Mathematical analysis. Consider a more specific tag instead: (real-analysis), (complex-analysis), (functional-analysis), (fourier-analysis), (measure-theory), (calculus-of-variations), etc. For data analysis, use (data-analysis).

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11
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240 views

On the Constant Rank Theorem and the Frobenius Theorem for differential equations.

Recently I was reading chapter $4$ (p. $60$) of The Implicit Function Theorem: History, Theorem, and Applications (By Steven George Krantz, Harold R. Parks) on proof's of the equivalence of the ...
9
votes
0answers
112 views

Notions of stability for differential equations

Consider a system of differential equations $$\dot{x} = f(x,u)$$ $$y = h(x,u)$$ where $x(t), u(t)$ are vectors in some $\mathbb{R}^n$. We define the infinity norm of a function in more-or-less in the ...
9
votes
0answers
167 views

Gradient Estimate - Question about Inequality vs. Equality sign in one part

$\DeclareMathOperator{\diam}{diam}\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\lVert#1\rVert}\newcommand{\abs}[1]{\lvert#1\rvert}$For $u \in C^{1}(\overline{\Omega})$, for $\Omega\subset \subset \mathbb{R^{n}}$ a bounded ...
9
votes
0answers
760 views

Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions for the Fredholm integral operator $K(g) = \int_0^1 e^{x t} g(t) dt$.

I would like to compute the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions for the Fredholm integral operator $$K(g) = \int_0^1 e^{xt} g(t) dt.$$ The sources I've checked* seem to say that the process is fairly ...
9
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545 views

Cauchy-Formula for Repeated Lebesgue-Integration

Recently, I came across the following statements. They were annotated as consequences of Fubini's Theorem but neither proof nor reference were given. Let $f:[a,b]\times [a,b]\to\mathbb{R}$ be ...
8
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275 views

norm of a singular integral operator

My question is from Harmonic Analysis, about the study of singular kernels (in the Calderon Zygmund sense.) Suppose that a kernel $K$ is a singular kernel, extending to a bounded operator on $L^p$, ...
8
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279 views

How much time is reasonable to complete baby Rudin?

I've been teaching myself math for more than a year. My current aim is towards algebraic topology and differential geometry. Apart from a messy (by which i mean some rigorous and some not) ...
8
votes
0answers
449 views

Complicated exercise on ODE

I have this exercise extracted from a examination of qualitative theory of ODE (in which we study the existence and uniqueness of solutions, and stability using the function of Lyapunov) I don't know ...
8
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0answers
603 views

Errata for Dieudonné's Treatise on Analysis volume 2 second edition

I was looking again at the beautiful and quite complete work of Dieudonné, his Treatise of Analysis, to refresh my memory about some aspects of classical analysis. I especially love this Treatise for ...
8
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0answers
209 views

Is there a closed form solution of $f(x)^2+(g*f)(x)+h(x)=0$ for $f(x)$?

When $g(x)$ and $h(x)$ are given functions, can $f(x)^2+(g*f)(x)+h(x)=0$ be solved for $f(x)$ in closed form (at least with some restrictions to $g,h$)? (The $*$ is not a typo, it really means ...
7
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76 views

Showing L infinity norm bounded by L2 norm on a manifold

I have the following problem that I'm working on: Suppose $(M, g_{ij})$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Assume $u$ is a smooth, nonnegative function which satisfies the differential inequality ...
7
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122 views

Product of the first n cyclotomic polynomials.

Let $$F_n(\alpha) = \prod_{k = 1}^n \Phi_k(e(\alpha))$$ where $e(\alpha) = e^{2\pi i\alpha}$ It is clear that $F_n(\alpha) = 0$ iff $\alpha = \frac{a}{q}$ for relatively prime $a, q$ s.t. $q \le n$. ...
7
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157 views

Fixed point of a shrinking map. Proof.

Could you please verify my proof? Let $f:X \to X$ be a shrinking map on a compact metric space $(X,d)$. In other words: $d(f(x),f(y)) < d(x,y)$ for all $x,y \in X$. Prove: $f$ has a unique ...
7
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159 views

$W^{1,p} $ and $W^{2,p}$ Estimates.

In the beginning of section 4 in here the author says that one can easily adapt the methods in the preceding section to obtain $W^{1,p}$ estimate. I'm trying to do this. I think the following: the ...
7
votes
0answers
268 views

How can we prove a simple case of the High Indices Theorem?

Let $(a_n)$ be a sequence of real numbers such that $$f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n x^{2^n}$$ converges for $|x| < 1$ and $f(x)$ converges to $a$ as $x \to 1^{-}$. Then I have to prove that $\sum ...
6
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0answers
99 views

Can we find this infinite root in term of elementary function?

Let $f(x)=\left(x+f(x+1)\right)^\frac{1}{x}$. What is the value of $f(2)$ ? More precisely, how to find the value of $$\sqrt{2+\sqrt[3]{3+\sqrt[4]{4+\cdots}}}~?$$ Thank you.
6
votes
0answers
52 views

Higher Order Derivative Proof .

