0
votes
1answer
38 views

List of topics for basic calculus (1st,2nd,3rd semester)

I am an computer science student, currently studying in 2nd semester. Therefore my math courses are pretty weak. Although I "aced" them, I still feel I could use some extra basic calculus knowledge in ...
2
votes
3answers
61 views

The maximum from a point outside an ellipse to a ellipse.

In the $xOy$ axes, Assume there is an ellipse $$\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}=1$$, and a point $A(0,t)$ ($t$ is a constant )outside the ellipse. Assume $P$ is a point in the ellipse. Find the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Analytic geometry and calculus question

The tangent to the curve $ x^{0.5} + y^{0.5} = a^{0.5}$ ,$(a>0)$ intersects the $x$ axis in point $M_1$ , and the $y$ axis in point $M_2$. Prove that for any point on the curve $|OM_1|+|OM_2| = ...
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Analytic geometry and calculus combined question

Show that the equation for the tangent with the slope $m$, $(m≠0)$ to the parabola $y^2 = 4px$ is $y = mx + \frac{p}{m}$. How this is done? What is the method for proves of this kind?
2
votes
3answers
39 views

Analytic geometry and calculus mixed question

Find the normal equation to the graph $ y = 2x^2$, that goes through the point $ (1,0.25)$. How this is done? Im not even really sure what I'm being asked here...
0
votes
3answers
49 views

Calculus and analytic geometry question

Find the tangent of the angle in which the functions $x^3 $, and $x^2 $ intersect $(x≠0)$ . I find this question to be quite funny since the intersection point has two tangents going to it, with ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Finding the point that a normal line goes through

I have been stumped on a homework problem for quite some time and I'm hoping to get some help with it. The line from the origin to the point $(a, f(a))$ on the graph of $f(x) = \frac1{x^2}$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Concept of parallelism in analytic terms

Below I cited a passage from Apostol's Calculus. I don't understand how to use the identity to show that two lines with equal slopes are parallel. Concepts such as perpendicularity and parallelism ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Rays in fat parabolas

Let $\epsilon>0$. Let $F\subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ be the set of all points that lie at a distance less than $\epsilon$ from the curve $y=x^2$. Can $F$ contain a ray? That is, is there (for some ...
2
votes
3answers
56 views

prove that the rose (in the polar plane) has $2n$ “petals” when $n$ is even

prove that the rose $r=\cos(n\theta)$ (in the polar plane) has $2n$ "petals" when $n$ is even. How can I start this demonstration? I would appreciate your help
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Prove that $\|a\|+\|b\| + \|c\| + \|a+b+c\| \geq \|a+b\| + \|b+c\| + \|c +a\|$ in the plane.

Prove that $\|a\| + \|b\| + \|c\| + \|a+b+c\| \geq \|a+b\| + \|b+c\| + \|c +a\|$ in the plane. Gentle hints only, please! I know that attempting to decompose R.H.S. into $$\alpha a + \beta b + ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

A question of straight lines

If the straight lines $x+y-2=0$, $2x-y+1=0$ and $px+qy-r=0$ are concurrent, then what is the slope of the member of family of lines $2px+3qy+4r=0$ which is farthest from origin? I wrote the ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

How to find the points of tangency of a parabola using Calculus?

How can someone find the points of tangency of a parabola in this situation? I need to find two points of tangency so that the triangle formed by the two tangent lines at those points and the x axis ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

Proof of Aristarchus' Inequality

Does anyone know how to prove that if $0<\alpha<\beta<\frac{\pi}{2}$ then $\frac{\sin\alpha}{\alpha}>\frac{\sin\beta}{\beta}$. Any methods/techniques may be used.
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Are my answers correct? (finding intercepts, asymptotes, and extrema)

Are my answers correct? a) (0, 4/3) and (2,0) and (-2, 0) b) Horizontal asymptote: $y = 3$, Vertical asymptotes: $x = 3, x = -3$ c) Extremum is at $(0, 4/3)$, maximum.
2
votes
2answers
244 views

How to find the orthogonal trajectories of the family of all the circles through the points $(1,1)$ and $(-1,-1)$?

I'm trying to find the orthogonal trajectories of the family of circles through the points $(1,1)$ and $(-1, -1)$. Now such a family can be given by an equation of the form $$ x^2 + y^2 + 2g(x-y) - 2 ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

line parallel to plane, but not on plane.

I need to find a plane that goes through the points $A=(2,0,2)$ and $B=(4,1,0)$, that is parallel to the line? $$r(t) = (0,3,-2) + t\langle1,-1,1\rangle$$ or if you want it in parametric equations: ...
0
votes
1answer
219 views

Intersection of two planes and another plane parallel to the intersection.

I have two questions: $1)$ How can I find the line of intersection between the planes $$x+ 2y +z =4 \\ \mathrm{and} \\ 2x+y-z=5$$ $2)$ How do I find an equation for a line that goes through $A = ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

Arc Length Formulas

Use the arc length formula to find the arc length of the upper half of the circle with center at $(0,0)$ and radius $3$. Also, find the arc length of the curve in the first question by using ...
11
votes
2answers
409 views

When do equations represent the same curve?

