Questions on the use of algebraic techniques to prove geometric theorems.

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2
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2answers
34 views

Analytic Geometry: One sheeted hyperboloid

Good afternoon! I have a question about analytic geometry. I don't actually know if the answer is quite simple, and I missed something while revising, or if it is actually more complicated than I ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Determination of a volume.

Consider, in the Cartesian plane, the square Q having vertices in the points $(-1, 0), (1, 0), (0, -1)$, and $(0, 1)$. The sections of a solid with planes orthogonal to $y=0$ are squares having two ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Rotation around a line which is determined by two points in 3D space

If we have three points like $A(x_1,y_1,z_1)$, $B(x_2,y_2,z_2)$ and $C(a,b,c)$. Then, $A$ and $B$ determines a line like $l$. After that, we rotate $C$ around $l$ by $\omega$ degree (anti-clockwise). ...
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0answers
26 views

A book on analytic geometry

It's easy to find good recommendation for books here for any subject other than analytic geometry ,therefore I'd like to ask for any suggestion of analytic geometry books ,the only charactrestic I'm ...
1
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0answers
28 views

A variational strategy for finding a family of curves?

In a recent question, I asked for examples of families of distinct smooth curves with fixed area and perimeter (which for this question I will dub as doubly-isometric). That wording allows $C^1$ ...
0
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3answers
66 views

Equation of rectangle

I need equation of a rectangle on the Cartesian coordinate system. Is there an equation for a rectangle? for example equation of ellipse is $$\frac{x^2}{a^2} + \frac{y^2}{b^2} = 1$$
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1answer
24 views

Given that the graph of $f$ passes through the point $(1, 6)$ and that the slope of its tangent line at $(x, f(x))$ is $2x + 1$, find $f(2)$.

As in the title - we assume that the graph of $f$ passes through $(1,6)$ (i.e. $f(1) = 6$) and that the slope of its tangent line at $(x, f(x))$ is $2x + 1$ and we are asked to find $f(2)$. How does ...
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1answer
18 views

What is the basic idea of homogenisation of an equation?

I do get that when you are homogenising it makes it in an equation of pair of straight lines passing through origin but what is its actual point and its applications?
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1answer
34 views

Lines joining origin to points of intersection of two conics

If the lines joining origin and point of intersection of curves $$ax^2+2hxy+by^2+2gx=0$$ and $$a_1x^2+2h_1xy+b_1y^2+2g_1x=0$$ are mutually perpendicular, then prove that $$g(a_1+b_1)=g_1(a+b)$$ How ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Coordinate Geometry of circles; Radical Axis question

If one of the diameters of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x-6y+6=0$ is a chord to the circle with center at $(2, 1)$, then the radius of the second circle is? Apparently the solution is $3$, with the ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Help with simple rotation on an x,y plane

I'm a programmer, with too little background in mathematics, and I am currently faced with the challenge of rotating an object on a 2 axis plane. Something that is hopefully quite easy for you guys. ...
2
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2answers
35 views

Calculus III: Find the points of the curve…

I have to find the points of the curve $$r\left( t \right) =\left( t,{ t }^{ 2 },{ t }^{ 3 } \right) $$ where the osculating plane passes through the point $\left( 2,-\frac { 1 }{ 3 } ,-6 \right)$.
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1answer
12 views

Coordinates rotation and function change

In the Cartesian coordinates $(x,y)$, I have a vector function $\bar{f}(x)=\hat{x}A\cos(yk)$, where $A$ and $k$ are constants. I make now a 45 degrees rotation (in the same plane) to the new set of ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Three planar vectors $x,y,z$ such that $x$ is orthogonal to $y + z$ and $z$

Let $x$ be a non-zero vector, orthogonal to vectors $y + z$ and $z$, with $x, y, z \in \mathbb R^2$. Prove that $y$, $y - z$ and $z - y$ are orthogonal to $x$ and parallel to $z$. To prove they ...
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0answers
41 views

intersection of a line and plane on a 3-sphere

Suppose I have two 4D points, $\mathbf{a}=(a_1,a_2,a_3,a_4)$ and $\mathbf{b}=(b_1,b_2,b_3,b_4)$, that both lie on a unit 3-sphere (i.e. unit distance from origin). In addition, I have a 2-D plane that ...
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4answers
173 views
+50

Constructing a family of distinct curves with identical area and perimeter

Two recent questions were posed by Arjuba [1] [2] asking for counter-examples regarding whether two different figures could have the same perimeter and area. Responders quickly raised a number of such ...
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3answers
33 views