I would appreciate if someone could check over my proof for this question and advise me if it is correct. My attempt so far; Now as $f$ is k times differentiable , it taylor series about $x_{0}$ ...
6
votes
0answers
76 views

Does the Cantor set contain any irrational algebraic numbers?

I've been trying to characterise the irrationals in the Cantor set $\mathcal{C}$ and this is proving to be surprisingly difficult. In particular I am trying to investigate whether $\mathcal{C}$ ...
6
votes
0answers
63 views

Geometric interpretation of Euler's identity for homogeneous functions

A function $f: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is called homogeneous of degree $d \geq 0$ if $$f(\lambda x_1, \ldots, \lambda x_n ) = \lambda^d f(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$$ Differentiating both sides ...
6
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0answers
119 views

Prove $\ell_1$ is complete

I try to prove that $\ell_1$, the space of absolutely convergent sequences in $\mathbb{C}$ with norm $\| x \| = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} |x_k|$, is complete. I already proved that, if $\{ x_n \}$ is a ...
6
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0answers
99 views

References on the Nash-Moser Implicit Function Theorem

To learn, the Nash-Moser implicit function theorem, I tried with Hamilton (1982) The Inverse Function Theorem of Nash and Moser. But, the article is very encyclopedic. I have a background in ...
6
votes
0answers
387 views

On the weak and strong convergence of an iterative sequence

I have some difficulties in the following problem. I would like to thank for all kind help and construction. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional real Hilbert space and $F: H\rightarrow H$ be a ...
6
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0answers
158 views

Prime numbers, analysis of polylogarithms

Can any interesting results concering prime numbers be obtained using the analytic properties of the polylogarithm, similar to how analytic methods are used on the zeta function to obtain results ...
6
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208 views

Integral of a gaussian function of trigonometric functions

I need help with the analytical solution of this integral: ...
6
votes
0answers
193 views

Convergence of indicator functions in $L^2[0,1]$ when $m(\limsup(E_n)\setminus \liminf(E_n)) = 0$

I am trying to solve a qualifying exam problem. I would like to know what can be said about the convergence of the indicator functions $I_{E_k}$ in $L^2[0, 1]$ when it's known that $m(\limsup ...
6
votes
0answers
86 views

Prove that (M,+,*) is a field

Prove that the multiplication $*:M \times M \to M$ defined by this table: * | 0 1 -------- 0 | 0 0 1 | 0 1 together with the commutative group (M,+), is a field (M,+,*). Group axioms: 1) ...
6
votes
0answers
210 views

Characterize the continuous functions with finite right-hand derivative for at least one point of $[0, 1]$

Let $(E,d_\infty)$ the metric space of continuous functions defined on $ [0,1] $, with $$ d_\infty(f,g)=\sup\{ |f(x) - g(x)| : x\in [0,1] \}. $$ For all $ n\in \mathbb{N} $ let $$ F_n = \{ f: \exists ...
6
votes
0answers
588 views

Nasty Integral - Closed form solution?

Any suggestions on how to integrate this beast?: $$\int_0^{\omega_t}\int_{\omega_t}^f\sin^2(\omega_{12}/2)\sin^2(\omega_{23}/2)d\omega_{23}d\omega_{12}$$ where: $f = 2\pi+2\tan^{-1}(y,x)$ $y = ...
5
votes
0answers
135 views

Why is the derivative of the translates of a measure measurable?

Let G be a topological group and X a measure space. Let $G \times X \rightarrow X$ be a measurable group action, $\mu$ a $\sigma$-finite measure on $X$, and $g\mu$ (for any $g \in G$) the measure ...
5
votes
0answers
94 views

Solve PDE by getting two ODEs

My goal is to solve this PDE for $f:[-1,1] \times \mathbb{R}_{\ge 0}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ $$ \partial_t f(x,t) = -\partial_x^2 f(x,t) + g(t)V(x)f(x,t).$$ I would consider this PDE to be solved if ...
5
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0answers
178 views

The Stable Manifold Theorem Applications

Definition: Let $\phi_t(x)$ be the flow of the nonlinear system $x'=f(x)$. The global stable manifold of $x'=f(x)$ at $0$ is defined by: $$W^s(0)=\bigcup_{t\leq 0}\phi_t(S)$$ Where $S$ is a ...
5
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93 views

$f$ continuous nowhere implies $f$ not Riemann integrable

I am trying to prove the statement in the title, without using the theorem which says that the set of discontinuities of a Riemann integrable function must have measure $0$. I am aware that similar ...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

Showing some complicated integral expression is bounded

In my research, I come across some expression I need to bound. I wish to show that the following integral is bounded in $t$ and $x$, i.e. the following supremum is finite: $$\sup_{t,x\in ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

Gradient on Sobolev spaces

Suppose I have a function $\Phi \in L_p(\Omega)$ and $\nabla\Phi \in W^{-\alpha}_p(\Omega)$, $1<p<\infty$ and where $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded domain. Can I conclude that $\Phi\in ...
5
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0answers
106 views

Uniqueness solutions of $dx/dt = f^2(x) + e^{-t}$.

