0
votes
1answer
30 views

Tangent at a singular point

I'm looking at this question If the tangent at the point $P$ with coordinates $(h, k)$ on the curve $y^2 = 2x^3$ is perpendicular to the line $4x = 3y$, find $(h, k).$ This is how I attempted it ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

Parametrization of $y^2 - x^2=1$

I have found parametrizations for the level curve $y^2-x^2=1$, however, I have a question regarding one of them. From the Pythagorean trigonometric identity $\cos^2 x + \sin^2 x =1$ we obtain ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

3D Road - Rotate around 3d curve

First of all, I'm not sure whether to post this on stackoverflow or here, but since there's some mathematics needed here (especially at the end of this question) I posted it here. I'm given a ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Willmore energy of an ellipsoid

Given an ellipsoid of equation $$\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}+\frac{z^2}{c^2}=1$$ How can I calculate the Willmore energy of this surface knowing that its definition is: ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

The intuition behind the definition of geodesics on a Riemannian manifold. (A non-technical question)

In the text I'm studying, the idea behind the definition of a geodesic on a Riemannian manifold was sketched via paths in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I have trouble understanding some aspects of it. Let $\gamma: ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

shortest distance between two points on $S^2$

Length of Curve in $2D$ is $l_{\gamma}(\mathbb{R}^2)=\int_{0}^{1}\sqrt{(dr/dt)^2+r^2(d\theta/dt)^2}$ Length of a curve in $3D$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
314 views

Length of curve in 3D spherical coordinate

let $r$ be the magnitude of a vector in 3D with Spherical co-ordinate $(r,\theta,\phi)$ and cartesian coordinates is $(x,y,z)$, whose angle with $z$ axis is $\phi$ and projection of the vector makes ...
1
vote
2answers
254 views

How can I calculate the Euclidian displacement of two places on a sphere (earth in this case ) and calculate the

I would like to get the formula on how to calculate the distance between two geographical co-ordinates on earth and heading angle relative to True North. Say from New York to New Dehli , I draw a ...
-1
votes
1answer
135 views

Length of a curve on $S^2$

$1.$ Could any one tell me what is the shortest distance between $2$ points on $S^2$? $2.$ Could any one tell me how to measure explicitly a length of a curve on the $S^2$ using polar co-ordinates? ...
5
votes
1answer
371 views

What are some isometries of $S^2$ without fixed points?

This spherical geometry question involves isometries. I am particularly looking for isometries with no fixed points.
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Tangent cone to a subset of $\mathbb{R}^3$

Well, I have the set $X=\{(x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3 | 3x^2+2x^3+y^2+z^2=1\}$ How can I calculate the tangent cone at the point $(-1,0,0)$ ? What are the standard ways to calculate the tangent cone to ...
6
votes
7answers
763 views

Detect when a point belongs to a bounding box with distances

I have a box with known bounding coordinates (latitudes and longitudes): latN, latS, lonW, lonE. I have a mystery point P with ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Parametrization of a solid

Find a parametrization $\sigma : I \subseteq \mathbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$, with $I$ a parallelepiped, of $\lbrace (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3 : |z| \leq 4x^2 + 9y^2 \leq 1 \rbrace $.
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Showing: point of polytope which maximizes the minimum distance to a vertex is a barycentre?

Let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be two regular $(n-1)$-dimensional simplices with vertices $$(t,0,\ldots,0), (0,t,\ldots, 0),\ldots, (0, 0, \ldots, t),$$ and $$(t-n+1,1,\ldots, 1), (1, t-n+1, \ldots, 1), \ldots, ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Degree of Hessian surface invariant under linear transformations?

Given a surface $V(f) \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ for a homogeneous polynomial $f$ of degree $d$ on $\mathbb{P}^n$ and a linear transformation $g \in SL(n+1)$. Is the degree of the Hessian $H_f = V(\det ...
0
votes
1answer
669 views

Find point on sphere with directional tangent vector

Say a sphere equation like this: $x^2+y^2+z^2=5$. I want to find a point on the sphere whose tangent vector is perpendicular to the vector $\begin{bmatrix} 2\\ 3\\ 4 \end{bmatrix}$. I go ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Can any smooth planar curve which is closed, be a base for a 3 dimensional cone?

A cone in 3 dimensions has a vertex and a base. The contour of the base is a circle which is a smooth closed planar curve. Can there be a more general cone which can have any smooth closed planar ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

References for the basic theory of surfaces of revolution, cylinders and cones

I'm looking for references to books were the following types of problems about finding the equation defining a surface of revolution, a cylinder or a cone are treated. These are problems that are ...
1
vote
1answer
459 views

Locus of osculation of concentric ellipses (elliptic pond ripples)

If you dropped two rocks in a pond, the concentric circles emanating from the two spots would osculate $\infty$ times. The locus of osculating points would form a line. Now imagine that instead of ...