Mathematical analysis. Consider a more specific tag instead: (real-analysis), (complex-analysis), (functional-analysis), (fourier-analysis), (measure-theory), (calculus-of-variations), etc. For data analysis, use (data-analysis).

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12
votes
3answers
249 views

Is there an algebra of summable series?

Let $D$ denote a divergent series and let $C$ denote a convergent series. Furthermore, let $s : \{ Series \} \to \{ numbers \} $ be a regular, linear divergent series operator, which is either one of ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Non-convex constraint made cost

Consider the non-convex optimization problem $$ \min_{x \in X} \ f(x) \quad \text{s.t.:} \ \ g(x) \leq 0, \ h(x) = 0 $$ where $X \subset \mathbb{R}^{2n}$ is compact and convex, $f$ and $g$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

line integrals and partial derivatives statement (Green's theorem application)

Let $P(x,y),Q(x,y)$ be $C^1$ functions of $\mathbb R^2$, prove that the following statements are equivalent: (1) $P_x-Q_y=0$ and $P_y+Q_x=0$ (2) For every simple closed curve $C$, it is satisfied ...
0
votes
3answers
40 views

Is this positive term series convergent?

My series is: $\frac{1}{1+2^{-1}}\ +\frac{1}{1+2^{-2}}\ +\ldots$ I see my $nth$ term is $\frac{1}{1+2^{-n}}$ How do I test for its convergence?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

From $\left\lVert \sup_{M>M_0} \left| \sum_{k=M_0}^M f_k \right| \right\lVert_2 < \epsilon$ show convergence a.e. of the series.

I'm having trouble with the following 'qual' problem. For one, I don't know what to make of the absolute value inside the $L^2$-norm. In short, I just don't have any intuition for it. And I don't ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Test for convergence of positive term series

$$\frac{2}{1^p}\ + \frac{3}{2^p}\ + \frac{4}{3^p}\ +\ldots\,.$$ I can see that the $nth$ term is $\frac{n+1}{n^p}$ How do I test for its convergence?
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Mixed partial derivatives are different

Let $f: \Bbb R^2 \to \Bbb R$ be defined as $$f(x) = \left\{ \begin{matrix} x_1^2 \operatorname{arctan} \left( \frac{x_2}{x_1} \right) - x_2^2 \operatorname{arctan} \left( \frac{x_1}{x_2} \right), ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Lipschitz constants of projections

Consider two compact sets $A, B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$. Assume that the projection mappings $P_A: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow A$, $P_B : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow B$ have Lipschitz constant $1$ and $L$, ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

estimation of an integration?

How to integrate the following expression, given $\int \rho(x)dx=M>0$, $\rho\geq 0$, and $\omega$ is a function? \begin{equation} \int \frac{x_1y_2-x_2y_1}{2\pi|x-y|^2}\rho(x)\omega(y)dxdy ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

How can I know the time difference between two cities by knowing the distance between them and earth speed?

Well I know that's the earth speed is: $v=1669.756481\frac{km}{h}$ and I have two cities Moscow and NewYork the distance between them is: $d=7518.92$ $km$ Actually I know that's : ...
17
votes
3answers
365 views

How prove that $\lim\limits_{x\to+\infty}f(x)=\lim\limits_{x\to+\infty}f'(x)=0$ if $\lim\limits_{x\to+\infty}([f'(x)]^2+f^3(x))=0$?

Question: Let $f$ be differentiable on $[0,+\infty)$, such as$$\lim_{x\to+\infty}\left([f'(x)]^2+f^3(x)\right)=0$$show that $$\lim_{x\to\infty}f(x)=\lim_{x\to\infty}f'(x)=0$$ I think this ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Equivalent optimization problems?

I am wondering if the set of optimizers of the problem $$ \min_{x \in X} \ f(x) \quad \text{subject to: } g(x) \leq 0, \ h(x) = 1 $$ is the same of the one of $$ \min_{x \in X} \ f(x) + h(x) \quad ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

is the upper limit projection Borel

Let $M$ space metric compact, $\pi:M\times\mathbb{R}^k\rightarrow M$ projection such that $\pi(x,y)=x$. Let $f_n:M\times\mathbb{R}^k\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ continuous and ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Projection of a set $G_\delta$

The canonical projection $\pi:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $\pi(x,y)=x$ maps $G_\delta$ sets to Borel sets? i.e. If $A=\cap_n^\infty A_n$ with $A_n$ open sets, then $\pi(A)$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Show that for any $g \in L_{p'}(E)$, where $p'$ is the conjugate of $p$, $\lim_{k \rightarrow \infty}\int_Ef_k(x)g(x)dx = \int_Ef(x)g(x)dx$

Let $1 < p < \infty, f_k \in L_p(E), k = 1, 2, ..., $ and $\lim_{k \rightarrow \infty}f_k(x) = f(x)$ a.e., $\sup_{1 \leq k<\infty}||f_k||_p \leq M$. Show that for any $g \in L_{p'}(E)$, ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Green's function to operator

I would like to understand how one can show that the Green's function in this table is a Green's function to the D'Alembert operator? I refer to the wikipedia page about Green's function
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Function satisfies differential equation.