Someone can help me in the following problem? Is a question of Zhang. Let $f(x)$ be continuous for $x \in \mathbb{R}$, show that $dx/dt = f^2(x) + e^{-t}$ has the property of uniqueness of ...
5
votes
0answers
105 views

How can I show it?

Let $f$ be an absolute continuous function in $(0, 1)$ and satisfies $$ |f(x+h)+f(x-h)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const}\frac{|h|}{(\log\frac{1}{|h|})^{\gamma}} , $$ where $\gamma \in (0, 1)$ and $|h|$- is ...
5
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0answers
144 views

Dyadic approach to Marcinkiewicz interpolation for Lorentz Spaces

In Exercise 21 , in a note for professor Terrence Tao on his own blog http://terrytao.wordpress.com/2009/03/30/245c-notes-1-interpolation-of-lp-spaces/ Exercise 21 Suppose we are in the ...
5
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0answers
108 views

Fractal dimension of Gaussian white noise is infinite?

I read in this paper that the fractal dimension of Gaussian white noise is infinite. The paper does not prove it nor give a reference to support it. I failed to find a reference from online searching. ...
5
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0answers
66 views

A problem about Cantor set and found when learning dynamical systems.

Consider the family of functions F(x)=$x^3 -\alpha$x, for $\alpha \gt 0$ Prove that if $\alpha$ is sufficiently large, then the set of points |$F^n(x)$| which do not tend to infinity is a Cantor ...
5
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0answers
78 views

Existence of smooth extension of a function defined on a closed interval

Suppose $ f: [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a function such that derivatives of all orders exist ( at the end points of the interval the appropriate one-sided derivatives exist) and are continuous $ ...
5
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102 views

Do there exist solutions for this equation?

We know that solutions exist for equations of the following variety: $$ye^y=x \iff y=W(x)$$ Where W is the Lambert W function. We can augment the problem slightly, and ask if there exist solutions ...
5
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189 views

Dual and completion of metric spaces

Say we have a metric space $(M,d)$, and we want to complete it in the following sense: Definition: A completion of $(M,d)$ is a complete metric space $(\widetilde{M},d')$ together with a Lipschitz ...
5
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0answers
231 views

Open Problem in Fixed Point Theory [Prize]

This open problem appeared on the bulletins of Evans Hall at Berkeley this week. I hope this doesn't violate StackExchange policy (the solution carries a $500 prize), but I thought why not re-post ...
5
votes
0answers
144 views

Operator completly continuous

For $\lambda>0$, let $v(t)=\lambda \phi(t)$. Consider the BVP consisting of the equation $$u'''=\lambda[f(t,[u-v]^*+\gamma)+M(t)] ,t\in (0,1)$$ and (BC):$u(0)=u'(p)=\int_q^1 w(s)u''(s)=0 ...
5
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0answers
73 views

$M$ is compact, non-empty, perfect, and $M \cong M \times M$. Must $M$ be homeomorphic to the Cantor set, the Hilbert cube, or some combination?

Assume that $M$ is compact, non-empty, perfect, and homeomorphic to its Cartesian square, $M \cong M \times M$. Must $M$ be homeomorphic to the Cantor set, the Hilbert cube, or some combination of ...
5
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0answers
374 views

The Cantor Space as $\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ and as $[0,1]$.

The Cantor-Space is defined as the space of all infinite binary sequences, i.e. the space $\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$. It has a natural metric, $$ d(x,y) = \inf\{ 2^{-|w|} : w \in pref(x) \cap pref(y) \} ...
5
votes
0answers
112 views

Is this function in the Sobolev space $H^{2,-s}(\mathbb{R}^3)$?

I have the function $$f(x)=\frac{e^{iz|x-y|}}{4\pi|x-y|}$$ with $y\in\mathbb{R}^3$ and $\Im z>0$. Let $s>\frac{1}{2}$. Clearly it is not in $H^{2,-s}(\mathbb{R}^3)$ for the singularity of order ...
5
votes
0answers
92 views

Can we do some scaling argument in the presence of inhomogeneous norms?

Notation: $B^n_R$ stands for the ball of radius $R$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. $\hat{f}$ stands for the Fourier transform of $f$. Question. The following inequality holds true for all $f\in ...
5
votes
0answers
134 views

Linear algebra estimates

Here is something that has been troubleing me lately. I don't know if it is true of not. I suspect it is. Suppose that $A,B$ are two $n \times n$ matrices with complex entries. $A^t = A$, $\bar B^t = ...
5
votes
0answers
127 views

derivative and cut off functions

Is there any way of constuct a cut off function which is $1$ in $B(0,\epsilon)$ and zero outside the ball $B(0,2\epsilon)$ and it's first and second derivative is smaller than $1/|x|^a$ , with ...