0
votes
2answers
70 views

How to show that a regular pentagon can't have all coordinates rational

This is pretty straightforward if we're allowed to use trigonometry, so I guess my question is Are there any nice (trigonometry-less) proofs of the fact that a regular pentagon in the plane must ...
11
votes
2answers
433 views

When do equations represent the same curve?

Suppose we have two sets of parametric equations $\mathbf c_1(u) = (x_1(u), y_1(u))$ and $\mathbf c_2(v) = (x_2(v), y_2(v))$ representing two 2D planar curves. When I say "2D planar curves" I mean ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Degree of Hessian surface invariant under linear transformations?

Given a surface $V(f) \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ for a homogeneous polynomial $f$ of degree $d$ on $\mathbb{P}^n$ and a linear transformation $g \in SL(n+1)$. Is the degree of the Hessian $H_f = V(\det ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

What is wrong with this proof that isometries must be surjective?

Let $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^2$ be an isometry. Suppose $\phi$ is not surjective, that is there exists some $v \in \mathbb{R}^2$ whose fiber $\phi^{-1}(v)$ is empty. Then by the ...
4
votes
3answers
462 views

The elementary coordinate geometry of polynomials? Of rational expressions? Of radicals?

With a few colleagues, we're trying to design an (intermediate) algebra course (US terminology) where we stress the interplay between algebra and geometry. The algebraic topics we would like to cover ...