Doubts on locus and its equation

"Find the equation to the locus of a point which is collinear with points $M(a,0)$ and $N(0,b)$." The answer is $- x/a + y/b$. How I tried to find the solution: $P$ is a point whose assigned ...
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1answer
12 views

Equation of a line with a positive gradient [closed]

Two straight lines passing through the point (0,2) are tangent to the graph of the function y=1-x^2. Find the equation of the line with a positive gradient.
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2answers
43 views

Determine the matrix of the reflections in the fol­lowing plane in $\Bbb R^3$. [closed]

$2x_1-2x_2-x_3= 0$ How would I go about approaching this problem?
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Parametric formula for figure 8 mobius strip

I'm making 3D prints with Mathematica, and am interested in a parametric formula for a mobius strip that is in the form of a figure 8, rather than simply a circle with a twist in it. Can someone help ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Equation for the length of a chord parallel to either the minor or major axis in an ellipse

I am looking for a way to compute the length of any chord parallel to the minor (or major) axis of an ellipse. In all cases I know the lengths of both axes, and the distance between the chord and axis ...
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0answers
4 views

Find gap coordinates to connectable reference Rectangle

Sorry for my english. This is my first question. I need to find gap coordinates of items to reference object programmaticly. Item positions can be changed. How can i do this with an efficent way? ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Line not intersecting circle, maximum value of expression involving radius

If line $y+x=2$ do not intersect any member of circles $x^2 + y^2 -ax = 0$ at two distinct points where a is parameter, then maximum value of $|a + 4|$. My try: Since the line does not intersect ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Straight Lines co ordinate geometry

At what angle with the line x+y=4, a line through (1,2) be drawn so that the distance between the point of intersection of the lines and the point (1,2) is 6/(root 3)?
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3answers
67 views

getting the slopes of the sides of an equilateral triangle given 2 points

I want to get the slopes of an equilateral triangle given the 2 vertices. Let's say they are (0, 0) and (5, 5). Graphing this would give 2 triangles forming a diamond. I tried to use distance formula ...
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2answers
46 views

How to parameterize the maximum of a function?

$f(x) := -4(\frac{1}{2}-x)^2+1$ Is it possible to construct a parameterized version of $f$, say $f_a$, which fulfills: $f_a(0) = f_a(1) = 0$ $f_a(a) = 1$ $f_a'(x) = 0 \Leftrightarrow x=a$ $f_a''(a) ...
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3answers
67 views

Curiosity about Kronecker's Delta?

My professor gave this subject in the class (analytic geometry) and I thought it was very complicated, then I just decided to open Wikipedia entry on Kronecker's Delta and discovered it is quite ...
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2answers
103 views

Omitting $i$ in calculations

Is it possible in various calculations related to the complex plane which also include analytic geometry , calculating distances etc, to omit $i$ and treat the imaginary axis as simply the cartesian ...
5
votes
3answers
204 views

Calculate the distance from a point to a line

Por favor, alguém me ajude com essa questão de Geometria: Please, can someone help me with this geometry question? Given the point $A(3,4,-2)$ and the line $$r:\left\{\begin{array}{l} x = 1 + t ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

transform line and point in 3d and 2d space [closed]

I have a line which is described with two point and I know (x0,y0,z0) and (x1,y1,z1). After that I transform it to 2d space dividing with -z0 and -z1 values. Problem is that if I know (a,b) how can ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Central angle of an ellipse

If I have an ellipse centered at the origin and know the length of $a$ and $b$ and was given the length of an arc, how can I find the angle that is between the two radius from the center of the ...
0
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1answer
16 views

Preserving incidence relation proof

How can one prove via analytic method that projective map preserves incidence relation?
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0answers
23 views

normalized mean curvature flow with convex initial hypersurface has finite velocity

I can't understand the prove in [Xi-Ping Zhu] Lectures on mean curvature flows. The statement as follow. Lemma 3.5 (page 32) There exists a positive constant $C$ such that ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Line parallel to plane

See if the line e is parallel with to the plane $α$. If not, find the intersecting point. $$\begin{align} α: & \quad \quad x-3y+z+1=0 \\ e: & \quad \{x+y-z=3, 2x-y-4z=3\} \end{align}$$
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Equation of parabola, tangent at vertex [closed]

Two tangents on a parabola are $x-y=0$ and $x+y=0$. If $(2,3)$ is the focus of the parabola, then find the equation of tangent at the vertex. Thanks. My thoughts: Can't figure out anything :(
0
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1answer
19 views

