0376x$$ how do I find the midpoint of this line?
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Locus of centre of circle in Lambert theorem

A beautiful theorem, when three tangents to a parabola form a triangle,the focus of the parabola lies on the circumcircle of the triangle. But what is the locus of the centre of the circumcircle of ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Is there an algebraic description of the ring of analytic functions on the real projective line?

Apologies for the long question. Let $X=\mathbf P^1(\mathbf R) \subseteq \mathbf P^1(\mathbf C)$ be the real projective line. Let $\mathcal O_X$ be the sheaf of real-analytic complex-valued functions ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Vectors triangle problem.

Let D be the midpoint of the side BC of the triangle ABC Verify that: $$\vec{AD}=\tfrac12\big(\vec{AB}+\vec{AC}\big)$$
1
vote
2answers
779 views

how to calculate the angle between the tangents of the curve?

$y=(-3/2)x$ and $y=(-2/5)x$ intersect the curve $$3x^2+4xy+5y^2-4=0$$ at points $P$ and $Q$ .find the angle between tangents drawn to curve at $P$ and $Q$ .I know a very long method of finding ...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

Tangent developable of helix.

Let $T$ be union of tangent lines to helix $C=(\cos x, \sin x,x)$. 1) I want to prove that $T - C$ is a smooth manifold and find equation for $T$. 2) I want to find how many times a line can ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Find all points with whole- number's coordinates inside the area of polygon

I've got the polygon with n angles. I know the coordinates of its apexes (their coordinates are integers), but I don't know the total area of that polygon. Is there any way to count how many points ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Computer program for visualizing multivariable Calculus topics

I am an undergraduate studying multivariable Calculus. However I have difficulty visualizing concepts. In single variable calculus I can visualize stuff, for example when one talks about derivatives, ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

building a polytop from polytop and finding its volume

Let $P$ be a symmetric polytope with $M$ vertices. Suppose we subdivide this polytope into $M$ equal parts $A_i, i=1, \ldots, M$ such that each part $A_i$ correspond to one vertex, $v_i, i=1, \ldots, ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

About a/the definition of plane.

Let $P$ be a point in 3-space and consider a located vector $ \overrightarrow {0N}$. We define the plane passing through $P$ perpendicular to $ \overrightarrow {0N}$ to be the collection of all ...
2
votes
2answers
715 views

Shortest distance between parallel line and plane

I've been doing questions regarding the shortest distance between lines/planes and points , and I've come across a question asking to find the shortest distance between a line and a plane which are ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Applications of the quartic curve $x^2y^2-1=0$?

The quartic curve $x^2y^2-1=0$ is equivalent to the union of the hyperbolas $xy-1=0$ and $xy+1=0$, i.e., it's a rectangular hypobola superimposed with a copy of itself rotated by 90 degrees. Does this ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Calculating tangent on ellipse

I want to calculate the slope of the tangent at one point of an ellipse whose centre is shifted towards the coordinates $(x_c;y_c)$ and also rotated by an angle $\alpha$ around its centre. Now, I have ...
1
vote
4answers
492 views

A triangle has to find its third side.

Problem: (Euclid had a triangle in mind - I am including this line so that future googles come across this question) The triangles longest side is $20$ and another side is $10$. Its area is $80$. ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Crazy rectangles, semi-circles, and circles!

Problem is to find the ratio of the area of the circle to that of the semi-circle. Note that points $F$ and $E$ weren't given in the original diagram, and that the circle at the top-right ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Proving congruency of triangles

Question: Given $AB$ is diameter, $C$ and $D$ lie on circumference, $AB = 15cm$, $AC = 12cm$, $BD = 9cm$, find area of quadrilateral ABCD. Note that the points $O$ and $Q$ were not in the ...
0
votes
1answer
511 views

deriving formula for reflection over y=mx+b using dot product

So, I know that the formula for a generic point is $$\left(\frac{1-m^2}{1+m^2}x + \frac{2m}{1+m^2}(y-b), \left(\frac{2m}{1+m^2}\right)x - \left(\frac{1-m^2}{1+m^2}\right)(y-b)+b\right)$$ when you ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

What is a homographic solution in three body problem?