Given the D'Alembert operator D'Alembertian $\Box$, I want to show that $$ G(x,t,x_0,t_0):= \frac{\delta \left(t_0 + \frac{||x-x_0||}{c} -t \right)}{||x-x_0||} $$ satisfies $$ \Box G(x,t,x_0,t_0) = ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Limit problem using sequential criteria for limits

$$\lim(n+n^2\log \frac{n}{n+1})= \frac12$$ How? In the text book it is simply said that this happens by Sequential criteria of limits. I don't get it.
0
votes
1answer
72 views

How to show the convergence of this infinite series: $\frac{x}{1+x}- \frac{x^2}{1+x^2}+ \frac{x^3}{1+x^3}\dots$

My series is $$ \frac{x}{1+x}-\frac{x^2}{1+x^2}+ \frac{x^3}{1+x^3}-..... $$ Given: $0<x<1$ I see that my nth term is $(-1)^{n+1} (\frac{x^n}{1+x^n})$ My approach was to use Dirichlet's test. ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Common subdifferentials of convex function

Let $f: \mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a convex function. By a subdifference of $f$ in $x\in \mathbb R^n$ we mean an $h\in \mathbb R^n$ such that $f(x) \geq f(p)+<x-p,h>$ for all ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

If $\{f_n\}$ and $\{g_n\}$ be uniformly convergent sequences of bounded functions on S, then $\{f_ng_n\}$ is uniformly convergent on S.

If $\{f_n\}$ converges uniformly to $f$ and $\{g_n\}$ converges uniformly to $g$, does it mean $\{f_ng_n\} $ will converge uniformly to $fg$? I am absolutely stuck on this. Please help.
0
votes
3answers
23 views

About the convenient rewriting of formulas of sequences?

I'm reading Courant's Introduction to Calculus and Analysis. In the introduction, he shows some examples of limits of sequences, the sequence in question is: $$a_n=\frac{n^2-1}{n^2+n+1}$$ Then he ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Prove that the series is convergent: 1- (1+1/3)/2 + (1+1/3+1/5)/3-…

I can see that this is an alternating series with the $n$-th term $$(-1)^{n+1}\frac{1+\frac13+\frac15+\cdots+ \frac{1}{2n-1}}{n}.$$ What test can I apply to show that it converges? Also, it ...
6
votes
2answers
205 views

Formula for Sum of Logarithms $\ln(n)^m$

As you know $\sum_{n=1}^k \ln(n) =\ln(k!)$ is there a formula for $\sum_{n=1}^k \ln(n)^m$?
7
votes
1answer
54 views
+200

If the generating function summation and zeta regularized sum of a divergent exist, do they always coincide?

One could assign a value to divergent series by means of several summation methods. One summation method we could consider is the generating function method. Let's sum, for example, the fibonacci ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Proving differentiability using Caratheodory's Lemma

Let $I$ be an open interval and let $c\in I$. Let $f:I\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be continuous and define $g:I\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ by $g(x)=\left|f(x)\right|$. Prove that if $g$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Need my data to fit ANOVA…

I am doing some research on constructed wetlands. I have four wetland as follows. Wetland A - Gravels Wetland B - Gravels + Plant Wetland C - Biochar + Plant Wetland D - Biochar + Gravels + Plants ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Let $f(z) = z + z^2$ and let $V = \displaystyle \{z \in \mathbb{C} : |z| < \frac{1}{2}, \frac{3\pi}{4} < arg\{z\} < \frac{5\pi}{4}\}$.

Let $f(z) = z + z^2$ and let $V = \displaystyle \{z \in \mathbb{C} : |z| < \frac{1}{2}, \frac{3\pi}{4} < arg\{z\} < \frac{5\pi}{4}\}$. $(a)$ Show that $f(V) \subset V.$ $(b)$ Let $f_n$ be ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

rewriting the inverse image

If $\phi_k:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ are continuous functions, for all $k\geq0$ and $$\phi=\limsup_{n\rightarrow \infty }\phi_n$$ Let $A\subset \mathbb{R}$, is possible to write ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Compensation Question

I want to create a compensation system which takes into account two variables. Lets say I have $1M to distribute among ten employees who produce widgets. I want to compensate each employee by two ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Weird conformal map problem

Construct a conformal map from the region $\omega$ = open disk of radius 1 centered at 0 minus the closed disk of radius 0.5 centered at 0.5 to $\mathbb{D}$ = disk radius 1 centered at 0. I really ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Constant solutions of separable ODE

Consider the IWP $$ y'(x) = g(x) \cdot h(y(x)), \quad y(x_0) = y_0 $$ for continuous functions $g : I \to \mathbb R$ and $h : U \to \mathbb R$ on open intervals $I, U$ with $(x_0, y_0) \in I\times ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Convex combinations sequence question