Determine Center Point based on 2 separate elipses

First timer here. I've been digging back into my good old maths days but am extremely rusty (beyond belief). I got a really tricky question that i want to determine formula for so that my mate can ...
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votes
4answers
52 views

Find the line through $(-1,4)$ for which the distance to $(6,3)$ is 5

This is the question: Find the line through $(-1,4)$ for which the distance to $(6,3)$ is $5$ The answer is: $y-4=-4/3(x+1)$ and $y-4=3/4(x+1)$ I do not know how to get this answer. ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Definition of (hyper)planes

I know the definition of a plane to be: $(r-r_0)\cdot n = 0$ where $n$ is the vector perpendicular to the plane, $r$ the vector to a given point and $r_0$ the vectors to the points which constitute ...
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4answers
24 views

Showing that a circle is “tangent” to the $x$-axis if and only if $\left|k\right| = r$.

The problem is this: to show that a circle of radius $r$ and center $(h, k)$ intersects the $x$-axis at exactly one point if and only if $\left|k\right| = r$. Using geometrical intuition, this ...
7
votes
3answers
481 views

Can asymptotes be curved?

When I was first introduced to the idea of an asymptote, I was taught about horizontal asymptotes (of form $y=a$) and vertical ones ( of form $x=b$). I was then shown oblique asymptotes-- slanted ...
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votes
0answers
20 views

Find the properties of a tilted, off-center ellipse from its general equation

I have an ellipse with this general formula: $$0.00228797 x^2+0.00138781 x y-0.281261 x+0.00209387 y^2-0.832702 y-1.43328=0$$ I want to find out about its center (h,k), axis half-lengths (a,b) and ...
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1answer
77 views

How can I convert the following parametric equation to cartesian equation?

\begin{align} x&=\left(1 + \frac{1}{\,\sqrt{\,2t^{2} - 4t + 4\,}\,}\right)t\ -\ 2 \\[3mm] y&=\left(1 - \frac{1}{\,\sqrt{\,2t^{2} - 4t + 4\,}\,}\right)t\ +\ \frac{2}{\,\sqrt{\,2t^{2} - 4t + ...
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0answers
22 views

How can I find the volume of this prism and points B, C, D and F?

In the triangular prism, A = (0, -1, 1), E = (0, -3, 0). C and D belong to line s: x - 1 = y = y - z. How can I find the prism's volume and the coordinates of B, C, D and F points?
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3answers
39 views

Find a specific vector equation of a line that divides a angle in half.

I've been studying a little geometry on my own, and I just recently stumbled on this problem, that I'm unable to answer: Given the points A=(2,-1), B=(5,4) and C=(-7,8), find a vector equation of a ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Doubt on locus of a median point

I'm learning about geometric locus and ain't had an good time, I'm struggling with this problem: By the way, any study resource on geometric locus is welcome! Given an segment $AB$ formed by points ...
1
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1answer
31 views

finding a point of intersection

I need to find a point on the $y-axis$ so the tangents from that point to circles: $(x-6)^2+(y-3)^2=16$, $(x-4)^2+(y-6)^2=5$ are equal in length. I tried to use $(x-a)(x_1-a)+(y-b)(y_1-b)$ but it ...
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1answer
23 views

The number of points in the rectangle which lie on the curve $y^2=x+\sin x$ and at which the tangent to the curve is parallel to the $X-$axis

The number of points in the rectangle : $\{(x,y)|-10\le x\le10$ and $-3\le y\le3\}$ which lie on the curve $y^2=x+\sin x$ and at which the tangent to the curve is parallel to the $X-$axis, is A) $0$ ...
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3answers
24 views

Analytic geometry - Mutual tangent for circle and ellipse

The problem I'm trying to solve is : Given a circle of equation $x^2+y^2=4$ ,an ellipse of equation $2x^2+5y^2=10$ and their mutual tangent whose equation is $y=kx+n$, determine $k^2+n^2$. I would ...
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vote
1answer
26 views

Equation of pair of reflected straight lines given the equation of pair of incident straight lines

If $ax^2 + 2bxy + by^2 = 0$ represents a pair of lines, then find the combined equation of lines that can be obtained by reflecting these lines about the x-axis. I know that this can be done by ...
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vote
2answers
53 views

Locus of vertex of triangle moving inside circle

A right triangle with sides $3,4$ and $5$ lies inside the circle $2x^2+2y^2=25$. The triangle is moved inside the circle in such a way that its hypotenuse always forms a chord of the circle. The locus ...