I came across Saari's homographic conjecture in Three Body problem. I need more information on what exactly is a homographic solution and how is it different from a homothetic solution?
-1
votes
1answer
64 views

Locus of the centre of a circle $\Gamma$

Let $\Gamma_1,\Gamma_2$ be two circles centred at the points $(a,0),(b,0);0<a<b$ and having radii $a,b$ respectively.Let $\Gamma$ be the circle touching $\Gamma_1$ externally and $\Gamma_2$ ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How to prove that given a line L prove that all points of a fixed distance k form two lines parallel to L

How can I prove start this?I know intuitively since they never meet they are parallel, but I don't think that is a direct proof.
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Is there a Focal Point/Area/Line of a Parabola for not perpendicular Lines

I'm not sure if this is mathematical enough for this forum, since it's my first post, but please don't be too harsh! So my question is: If the incoming lines of a Parabola come in perpendicular to ...
2
votes
1answer
243 views

Conic Sections and Complex numbers

If $\omega$ is a complex number such that |$\omega$| does not equal 1, then the complex number $$z = \omega + \frac{1}{\omega}$$ describes a conic. The distance between the foci of the conic described ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Geometric Intuition Of Partial Derivative in 2D space

$$f(x,y)=3x^2+5y^2-2x+3y+7=0\\f'x=6x-2=0\\x=\frac {1}{3}\\f'y=10y+3=0\\ y=\frac {-3}{10} \\ O(\frac {1}{3},\frac {-3}{10})$$ As you see, we've used the partial derivative to find the center point of ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Permutation Combination

Let $C = \{(i, j)|i, j \in \mathbb Z,\; 0 ≤ i, j ≤ 24\}$. How many squares can be formed in the plane all of whose vertices are in $C$ and whose sides are parallel to the X−axis and Y − axis?
0
votes
1answer
310 views

Angle bisectors for pair of lines

Suppose you have a pair of lines passing through origin, ax^2 + 2hxy +by^2 = 0, how would you find the equation of pair of angle bisectors for this pair of lines. I can do this for 2 separate lines, ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Coplanar vectors

Prove that if $$\vec{a}\times\vec{b}+\vec{b}\times\vec{c}+\vec{c}\times\vec{a}=0$$ then $\vec{a},\vec{b},\vec{c} $ are coplanars. One thing I know is that i have to get ...
1
vote
0answers
463 views

Family of circles touching a line

I found this in a book but I am not able to understand how they got this result. It goes the equation family of circles touching a given line $(y-y_1)=m(x-x_1)$ at $(x_1,y_1)$ for any value of $m$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Finding a point on a circle that has a distance L (arc length) from another point

Given the coordinates of a single point on a circle and a length of an arc $L$, how do I find the coordinates of another point? Or, to put in another form: I have the radius $r$, the length of the ...
5
votes
2answers
227 views

Applications of Stein spaces in Algebraic Geometry

I want to know where are essential applications of the theory of Stein spaces in algebraic geometry. I heard Cartan's theorem A & B were used in Serre's GAGA, but are there any other applications? ...
1
vote
2answers
10k views

Finding an equation of a circle with a given center and a tangent line.

My math homework is finding an equation of the circle. Given that the center is at (-3,-5) and tangent to the line 12x + 5y =4. I don't know how to solve this since our professor didn't teach this to ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Soft: Why does the existence of a singularity cause problems for deRham cohmology?

I've heard that if a variety has a singularity then the deRham theory has "problems". What exactly are these? Im guessing there is some sort of issue with the defintion of a differential form, but ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

Finding the equations of the lines and tangent to the circle

Find the equations of the lines through $(2,0)$ and tangent to the circle $x^2+y^2=1$. I tried to solve this and I know the right answer but I just can't solve this. The right answer: $\sqrt{3}y=x-2$ ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

How to justify the similarity of objects in mathematics form

I have developed a system to trace the outlines of (images of) objects. Now I want to test whether two independent traces represent a common feature. Imagine two people (or machines) tracing the ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Prove $(|OP|)+ |PQ|)^2 > |OQ|^2$

I did all the algebra and for some reason I'm getting 0 > $y_2^2$ which is clearly wrong. Where did I mess up at?
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Equation of line passing through a point parallel to a given line

I have the point $(2,-5)$ and an equation $y-4 = 2x$ which is a straight line. I want to make another equation from the $(2,-5)$ that is parallel to $y-4 = 2x$ and you can only do this by making the ...
0
votes
2answers
137 views

Hyperbolas - Standard Form

This is probably a simple question but if $y = \frac{1}{x}$ is a hyperbola, then how does it comply with the standard form of a hyperbola?
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Given two closed curves, when is their minkowski sum differentiable?

Suppose you are given closed curves, $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$, which define convex figures in the plane. If we take the minkowski sum of $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$, when is the resulting curve ...
4
votes
2answers
25 views

assessing linear relationships as logarithms

I am teaching myself maths. I am not sure how to approach this problem. It is assessing linear relationships of the form $y=mx+c$ as logarithms. Here I have gotten as far as taking the gradient ...
2
votes
3answers
181 views

Equilateral triangle inscribed in a ellipse

"Given any point on a ellipse, is it always possible to inscribe an equilateral triangle, with a vertex coincident with that point, in the ellipse?" I thought I could use analytical geometry, but ...