Let $a_0,a_1,\beta$ be given with $0<\beta<1$ Let the sequence be defined by $a_{n+2} = \beta a_{n+1} + (1-\beta)a_n$ for $n\geq0$ Show that $\{a_n\}$ converges and find its limit.. How to ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Prove that $\displaystyle \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{n}\int^n_0xf(x)dx = 0$

Let $f(x) \geq 0$ be continuous on the interval $[0, \infty)$, and suppose that $\int_0^\infty f(x)dx < \infty$. Prove that $\displaystyle \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{n}\int^n_0xf(x)dx = ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Limit involving sinus to show resonance-behavior

I got the following term: $$ - \frac{\omega}{\mu^2 - \omega^2} \frac{1}{\mu} \sin(\mu t) + \frac{1}{\mu^2 - \omega^2} \sin(\omega t),$$ with $t, \mu \in \mathbb{R}$ and $\mu > 0$ and i'm ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Suppose that the infinite series $\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^\infty \mu\{x \in X : |f_n(x)| \geq \epsilon\}$ converges for each $\epsilon > 0.$

Let $\{f_n\}$ be a sequence of measurable functions on a measure space $(X, \mathcal{M}, \mu)$. Suppose that the infinite series $\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^\infty \mu\{x \in X : |f_n(x)| \geq ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Prove that $f(A\cap {B})\subseteq {f(A)\cap {f(B)}}$ [on hold]

Let $f:S\to{T}$ be a function. If $A$ and $B$ are two arbitary subsets of $S$ prove that $f(A\cap {B})\subseteq {f(A)\cap{f(B)}}$
2
votes
3answers
184 views

Uniform continuity of continuous function on a subset

Assume that $f: \mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ is continuous on the compact set $A$. Does for any $\varepsilon >0$ exist a $\delta >0$, such that $$ \lvert\, f(x+t)-f(x)\rvert<\varepsilon ...
6
votes
1answer
45 views

Which normed space have Fatou's property?

There is tool in mathematics, more specifically in Analysis, which has immense applications in handling delicates estimates, limiting arguments, etc... ; namely Fatou property. Let $E$ be a normed ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Linearizing systems about critical points.

$$\def\q{\begin{pmatrix}}\def\p{\end{pmatrix}}\def\l{\lambda}\def\f{\frac{\sqrt{11}}{2}}$$ Find all the critical points of the following systems and derive the linearised system about each ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Differentiation under the integral sign (one complex variable)

Let $u(z), u'(z)$ be complex-analytic functions on an open neighborhood $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ of the origin. Also, let $f(X)$ be a complex-analytic function. For $s \in [0,1],$ define $$g(s,z) ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

common strategy for proving a real-valued function that is bounded

Yes I'm actually doing a prove on $$f(x)=\frac{x}{1+x^2}$$ but I'm not happy by only solving a particular case. So, i'm trying to do some conclusion here: I think one of the condition is to prove ...
4
votes
1answer
512 views

Absolute continuity of the Lebesgue integral

This is an exercise that I am having trouble with. Not for a grade just for practice. Its an obvious result intuitively but I am having trouble making a rigorous argument. Assume $f$ is Lebesgue ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Fixed point of projected operator

Let $X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact convex set and let $f: X \rightarrow X$ be Lipschitz continuous and such that $$ \left( f(x) - f(y) \right)^\top \left( x-y\right) \leq 0 $$ for all $x, y ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views
+50

Monotonic Functions and Uniform Convergence

The following is a proof from "Heavy-Tail Phenomena" by Resnick (2007). I have some questions about the proof. (2.3) seems to be an identity. The left side the global sup over $[a, b]$ and hence ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Does existence of global minimum imply coercivity?

It is known that a coercive function over a closed, unbounded set has a global minimum. Is the converse true ? The larger context for this question is the following question: Suppose we are given a ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views
+50

Measure theory problem from Stein real analysis

Let $\mu$ be a Borel measure on the sphere $S^{d-1} = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^d:|x|=1\}$ which is rotation-invariant in the sense that $\mu(r(E)) = \mu(E),$ for every rotation $r$ of $\mathbb{R}^d$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Finding an upper bound on the polynomial interpolation error for $\cos x$ [on hold]

Hey guys I need to solve this problem can you help me please: Let $f(x)=\cos(x)$ on $[0,\pi]$ and $P_n(x)$ be an approximating polynomial with degree at most $n$ to $f(x)$. Assume ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

On the controllability function (minimising a functional)

Consider a system of ODEs $$\dot{x}(t)=f(x(t))+g(x(t))u(t),$$ where $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$ and $g:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$ are smooth. Let $L:\mathbb{R}^n\times ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Analysis Arithmetic series .Verify which of the following sequences converge.

Verify which of the following sequences converge.$$1.A(n)=\sum_{n=1,n=+00}(1/(n^{1+1/n})$$ $$2. B(n)=(1/\sqrt{n^2+1})+.......n/\sqrt{n^2+n}$$ $$3.C(n)=(n+cos(n^2))/(n+sin(n)) $$ .For the 3th one ...