Suppose we have two sets of parametric equations $\mathbf c_1(u) = (x_1(u), y_1(u))$ and $\mathbf c_2(v) = (x_2(v), y_2(v))$ representing two 2D planar curves. When I say "2D planar curves" I mean ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

two points on a unit sphere

Consider the two vectors to the points on the unit sphere, $${\bf v}_i=(\sin\theta_i\cos\varphi_i,\sin\theta_i\sin\varphi_i,\cos\theta_i)$$ with $i=1,2$. Use the dot product to get the angle $\psi$ ...
7
votes
4answers
142 views

closest point to on $y=1/x$ to a given point

I feel like I'm missing something basic - given a point $(a,b)$ how do I find the closest point to it on the curve $y=1/x$? I tried the direct approach of pluggin in $y=1/x$ into the distance formula ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

Find minimum distance

I came across this problem in a maths exam. I solved this by taking that a light ray passes in such a way that it takes least path. But as this was a maths exam, i was wondering if it can be solved ...
1
vote
3answers
203 views

Area Between Curves

The problem I am working on is, "In Exercises 17 and 18, find the area of the region by integrating (a) with respect to and x (b) with respect to y." The two functions: $g(y)=4-y^2$, and $f(y)=y-2$ ...
2
votes
2answers
432 views

Calculation of Area of right angled triangle - Apostol exercise 1.7 problem 2

"Prove that every right triangular region is measurable because it can be obtained as the intersection of two rectangles. Prove that every triangular region is measurable and its area is one half the ...
1
vote
2answers
212 views

Parametric Equation Problem

The problem is, "to determine any differences between the curves of the parametric equations. Are the graphs the same? Are the orientations the same? Are the curves smooth? Explain." (a) $x=t;\quad ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Restriction Of Parametric Functions Domain

The problem I am working on is, "Sketch the curve represented by the parametric equations (indicate the orientation of the curve), and write the corresponding rectangular equation by eliminating the ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Sketching A Plane Curve

The problem I am working on is, "Sketch the curve represented by the parametric equations (indicate the orientation of the curve), and write the corresponding rectangular equation by eliminating the ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

Smooth curve orthogonal to all hyperbolae $xy = a$ at points of intersection.

Suppose a smooth, connected curve $C$ in $R^2$ is orthogonal to all hyperbolae $xy = a$ whenever they coincide. I'd like to find the point(s) of intersection of $C$ with the hyperbola $xy = 16$ given ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

A function with the same slope as $b\sqrt{\frac{x^2}{a^2}-1}$ but not imaginary in [0,a]?

For some fixed $a,b \in \mathbb{R}$, $y = b\sqrt{\frac{x^2}{a^2}-1}$ is supposed to plot the boundary of an ellipse in $\left[0,a\right]$. I came up with that function but it has the defect that it ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Calculating the area of an irregular polygon

Given the length of the sides of an irregular polygon (no coordinates provided) how do you compute the area of the maximum area of the polygon? Thanks in advance
3
votes
1answer
854 views

Use Pappus' theorem to find the moment of a region limited by a semi-circunference.

This is part of self-study; I found this question in the book "The Calculus with Analytic Geometry" (Leithold). $R$ is the region limited by the semi-circumference $\sqrt{r^2 - x^2}$ and the ...
5
votes
1answer
940 views

Formula for curve parallel to a parabola

I have a simple parabola in the form $y = a + bx^2$. I would like to find the formula for a curve which is parallel to this curve by distance $c$. By parallel I mean that there is an equal distance ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Simulation of bouncing circles

I want to simulate two circles bouncing off one another. For this I am not sure what I need to calculate. I couldn't find any useful information on the internet, so I have thought long and hard about ...
5
votes
3answers
240 views

What are a , b and c?

$$y = ax^2 + bx + c$$ which is tangent at the origin with the line $y=x$, It is also tangential with the line $y=2x + 3$. Determine the function! Draw a figure! My main question is this solvable? I ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

How does Rolle's theorem apply here?

The derivation below was taken from a book on Classical Differential Geometry. It uses Rolle's theorem to find the characteristic line of a family of planes, but I don't see how it applies. Given is ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

References for the basic theory of surfaces of revolution, cylinders and cones

I'm looking for references to books were the following types of problems about finding the equation defining a surface of revolution, a cylinder or a cone are treated. These are problems that are ...
5
votes
2answers
550 views

Find equation of quadratic when given tangents?

I know the equations of 4 lines which are tangents to a quadratic: $y=2x-10$ $y=x-4$ $y=-x-4$ $y=-2x-10$ If I know that all of these equations are tangents, how do I find the equation of the ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Calculating gradient of a line: how do you know which way to order the points?

Very simple question but I keep getting this wrong! If you have two points e.g. A$(13, 6$) & B$(11, 12)$, Using the gradient formula $m = (y_2 - y_1)/(x_2 - x_1)$ how do you know which of A or B ...
1
vote
1answer
360 views

Equation for calculating the volume of liquid in an ellipsoid

I am looking for an equation to calculate the volume of liquid in an underground tank based on a depth reading. The tank is an ellipsoid shape with the following dimensions: ...
1
vote
5answers
5k views

Horizontal tank with hemispherical ends depth to capacity calculation

I am trying to find an accurate way of calculating the capacity of an underground tank at a given depth. The tank manufacturer has provided a strapping table for the tank which tells me the capacity ...
1
vote
1answer
460 views

Locus of osculation of concentric ellipses (elliptic pond ripples)

If you dropped two rocks in a pond, the concentric circles emanating from the two spots would osculate $\infty$ times. The locus of osculating points would form a line. Now imagine that instead of ...
5
votes
2answers
692 views

Tractrix-like curves

Is there a common name for curves, obtained from dragging a point along another curve, similar to how tractrix is obtained by dragging a point along a line? What is a parametric equation of such ...